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Neal Adams

Neal Adams is an American comic book and commercial artist known for helping to create some of the definitive modern imagery of the DC Comics characters Batman and Green Arrow. Adams was inducted into the Eisner Award's Will Eisner Comic Book Hall of Fame in 1998, the Harvey Awards' Jack Kirby Hall of Fame in 1999, the Inkwell Awards Joe Sinnott Hall of Fame in 2019. Neal Adams was born June 1941 on Governors Island, New York City, he is Jewish. Adams attended the School of Industrial Art high school in Manhattan, graduating in 1959. After graduation in 1959, he unsuccessfully attempted to find freelance work at DC Comics, turned to Archie Comics, where he wanted to work on the publisher's fledgling superhero line, edited by Joe Simon. At the suggestion of staffers, Adams drew "three or four pages of the Fly", but did not receive encouragement from Simon. Sympathetic staffers nonetheless asked Adams to draw samples for the Archie teen-humor comics themselves. While he did so, Adams said in a 2000s interview, he unknowingly broke into comics: I started to do samples for Archie and I left my Fly samples there.

A couple weeks when I came in to show my Archie samples, I noticed that the pages were still there, but the bottom panel was cut off of one of my pages. I said,'What happened', they said,'One of the artists did this transition where Tommy Troy turns into the Fly and it's not good. You did this real nice piece so we'll use that, if it's OK.' I said,'That's great. That's terrific.' That panel ran in Adventures of the Fly #4. Afterward, Adams began writing, penciling and lettering humorous full-page and half-page gag fillers for Archie's Joke Book Magazine. In a 1976 interview, he recalled earning "$32.00 for a full page. That may not seem like a great deal of money, but at the time it meant a great deal to myself as well as my mothers... as we were not in a wealthy state. It was manna from heaven, so to speak." A recommendation led him to artist Howard Nostrand, beginning the Bat Masterson syndicated newspaper comic strip, he worked as Nostrand's assistant for three months drawing backgrounds at what Adams recalled as $9 a week and "a great experience".

Having "not left Archie Comics under the best of circumstances", Adams turned to commercial art for the advertising industry. After a rocky start freelancing, he began landing regular work at the Johnstone and Cushing agency, which specialized in comic-book styled advertising. Helped by artist Elmer Wexler, who critiqued the young Adams' samples, Adams brought his portfolio to the agency, which "didn't believe I had done those particular samples since they looked so much like Elmer Wexler's work, but they gave me a chance and... I stayed there for about a year". In 1962, Adams began his comics career in earnest at the Newspaper Enterprise Association syndicate. From a recommendation, writer Jerry Caplin, a.k.a. Jerry Capp, brother of Li'l Abner creator Al Capp, invited Adams to draw samples for Capp's proposed Ben Casey comic strip, based on the popular television medical-drama series. On the strength of his samples and of his "Chip Martin, College Reporter" AT&T advertising comic-strip pages in Boys' Life magazine, of his similar Goodyear Tire ads, Adams landed the assignment.

The first daily strip, which carried Adams' signature, appeared November 26, 1962. Adams continued to do Johnston & Cushing assignments during Ben Casey's 3 1/2-year run. Comics historian Maurice Horn said the strip "did not shrink from tackling controversial problems, such as heroin addiction, illegitimate pregnancy, attempted suicide; these were treated in soap opera fashion... but there was a touch of toughness to the proceedings, well rendered by Adams in a forceful, direct style that exuded realism and tension and accorded well with the overall tone of the strip". In addition to Capp, Jerry Brondfield wrote for the strip, with Adams stepping in occasionally; the ABC series, which ran five seasons, ended March 21, 1966, with the final comic strip appearing Sunday, July 31, 1966. Despite the end of the series, Adams has said the strip, which he claimed at different points to have appeared in 365 newspapers, 265 newspapers, 165 newspapers, ended "for no other reason that it was an unhappy situation": We ended the strip under mutual agreement.

