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Neck

The neck is the part of the body on many vertebrates that connects the head with the torso and provides the mobility and movements of the head. The structures of the human neck are anatomically grouped into four compartments. Within these compartments, the neck houses the cervical vertebrae and cervical part of the spinal cord, upper parts of the respiratory and digestive tracts, endocrine glands, nerves and veins. Muscles of the neck are described separately from the compartments, they bound the neck triangles. In anatomy, the neck is called by its Latin names, cervix or collum, although when used alone, in context, the word cervix more refers to the uterine cervix, the neck of the uterus, thus the adjective cervical may refer either to the uterine cervix. The neck structures are distributed within four compartments: Vertebral compartment contains the cervical vertebrae with cartilaginous discs between each vertebral body; the alignment of the vertebrae defines the shape of the human neck. As the vertebrae bound the spinal canal, the cervical portion of the spinal cord is found within the neck.

Visceral compartment accommodates the trachea, pharynx and parathyroid glands. Vascular compartment is paired and consists of the two carotid sheaths found on each side of the trachea; each carotid sheath contains common carotid artery and internal jugular vein. Besides the listed structures, the neck contains cervical lymph nodes which surround the blood vessels. Muscles of the neck attach to the skull, hyoid bone and the sternum, they bound the two major neck triangles. Anterior triangle is defined by the anterior border of the sternocleidomastoid muscle, inferior edge of the mandible and the midline of the neck, it contains the stylohyoid, mylohyoid, omohyoid, sternohyoid and sternothyroid muscles. These muscles are grouped as the suprahyoid and infrahyoid muscles depending if they are located superiorly or inferiorly to the hyoid bone; the suprahyoid muscles elevate the hyoid bone. Acting synchronously, both groups facilitate swallowing. Posterior triangle is bordered by the posterior border of the sternocleidomastoid muscle, anterior border of the trapezius muscle and the superior edge of the middle third of the clavicle.

This triangle contains the sternocleidomastoid, splenius capitis, levator scapulae, anterior and posterior scalene muscles. Sensation to the front areas of the neck comes from the roots of the spinal nerves C2-C4, at the back of the neck from the roots of C4-C5. In addition to nerves coming from and within the human spine, the accessory nerve and vagus nerve travel down the neck. Arteries which supply the neck are common carotid arteries which bifurcate into: - Internal carotid artery - External carotid artery The thyroid cartilage of the larynx forms a bulge in the midline of the neck called the Adam's apple; the Adam's apple is more prominent in men. Inferior to the Adam's apple is the cricoid cartilage; the trachea is traceable at the midline, extending between the cricoid cartilage and suprasternal notch. From a lateral aspect, the sternomastoid muscle is the most striking mark, it separates the anterior triangle of the neck from the posterior. The upper part of the anterior triangle contains the submandibular glands, which lie just below the posterior half of the mandible.

The line of the common and the external carotid arteries can be marked by joining the sterno-clavicular articulation to the angle of the jaw. Neck lines appear at a age as a development of skin wrinkles; the eleventh cranial nerve or spinal accessory nerve corresponds to a line drawn from a point midway between the angle of the jaw and the mastoid process to the middle of the posterior border of the sterno-mastoid muscle and thence across the posterior triangle to the deep surface of the trapezius. The external jugular vein can be seen through the skin; the anterior jugular vein is smaller, runs down about half an inch from the middle line of the neck. The clavicle or collar-bone forms the lower limit of the neck, laterally the outward slope of the neck to the shoulder is caused by the trapezius muscle; the neck supports the weight of the head and protects the nerves that carry sensory and motor information from the brain down to the rest of the body. In addition, the neck is flexible and allows the head to turn and flex in all directions.

Disorders of the neck are a common source of pain. The neck has a great deal of functionality but is subject to a lot of stress. Common sources of neck pain include: Whiplash, strained a muscle or another soft tissue injury Cervical herniated disc Cervical spinal stenosis Osteoarthritis Vascular sources of pain, like arterial dissections or internal jugular vein thrombosis Cervical adenitis The neck appears in some of the earliest of tetrapod fossils, the functionality provided has led to its being retained in all land vertebrates as well as marine-adapted tetrapods such as turtles and penguins; some degree of flexibility is retained where the outside physical manifestation has been secondarily lost, as in whales and porpoises. A morphologically functioning neck appears among insects, its absence in fish and aquatic

Mr. Country & Western Music

Mr. Country & Western Music is an album by American country music artist George Jones released in 1965 on the Musicor Records label. Although Mr. Country and Western Music includes many of the heartache and drinking songs that Jones had become famous for, this collection of new recordings sees the singer moving towards the more refined Nashville Sound, spearheaded by Chet Atkins, Owen Bradley, a handful of other producers who saw the potential of sweetening the backing tracks with strings and female singers as a way to compete with the ever-increasing popularity of rock and roll; as Bob Allen observes in his book George Jones: The Life and Times of a Honky Tonk Legend, "These men figured - as it turned out - that they could make those dollar signs bigger if they could produce country records that captured the imagination of the much larger, urban-dwelling, pop music-orientated record buying public." In addition to this change in Jones's music, his singing voice had matured and grown noticeably deep since his earliest recordings.

