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Nayarit

Nayarit the Free and Sovereign State of Nayarit, is one of the 32 states which comprise the Federal Entities of Mexico. It is divided in 20 municipalities and its capital city is Tepic, it is bordered by the states of Sinaloa to the northwest, Durango to the north, Zacatecas to the northeast and Jalisco to the south. To the west, Nayarit has a significant share of coastline on the Pacific Ocean, including the islands of Marías and Marietas; the beaches of San Blas and the so-called "Riviera Nayarit" are popular with tourists. Besides tourism, the economy of the state is based on agriculture and fishing. Home to Uto-Aztecan indigenous peoples such as the Huichol and Cora, the region was exposed to the conquistadores, Hernán Cortés and Nuño de Guzmán, in the 16th century. Spanish governance was made difficult by indigenous rebellions and by the inhospitable terrain of the Sierra del Nayar; the last independent Cora communities were subjugated in 1722. The state's name recalls the Cora people's label for themselves: Náayerite, commemorating Nayar, a resistance leader.

Radiocarbon dating estimate Aztatlán colonization of the western Mexican coast – including parts of Sinaloa and Jalisco – as occurring as early as 900 AD, with some evidence suggesting it might have been as early as 520 AD. Encountered on the western coast by the Spanish invaders in 1500, the cultures were descended from these original Aztatlán settlements and other Classic-stage cultures who had merged with them. Hernán Cortés was the first known European to enter into the area now known as Nayarit, which he claimed for Spain as part of Nueva Galicia. Under Nuño de Guzman, Spaniards took the region with considerable brutality, causing the indigenous inhabitants to revolt, in what was referred to as the Mixtón War. After two centuries of resistance, the last independent Cora communities were incorporated into Spanish administration by force in 1722. Followed intense missionary efforts by Jesuits to convert the indigenous. In the colonial period, the port of San Blas was one of the most important trade ports on the American Pacific coast.

Galleons transporting goods from Manila, the Philippines arrived here before the rise of the port of Acapulco. Today, the town still boasts colonial architecture from its heyday, such as the aduana, the contaduria and the fortress that protected the port against pirates. In Nayarit, the struggle for independence from Spain was initiated by the priest José María Mercado, who conquered Tepic and San Blas before being defeated and executed by Spanish royalists. In 1824, in the first constitution of the Mexican republic, Nayarit was a part of Jalisco state. During the second half of the 19th century, Nayarit was one of the most turbulent territories in Mexico; the population was in open revolt. Nayarit was one of the last territories admitted as a state of the Mexican federation, which occurred on May 1, 1917. Nayarit covers 27,815 square kilometers. Nayarit is located between latitude lines 23°05' north and 20°36' south and longitude lines 103°43' east and 105°46' west, its terrain is broken up by the western ends of the Sierra Madre Occidental mountains.

Its highest mountains are: Sanguangüey, El Ceboruco, Cumbre de Pajaritos and Picachos. Nayarit has two volcanoes and Sangangüey. In the northeast are broad, tropical plains watered by the Río Grande de Santiago, a continuation of the Lerma River; the main state rivers are the Río Grande de Santiago, San Pedro, Acaponeta and Las Cañas. The Río Grande de Santiago is the largest river in Nayarit; the Santiago and its tributaries are of major importance for agricultural irrigation. The Ameca and the Las Cañas lie on the border between Nayarit and the states of Jalisco and Sinaloa, respectively. Notable lagoons in Nayarit include San Pedro Lagunillas and Agua Brava. Nayarit – as with all states of Mexico – is geographically divided into municipalities, creating twenty municipalities in Nayarit: Nayarit contains hundreds of miles of rain forest in the sierra, its wildlife includes hundreds of bird species including the lilac-crowned amazon and Mexican woodnymph. There are 119 registered species of mammals, including white-tailed deer, collared peccary, caymans and wild felines such as jaguarundi and ocelot and many more.