I wasn't happy working on the strip nor was I happy giving up a third of the money to Bing Crosby Productions. The strip I should have been making twelve hundred a week from was making me three hundred to three-fifty a week. On top of that, I was not able to express myself artistically, but we left under fine conditions. I was offered a deal in which I would be paid so much a month if I would agree not to do any syndicated strip for anyone else, in order that I might save myself for anything they have for me to do. Adams' goal at this point was to be a commercial illustrator. While drawing Ben Casey, he had continued to do storyboards and other work for ad agencies, said in 1976 that after leaving the strip he had shopped around a portfolio for agencies and for men's magazines, "but my material was a little too realistic and not right for most. I left my portfolio in an advertising agency promising. In the meantime I needed to make some money... and I thought,'Why don't I do some comics?'" In a 2000s interview, he remembered the events differently, saying "I took

George L. Brown

George Leslie Brown was an American politician. He served in the Colorado Senate from 1955 to 1974 and as the 40th Lieutenant Governor of Colorado from 1975 to 1979, he was a senior vice president with Grumman Corporation. During World War II, he served as a Tuskegee Airman. Together with California's Mervyn Dymally, he was one of the first two Black lieutenant-governors since Reconstruction and outside any southern state. Growing up on a farm in Kansas, Brown was a star athlete in basketball and track before graduating from Lawrence Liberty Memorial High School in 1944. Brown graduated from the University of Kansas in 1950 with a B. S. in journalism. He did graduate work at Harvard Business School, the University of Colorado and the University of Denver. For fourteen years, he worked as a writer and editor for The Denver Post and hosted his own Denver radio talk show, he was the first African American editor to work for a major daily newspaper in the Rocky Mountain region. Brown served as the assistant executive director for Denver's Public Housing Program for four years and taught at the University of Colorado and the University of Denver.

In 1956, Brown made history. He served as a state senator for eighteen years, was re-elected to five consecutive four-year terms. In 1974, in the middle of his fifth Senate term, he was elected Lieutenant Governor of Colorado, a position he held for four years. Brown and California's Mervyn Dymally became the first two Black lieutenant-governors since Reconstruction and outside any southern state. In addition, Brown won the statewide primary election to get a seat on the gubernatorial democratic ticket. Brown's tenure was marred by controversy: in 1975 he claimed that in 1943, during his military training, he was in an airplane crash and the Alabama farmer whose field he crashed into chained him up and branded him with a "K" for the Ku Klux Klan; the brand turned out to be from his college fraternity, Kappa Alpha Psi. He said that the incident had happened to another cadet and he apologized for misleading people. In 1975, he was the subject of a grand jury investigation into travel expenses of around $3,600 he had billed the state.

He said it was a clerical error and no charges were filed. In 1978, when Governor Richard Lamm was in Florida on holiday and Brown was acting as governor, he pardoned paroled former death row inmate Sylvester Lee Garrison, because Brown felt Garrison never received a fair trial, with an all-white jury and judge; when Lamm returned, he rescinded the pardon. Brown found serving as lieutenant governor "very frustrating", he did not run for re-election in 1978, he was replaced on Lamm's ticket by Nancy E. Dick, the two won the election. In 1978, Lamm accused Brown of overspending his departmental budget by $10,000 and ordered the State Comptroller to withhold his final $2,083 paycheck, his supporters picketed Lamm and Dick's inauguration and in 1980 he sued Lamm for $500,000 for the withheld pay. The government settled, sending him a cheque for $10,000. After his term as lieutenant governor had concluded, Brown never sought public office again. In 1979, Brown joined the Grumman Corporation as vice president for marketing and was promoted to senior vice president in charge of the firm's regional offices, becoming the first African American corporate officer in a major U.

S. aerospace company. He attended Harvard Business School's six-week Advanced Management Program in 1980, worked as Grumman's chief lobbyist in Washington, D. C. until he left Grumman in 1990. That year, Brown joined the Washington, D. C. law firm of Whitten & Diamond. In March 1994, he was named director for Prudential Securities and managed its Washington public finance office, he was a banker for Greenwich Partners from 1997 to 2000. Brown was active on various boards and served as a consultant and adviser for various organizations and companies, he received numerous honors for his work. Brown was married to Modeen, he has one son: Steven. Brown died on March 2006, of cancer. Quote from Brown "Life is too short to be unhappy in business. If business were not a part of the joy of living, we might say that we have no right to live, because it is a pretty poor man who cannot get into the line for which he is fitted."

Bobby Astyr

Bobby Astyr was a pornographic film actor. Prior to becoming involved in pornography, Astyr was a musician, he made his debut in porn in 1974 and appeared in many films, including Barbara Broadcast in 1977, where he performed as the Maitre d' in an elegant New York City hotel restaurant. Cast in comedic roles, he was dubbed "The Clown Prince of Porno". Astyr retired in the mid-1980s, he performed with Samantha Fox, with whom he was in a long-term relationship. In his life, Astyr served on the board of directors of a housing project in New York's East Village. After battling lung cancer on and off for 5 or 6 years, Astyr died in April 2002. 1979 AFAA Best Supporting Actor for People 1999 XRCO Hall of Fame inductee Bobby Astyr on IMDb Bobby Astyr at the Internet Adult Film Database Bobby Astyr at the Adult Film Database


