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Nazi boycott of Jewish businesses

The Nazi boycott of Jewish businesses in Germany began on April 1, 1933, was claimed to be a defensive reaction to the Jewish boycott of German goods, initiated but abandoned in March 1933. It was unsuccessful, as the German population continued to use Jewish businesses, but revealed the intent of the Nazis to undermine the viability of Jews in Germany, it was an early governmental action against the Jews of Germany by the new National Socialist government, actions that culminated in the "Final Solution". It was a state-managed campaign of ever-increasing harassment, systematic pillaging, forced transfer of ownership to Nazi Party activists, murder of owners defined as "Jews". In Berlin alone, there were 50,000 Jewish-owned businesses. Antisemitism in Germany grew pervasive after the First World War and was most prevalent in the universities. By 1921, the German student union Deutscher Hochschulring barred Jews from membership. Since the bar was racial, it included Jews; the bar was challenged by the government, leading to a referendum in which 76% of the student members voted for the exclusion.

At the same time, Nazi newspapers began agitating for a boycott of Jewish businesses, anti-Jewish boycotts became a regular feature of 1920s regional German politics with right-wing German parties becoming closed to Jews. From 1931–32, SA Brownshirt thugs physically prevented customers from entering Jewish shops, windows were systematically smashed and Jewish shop owners threatened. During the Christmas holiday season of 1932, the central office of the Nazi party organized a nationwide boycott. In addition, German businesses large organizations like banks, insurance companies, industrial firms such as Siemens refused to employ Jews. Many hotels and cafes banned Jews from entering and the resort island of Borkum banned Jews anywhere on the island; such behavior was common in pre-war Europe. The Anti-Nazi Boycott commencing in March 1933 was a boycott of Nazi products by foreign critics of the Nazi Party in response to antisemitism in Nazi Germany following the rise of Adolf Hitler, commencing with his appointment as Chancellor of Germany on January 30, 1933.

Those in the United States, the United Kingdom and other places worldwide who opposed Hitler's policies developed the boycott and its accompanying protests to encourage Nazi Germany to end the regime's anti-Jewish practices. In March 1933, the Nazis won a large number of seats in the Reichstag. Following this victory, in response to the foreign Anti-Nazi boycott of 1933, there was widespread violence and hooliganism directed at Jewish businesses and individuals. Jewish lawyers and judges were physically prevented from reaching the courts. In some cases the SA created improvised concentration camps for prominent Jewish anti-Nazis. Joseph Goebbels, who established the Nazi Ministry of Propaganda and Public Enlightenment, announced to the Nazi party newspaper on March 31 of 1933 that "world Jewry" had ruined the reputation of the German people, wanted to make this boycott a publicly propelled antisemitic action. On April 1, 1933, the Nazis carried out their first nationwide, planned action against Jews: a boycott targeting Jewish businesses and professionals, in response to the Jewish boycott of German goods.

On the day of the boycott, the SA stood menacingly in front of Jewish-owned department stores and retail establishments, the offices of professionals such as doctors and lawyers. The Propaganda Ministry wanted to catch violators of this boycott, looking to German citizens to shame other Germans who ignored the announcement and continued using Jewish stores and services; the Star of David was painted in yellow and black across thousands of doors and windows, with accompanying antisemitic slogans. Signs were posted saying "Don't Buy from Jews!", "The Jews Are Our Misfortune!" and "Go to Palestine!". Throughout Germany acts of violence against individual Jews and Jewish property occurred; the boycott was ignored by many individual Germans who continued to shop in Jewish-owned stores during the day. Although it marked the beginning of a nationwide campaign against the Jews, the boycott was not a success for the Nazis and was called off after one day as a result of the negative impact it was having on the economy.

The Nazi boycott inspired similar boycotts in other countries. In Poland the Endeks organized boycotts of Jewish businesses across the country. In Quebec, French-Canadian nationalists organized boycotts of Jews in the 1930s. In the United States, Nazi supporters such as Father Charles Coughlin agitated for a boycott of Jewish businesses. Coughlin's radio show attracted tens of millions of listeners and his supporters organized "Buy Christian" campaigns and attacked Jews. Ivy League universities restricted the numbers of Jews allowed admission. In Austria, an organization called the Antisemitenbund had campaigned against Jewish civil rights since 1919; the organization took its inspiration from Karl Lueger, the legendary turn-of-the-century antisemitic mayor of Vienna, who inspired Hitler and had campaigned for a boycott of Jewish businesses. Austrian campaigns tended to escalate around Christmas and became effective from 1932; as in Germany, Nazis picketed Jewish stores in an attempt to prevent shoppers from using them.

