Mercs for Money
Mercs for Money is a fictional superhero mercenary team appearing in American comic books published by Marvel Comics. Mercs for Money were created by Gerry Duggan. Eight months after the events of the Secret Wars storyline as seen during the All-New, All-Different Marvel event, Deadpool establishes a new team of Heroes for Hire; the roster consists of Solo, Masacre, Foolkiller and Stingray. Matt Murdock and Luke Cage are shown planning legal action against Deadpool. After the lawsuit goes through, Deadpool renames his Heroes for Hire group into Deadpool's "Mercs for Money." This group of mercenaries gathered together by Deadpool was named Heroes for Hire. Deadpool was inspired to create a franchise around his identity after Solo impersonated him and piggybacked on the merc's success to take jobs at Deadpool's pay rate. Solo's impersonation helped. After turning Solo into his first employee, Deadpool began to recruit other vigilantes who would wear costumes identical to his like Foolkiller, Masacre, Slapstick and Terror.
Deadpool's team was forced to change their name after receiving a cease an desist letter from Luke Cage and Matt Murdock. They chose "Mercs for Money" as the replacement name. What the other members don't know is that Stingray is secretly working for Captain America to keep him updated on the more deranged members of the Mercs for Money. Around this time, the Mercs for Money began to use color-coded costumes to distinguish each other from an independent Deadpool impersonator, ruining the real one's reputation, it turned out. Once they got rid of Madcap, the Mercs for Money began using their own personal uniforms. During the Civil War II storyline, the members of the Mercs for Money have been displeased when expecting Deadpool to give them their paychecks. While trying to start their own business, the Mercs for Money members discover that they were being skimmed by Deadpool. Upon retrieving a safety deposit from Ho-Ho-Kus, New Jersey and setting their contracts on fire, the Mercs for Money and Deadpool went their separate ways.
A second incarnation of Mercs for Money appears in the 2016 Marvel NOW! After Deadpool's failed attempt at saving Negasonic Teenage Warhead, who he and the Mercs for Money had obtained for Umbral Dynamics, Domino shows up to where Deadpool is and reveals to him that she has assembled a new Mercs for Money team consisting of herself, Gorilla-Man, Machine Man, a reenlisted Masacre. Domino told Deadpool that they showed up to help him and states that she is the one calling the shots for the Mercs for Money. Following the defeat of the Presence, Negasonic Teenage Warhead and Hit-Monkey join the Mercs for Money. Deadpool - leader Foolkiller Madcap Masacre Scott Adsit Solo Slapstick Stingray - He was an undercover operative working for Captain America. Terror Domino - Leader Deadpool Gorilla-Man Hit-Monkey Machine Man Masacre Negasonic Teenage Warhead Mercs for Money at Marvel Wiki Mercs for Money at Comic Vine
Brianna Caitlin Hildebrand is an American actress. She is known for appearing in the web series Annie Undocumented, as Negasonic Teenage Warhead in the films Deadpool and Deadpool 2. Hildebrand appeared in the web series Annie Undocumented, named best web series at the 2014 New York TV Festival; the series was created by Elaine Low and Brian Yang. Hildebrand was cast as the superhero Negasonic Teenage Warhead in the film Deadpool on March 30, 2015; the film was shot in Vancouver in April 2015, released on February 12, 2016. She was cast as Sasha in First Girl I Loved, starring opposite Dylan Gelula and Mateo Arias. In July 2017, Hildebrand was added to the main cast for season two of The Exorcist. Hildebrand graduated from A&M Consolidated High School in Texas. Regarding her sexuality, Hildebrand has said, "I learned pretty early on that I like both boys and girls", but on in the article she admits that she was still unsure about her sexuality but came to terms that she only liked girls. "I am lucky to say now.
When I was in Texas, I wasn’t afraid. I was kind of out in high school. I just could never decide on what label. I am glad that I am public about it and I think I should be." Brianna Hildebrand on IMDb
Genocide is intentional action to destroy a people in whole or in part. The hybrid word "genocide" is a combination of the Latin suffix - caedo; the United Nations Genocide Convention, established in 1948, defines genocide as "acts committed with intent to destroy, in whole or in part, a national, racial or religious group". The term genocide was coined by Raphael Lemkin in his 1944 book Axis Rule in Occupied Europe. Others are listed in Genocides in List of genocides by death toll; the Political Instability Task Force estimated that, between 1956 and 2016, a total of forty-three genocides took place, causing the death of about 50 million people. The UNHCR estimated that a further 50 million had been displaced by such episodes of violence up to 2008. Before 1944, various terms, including "massacre", "crimes against humanity", "extermination" were used to describe intentional, systematic killings. In 1941, Winston Churchill, when describing the German invasion of the Soviet Union, spoke of "a crime without a name".