Adds Allen: "He was now in his mid-thirties, fewer and fewer of his performances in the studio were charged with the youthful, high-whining honky-tonk fervor and raw rockabilly fire that had echoed so through his early hits. He had come to be more comfortable with the mid-range registers of his voice. So he was becoming less ill at ease with the mellower "uptown"-style songs that Pappy was starting to bring around for him to record." By this point, Jones' singing style had evolved from the full-throated, high lonesome sound of Hank Williams and Roy Acuff on his early Starday records to the more refined, subtle style of Lefty Frizzell. In a 2006 interview with Billboard, Jones acknowledged the fellow Texan's influence on his idiosyncratic phrasing: "I got that from Lefty, he always made five syllables out of one word." Jones would re-record. "I Just Lost My Favorite Girl" "What's Bad for You Is Good for Me" "Don't You Ever Get Tired" "How Proud I Would Have Been" "Flowers for Mama" "Gonna Take Me Away from You" "I Can't Get Used to Being Lonely" "Let a Little Loving Come In" "Selfishness in Man" "Worst of Luck" "Even the Bad Times Are Good" "Sea Between Our Hearts" Album – Billboard George Jones' Official Website

Hall & Woodhouse

Hall and Woodhouse is a British regional brewery founded in 1777 by Charles Hall in Blandford Forum, England. The company operates over 250 public houses in the south of England, brews under the name Badger Brewery; the brewery traces its roots to 1777, when Charles Hall founded the Ansty Brewery in Dorset. The Hall & Woodhouse partnership dates from 1847, when Charles' son and successor went into business with George Woodhouse. In 1875, the firm's logo of a Badger was first introduced, in 1900, when a new brewery was built to replace the original, it was named after the logo; the logo has evolved over the years. The firm remains a family firm. In 1991 the brewpub Gribble Inn in Oving, West Sussex was acquired. Though it was sold back to the landlord in 2005, Hall & Woodhouse retained the rights to the brand name Fursty Ferret, the brewpub's most well-known beer. In 2000 the King and Barnes brewery business in Horsham was acquired. Hall & Woodhouse retained the King and Barnes chain of pubs and the rights to the brand names of the King and Barnes beers, but the brewery premises were sold.

Blandford Fly is a 5.2% dark bottled ale flavoured with ginger and spices. Cranborne Poacher (formerly Poacher's Choice is a strong bottled dark ale with an edge of liquorice. Fursty Ferret is an amber ale, 4.1% as a cask ale, 4.4% as a filtered beer in bottles and cans. Brewed at the Gribble Inn, bought by Hall & Woodhouse in 1991; the pub was sold back to the landlord in 2005, with Hall & Woodhouse retaining the rights to the brand name Fursty Ferret. Golden Champion is a 4.5% pale ale with an aroma of elderflower. Hopping Hare is a 4.4% abv light coloured pale ale made from a mix of American Amarillo, Cascade hops and English Flagon barley. Tanglefoot is a golden ale, 4.7% as a cask ale, 5% as a filtered beer in bottles and cans. It is made from a mix of English Flagon barley and Challenger hops, with a pear drop taste. According to a story presently written on the bottle, it was given its name when the Head Brewer drank "several tankards" and "fell on" a name for the beer; the cask version is available in the south of England, a pasteurised version is available in bottles and cans in supermarkets nationally.

Wicked Wyvern is a 5.5% pale ale with an aroma of grapefruit. Badger Original - was a 3.8% ale. Daring Diver - Was a 4.7% amber beer with a biscuit malt base. Firkin Fox - was a 4.6% auburn ale with citrus floral hops. First Call - was a 4.0% dark ale with orange and spices. Golden Glory - was 4.5 % a premium ale with a melon flavour. Harvester - was a 2.5% ale. Leaping Legend - was a 4.8% golden ale with grapefruit hops. Long Days - was a 4.5% ale. Old Ansty Pickled Partridge - was a 4.6 % tawny ale with chocolate malts. Pumpkin Ale - was a 4.6% ale. Wandering Woodwose - was a strong 8.0% ale. Wild Wader - was a 4.2 % refreshing hop with a malty finish. Brewer's Bee - was a honey beer, it was available in Summer 2013. Hopeful Hop - was a single hop ale made with a citrus aroma, it was available in Autumn 2013. Twilight Tawny - It was available in Autumn 2014. Ruby Rustler - It was available in Winter 2014; the company markets soft drinks known as Rio which are canned drinks made from fruit juices and sparkling spring water.