Aughertree is a village in northern Cumbria, England. It is situated near to the villages of Caldbeck and Torpenhow, but closer to the main local centre Ireby and is in the parish of Ireby and Uldale. There are at least three Iron Age settlements on the nearby fell, a neolithic causeway along with several burial mounds that have been extensively excavated in earlier centuries but without sufficient recording or controls, it used to be a much larger village with several taverns or pubs but none now remain. Some sites of former houses and farms can be seen but these are long gone. A historic funeral road to Uldale Old Church starts in the hamlet and follows a footpath and bridleway. Aughertree is part of the parliamentary constituency of Workington. In the December 2019 general election, the Tory candidate for Workington, Mark Jenkinson, was elected the MP, overturning a 9.4 per cent Labour majority from the 2017 election to eject shadow environment secretary Sue Hayman by a margin of 4,136 votes.

Until the December 2019 general election The Labour Party has won the seat in the constituency in every general election since 1979. The Conservative Party has only been elected once in Workington since World War 2, at the 1976 by-election. Before Brexit, its residents were covered by the North West England European Parliamentary Constituency

Jaap Penraat

Jaap Penraat was a Dutch resistance fighter during the Second World War. Penraat was born in Netherlands; as a child, he helped Jewish neighbors by switching lights for them on Shabbat, which they were forbidden to do. When the Nazis occupied The Netherlands and began acting against the Jews, Penraat was an interior designer and sculptor of tiles and statues, he started his resistance activities by forging identity papers for Jews, but was discovered and jailed for several months. He made over 20 trips smuggling a total of 406 Jewish people to safety from The Netherlands to Spain via France by using his forgery skills to convince the Nazis they were slave laborers for the Atlantic Wall, on France's Atlantic coast, he lost only one man, hit by a train. Penraat revealed nothing about his operations. After his release, he continued his activities until 1944, when it became too risky to continue, he spent the rest of the war hiding in a village, living on sugar beets. After the war, Penraat became a noted designer in Amsterdam, until in 1958 he moved to the United States.

In 1964, he designed the Dutch mill cafe, for the New York World's Fair. He remained silent about his wartime activities until his daughters convinced him that his grandchildren should know about them, he went on to describe his experiences to school groups. In subsequent interviews, he insisted he had only "done the decent thing". Yad Vashem, the official Israeli memorial to victims of the Holocaust, awarded him the designation of Righteous Among the Nations and put him on its honor roll on June 11, 1988. A longtime friend of Penraat's, Hudson Talbott, authored a children's book about Penraat's activities, entitled Forging Freedom: A True Story of Heroism During the Holocaust. Talbott said in an interview that Penraat "just loved the idea of putting one over on the Nazis". Penraat died at his home in Catskill, New York at the age of 88, three years following the death of his wife, Jettie, he is survived by his three daughters, Marjolijn and Noelle. Forging Freedom - A true story of heroism during the Holocaust, by Hudson Talbott.

New York, 2000. New York Times "Jaap Penraat Dies at 88.

Clarence W. Spangenberger

Clarence W. Spangenberger was the last president of Cornell Steamboat Company, whose more than 60 vessels made it the largest tugboat company in the United States. Spangenberger was born in Kingston, New York on December 9, 1905, his parents both earned their incomes serving the shipyard workers and boatmen in Rondout, New York, with his mother selling bread and his father working as a barber. Spangenberger graduated from New York University, majoring in business, he first worked as a sales representative for the Standard Oil Company, before being hired in 1933 by the Cornell Steamboat Company, a firm whose history dated back to 1847. He started in the accounts receivable department and supervised the firm's engineers and oilers. Spangenberger pushed the firm's management to convert to oil power instead of steam. With the change, the company's tugboats could push 21 barges that were grouped three across, rather than having all 21 barges towed end-to-end, he was selected by the firm's trustees to become the head of Cornell in December 1954, at a time when trucks and railroads were changing the dynamics of the shipping business.

His efforts to revive the company included dismissing hundreds of employees, all of whom he notified in person. New York Trap Rock Corporation, a producer of crushed stone, the business's largest customer, acquired Cornell in 1958, in a merger that combined two of the Hudson River Valley's oldest companies; the Cornell Steamboat name was retained and Spangenberger remained in charge of the towing division. With more powerful tugboats and other efficiencies, Cornell went out of business in 1963, he died at age 102 in Rhinebeck, New York on October 21, 2008