In 1944, Raphael Lemkin created the term genocide in his book Axis Rule in Occupied Europe. The book describes the implementation of Nazi policies in occupied Europe, cites earlier mass killings; the term described the systematic destruction of a nation or people, the word was adopted by many in the international community. The word genocide is the combination of the Greek prefix geno- and caedere; the word genocide was used in indictments at the Nuremberg trials, held from 1945, but as a descriptive term, not yet as a formal legal term. According to Lemkin, genocide was "a coordinated strategy to destroy a group of people, a process that could be accomplished through total annihilation as well as strategies that eliminate key elements of the group's basic existence, including language and economic infrastructure". Lemkin defined genocide as follows: Generally speaking, genocide does not mean the immediate destruction of a nation, except when accomplished by mass killings of all members of a nation.
It is intended rather to signify a coordinated plan of different actions aiming at the destruction of essential foundations of the life of national groups, with the aim of annihilating the groups themselves. The objectives of such a plan would be the disintegration of the political and social institutions, of culture, national feelings and the economic existence of national groups, the destruction of the personal security, health and the lives of the individuals belonging to such groups; the preamble to the 1948 Genocide Convention notes that instances of genocide have taken place throughout history. But it was not until Lemkin coined the term and the prosecution of perpetrators of the Holocaust at the Nuremberg trials that the United Nations defined the crime of genocide under international law in the Genocide Convention. Lemkin's lifelong interest in the mass murder of populations in the 20th century was in response to the killing of Armenians in 1915 and to the mass murders in Nazi-controlled Europe.
He referred to the Albigensian Crusade as "one of the most conclusive cases of genocide in religious history". He dedicated his life to mobilizing the international community, to work together to prevent the occurrence of such events. In a 1949 interview, Lemkin said "I became interested in genocide, it happened to the Armenians after the Armenians, Hitler took action." After the Holocaust, perpetrated by Nazi Germany and its allies prior to and during World War II, Lemkin campaigned for the universal acceptance of international laws defining and forbidding genocides. In 1946, the first session of the United Nations General Assembly adopted a resolution that "affirmed" that genocide was a crime under international law and enumerated examples of such events. In 1948, the UN General Assembly adopted the Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of the Crime of Genocide which defined the crime of genocide for the first time. Genocide is a denial of the right of existence of entire human groups, as homicide is the denial of the right to live of individual human beings.
Many instances of such crimes of genocide have occurred when racial, religious and other groups have been destroyed or in part. The CPPCG was adopted by the UN General Assembly on 9 December 1948 and came into effect on 12 January 1951, it contains an internationally recognized definition of genocide, incorporated into the national criminal legislation of many countries, was adopted by the Rome Statute of the International Criminal Court, which established the International Criminal Court. Article II of the Convention defines genocide as:... any of the following acts committed with i
Wolverine is a fictional character appearing in American comic books published by Marvel Comics in association with the X-Men. He is a mutant who possesses animal-keen senses, enhanced physical capabilities, powerful regenerative ability known as a healing factor, three retractable claws in each hand. Wolverine has been depicted variously as a member of the X-Men, Alpha Flight, the Avengers; the character appeared in the last panel of The Incredible Hulk #180 before having a larger role in #181. He was created by Marvel editor-in-chief Roy Thomas, writer Len Wein, Marvel art director John Romita Sr. Romita designed the character, although it was first drawn for publication by Herb Trimpe. Wolverine joined a revamped version of the superhero team the X-Men, where writer Chris Claremont and artist-writer John Byrne would play significant roles in the character's development. Artist Frank Miller collaborated with Claremont and helped revise the character with a four-part eponymous limited series from September to December 1982, which debuted Wolverine's catchphrase, "I'm the best there is at what I do, but what I do best isn't nice."