Hall and Woodhouse used to manufacture Panda Pops, but sold the brand to Nichols plc in 2005. A Taste of Life, David Boag and Nick Wilcox-Brown and Woodhouse, ASIN B000UTOJCG Hall & Woodhouse's official website

Rebecca Pronsky

Rebecca Pronsky is a singer-songwriter from Brooklyn, New York. Her musical style combines folk, jazz and country elements, she has been described as having "a voice that's full of character and rich", as writing songs that are "short and sharp... stimulating and catchy". Pronsky was born in Brooklyn, New York City and began professional vocal training at the age of eight. In 1996 she met Lucy Wainwright Roche a fellow high school student at Saint Ann's School. Wainwright Roche introduced her to folk music and Pronsky began to study guitar. Pronsky graduated in 2002 with a degree in Ethnomusicology. However, it wasn't until she left college. Pronsky recorded several songs she had written while in college upon graduating and released this collection as her first demo Milestone in 2002, she moved back to Brooklyn soon after and began working with other musicians to explore her sound more fully. She met Rich Bennett in 2003 and the two began a musical collaboration. In 2005, Pronsky created the Brooklyn Songwriters Exchange, a music series presenting strong local songwriters in the New York City area.

Pronsky worked with Bennett for the next few years, culminating in Arrivals. Pronsky's first full-length album, it was produced by Bennett and Pronsky, released by indie label Nine Mile Records. Pronsky spoke of the record as being "much more compositional" than her earlier work. Departures & Arrivals was followed by a limited edition EP The Best Game in Town in 2009. Nine Mile Records released Pronsky's second and third full-length albums: Viewfinder in 2011 and Only Daughter in 2013. Both records were mixed by Scott Solter. Viewfinder was recorded at the Great North Sound Society in Parsonsfield, Maine with engineer Sam Kassirer; the album explores themes of loss and coming of age, as well as the economic downturn. Track 1 "Hard Times" was featured on Song of the Day on NPR Music, on April 18, 2011, due to its topical relevance. Only Daughter is the first album produced by Bennett and features a dreamier, dark sound. Lyrically, the album is abstract and deals with the themes of political corruption and personal struggle.

Pronsky has toured extensively in UK and Europe. She has been the supporting act on shows featuring Shawn Colvin, Steve Forbert, Peter Case, Catie Curtis, Sarah Bettens, Josh Ritter, Loudon Wainwright III, Patty Larkin, Caroline Herring among others. Witness: Hillary's Song Cycle Known Objects Only Daughter Viewfinder The Best Game in Town Departures & Arrivals The Early Hours Rebecca Pronsky's official website Nine Mile Records

Superbad (film)

Superbad is a 2007 American coming-of-age teen comedy film directed by Greg Mottola and produced by Judd Apatow. The film stars Jonah Hill and Michael Cera as Seth and Evan, two teenagers about to graduate high school. Before graduating, the boys want to party and lose their virginity, but their plan proves harder than expected. Written by Seth Rogen and Evan Goldberg, the script began development when they were 13 years old, was loosely based on their experience in Grade 12 in Vancouver during the 1990s. Rogen was initially intended to play Seth, but due to age and physical size this was changed, Hill went on to portray Seth, while Rogen portrayed the irresponsible Officer Michaels, opposite former Saturday Night Live star Bill Hader as Officer Slater. Upon release, the film received positive reviews, with critics praising the dialogue and the chemistry between the two leads; the film proved financially successful, grossing $169 million on a $20 million budget. Since the film's release, it has garnered acclaim as one of the best comedies of the 2000s and as one of the best high school movies of all time.

Seth and Evan are two high school seniors. The two are about to go off to different colleges. After Seth is paired with Jules during home economics class, she invites him to a party at her house that night, their friend Fogell reveals his plans to obtain a fake ID, so Seth promises to buy alcohol for Jules' party with money she gives him. Evan runs into his crush Becca and he offers to get her some vodka for the party. Despite Fogell's fake ID having only one name, "McLovin.", Fogell buys the vodka, but is knocked out at the last second by a robber. When police officers Slater and Michaels arrive and Evan believe that Fogell is being arrested. In reality, the officers agree to give Fogell a ride to the party. Outside, Seth is hit by a car. In exchange for Seth and Evan not telling the police, the driver promises to take them to another party where they can get alcohol. Meanwhile and Michaels take Fogell on a ride-along and bond with him. Despite being on duty, they start drinking, using their sirens improperly, shoot their firearms at a stop sign.

