Nawal El Moutawakel is a Moroccan former hurdler, who won the inaugural women's 400 metres hurdles event at the 1984 Summer Olympics, was the inaugural female, born in Africa, Moroccan to become an Olympic medalist. In 2007, El Moutawakel was named the Minister of Sports in the upcoming cabinet of Morocco. Although she had been a quite accomplished runner, the victory of El Moutawakel, who studied at Iowa State University at the time, was a surprise. King Hassan II of Morocco telephoned El Moutawakel to give his congratulations, he declared that all girls born the day of her victory were to be named in her honor, her medal meant the breakthrough for sporting women in Morocco and other Muslim countries. She was a pioneer for Muslim and Arabic athletes in that she confounded long-held beliefs that women of such backgrounds could not succeed in athletics. In 1993 she started running for fun, a 5 km run for women in Casablanca that has since become the biggest women's race held in a Muslim country, with up to 30,000 who came to run.
In 1995, El Moutawakel became a council member of the International Association of Athletics Federations, in 1998 she became a member of the International Olympic Committee. El Moutawakel is a member of the International Olympic Committee, she was the president of the evaluation commissions for the selection of the host city for the Summer Olympics of 2012 and 2016. Since 2012 she is a Vice-President of the IOC. In 2006, El Moutawakel was one of the eight honored to bear the Olympic flag at the 2006 Winter Olympics Opening Ceremony in Turin, Italy. On 26 July 2012, she carried the London Olympics torch through Westminster. El Moutawakel was one of the ambassadors of the Morocco bid for the 2026 FIFA World Cup. 1Representing Africa Politics of Morocco Sport in Morocco Nawal El Moutawakel at the International Olympic Committee Nawal El Moutawakel at Olympics at Sports-Reference.com
The Nissan Z engine is a series of automobile and light truck engines, engineered by Nissan Machinery, manufactured by the Nissan Motor Company from 1979 through August 1989. All Z engines had a total of 8 valves and a single overhead camshaft. Displacements ranged from 1.6 L to 2.4 L. The Z series' engine blocks were nearly identical to those of the earlier L Series with the exception of the Z24. While the Z16 and Z18 engines had a deck height similar to the earlier L13/L14/L16/L18 variants, the Z24 had a taller deck height to accommodate a longer stroke; the most notable difference between the Z-series engine and its predecessor was the introduction of a new crossflow cylinder head which reduced emissions by moving the intake ports to the right side of the engine opposite the exhaust ports. This change allows the exhaust port velocity to more scavenge the cylinder and reduce reversion pulses to enhance induction; the Z series evolved into the NA and KA engines which, along with the smaller CA series, replaced the Z series.
The Z16 made its first appearance in 1978 in a new base-model version of the Nissan Navara, which had debuted the previous year with the then-new Z18. Offered only in selected overseas markets, this version of the engine came with a single downdraft carburetor, it was seen in a few low-end model Datsun Bluebird 910s for the Japanese domestic market and some Nissan commercial vehicles in a single-plug configuration. Reference specifications: Displacement: 1,595 cc Bore × stroke: 83 mm × 73.7 mm Compression ratio: 8.8:1 Maximum output: 95 PS at 6,000 rpm Maximum torque: 13.5 kg⋅m at 3,600 rpm Above those of the twin plug specificationCar models: PL720 Datsun Truck D21 type Nissan Navara J810 type Nissan Bluebird J910 type Nissan Bluebird FB22 type Nissan Atlas BC211 type Nissan Skyline PA10/PA11 type Nissan Violet / Nissan Auster / Nissan StanzaThe Z16E is an EFI version of Z16S adopted the Nissan EGI. Released at the same time as the Z16S, it is used in intermediate grade, it has the same internal structure as Z16S, but some of the improvement in output have been made.