Wolverine is typical of the many tough antiheroes that emerged in American popular culture after the Vietnam War. As a result, the character became a fan favorite of the popular X-Men franchise, has been featured in his own solo comic book series since 1988, he has appeared in most X-Men adaptations, including animated television series, video games, the live-action 20th Century Fox X-Men film series, in which he is portrayed by Hugh Jackman in nine of the ten films. The character is rated in many comics best-of lists, ranked #1 in Wizard magazine's 2008 Top 200 Comic Book Characters. Marvel editor-in-chief Roy Thomas asked writer Len Wein to devise a character named Wolverine, Canadian and of small stature and with a wolverine's fierce temper. John Romita Sr. designed the first Wolverine costume, believes he introduced the retractable claws, saying, "When I make a design, I want it to be practical and functional. I thought,'If a man has claws like that, how does he scratch his nose or tie his shoelaces?'"
Wolverine first appeared in the final "teaser" panel of The Incredible Hulk #180 written by Wein and penciled by Herb Trimpe. The character appeared in a number of advertisements in various Marvel Comics publications before making his first major appearance in The Incredible Hulk #181 again by the Wein–Trimpe team. In 2009, Trimpe said he "distinctly remembers" Romita's sketch and that, "The way I see it, sewed the monster together and I shocked it to life!... It was just one of those secondary or tertiary characters that we were using in that particular book with no particular notion of it going anywhere. We did characters in The Hulk all the time that were in issues and, the end of them." Though credited as co-creator, Trimpe denied having had any role in Wolverine's creation. The character's introduction was ambiguous, revealing little beyond his being a superhuman agent of the Canadian government. In these appearances, he does not retract his claws, although Wein stated they had always been envisioned as retractable.
He appears in the finale to this story in The Incredible Hulk #182. Wolverine's next appearance was in 1975's Giant-Size X-Men #1, written by Wein and penciled by Dave Cockrum, in which Wolverine is recruited for a new squad. Gil Kane incorrectly drew Wolverine's mask with larger headpieces. Dave Cockrum liked Kane's accidental alteration and incorporated it into his own artwork for the actual story. Cockrum was the first artist to draw Wolverine without his mask, the distinctive hairstyle became a trademark of the character. A revival of X-Men followed, beginning with X-Men #94, drawn by Cockrum and written by Chris Claremont. In X-Men and Uncanny X-Men, Wolverine is overshadowed by the other characters, although he does create tension in the team as he is attracted to Cyclops' girlfriend, Jean Grey; as the series progressed and Cockrum considered dropping Wolverine from the series. Byrne modeled his rendition of Wolverine on actor Paul D’Amato, who played Dr. Hook in the 1977 sports film Slap Shot.
Byrne created Alpha Flight, a group of Canadian superheroes who try to recapture Wolverine due to the expense their government incurred training him. Stories establish Wolverine's murky past and unstable nature, which he battles to keep in check. Byrne designed a new brown-and-tan costume for Wolverine, but retained the distinctive Cockrum cowl. Cockrum had introduced a new costume for Wolverine in the final issue of his run, but it was dropped one issue into Byrne's run because he and Cockrum alike found it painfully difficult to draw. Following Byrne's departure, Wolverine remained in X-Men; the character's growing popularity led to a solo, four-issue, Wolverine, by Claremont and Frank Miller, followed by the six-issue Kitty Pryde and Wolverine by Claremont and Al Milgrom. Marvel launched an ongoing solo book
Yukio is a fictional character appearing in American comic books published by Marvel Comics. She is a female ninja of Japanese origin and a supporting character of the X-Men associated with Wolverine, she is portrayed by Rila Fukushima in the 2013 film The Wolverine, by Shiori Kutsuna in the 2018 film Deadpool 2. Yukio first appeared in Wolverine # 1, created by artist Frank Miller. Within the context of the stories, Yukio is an occasional thief by profession, as well as a rōnin, a masterless samurai. Yukio has been portrayed as a free spirit with an careless disregard for personal safety. According to her own philosophy of life, living in danger is the ultimate adventure, while the peace of death is the final prize that awaits for every person who has lived. In 2011, UGO Networks featured her on their list of 25 Hot Ninja Girls, commenting: "While her short, black haircut and skin-tight leather outfit make her come off as a nefarious addition to the X-Men world, Yukio has proven to be quite a helpful non-mutant to Wolverine and his friends."While Yukio is skilled in the martial arts, her specialty weapons are scalpel-like shuriken, of which she can hurl up to three at a time with deadly accuracy.