In Hungary, the government passed laws limiting Jewish economic activity from 1938 onwards. Agitation for boycotts dated back to the mid-nineteenth century when Jews received equal rights

USS Pensacola (LSD-38)

USS Pensacola was a Anchorage-class dock landing ship of the United States Navy. She was the fourth Navy ship to be named for the naval town of Florida, she was built at Fore River Shipyard in Quincy and commissioned in 1971. In early 1995, the Commanding Officer of USS Pensacola was relieved because the preceding November, the ship had run aground off the East Coast. In 1995, while cruising in the Mediterranean, the ship suffered a major fuel leak, causing the ship to go to General Quarters; the fuel leak was repaired, no one was injured. In 1996, USS Pensacola ran aground once again while en route to Rhode Island. Pensacola was decommissioned in 1999, transferred to the Republic of China and redesignated ROCS Hsu Hai; this article includes information collected from the Naval Vessel Register, which, as a U. S. government publication, is in the public domain. The entry can be found here. USS Pensacola photos on Navsource.org USS Pensacola on Navysite.de

Peroni Brewery

Peroni Brewery is a brewing company, founded by Francesco Peroni in Vigevano, Italy in 1846. It is best known worldwide for its premium lager, Nastro Azzurro, the 13th best-selling beer in the United Kingdom in 2010. By 2016, Peroni was owned by Miller Brands U. K. of SABMiller. As part of the agreements made with regulators before Anheuser-Busch InBev was allowed to acquire SABMiller, the company sold Peroni to Asahi Breweries on 13 October 2016; the Peroni company was established under the founding family name in the town of Vigevano, Italy, in 1846. The company was moved to Rome by Giovanni Peroni in 1864, six years prior to Rome becoming the Italian capital in 1870. Throughout the late 19th and early 20th centuries, the company became one of the most prominent brewing companies in the newly unified Italian nation. By the 1990s, both the Peroni brand name and product line were known worldwide; the London-based brewing giant SABMiller bought the company in 2003, making it one of the few international brands in its portfolio.

Peroni was bought from SABMiller by the Japanese brewing giant Asahi in February 2016. Beers under the Peroni brand include: Crystall, a 5.6% abv pale lager. The company produces the Wuhrer brand – a 4.7% pale lager launched in Brescia in 1829. The main brands are Nastro Azzurro. Peroni is the Peroni company's original brand. According to Assobirra, it is the best selling beer in Italy, it is 4.7% abv and made with barley malt, hop pellets and hop extract. By the 1950s and 1960s, Peroni was the most recognized brand of beer throughout the Italian peninsula and in 2019 was one of the five most popular beers in the world. Nastro Azzurro is a 5.1% alcohol by volume pale lager. Launched in 1963, it is the Peroni Brewery's premium lager brand; the name means "Blue Ribbon" in Italian, in honor of the Blue Riband won by Italian ocean liner SS Rex in 1933. Nastro Azzurro has sponsored teams in Grand Prix motorcycle racing. In 1997 they sponsored a 125cc Aprilia team with rider Valentino Rossi, who won the championship in that season.

In 2000 and 2001 they sponsored a 500cc Honda team, again with Rossi as the rider. Birra Peroni website Peroni Nastro Azzurro Facebook Page Peroni Nastro Azzurro International Site Nastro Azzurro Homepage Fashion designer Antonio Berardi's art direction for Peroni Nastro Azzurro's Russian advertising campaign, JCReport.com Emporio Peroni Press Release, 2005

Metro Retail Stores Group

Metro Retail Stores Group Inc. is a retail company based in Mandaue, Philippines. According to a 2014 report by Euromonitor, Metro is the largest operator of department stores and hypermarkets in the Visayas region, as well as the second largest supermarket operator according to retail sales value. In the 1970s, Modesta Gaisano established White Gold Department Store in Cebu City. After her death in 1981, her five sons - David, Henry and John, pursued their respective business interests by operating their respective retail operations. Victor Gaisano and his wife, founded the Metro Retail Stores Group in 1982 with the establishment of the Metro Gaisano Department Store and Supermarket; the group expanded to major cities outside Cebu by opening stores in key cities in Central and Eastern Visayas, as well as in Central Luzon, Metro Manila and South Luzon. The company's expansion in Metro Manila, in particular, was marked by the opening of the Market! Market! Mall in the early 2000s. Metro Retail Stores Group made its debut at the Philippine Stock Exchange in November 25, 2015.

Metro Retail Stores Group Inc website Metro Department Store Microsite Metro Supermarket Microsite Super Metro Microsite

True's beaked whale

True's beaked whale is a medium-sized whale in the mesoplodont genus. The common name is in reference to Frederick W. True, a curator at the United States National Museum. There are two distinct populations in the Atlantic and Indian Oceans which may be separate subspecies; the species was first described in 1913 by Frederick W. True from an adult female that had stranded on the outer bank of Bird Island Shoal, Beaufort Harbor, North Carolina, in July 1912; this whale has a normal mesoplodont body, except that it is rotund in the middle and tapering towards the ends. The two distinctive teeth on the males are small and set on the end of the beak; the melon is rather bulbous, leads into a short beak. There is a crease behind the blowhole, a sharp dorsal ridge on the back near the dorsal fin; the coloration is gray to brownish gray on the back, lighter below, notably darker on the "lips", around the eye, near the dorsal fin. There is sometimes a dark blaze between the dorsal fin as well. One female in the Southern Hemisphere was bluish black with a white area between the dorsal fin and tail as well as a light gray jaw and throat, as well as black speckling.