Reference specifications: Maximum output: 105 PS at 6,000 rpm Maximum torque: 13.8 kg⋅m at 4,000 rpm Other numbers are equivalent to Z16S. Car models: PA11 type Nissan Violet / Auster / Stanza The Z18 debuted in 1977, the first model of the Z-type engine to be released. Displacing 1,770 cc with a bore and stroke of 85 mm × 78 mm, it is an older L18 type series four-cylinder with the new cross-flow cylinder head. A 1980 twin-carburetor version produced 105 PS at 6,000 rpm. Export specification is 77 PS those of Datsun · 180K at 5,600 rpm, is 86 PS those of 910-series Bluebird, twin carburetor specifications 910 Bluebird SSS and Sylvia for export was 90–92 PS. Z18 was available in some of the commercial vehicle engine lineups. Reference specifications: Displacement: 1,770 cc Compression ratio: 8.8:1 Maximum output: 105 PS at 6000 rpm Maximum torque: 15 kg⋅m at 3600 rpm Above those of the twin plug specification engineCar models: 811-Series Nissan Bluebird P910 type Nissan Bluebird / Datsun · 180B PC231 type Nissan Laurel / Datsun-180L 1978.11-1980.11 C31 type Nissan Laurel 1980.11-1982.09 JF30-Series Nissan Leopard 1800 S110-Series Nissan Silvia / Nissan Gazelle PC211 type Nissan Skyline 1800 / Datsun · 180K PJR30 type Nissan Skyline 1800 RA11 type Nissan Violet / Auster / stanza / Datsun · 180J D720 type Datsun Truck D21 type Datsun Truck The Z18E is a 1.8 L fuel-injected engine produced for the Japanese market.
Most specs were the same as those of the Z18, but maximum power increased to 115 PS at 6,200 rpm in 1980. Applications: Nissan Bluebird 910 Nissan Skyline 1800TI Nissan Skyline 1800TI The Z18ET is a 1.8 L turbocharged and fuel-injected engine first introduced in the 1979 S110 Silvia/Gazelle. It was produced for the Japanese market and produced 135 PS. Applications: 1979-1983 Nissan Silvia S110 1979-1986 Datsun Bluebird 910 - 135 PS at 6000 rpm, 20 kg⋅m at 3600 rpm The Z20S is a 2.0 L engine with a bore and stroke of 85 mm × 86 mm that produced from 1979 through 1984. It replaced the L20B while using many of the same bottom-end components. Applications: 1979-1981 Datsun 510 1981 Datsun 720 Nissan Cabstar 1980-1986 Nissan/Datsun Caravan/Urvan/Nissan Homy E23 1986-1997 Nissan Caravan/Urvan/Homy E24 1979.10-1980.11 Nissan Laurel C230 1980.11-1984.10 Nissan Laurel C31 In the US, the Z20S was only available in the 1980-81 510/A10 and 1984 720 pickup with the MPG option. Nissan Caravans or Homys with this engine could reach a maximum speed of 160 km/h.
They were noted for being faster than their competition from Toyota because the Z20S engine produced more power than the engines available in the equivalent Hiace. The Z20E is a fuel-injected version of the Z20S engine produced from 1979 through July 1984, it had longer connecting ro
The Last Prince is a 2010 Philippine television drama romance fantasy series broadcast by GMA Network. Directed by Mac Alejandre, it stars Kris Bernal, it premiered on January 11, 2010 on the network's Telebabad line up replacing Sana Ngayong Pasko and worldwide on January 13, 2010 on GMA Pinoy TV. The series concluded on June 2010 with a total of 117 episodes, it was replaced by Endless Love in its timeslot. Lead castAljur Abrenica as Almiro Kris Bernal as Lara FernandezSupporting castBianca King as Bawana Eula Valdez as Adela Angelu de Leon as Mayang Carmina Villaroel as Lamara Emilio Garcia as Adorno Chanda Romero as Rosata Chynna Ortaleza as Lourdez Bubbles Paraiso as Saraya Paolo Ballesteros as Anexi Benjie Paras as Rizayo Elvis Gutierrez as Guwarko Joey Paras as Salim Salamin Francis Magundayao as Onuro Karen delos Reyes as Minnie Angeli Nicole Sanoy as Bambi Rita Iringan as GigiGuest castDaniel Matsunaga as Prince Nikolai Carl Guevarra as Jerrick Santella Jay Manalo as Carlos Ledesma Jhoana Marie Tan as teen Bambi Mosang as Uruja Dang Cruz as Goray Jan Manual as Harold Maybelyn dela Cruz as Diwani Ogyna Jenny Miller as Dominique Stef Prescott as Naveya Patani as Bina Sherilyn Reyes as Cicit Jan Marini as Josie Gene Padilla as Sintoy Jillian Ward as Daldanika Jace Flores as a town bully Kiel Rodriguez as a town bully Dex Quindoza as a town bully Princess Punzalan as Alwana Geoff Eigenmann as Javino Perez Carla Abellana as Sonia According to AGB Nielsen Philippines' Mega Manila household television ratings, the pilot episode of The Last Prince earned a 30.9% rating.