Wolverine once joked that Yukio's real first name was "Yukiko". The X-Men's first encounter with Yukio occurred when Wolverine had his struggle with Shingen Yashida, father of Wolverine's girlfriend Mariko Yashida. At that time Yukio worked for Shingen, one of her tasks was to kill Wolverine. Instead she developed a crush on him and subsequently aided him in bringing about Shingen's downfall. Wolverine invited his team to Japan for his wedding to Mariko, which Yukio joined subsequently. Viper and the Silver Samurai poisoned the X-Men during a dinner. Logan, tasting the poison, knocked the cup from her hand before she could drink it. While the others were recuperating from the attack, Wolverine and Yukio went after Viper and the Silver Samurai to stop his plot to assassinate Mariko, his half-sister. Yukio posed as a decoy. During their altercation with Viper and Silver Samurai, Storm found her powers inexplicably going out of control, endangering her life. Yukio knocked Storm into the nearby bay, enabling them to escape from the Silver Samurai..
Storm, inspired by what she called Yukio's "madness" and lust for life, changed her image and adopted a new look: a mohawk haircut, studded collar, black leather clothing. Yukio met up, once again, with Wolverine to help him fight the ninja master Ogun, she developed a rivalry with the X-Man Gambit: Both being thieves, they tried to steal the same object. Yukio once framed Gambit for a crime she committed. Yukio is part of Professor X's secret information network of humans and mutants, known as the Mutant Underground. After the death of Mariko Yashida, Wolverine sent his adopted daughter, Amiko Kobayashi, to a foster family, he discovered that her new foster parents were abusive and only interested in the money. Wolverine asked Yukio to raise her; this unofficial adoption was under the protection of the Silver Samurai, now an ally of Wolverine. Yukio trained Amiko in the martial arts and to her own surprise she enjoyed her new role as a mother; when Sabretooth targeted Wolverine's friends and family, he hired Omega Red and Lady Deathstrike to kidnap Amiko.
Yukio fought the two, but was overpowered and injured, left her in a wheelchair. She asked Wolverine to kill her. Yukio reappeared and was recovered from her previous injuries, she teamed up with Storm again to enter a fight club for mutants. In the end, Yukio and Callisto took over the Arena. Yukio and Amiko were attacked by Hellverine on the behest of Marduk Kurios, her confusion over the fake Wolverine's behavior earned Yukio serious injuries, but Amiko returned from school just in time to save them both from Hellverine. When Wolverine goes back to Japan to stop a war between the Hand and the Yakuza, Yukio is shown to be once again in a wheelchair due to Hellverine's attack; as part of the All-New, All-Different Marvel event, Yukio is shown running an illegal nightclub in Osaka, Japan when it is visited by War Machine where he asks her about the tech-based ninjas. Yukio states. After being threatened with the prospect of having the Avengers storming the place, Yukio points War Machine to a rather big and muscular man in a tuxedo who leaves the nightclub with two ladies entering the car with him.
In the limited series, X-Men: The End, a Skrull masquerades as Yukio on a mission from the Shi'ar to eliminate Storm and Wolverine. It is killed by Storm's ice powers. Yukio appears in Marvel Anime: Wolverine, voiced by Romi Park in the original Japanese and by Kate Higgins in the English dub. Instead of throwing knives and shurikens, she uses retractable circular throwing blades. After rescuing Wolverine from some Yakuza thugs working for Mariko's father Shingen Yashida, she assists Wolverine in his quest to free Mariko Yashida from her engagement as part of her quest to seek revenge against Shingen Yashida for killing her parents, she dies in ba
The Sentinels are a fictional variety of mutant-hunting robots appearing in American comic books published by Marvel Comics. They are depicted as antagonists to the X-Men; the Sentinels played a large role in the 1990s X-Men animated series and have been featured in several X-Men video games. The Sentinels are featured prominently in the 2014 film X-Men: Days of Future Past while simulated versions made brief appearances in the 2006 film X-Men: The Last Stand and the 2016 film X-Men: Apocalypse. In 2009, The Sentinels was ranked as IGN's 38th Greatest Comic Book Villain of All Time. Created by Stan Lee and Jack Kirby, they first appeared in The X-Men #14. Sentinels are programmed to capture or kill them. Though several types of Sentinels have been introduced, the typical Sentinel is three stories tall, is capable of flight, projects energy blasts, can detect mutants. Sentinels are designed to hunt mutants. While many are capable of tactical thought, only a handful are self-aware. Sentinels are technologically advanced, have exhibited a wide variety of abilities.