At the party, Seth fills detergent bottles from the basement with alcohol he finds in the fridge and dances with a drunk woman, who stains his leg with menstrual blood, while Evan is made to sing by some men high on cocaine. About to leave, Seth is confronted by the host for dancing with his fiancée. A brawl ensues; the fiancée calls the police, while Evan escape. Evan and Seth argue, Seth is once again hit by a car - the police cruiser driven by Slater and Michaels, they plan to arrest Seth and Evan, but when Fogell comes out of the car, Evan makes a run for it, while Seth and Fogell escape with the alcohol. All three make their way to Jules' party. At the party, Seth's stories of the night make him popular. Becca wants to have sex with Evan, but he respects her too much to go through with it while she is drunk. Meanwhile, Fogell goes upstairs to have sex with her. Seth drunkenly attempts to kiss Jules, but she turns him down because she neither drinks nor wants Seth while he is drunk. Seth believes he has ruined any chance of a relationship with Jules, passes out, accidentally headbutting her, leaving her with a black eye.

Slater and Michaels bust the party. Seth escapes, carrying an intoxicated Evan. Slater interrupts Nicola, who runs off. Slater is angry at Fogell for ditching them, but Michaels points out they have just "cock-blocked" him, they apologize and reveal they knew all along that Fogell was not 25, they played along. To make it up to him, they pretend to arrest Fogell to make him look "bad-ass", they resume their bonding destroying their car with a Molotov cocktail while Fogell shoots it with Slater's firearm. The next morning and Evan go to the mall and run into Jules and Becca, the men pair off with the women. Seth takes Jules to buy concealer for her bruise, while Evan and Becca leave to buy a new comforter to replace the one that Becca ruined from being sick; the film was written by Rogen during their teen years. It is loosely based on their own experience as seniors in Vancouver in the late 1990s, hence the character names Seth and Evan. According to an interview at an event panel in 2009, Fogell was a real friend of Rogen and Goldberg.

Rogen was slated to play Hill's character Seth, but due to his physical size and age, he played one of the police officers. The film took over seven years to complete from early scripting in 2000 and filming in 2006/2007; the film was shot in Los Angeles. The high school is the exterior of El Segundo High School; the mall scenes were shot at the old Fox Hills Mall in California. Other notable filming locations include the convenience store at the beginning of the film in Culver City, the liquor store where "McLovin" gets IDed in Glendale and the bar where the cops take McLovin for a drink is neighboring Los Angeles International Airport; the scene where McLovin and the cops do donuts in the cop car was filmed in a parking lot on the California State University, Northridge campus. Mintz-Plasse was only 17 at the time of filming Superbad, as a result, his mother was required to be present on set during his sex scene. Superbad opened at number one at the United States box office, grossing US$33,052,411 in its weekend from 2,948 theaters for an average of US$11,212 per theater.

The film stayed at #1 the second week, grossing US$18,044,369. The film grossed US$121.5 million in

Original Black Entertainment TV

OBE TV was a British television channel launched in September 2003. It showed film, advertisements and talk shows as well as conservative Christian programmes; the channel was aimed at African audiences and showed programmes from South Africa and Ghana. Its programmes were taken from the South African Broadcasting Corporation, including the SABC's news broadcasts. A timeshifted service named OBE +1 launched on Thursday 29 November 2007 and it was replaced by DMAX on 8 January 2008. Miracle Power - with Pastor Kingsley Appiagyei Bruce's Kitchen Taxi Driver London Got Problem Paridigams Driss's Kitchen Hotel St. James I Stand Accused Tentacles Music Africa - a slot that shows music videos from West African artists Reggae Showcase - interviews and performances hosted by the artist Named Savana Saga Africa Superbook I am a Four Door Saloon Super Story Dada Boat This Life Papa Ajasco Fresh Act Nollywood Black Variety Show Africa Within Gimme My Moonay Back Straight Talk London Get Problem Mmaa Nkomo Dustbina Okebagou Mzansi Jams- Top Hit Southern African Music Show Produced by Oscar'Oskido' Mdlongwa, Sanpoulus Maplanka, Atterbell Maplanka Love and Politics Half Sisters Special Assignment KICC BO Chicken Eaters Sports With Kwaku World Music - a broadcasting slot that ranges from one up to four hours, featuring music videos by an assortment of African artists Shaka Zulu - a series produced in South Africa in 1986, focusing on the Zulu king Shaka Teleshopping - broadcast in slots that range from 30 minutes to two hours at midnight OBE TV Noticeboard - Info About funerals and Events Hip Life - Entertainment and Music Official website