Neferneferuaten Nefertiti was an Egyptian queen and the Great Royal Wife of Akhenaten, an Egyptian Pharaoh. Nefertiti and her husband were known for a religious revolution, in which they worshipped one god only, Aten, or the sun disc. With her husband, she reigned at what was arguably the wealthiest period of Ancient Egyptian history; some scholars believe that Nefertiti ruled as Neferneferuaten after her husband's death and before the accession of Tutankhamun, although this identification is a matter of ongoing debate. If Nefertiti did rule as Pharaoh, her reign was marked by the fall of Amarna and relocation of the capital back to the traditional city of Thebes. Nefertiti had many titles including Hereditary Princess. While modern Egyptological pronunciation renders her name as Nefertiti, her name was contemporaneously pronounced as Nafertyiti, she was made famous by her bust, now in Berlin's Neues Museum. The bust is one of the most copied works of ancient Egypt, it was attributed to the sculptor Thutmose, it was found in his workshop.
Nefertiti's name, Egyptian Nfr.t-jy.tj, can be translated as "The Beautiful Woman has Come". Nefertiti's parentage is not known with certainty, but one cited theory is that she was the daughter of Ay to be pharaoh. One major problem of this theory is that neither Ay or his wife Tey are explicitly called the father and mother of Nefertiti in existing sources. In fact, Tey's only connection with her was that she was the "nurse of the great queen" Nefertiti, an unlikely title for a queen's mother. At the same time, no sources exist that directly contradict Ay's fatherhood, considered due to the great influence he wielded during Nefertiti's life and after her death. To solve this problem, it has been proposed that Ay had another wife before Tey, named Iuy, whose existence and connection to Ay is suggested by some evidence. According to this theory, Nefertiti was the daughter of Ay and Iuy, but her mother died before her rise to the position of queen, whereupon Ay married Tey, making her Nefertiti's step-mother.
This entire proposal is based on speculation and conjecture. It has been proposed that Nefertiti was Akhenaten's full sister, though this is contradicted by her titles which do not include those used by the daughters of a Pharaoh. Another theory about her parentage that gained some support identified Nefertiti with the Mitanni princess Tadukhipa based on Nefertiti's name, interpreted by some scholars as signifying a foreign origin. However, Tadukhipa was married to Akhenaten's father and there is no evidence for any reason why this woman would need to alter her name in a proposed marriage to Akhenaten or any hard evidence of a foreign non-Egyptian background for Nefertiti. Scenes in the tombs of the nobles in Amarna mention the queen's sister, named Mutbenret; the exact dates when Nefertiti married Akhenaten and became the king's Great Royal Wife are uncertain. Their six known daughters were: Meritaten: No than year 1. Meketaten: Year 4. Ankhesenpaaten known as Ankhesenamun, wife of Tutankhamun Neferneferuaten Tasherit: Year 8.
Neferneferure: Year 9. Setepenre: Year 11. Nefertiti first appears in scenes in Thebes. In the damaged tomb of the royal butler Parennefer, the new king Amenhotep IV is accompanied by a royal woman, this lady is thought to be an early depiction of Nefertiti; the king and queen are shown worshiping the Aten. In the tomb of the vizier Ramose, Nefertiti is shown standing behind Amenhotep IV in the Window of Appearance during the reward ceremony for the vizier. During the early years in Thebes, Akhenaten had several temples. One of the structures, the Mansion of the Benben, was dedicated to Nefertiti, she is depicted with her daughter Meritaten and in some scenes the princess Meketaten participates as well. In scenes found on the talatat, Nefertiti appears twice as as her husband, she is shown appearing behind her husband the Pharaoh in offering scenes in the role of the queen supporting her husband, but she is depicted in scenes that would have been the prerogative of the king. She is shown smiting the enemy, captive enemies decorate her throne.
In the fourth year of his reign, Amenhotep IV decided to move the capital to Akhetaten. In his fifth year, Amenhotep IV changed his name to Akhenaten, Nefertiti was henceforth known as Neferneferuaten-Nefertiti; the name change was a sign of the ever-increasing importance of the cult of the Aten. It changed Egypt's religion from a polytheistic religion to a religion which may have been better described as a monolatry or henotheism; the boundary stelae of years 4 and 5 mark the boundaries of the new city and suggest that the move to the new city of Akhetaten occurred around that time. The new city contained several large open-air temples dedicated to the Aten. Nefertiti and her family would have resided in the Great Royal Palace in the centre of the city and at the Northern Palace as well. Nefertiti and the rest of the royal family feature prominently in the scenes at the palaces and in the tombs of the nobles. Nefertiti's steward during this time was an official named Meryre II, he would have bee
The Real World is the first season of MTV's reality television series The Real World, which focuses on a group of diverse strangers living together for several months as cameras follow their lives and interpersonal relationships. It was created by producers Mary-Ellis Jonathan Murray; the cast consisted of seven people, ranging in age from 19 to 26, most of whom were living in New York City when the series taped. The cast was filmed living in a SoHo loft from February 16 to May 18, 1992, The series premiered May 21 of that year; this is the first of three seasons to be filmed in New York City. In 2001, the show returned to the city in its tenth season, again in 2008 for its twenty-first season,set in the borough of Brooklyn; as the first season of one of the first series in what is now considered the reality television genre, The Real World: New York is sometimes credited with pioneering some of the conventions of the genre, including bringing together a group of participants who had not met, the use of "confessional" interviews with participants to double as the show's narration.