They are armed, capable of flight, can detect mutants at long range. They possess vast physical strength, their bodies are resistant to damage; some are able to alter their physical forms or re-assemble and reactivate themselves after they have been destroyed. Some Sentinel variants have the ability to learn from their experiences, developing their defenses during an engagement. Several groups of Sentinels have been created and/or led by a single massive Sentinel called Master Mold; some Sentinels are equipped with an inconspicuous logic loop in case they should go rogue to convince them that they are mutants as demonstrated in the Tri-Sentinel. There are different types of Sentinels that appear in the comics: Mark I and Master Mold - Created by Bolivar Trask. First appeared in X-Men #14. Bolivar Trask sacrificed himself to destroy the Master Mold. Mark II - Created by Larry Trask; this model was capable of adapting to and counteracting superpowers instantly. First appeared in X-Men #57. Composite - Created by merging the remaining portions of five Sentinels destroyed by the X-Men and came under control of Ashley Martin.
It was destroyed by her. Mark III - Created by Stephen Lang and Project: Armageddon, secretly funded by Edward Buckman and the Council of the Chosen. First appeared in X-Men #98. X-Sentinels - Created by Stephen Lang, they are androids. Mark IV - Created by Sebastian Shaw. First appeared in X-Men #151. Mark V - Created by Sebastian Shaw for U. S. government's Project Wideawake. First appeared in New Mutants #2. Mark VI - Created by Shaw Industries for Project Wideawake and used by Onslaught. Incorporated parts of Project Nimrod. Mark VII - Created by Shaw Industries, they were remote controlled. Nimrod - A prototype Super Sentinel that arrived from the "Days of Future Past" timeline and was reactivated by Reverend William Stryker. Project Nimrod - Created by an offshoot of Project Wideawake and was in the experimental stage. Cancelled after X-Force interfered. Based on the Nimrod Sentinel. Prime Sentinels - Created by Bastion and Operation: Zero Tolerance, they are disabled humans equipped with nanotechnology without their knowledge at Prospero Clinic.
The Prime Sentinels were used as sleeper agents until activated by presence of a mutant. Omega Prime Sentinels - The second generation of Prime Sentinels. Karima Shapandar is one of them. Wild Sentinels - Built in secret by a new Master Mold in Ecuador, activated by Donald Trask III and used by Cassandra Nova. New units are produced based on the available resources – salvaged parts and sometimes entire vehicles – which give this particular type of Sentinel a diverse, rag-tag appearance. Due to both this and their design flexibility, a wide variety of different shapes and forms have been observed; the Mega-Sentinels used to destroy Nanosentinels both belong to this kind of Sentinel. The technology used in Nano-Sentinels is employed by Weapon Plus for their artificial evolution experiments and the creation of their Super-Sentinels. Mark VIII - Sentinel Squad O*N*E, designed by Stark Enterprises. Unlike other Sentinels, the Mark VIII requires a human pilot. Bio-Sentinels - Humans infected by a technological virus created by Simon Trask, the victims become anti-mutant activists, who at Trask's command, are transformed into robotic Sentinels mindlessly following Trask's commands.
Stark Sentinels - The Stark Sentinels debuted during the AXIS storyline. Under the influence of the Red Skull, Tony Stark created a model of Sentinels based on the knowledge of different super heroes he acquired after the Civil War storyline; when Red Skull became the Red Onslaught, the Avengers arrived to Genosha to stop him, he deployed the Stark Sentinels. Tri-Sentinel - A combination of three standard Sentinels bonded together by Loki, defeated by Spider-Man at the peak of his cosmic powers. Revived by The Life Foundation, only to be destroyed again by Spider-Man and Nova. Mendel Stromm obtained another one from the bunker of the bankrupt Life Foundation and was approached by a mysterious benefactor who prepared to give him a Master Mold that specializes in creating Tri-Sentinels. Soviet Sentinels - Created by the Soviet Union and purchased by Cuban government officials. Super-Sentinels - Using Nano-Sentinel technology, Weapon Plus created artificially evolved superhumans at The World. Three of the creations were
Marvel Studios, LLC is an American motion picture studio based at the Walt Disney Studios in Burbank, California and is a subsidiary of Walt Disney Studios, itself a wholly owned division of The Walt Disney Company, with film producer Kevin Feige serving as president. The studio was a subsidiary of Marvel Entertainment until Disney reorganized the companies in August 2015. Dedicated to producing films based on Marvel Comics characters, the studio has been involved in three Marvel-character film franchises to have exceeded $1 billion in North American revenue: the X-Men, Spider-Man, Marvel Cinematic Universe multi-film franchises; the Spider-Man franchise is licensed to Sony Pictures. Since 2012, Marvel Studios' films are distributed theatrically by Walt Disney Studios Motion Pictures, having been distributed by Paramount Pictures from 2008 to 2011. Universal Pictures distributed The Incredible Hulk and has the right of first refusal to distribute any future Hulk films produced by Marvel Studios, while Sony Pictures distributed Spider-Man: Homecoming and will distribute any future Spider-Man films produced in conjunction with Marvel Studios.