Most of the rain forest has been exploited around the region of Santa María del Oro. The conservation and protection of the rain forest and wildlife of Nayarit is an issue of crucial importance; the Islas Marías were designated as the Islas Marías Biosphere Reserve by UNESCO in 2010. Instituto Tecnológico de Tepic Universidad Autónoma de Nayarit Universidad Tecnólogica de Nayarit Universidad Tecnólogica de la Costa Escuela Normal Superior de Nayarit: a normal school Universidad Vizcaya de Las Americas Escuela Secundaria Técnica No. 51 Nayarit is Mexico's twenty-ninth most populous state. According to the census of 2010, the state had a population of 1,084,979 and its population density was 39/km2. Nayarit is the home to four indigenous groups: the Wixaritari, the Naayeri, the Odam and the Nahuatl-speaking Mexicaneros; the indigenous groups inhabit the Nayar highlands, but are frequently encountered in Tepic and on the Pacific coast, where they have established colonies. They are known for their crafts and artwork.

About five percent of the state population speaks an

Carlos Arroyo (architect)

Carlos Arroyo Zapatero is a contemporary architect and critic from Madrid, Spain. His work claims to set the frame for a new architectural culture and aesthetics, through the ethics and parameters of sustainability, he claims that his architecture is not designed to be photographed, but to be lived-in and enjoyed through time. He has developed a diagrammatic graphic style for his presentations, inspirational for a whole generation of architects. In contrast, his built work is portrayed by photographer-artists, producing innovative formats like photo-novellas, gif's, or video, his work has been exhibited in internationally renowned venues like the Venice Biennale, the Institut Français d'Architecture, presented in referential publications like El Croquis, quoted by many bloggers in the sphere. Carlos Arroyo was born on June 14, 1964. In 1990, after graduating in Linguistics at the Institute of Linguistics in London, he went back to Madrid where he studied Architecture at ETSAM and received ISOVER award for best PFC of the school in the year he graduated, 1997.

From 2000 to 2008 Arroyo was professor of Architectonic Projects at Universidad de Alcalá and since 2005 at Universidad Europea de Madrid where he leads a Master Thesis Unit. He is honorary member of Europan Spain National Committee and member of Europan Europe Scientific Committee since 2004. Gold Prijs Bouwmeester 2013 awarded by the Government of Flanders to Oostkamp. Archdaily's 65 Best New Buildings in the World 2012, Academie MWD Archdaily's 65 Best New Buildings in the World 2012, OostCampus Holcim Silver Award for Sustainable Construction in Europe 2011 Nominated for the European Union Mies van der Rohe Award 2011 International Competition Open Oproep for OostCampus. City Hall and Civic Centre. Belgium 1st prize 2008 International Competition Open Oproep for Academie MDW Academy of Performing Arts. Belgium 1st prize 2007 International Award. EMVS. Madrid 2006 National Competition: Ferial y zonas recreativas. Vilanueva de la Cañada. Madrid 2nd prize 2004 International Saloni Award: Estudio y Refugio en Nuñez de Arce 2003 International Competition EUROPAN VI.

Toledo Siet 1st prize 2001 Competition: Atico para Coleccionista en la calle de la Estrella de Madrid 1st prize 2001 National Competition: Pabellón “Franchipolis” para Deutsche Bank. Fira de Valencia1st prize 2000 National Competition: Centro de Día de Personas Mayores. Ayuntamiento de San Sebastian de los Reyes 2nd prize 2000 National Competition: Museo del Agua de Tenerife. Ayuntamiento de Guimar 1st prize 1999 Isover Award, best PFC of the year in ETSAM 1997 OostCampus, Belgium Academie MWD, Belgium Casa MSA6, Madrid Edificio TSM3, Madrid Casa Encuentro, Almería Casa del Amor, Madrid Copropiedad CLV, Válor, Granada Complejo AAN, Salamanca 119 houses at Rivas Ecopolis Eco-hood in Toledo, Toledo Ferial de Villanueva de la Cañada, Madrid Vivienda y sostenibilidad en España, Vol. 2 - Toni Solanas Ed. Gustavo Gili, Barcelona 2007 Emergentes 06 – Ed. COAAragón, Zaragoza 2007 Europan Generation; the reinterpreted City. - Ed. La cité de L´Architecture et du Patrimoine / Europan, Paris 2007 Arquitecturas S.

