Natural law is law, held to exist independently of the positive law of a given political order, society or nation-state. As determined by nature, the law of nature is implied to be universal. Natural law refers to the use of reason to analyze human nature to deduce binding rules of moral behavior from nature's or God's creation of reality and mankind; the concept of natural law was documented in ancient Greek philosophy, including Aristotle, was referred to in Roman philosophy by Cicero. References to natural law are found in the Old and New Testaments of the Bible expounded upon in the Middle Ages by Christian philosophers such as Albert the Great and Thomas Aquinas; the School of Salamanca made notable contributions during the Renaissance. Modern natural law theories were developed in the Age of Enlightenment, combining inspiration from Roman law with philosophies like social contract theory, it was used to challenge the divine right of kings, became an alternative justification for the establishment of a social contract, positive law, government—and thus legal rights—in the form of classical republicanism.
Conversely, the concept of natural rights is used by others to challenge the legitimacy of all such establishments. Contemporarily, the concept of natural law is related to the concept of natural rights. Indeed, many philosophers and scholars use natural law synonymously with natural rights, or natural justice, while others distinguish between natural law and natural right; because of the intersection between natural law and natural rights, natural law has been claimed or attributed as a key component in the Declaration of Independence of the United States, the Declaration of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen of France, the Universal Declaration of Human Rights of the United Nations, as well as the European Convention on Human Rights of the Council of Europe. Although Plato did not have an explicit theory of natural law, his concept of nature, according to John Wild, contains some of the elements found in many natural law theories. According to Plato, we live in an orderly universe; the basis of this orderly universe or nature are the forms, most fundamentally the Form of the Good, which Plato describes as "the brightest region of Being".
The Form of the Good is the cause of all things, when it is seen it leads a person to act wisely. In the Symposium, the Good is identified with the Beautiful. In the Symposium, Plato describes how the experience of the Beautiful by Socrates enabled him to resist the temptations of wealth and sex. In the Republic, the ideal community is "a city which would be established in accordance with nature". Greek philosophy emphasized the distinction between "nature" on the one hand and "law", "custom", or "convention" on the other. What the law commanded would be expected to vary from place to place, but what was "by nature" should be the same everywhere. A "law of nature" would therefore have the flavor more of a paradox than something that existed. Against the conventionalism that the distinction between nature and custom could engender and his philosophic heirs and Aristotle, posited the existence of natural justice or natural right. Of these, Aristotle is said to be the father of natural law. Aristotle's association with natural law may be due to the interpretation given to his works by Thomas Aquinas.
But whether Aquinas read Aristotle is in dispute. According to some, Aquinas conflates natural law and natural right, the latter of which Aristotle posits in Book V of the Nicomachean Ethics. According to this interpretation, Aquinas's influence was such as to affect a number of early translations of these passages in an unfortunate manner, though more recent translations render those more literally. Aristotle notes that natural justice is a species of political justice the scheme of distributive and corrective justice that would be established under the best political community; the best evidence of Aristotle's having thought there was a natural law comes from the Rhetoric, where Aristotle notes that, aside from the "particular" laws that each people has set up for itself, there is a "common" law, according to nature. He quotes Sophocles and Empedocles: Universal law is the law of Nature. For there is, as every one to some extent divines, a natural justice and injustice, binding on all men on those who have no association or covenant with each other.
It is this that Sophocles' Antigone means when she says that the burial of Polyneices was a just act in spite of the prohibition: she means that it was just by nature: "Not of to-day or yesterday it is, But lives eternal: none can date its birth."And so Empedocles, when he bids us kill no living creature, he is saying that to do this is not just for some people, while unjust for others: "Nay, but, an all-embracing law, through the realms of the sky Unbroken it stretcheth, over the earth's immensity." Some critics believe that the context of this remark suggests only that Aristotle advised that it could be rhetorically advantageous to appeal to such a law when the "particular" law of one's own
Area codes 702 and 725 are the North American Numbering Plan telephone area codes serving Clark County, including Las Vegas. Area code 702 was assigned to the entire state of Nevada, as one of the original numbering plan areas established in October 1947. On December 12, 1998, most of Nevada, including Reno and Carson City, was split off as area code 775. Nevada's explosive growth in the second half of the 20th century, the corresponding expansion of telephone service, would have made a second area code a must in any case. However, the split was hastened by the proliferation of cell phones and pagers in Las Vegas and Carson City; the split followed rumors that area code 777, corresponding to the winning number combination for slot machines, was considered for Las Vegas. However, the telecommunications industry ruled out assigning the triple-seven area code to southern Nevada because it was so "easily recognizable" that it needed to be reserved in the event it was needed nationally; this was the same reason.
Since May 3, 2014, area code 702 has been overlaid with area code 725. Ten-digit dialing is required for all calls, with exceptions for landline-based callers calling long distance within the county, for which "1" must be dialed first. Despite Las Vegas' continued rapid growth, 702/725 is nowhere near exhaustion. Projections in 2017 suggested that the Las Vegas area would not need another area code until late 2045 at the earliest. However, the most recent projections, in October 2019, did not include an exhaust date for 702/725, meaning that the exhaust date is at least 30 years in the future. List of NANP area codes List of Nevada area codes NANPA area code map of Nevada List of exchanges from RealPhoneLookup.com, 702 Area Code
Morgan Warburton is an American professional basketball player. She was drafted by the Sacramento Monarchs in the 2009 WNBA Draft, she was waived on June 4, 2009. At Carbon High School, she earned all-state and all-region honors in basketball and softball, she led her school to the state basketball championship in 2005 and paced the team in scoring for three seasons. Honors included being named Class 3A MVP in 2005; as a Sophomore, she started all 33 games and averaged 33 minutes per game, while playing in double-digit minutes each outing. Warburton averaged a team-best 15.8 led the team with an.882 free throw percentage. Against UNLV, Warburton had a double-double. Heading into her junior year, Warburton was a starter in all 32 games, averaging over 33 minutes per game, she led the team, second in the MWC with 17.2 points per game and tallied double-digit scoring numbers in all 32 games, the longest streak in the conference. She was named honorable mention All-America by the Associated Press. On January 16, she became Utah's 20th 1,000-point scorer in a game against San Diego State on January 16.
In her senior year, Warburton was the preseason Mountain West Conference Player of the Year and a returning All-American. Entering the 2008-09 season, she was Utah's 20th 1,000-point scorer and a two-time all-conference player, she was selected in the 3rd round, 33rd overall in the 2009 WNBA Draft. Her WNBA exhibition debut was on May 21 in a 64–55 loss to the Seattle Storm, she played 11 minutes, had 2 field goals, 1 three-pointer, 2 rebounds, 1 block and 6 points. She played in Spain for Gran Canaria during the 2009-2010 season and Girona for the 2010-2011 season. First-team All-Mountain West Conference, 2006–07 First-team All-Mountain West Conference, 2007–08 Led Mountain West Conference in free throw percentage, 2007–08 In June 2011, Morgan joined the coaching staff at the University of Utah as Video Coordinator for the women's basketball team. In 2015, she became an assistant coach for the women's basketball team of Utah State University Eastern. In May 2012, Morgan married Tyler Nelson and began using the surname Warburton-Nelson professionally