Marvel Studios has released 21 films since 2008 within the Marvel Cinematic Universe, from Iron Man to Captain Marvel. These films all share continuity with each other, along with the One-Shots produced by the studio and the television shows produced by Marvel Television; the series has grossed over $18 billion at the global box office, making it the highest-grossing film franchise of all time. During what is known as Marvel's Timely era, Captain America was licensed out to Republic Pictures for a serial just for the free advertising. Timely failed to provide any drawing of Captain America with his shield or any further background, Republic created a whole new background for the character, portrayed the character using a gun. In the late 1970s up to the early 1990s, Marvel Entertainment Group sold options to studios to produce films based on Marvel Comics characters. One of Marvel's superheroes, Spider-Man, was optioned in the late 1970s, rights reverted to Marvel without a film having been produced within the allocated timeframe.
From 1986 to 1996, most of Marvel's major characters had been optioned, including the Fantastic Four, X-Men, Hulk, Silver Surfer, Iron Man. A Howard the Duck film was a box-office flop. MEG was purchased by New World Entertainment in November 1986 and moved to produce films based on the Marvel characters, it released The Punisher. Two other films were produced: Captain America released in the United Kingdom on screens and direct to video in the United States, The Fantastic Four, not intended for release. Marvel's rival DC Comics, on the other hand, had success licensing its properties Superman and Batman into successful film franchises. Following Marvel Entertainment Group's ToyBiz deal in 1993, Avi Arad of ToyBiz was named President and CEO of Marvel Films division and of New World Family Filmworks, Inc. a New World Entertainment subsidiary. New World was MEG's former parent corporation and a fellow subsidiary of the Andrews Group. Marvel Productions became New World Animation by 1993 as Marvel would start up Marvel Films including Marvel Films Animation.
Marvel Films Animation shared Tom Tataranowicz with New World Animation as head of development and production. New World Animation and Marvel Films Animation each produced a Marvel series for television for the 1996–1997 season, it was Marvel Films Animation's only production. By the end of 1993, Arad and 20th Century Fox struck a deal to make a film based on the X-Men. New World Animation and Marvel Films Animation were sold along with the rest of New World by Andrews Group to News Corporation/Fox as announced in August 1996; as part of the deal, Marvel licensed the rights to Captain America and Silver Surfer to be on Fox Kids Network and produced by Saban. New World Animation continued producing a second season of The Incredible Hulk for UPN. In August 1996, Marvel created Marvel Studios, an incorporation of Marvel Films, due to the sale of New World Communications Group, Inc. Marvel's fellow Andrews Group subsidiary to News Corporation/Fox. Filing with the U. S. Securities and Exchange Commission to raise money to finance the new corporation, Isaac Perlmutter's Zib, Inc. and Avi Arad sold Toy Biz stocks, which Marvel had started and took public in February 1995.
Toy Biz filed an offering of 7.5 million shares with a closing price of $20.125 at the time, making the offering worth $150 million. Toy Biz sought to sell 1 million shares, Marvel sought to sell 2.5 million shares. Jerry Calabrese, the president of Marvel Entertainment Group and Avi Arad, head of Marvel Films and a director of Toy Biz, were assigned tandem control of Marvel Studios. Under Calabrese and Arad, Marvel sought to control pre-production by commissioning scripts, hiring directors, casting characters, providing the package to a major studio partner for filming and distribution. Arad said of the goal for control, "When you get into business with a big studio, they are developing a hundred or 500 projects; that isn't working for us. We're just not going to do it anymore. Period." Marvel Studios arranged a seven-year development deal with 20th Century Fox to cover markets in the United States and internationally. In the following December, Marvel Entertainment Group went through a reorganization plan, including Marvel Studios as part of its strategic investment.
By 1997, Marvel Studios was pu