National symbols of Japan

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National symbols of Japan are the symbols that are used in Japan to represent what is unique about the nation, reflecting different aspects of its cultural life and history.[1]


Symbol Image References
Flag Flag of Japan
Coat of arms Imperial Seal of Japan
(Chrysanthemum morifolium)
Imperial Seal of Japan
National anthem Kimigayo
Government Seal Government Seal of Japan
Government Seal of Japan
National butterfly Great purple emperor
(Sasakia charonda)
Great purple emperor
National tree Cherry blossom
(Prunus serrulata)
Cherry blossom tree
De facto National flower Cherry blossom (Prunus serrulata) & Chrysanthemum morifolium
Cherry blossom flower
Chrysanthemum morifolium flower
National bird Green pheasant
(Phasianus versicolor)
Green pheasant
National fish Koi
(Cyprinus carpio)
Japanese Koi
National instrument Koto
Japanese Koto
National stone Jade
De Facto National mount Mount Fuji
Mount Fuji
De Facto National sport Sumo
Flag of the Japan Maritime Self-Defense Force Rising Sun Flag
Naval Ensign of Japan
Flag of the Japan Self-Defense Forces and the Japan Ground Self-Defense Force Japan Self-Defense Forces
Naval Ensign of Japan
National personification Amaterasu
National founder Emperor Jimmu (神武天皇 Jinmu-tennō)
Emperor Jimmu
National dish Sushi, Japanese Curry, Ramen
Sushi,[2] Japanese curry,[3] Ramen[4]
National liquor Shōchū
Shōchū[5] (rice, barley, buckwheat, sweet potato), awamori, Japanese whisky
National fruit Japanese persimmon
Japanese persimmon
National currency Japanese Yen
Japanese Yen coins
National dance Noh Mai
Emperor Jimmu
National poet Koizumi Yakumo, Murasaki Shikibu, Matsuo Bashō
Matsuo Bashō
National epic Kojiki, Nihon Shoki, The Tale of the Bamboo Cutter (Taketori Monogatari), The Tale of the Heike (Heike Monogatari)
Nihon Shoki
National colours Primary colours: Red and white.
Secondary colours: Black (sports); Blue, white and spring bud (only used in Football)

Red (primary)

White (primary)

Black (secondary)

Blue (secondary)

White (secondary)

Spring bud (secondary)

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "England's National Symbols". Retrieved 19 September 2012. National symbols are defined as the symbols or icons of a national community (such as England), used to represent that community in a way that unites its people.
  2. ^ "Traditional Dishes of Japan". Japan National Tourism Organization. Retrieved 24 June 2014.
  3. ^ 『カレーライス』に関するアンケート (in Japanese). ネットリサーチ ディムスドライブ. Retrieved 16 October 2008.
  4. ^ McCurry, Justin (18 June 2010). "Ramen: Japan's super slurpy noodles". The Guardian. London. Retrieved 5 June 2011.
  5. ^ RatesToGo: Best National Drinks Part I Archived 2009-11-02 at the Wayback Machine
  6. ^ "Persimmon".

External links[edit]