Some, have credited an earlier series, the 1991 Dutch TV show Nummer 28, for these innovations. The Real World was inspired by the popularity of youth-oriented shows of the 1990s like Beverly Hills 90210. Bunim and Murray considered developing a scripted series in a similar vein, but decided that the cost of paying writers, costume designers, make-up artists was too high. Bunim and Murray decided against this idea, at the last minute, pulled the concept before it became the first season of the show. Tracy Grandstaff, one of the original seven picked for what has come to be known as "Season 0", went on to minor fame as the voice of the animated Beavis and Butt-head character Daria Morgendorffer, who got her own spinoff, Daria. Dutch TV producer Erik Latour claims that the ideas for The Real World were directly derived from his television show Nummer 28, which aired in 1991 on Dutch television. Bunim/Murray decided upon the cheaper idea of casting a bunch of "regular people" to live in an apartment and taping their day-to-day lives, believing seven diverse people would have enough of a basis upon which to interact without scripts.
The production cast seven cast members from 500 applicants, paying them $2,600 for their time on the show. The production discovered a nine-story, ten-unit residential co-op building at 565 Broadway, at the corner of Prince Street, in Manhattan's SoHo district, after much searching, converted the massive, 4000-square-foot duplex to be the residence and filming location. Walls separating two adjacent apartments on the second and third floors were removed in order to form a single 4,000-square-foot, four bedroom residence, were renovated for the filming of the series. Production personnel, which included up to 13 people at one time, utilized a work space with a separate entrance; the cast lived in the loft from February 16 to May 18, 1992. The series premiered three days on May 21, 1992. At the time of its initial airing, reviews of the show were negative. Matt Roush, writing in USA Today, characterized the show as "painfully bogus", a cynical and exploitative new low in television, commenting, "Watching The Real World, which fails as documentary and as entertainment, it's hard to tell who's using who more."
The Washington Post's Tom Shales commented, "Ah to be young and stupid, to have too much free time... Such is the lot facing the wayward wastrels of The Real World, something new in excruciating torture from the busy minds at MTV." Shales remarked upon the cast members’ creative career choices, saying, "You might want to think about getting a real job."Nonetheless, the series was a hit with viewers, the initial seasons have come to be reassessed. Writing in 2011, Meredith Blake of The A. V. Club found the cast to be "ambitious and thoughtful". Though she conceded that nearly all of the cast were pursuing careers as performers, thus had ulterior motives for appearing on the show, she found their motivations "relatively noble" compared to that of participants in reality TV shows, many of whom wanted to become famous by appearing on TV, she wrote that seasons of The Real World had become "too much to bear" after "cast members figured out that the best way to get screen time was to act out - not to sit around having freshman dorm-room-style conversations about race relations."
She wrote that, by contrast to more recent examples of reality TV, "The Real World: New York now seems achingly earnest, bracingly raw, sweetly idealistic." ^Note 1: Age at the time of filming. Isiah Thomas, Dennis Rodman and Bill Laimbeer make cameo appearances in Episode 5, when castmates Eric Nies and Kevin Powell attend a New York Knicks game at Madison Square Garden. Larry Johnson appears in Episode 7 to meet castmates Heather Gardner and Julie Gentry, who attend a Hornets game at the Brendan Byrne Arena. Matt Pinfield, a radio host for 106.3 FM, has a cameo in Episode 8 when cast member Andre Comeau's band, appears for an interview with that station. In Episode 9, cast members attend a rally for 1992 U. S. Presidential candidate Jerry Brown, at which both Brown and Michael Moore are shown speaking. After filming the season, the cast reunited for the second-season premiere, provided their predictions and other thoughts regarding the Los Angeles cast. Heather Gardner predicted that someo
Studio 4 was an acting and filmmaking school located in New York and Los Angeles, founded by James Franco in 2014. Franco opened the school after studying at Playhouse West in Los Angeles. In 2017, multiple female students of the school came forward and stated that Franco had behaved in inappropriate or sexually exploitative ways while serving as their teacher; the school was closed on October 1, 2017. Studio 4 was created to provide a place for students to be grounded in acting and focus on performance while not having to be tied up with additional school requirements. Franco wanted to emulate the creative environment he found at Playhouse West, in addition to providing opportunities through his production company, Rabbit Bandini Productions, that would otherwise not be available to acting, directing, or writing students; the school offered a two-year Meisner technique conservatory study for actors and on-going screenwriting and directing courses that were instructed by working industry professionals.
Among some of the school guests instructors and lecturers include: James Caan, John Patrick Shanley, Ahna O'Reilly, Campbell Scott, Scott Caan, Paul Calderon, Alex Morf, Pamela Romanowsky, Joel Marsh Garland, Gabrielle Demeestere, Natalie Gold, Tom Leopold, Horatio Sanz. In 2017, multiple female students of the school came forward and stated that Franco had behaved in inappropriate or sexually exploitative ways while serving as their teacher. One student stated that Franco "would always make everybody think there were possible roles on the table if we were to perform sexual acts or take off our shirts" in his projects. Another student stated that Franco held a sex scenes class and removed students' vaginal guards while simulating oral sex with them. On October 3, 2019, two former female students of Franco's now-defunct film and acting school filed a lawsuit against him and his partners. According to The New York Times, the plaint alleges that the program "was little more than a scheme to provide him and his male collaborators with a pool of young female performers that they could take advantage of."
The case claims that pupils were subjected to "sexually exploitative auditions and film shoots" and had to sign away their rights to the recordings. In 2018, one of Studio 4's on-camera teachers and Franco's student at UCLA, Ryan Moody, accused Franco of underpaying him for his idea for The Disaster Artist. Moody filed a lawsuit against Franco's production company Rabbit Bandini Productions and Seth Rogen's production company Point Grey Pictures for only paying him $5,000 for his script. In 2019, the lawsuit was settled. Official Studio 4 Website, New York Official Studio 4 Website, Los Angeles Official Variety website, Los Angeles