The Last Prince on IMDb
There are many identities that John Massey could have possessed in his lifetime. However, many have come across evidence from poems such as the Pearl and Sir Gawain and the Green Knight, that John Massey may have been the author. Although research has suggested various identities, the evidence is still disputable; the Gawain-poet is speculated to have written Sir Gawain and the Green Knight, Pearl, St. Erkenwald, Patience; the first hint pointing to Massey being the Gawain-poet is in the Margins of St. Erkenwald. In the margins, there are multiple references to the booth family of Dunham-Massey, more a ‘Thomas Masse’; the spelling of the name was not standardized at this point, many variations were used. This is theorized by C. J Peterson. Though no one is sure that John Massey was the author of Pearl and Sir Gawain and the Green Knight, scholars contend that Massey was the author and used hidden messages to credit himself. One example of this can be found by looking at repetitions in the stanzas of Pearl.
“Since there are twenty sections in Pearl joined by linking words, we should expect 20 link-words. But this is not the case. There are only 18: more is used twice, in sections 3 and 10. Through this anomaly, attention is called to 12, the number of the broken-link stanza-group, to 18, the number of lunk-words joining the stanza-groups together.” Clifford Peterson has argued that John Massey may have been a member of the household of John of Lancaster, son of King Henry IV. If John Massey is the author of the Pearl, this means he would have had to be alive in the late end of the fourteenth century. John Massey of Cotton, a retainer in the house of Lancaster, may be the same J. Massey whose anagrams have been found in the Pearl and St. Erkenwald. Massey is suspected to have relations to Thomas Hoccleve possibly being mentioned in his epistle within the lines "For rethorik hath his fro me the keye Of his tresor, nat deyneth hir nobleye Dele with noon so ignorant as me." The poem goes on to mention more about Massey and his poetry and skill but nothing about his life outside of it.
While connected to Massey, the poem never outright mentions a name, only saying that the person being written about has extreme talent in poetry and its devices. This brings up the possibility of Massey being Mr. Turville-Petre’s William Massey; the mention having nothing to do with class or rank, just the incredible ability of the poet himself. SourcesBowers, John M; the Politics of Pearl: Court Poetry in the Age of Richard II, Boydell & Brewer, pp. 10–11, ISBN 9780859915991 "'Iste Liber Constat Johanni Mascy': Dublin, Trinity College MS 155", Middle English Poetry, Boydell & Brewer, pp. 91–101, 2001, ISBN 9781903153093
Avdhoot Shivanand Ji is an Indian spiritual leader and founder of ShivYog, a non profit organization that offers meditation programs. He conducts public discourses which are broadcast on multiple television channels such as Aastha TV, Adhyatm TV and Sanskar TV, he is involved in various social development activities, which has bestowed him with various honors from communities. Avdhoot Shivanand grew up in Rajasthan. At the age of 8, he came in contact with Himalayan yogi Swami Jagganath who inspired him to pursue a spiritual path. Thereafter, he visited many sacred places in India for meditation. During his travels he meditated on the teachings of Swami Jagannath, he decided to dedicate his life to spread meditation around the world. From 1990, he started conducting talks & workshops on Shivyog and Advait Shri Vidya Sadhana around India. In 1995 he created the Shivyog Foundation with the aim to share the wisdom of meditation and inner healing to everyone; the first ShivYog ashram was built in Delhi.
