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Naval War College

The Naval War College is the staff college and "Home of Thought" for the United States Navy at Naval Station Newport in Newport, Rhode Island. The NWC educates and develops leaders, supports defining the future Navy and associated roles and missions, supports combat readiness, strengthens global maritime partnerships; the Naval War College is one of the senior service colleges including the Army War College, the Marine Corps War College, the Air War College. Additionally, the U. S. Department of Defense operates the National War College; the college was established on October 6, 1884. Luce, was given the old building of the Newport Asylum for the Poor to house it on Coasters Harbor Island in Narragansett Bay. Among the first four faculty members were Tasker H. Bliss, a future Army Chief of Staff, James R. Soley, the first civilian faculty member and a future Assistant Secretary of the Navy, most famously, Captain Alfred Thayer Mahan, who soon became renowned for the scope of his strategic thinking and influence on naval leaders worldwide.

The College engaged in wargaming various scenarios from 1887 on, in time became a laboratory for the development of war plans. Nearly all of the U. S. naval operations of the twentieth century were designed and gamed at the NWC. More than 50,000 students have graduated since its first class of 9 students in 1885 and about 300 of today's active duty admirals, generals and senior executive service leaders are alumni; the college's joint professional military education programs prepare leaders for the challenges of operational and strategic leadership over the remainder of their careers as decision makers and problem solvers. More than 1,900 students have graduated from the Maritime Staff Operators Course, 200 from the Executive Level OLW Course, more than 450 U. S. and international flag and general officers from the Flag Course. Just as its educational programs have expanded in depth and reach, so have the research and analysis efforts conducted by its Center for Naval Warfare Studies. Through war games, conferences and publications, its research arm provides direct curriculum support to its educational programs and focused, task-driven analysis for fleet customers and government agencies across the national security spectrum.

The College of Naval Command and Staff is a multidisciplinary program designed for U. S. Navy and U. S. Coast Guard officers in the grade of lieutenant commander, U. S. Marine Corps, U. S. Army, U. S. Air Force officers in the grade of major, civilians of equivalent seniority from various federal agencies; this intermediate level service college course provides an initial opportunity for joint professional military education wherein students prepare for increased responsibilities as commanders / lieutenant colonels, as junior captains / colonels. College of Naval Command and Staff students pursue studies in each of the Naval War College's three core subject areas in the following order of presentation: Strategy and War, National Security Decision Making, Joint Maritime Operations. While this basic curriculum is the same as that of the more senior students enrolled in the College of Naval Warfare, individual courses are tailored to the experience level and career needs of the College of Naval Command and Staff's mid-grade officers.

Each student in the College of Naval Command and Staff is required to enroll in one Elective Program course of his or her choice per trimester. A limited number of students may, with selection committee approval, forego up to one trimester of the core curriculum to participate in the Center for Naval Warfare Studies' Advanced Research Program. Beginning in 1914, NWC imparts its competent, executive-level programs beyond campus through its, now web based, College of Distance Education; the three main CDE courses are Strategy and War, Theater Security Decision Making, Joint Maritime Operations. Established in 1998 as the Naval Operational Planner Course, the Maritime Advanced Warfighting School is a 13-month program that educates U. S. officers of all services to: Be operational planners and operational leaders Understand and apply maritime power Form and lead Operational Planning Teams Think creatively and critically by developing solutions to complex, chaotic security problemsMAWS integrates the College of Naval Command and Staff core curriculum with specialized education and hands-on, real-world projects in the operational planning domain.

MAWS is the U. S. Navy's peer school to the U. S. Army's School of Advanced Military Studies, the U. S. Marine Corps' School of Advanced Warfighting, the U. S. Air Force's School of Advanced Air and Space Studies, the Joint Forces Staff College's Joint Advanced Warfighting School; the College of Naval Warfare is a multidisciplinary program designed for U. S. Navy and U. S. Coast Guard officers in the grades of commander or captain, U. S. Marine Corps, U. S. Army and U. S. Air Force officers in the grades of lieutenant colonel or colonel, civilians of equivalent seniority from various federal agencies; this senior level professional military education program provides students with executive-level preparation for higher responsibilities as senior captains / colonels and as junior flag officers / general officers. College of Naval Warfare students pursue studies in each of the Naval War College's three core subject areas in the following order of presentation: National Security Decision Making and Policy, Joint Military Operations.

During the first two of these trimesters, College of Naval Warfare students will be joined in lectures and in seminars by international students of the Naval Command College. Each Col

Aeronautica Imperialis

Aeronautica Imperialis is a tabletop miniature wargame set within the Warhammer 40,000 universe. The game focuses on aerial combat between the different races of the Warhammer 40,000 universe. Released in January 2007, it was developed and published by Forge World, a division of the British gaming company Games Workshop. Games workshop will release a new edition of Aeronautica Imperialis in Autumn 2019. Aeronautica Imperialis is a companion game to Epic, which emphasises battles between armies on a larger scale than Warhammer 40,000. Gameplay-wise, the major difference between Epic and Aeronautica Imperialis is that instead of a player moving and firing tanks and troops, they are using aircraft and ground defense weapons; the Aeronautica Imperialis rulebook contains not only rules for the games, but two sheets of cards which are used to make special manoeuvres. Other content in the rulebook is background material on the individual aircraft, along with full colour plates and suggestions for painting.

At the end of the book, there is a "campaign" section with scenarios for players to recreate. It makes use of available aircraft models designed for Epic, which are 6mm scale, or 1:285. Forge World's say that "Epic models are 5 times smaller than their Warhammer 40,000 equivalent". In addition to the use of the miniatures, Forge World sells special bases for the game to indicate such things as the altitude and fire arcs of each aeroplane; the supported races or factions are the Imperial Navy, Space Marines, Tau and Orks. Aeronautica Imperialis has a strong tie with the Black Library book Double Eagle by Dan Abnett; this deals with the air war occurring during the Sabbat Worlds Campaign. It has a Battle of Britain flavour. In late 2007, Forge World released Tactica Aeronautica, a collection of extra rules, new aircraft and scenarios for the game. Forge World Aeronautica Imperialis site Games Workshop'specialist games' Epic site A review of Aeronautica Imperialis

Western Run–Belfast Road Historic District

Western Run–Belfast Road Historic District is a national historic district at Lutherville, Baltimore County, United States. It is a agricultural area was first settled in the 18th century and is a natural extension of the Worthington Valley Historic District, it includes the village of Butler forming a small commercial crossroads with its general store, post office, firehouse. It was added to the National Register of Historic Places in 1979. Western Run/Belfast Road Historic District, Baltimore County, including photo dated 1978, at Maryland Historical Trust Boundary Map of the Western Run–Belfast Road Historic District, Baltimore County, at Maryland Historical Trust