XXI - Ed. ea! Ediciones de arquitectura. Madrid 2007 - Págs.98-117 Sostenibilidad y Tecnología en la Ciudad – Foro Civitas nova – Libro Verde - Ed. Fundación Civitas Nova. Albacete 2006 Guía de Arquitectura de Madrid 1975-2007 - Ed. EMVS Madrid 2006 Vivienda en España - Ed. El Viso. Madrid 2006 Freshmadrid - Ed. ea! Ediciones de arquitectura – db 10. Madrid 2006 Catalogue of implementations. - Ed. Europan - Europe, Paris 2004 Biennale di Venezia Paisajes Internos. - Ed. Pabellón de España. Madrid 2002 A+, Nº 216 - Brussel Minerva, Nº IV El Croquis, Nº 119 Madrid. Arquitectos - Nº 181 - Madrid. Pasajes, Nº 94. Arquitectura, Nº: 326 344 - Madrid. InfoDOMUS, Nº 1 - Madrid. EPS – El País Semanal. Madrid, 2004 Carlos Arroyo@Studio Banana Carlos Arroyo Website Spanish English NIB Top 10 English Freshmadrid English photos of his office in Madrid, by photographer-artist Amparo Garrido Academy for Music and Dance Dutch

José de la Luz y Caballero

José Cipriano de la Luz y Caballero was a Cuban scholar, acclaimed by José Martí as "the father... the silent founder" of Cuban intellectual life of the 19th century. Interest in Luz's work was revived around the time of the Cuban Revolution, new editions of his work published, as he was regarded as a wellspring of intellectual autonomy for the country. Luz took his degree in philosophy in 1817 at the Real y Pontificia Universidad de San Gerónimo in Havana, took a degree in law at the Seminario de San Carlos. From 1837 to 1841, he travelled extensively in North America and Europe, meeting a number of important intellectuals of the time, including Sir Walter Scott, Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, Georges Cuvier, the German philosopher Karl Krause, the German naturalist Alexander von Humboldt. Krause paid a public tribute to Luz's philosophical views. With Humboldt, Luz arranged to establish a magnetic observatory in Cuba in correspondence with like institutions in Germany. Caballero is best known for his quoted characterization of Humboldt, who travelled in Cuba in the early 19th century, as the "second discoverer" of the island, after Columbus: "Colón dio a Europa un Nuevo Mundo.

On November 29, 1831, de la Luz was visiting Venice, when he received a communication from Justo Yelez, director of the Seminario de San Carlos in Havana, commissioning him to purchase the machines and devices required to study Physics at the school. De la Luz performed a thorough investigation of the subject. "Neither in France, nor in England, nor in Germany," said de la Luz, "could have been found such a complete assortment of electro-magnetic devices, like that I acquired in Italy from the noble Italian gentleman from Modena."On his return to Cuba in 1831, Luz devoted all his time and energies to the cause of education, assuming the directorship of a college from 1834 until 1839. In 1848 he founded the "El Salvador" school. Among his works are a translation of Volney's Travels in Egypt and Syria, with notes and additions. There are several biographies of one being that in Spanish by José Ignacio Rodriguez. Wilson, J. G.. "Luz-Caballero, José de la". Appletons' Cyclopædia of American Biography.

New York: D. Appleton. Works by or about José de la Luz y Caballero at Internet Archive Damisela.com: http://www.damisela.com/literatura/pais/cuba/autores/luzcaballero/index.htm Clásicos del Pensamiento Cubano: https://web.archive.org/web/20070427030958/http://www.filosofia.cu/clasic/luz.htm Cuba Literaria: http://www.cubaliteraria.com/autor/jose_de_la_luz_y_caballero/html/biografia.html El Poder de la Palabra: http://www.epdlp.com/escritor.php?id=2967