One individual from the Canary Islands had an area of white from snout to blowhole. Scars from fighting and cookiecutter sharks are present on males; this species reaches around 5.3 metres with the females weighing 1,400 kilograms and the males weighing 1,010 kilograms. They are around 2.2 metres. They have been seen in small groups, are believed to be squid eaters; the most complete description of recorded live sightings and strandings, as well as the first underwater footage, was published in a 2017 article in the open access journal PeerJ. One population genetically distinct, lives in the Northern Hemisphere and has stranded from Nova Scotia in the western Atlantic to Ireland in the eastern Atlantic and as far south as Florida, the Bahamas, Canary Islands. Another population lives in the Southern Hemisphere and has stranded in South Africa, New Zealand and Australia; the species does not inhabit the Southern Atlantic or Northern Indian Ocean, appears to avoid tropical waters. No population estimates have been established, but it is believed to be one of the rarest species of whale.

This species has not been a victim of fishing nets. True's beaked whale is covered by the Agreement on the Conservation of Small Cetaceans of the Baltic, North East Atlantic and North Seas and the Agreement on the Conservation of Cetaceans in the Black Sea, Mediterranean Sea and Contiguous Atlantic Area; the species is further included in the Memorandum of Understanding Concerning the Conservation of the Manatee and Small Cetaceans of Western Africa and Macaronesia and the Memorandum of Understanding for the Conservation of Cetaceans and Their Habitats in the Pacific Islands Region. List of cetacean species Perrin, William F.. Encyclopedia of Marine Mammals. Academic Press. ISBN 0-12-551340-2. Reeves, Randall R.. Sea Mammals of the World. London: A & C Black. ISBN 0-7136-6334-0. Rare species found dead http://oceanfm.ie/news/2009/03/21/strandhill-whale-one-of-the-worlds-rarest-species/ Dead whale found on Buckroe Beach in Hampton Beached whale first of its kind in New Zealand True’s beaked whale in Macaronesia Factsheets Cetaceans of the World CMS Whale & Dolphin Conservation Society True's Beaked Whale - ARKive bio True's Beaked Whale - The Beaked Whale Resource

Subarnapur, Odisha

Sonepur known as Subarnapur, is a town and district headquarters of Subarnapur district of Odisha. The district spreads over an area of 2284.89 km2. It is known as Second Varanasi of India for its cluster of temples having architectural importance and tantric mystiques and Second Allahabad for the Meeting Point of three rivers Mahanadi and Sukhtel in place just like in Allahabad. Subarnapur is famous for silk, prawns, terracotta etc. Sonepur was the capital of Sonepur State, a princely state of British India; as of 2001 India census, Sonepur town had a population of 17,535. Males constitute 53% of the population and females 47%. Sonepur has an average literacy rate of 74%, higher than the national average of 59.5%: male literacy is 82%, female literacy is 65%. In Sonepur, 11% of the population is under 6 years of age. Maharaja High School, Sonepur Sonepur College, SonepurBiju Patnaik Women's College Biswa Bharati Chintana Siskha Niketan Dayanand Play School Govt. Girls' High School, Sonepur Green Valley Play School Hello Kids Play School Ideal Public School Kids English Medium School Model Degree College, Sonepur Model School, Sonepur Prajna Bharati High School Sahara Trust High School Saraswati Sishu Vidya Mandir, Sonepur Sri Aurobindo Integral Education & Research Center, Sonepur St. Annes Convent School Sukanti Academy Bhagavati TempleBudhima Temple Budhi Somalai Temple Dadhibaban Temple Dasamati Temple Gokarneswar Temple Gundicha / Nrusimhanath Temple Jagannath Temple Khambeswari Temple Kosaleswara Temple Lankeswari Temple Narayani Temple Paschima Somanath Temple Ramachandi Temple Rameswar Temple Somaleswari Temple Sureswari Temple Subarnameru Temple Balaji Temple ShreeRam Temple Pancharatha Temple Kailash Chandra Meher, awarded Padma Shri by Govt. of India.

Sonepuri Sari Current MLA from Sonepur Assembly Constituency is Niranjan Pujari of BJD, who won the seat in State elections in 2014. Previous MLAs from this seat were Binod Patra of INC, who won the seat in 2004, Kunduru Kushal who won this seat representing BJD in 2000, representing JD in 1995 and in 1990, Achyuta Biswal of INC in 1985, Dhaneswar Kumbhar of INC in 1980, Debraj Seth of JNP in 1977; the place witnessed one and only sitting Prime Minister, i.e. Shri Narendra Modi here on 6th of April 2019. Sonepur is part of Balangir. Sonepuri History of Sonepur, Odisha Pasayat, C. and Sudam Naik, Subarnapur Darabari Sahitya, Bhubaneswar: Gyanajuga Publications. Pasayat, C. Paschima Odisara Lokageeta, Bhubaneswar: Folklore Foundation. Padhy, S. K. History and Culture of Sonepur Ph. D. thesis, Berhampur University, 2000. Accommodation in Sonepur "HOTEL KASTURI"