Today there are 3 ShivYog ashrams in Delhi and Karjat and ShivYog courses are held at more than 100 locations in India. Shivyog programs are conducted worldwide in close to 30 countries from the year 2000. In September 2016, P D Patil, the Chancellor of DY Patil University conferred the Honorary Degree of ‘Doctor Emeritus to Avdhoot Shivanand for contribution in modern spiritual science
Lake Suesca is a natural water body situated on the Altiplano Cundiboyacense, belonging to the municipalities of Suesca and Cucunubá in the department of Cundinamarca, Colombia. The basin has a semi-elliptical shape that extends on a north–south axis, with 6 kilometres length and 2 kilometres width; the average depth is 8 metres. It is located in the Eastern Ranges, on the anticlinal of Nemocón, in the northeast of the department, at an altitude of 2,800 metres. Geologically, the lake is of Pleistocene origin and is linked to the formation of the Eastern Ranges, which had a strong uprising activity during the Pliocene; because of its location there is a wide distribution of sedimentary rocks, the Guadalupe Group, Bogotá and Cacho formations are present in the area. The basin is crossed along its axis by the Suesca Fault; the soils of the basin are classified as alfisols, where erosion areas are classified as "bad soils". These correspond to cold and dry climates, with corrugated relief and evolved soils, where the presence of erosion is common, most horizons have enrichment with clay.
These soils were formed during the Pliocene and Quaternary, containing deposits of volcanic ash from the Cordillera Central, which weathered into clays present in the lower strata. The original vegetation was composed of encenillo and "corono" forests, accompanied by more xerophytic Andean communities, which correspond to the Low montane dry forest according to the Holdridge life zones; the actual land cover is dominated by exotic species Acacia decurrens, with few remnants of native vegetation in the north and south of the basin. From a climatic point of view, the region has a bimodal rainfall regime, with an annual average of 647 mm, average temperatures of 14 °C, 70% relative humidity and evaporation of 1331 mm/year; the winds are a determinant factor for the vegetation and climate, as they are influenced by Sabana de Bogotá, Magdalena River Valley and the Orinoco Plains, which converge in the area to generate specific characteristics from the point of view of moisture and the feasibility of rainfall.
The region is under the jurisdiction of the Corporación Autonoma Regional de Cundinamarca and its central axis serves as the boundary between the municipalities of Cucunubá and Suesca. As with various other lakes on the Altiplano, Siecha and Iguaque, the Muisca who were the original inhabitants of the area before the Spanish conquest of the Muisca, performed religious rituals at Lake Suesca; the basin has suffered severe deforestation and erosion, which together have negatively affected the lake ecosystem, which added to the impact of climate change have led to a significant reduction of the water surface. Plans for sustainable development are made in recent years. Since 1970, a soil remediation process with Acaia decurrens, Pinus patula and Eucalyptus globulus was started, but due to the lack of management, the problems related with water scarcity due to the reduction of runoff and water contained in the soil increased. Nowadays the entire basin is located within a forest reserve that has little management by the authorities.
By oral tradition, it is known that the lake had a great variety of species, such as "Guapucha" and "Capitan de la Sabana", now locally extinct due to the desiccation of the water body and the introduction of carp and trout, which disappeared by the same effect of El Niño in 1998. The lake is an important stop-over for many migratory birds, but few counting exercises have been made in the area. "La Laguna" train station on the Bogotá Savannah Railway Monoliths of Suesca, protruding rock formations located at the south of the basin Bababuy Hill, at the north of the basin Suesca Lake Guatavita, Lake Herrera, Siecha Lakes, Lake Tota Bastidas, J.. 2001. Indicadores de referencia de uso actual del suelo del municipio de Suesca, Cundinamarca. Pontificia Universidad Javeriana. Casilimas Rojas, Clara Inés, María Imelda López Ávila. 1987. El templo muisca - The Muisca temple. Maguaré 5. 127-150. Accessed 2016-07-08. Castellanos Urbina, Francy Liliana. 2005. Plan de desarrollo turístico sostenible para el municipio de Suesca - Sustainable tourism development plan for the municipality of Suesca, Colombia.
Turismo & Sociedad _. 211-226. León, U.. Ortiz. 1998. Proyecto diagnóstico y plan de recuperación y manejo de la cuenca de la Laguna de Suesca. Corporación ecológica SIE