The Negev is a desert and semidesert region of southern Israel. The region's largest city and administrative capital is Beersheba, in the north. At its southern end is the Gulf of Aqaba and the resort city of Eilat, it contains several development towns, including Dimona and Mitzpe Ramon, as well as a number of small Bedouin cities, including Rahat and Tel as-Sabi and Lakyah. There are several kibbutzim, including Revivim and Sde Boker; the desert is home to the Ben-Gurion University of the Negev, whose faculties include the Jacob Blaustein Institutes for Desert Research and the Albert Katz International School for Desert Studies, both located on the Midreshet Ben-Gurion campus adjacent to Sde Boker. Although a separate region, the Negev was added to the proposed area of Mandatory Palestine, of which large parts became Israel, on 10 July 1922, having been conceded by British representative St John Philby "in Trans-Jordan's name". In October 2012, global travel guide publisher Lonely Planet rated the Negev second on a list of the world's top ten regional travel destinations for 2013, noting its current transformation through development.
The origin of the word'negev' is from the Hebrew root denoting'dry'. In the Bible, the word Negev is used for the direction'south'; the Negev mentioned in the Hebrew Bible consisted only of the northernmost part of the modern Israeli Negev with, the semiarid Arad-Beersheba Valley defined as "the eastern Negev". In Arabic, the Negev is known as al-Naqab or an-Naqb, though it was not thought of as a distinct region until the demarcation of the Egypt-Ottoman frontier in the 1890s and has no traditional Arabic name. During the British Mandate, it was called Beersheba sub-district; the Negev covers more than half of Israel, over some 13,000 km² or at least 55% of the country's land area. It forms an inverted triangle shape whose western side is contiguous with the desert of the Sinai Peninsula, whose eastern border is the Arabah valley; the Negev has a number of interesting geological features. Among the latter are three enormous, craterlike makhteshim, which are unique to the region: Makhtesh Ramon, HaMakhtesh HaGadol, HaMakhtesh HaKatan.
The Negev is a rocky desert. It is a melange of brown, dusty mountains interrupted by wadis and deep craters, it can be split into five different ecological regions: northern and central Negev, the high plateau and the Arabah Valley. The northern Negev, or Mediterranean zone, receives 300 mm of rain annually and has fertile soils; the western Negev receives 250 mm of rain per year, with light and sandy soils. Sand dunes can reach heights of up to 30 metres here. Home to the city of Beersheba, the central Negev has an annual precipitation of 200 mm and is characterized by impervious soil, known as loess, allowing minimum penetration of water with greater soil erosion and water runoff; the high plateau area of Negev Mountains/Ramat HaNegev stands between 370 metres and 520 metres above sea level with extreme temperatures in summer and winter. The area gets 100 mm of rain per year, with inferior and salty soils; the Arabah Valley along the Jordanian border stretches 180 km from Eilat in the south to the tip of the Dead Sea in the north.
The Arabah Valley is arid with 50 mm of rain annually. It has inferior soils. Vegetation in the Negev is sparse, but certain trees and plants thrive there, among them Acacia, Retama, Urginea maritima and Thymelaea. Hyphaene thebaica or doum palm can be found in the Southern Negev; the Evrona Nature Reserve is the most northerly point in the world. A small population of Arabian leopards, an endangered animal in the Arabian peninsula, survives in the southern Negev. Other carnivora found in the Negev are the caracal, the wolf, the golden jackal and the marbled polecat; the Arabah mountain gazelle, a subspecies of the mountain gazelle, survives with a few individuals in the Negev. The dorcas gazelle is more numerous with some 1,000-1,500 individuals in the Negev; some 350 to 500 Nubian ibex live in the Eilat Mountains. The Negev shrew is a species of mammal of the family Soricidae found only in Israel; the Negev Tortoise is a critically endangered species that lives only in the sands of the western and central Negev Desert.
Animals that were reintroduced after extinction in the wild or local extinction are the Arabian oryx and the Persian fallow deer. The Negev is the only place where reintroduced Arabian oryx flourish because nowhere else in the Middle East poaching can be controlled. Introduced was the Asiatic wild ass which in the Negev counts about 250 animals; the Negev region is arid, receiving little rain due to its location to the east of the Sahara, extreme temperatures due to its location 31 degrees north. However the northernmost areas of the Negev, including Beersheba, are semi-arid; the usual rainfall total from June through October is zero. Snow and frost are rare in the northern Negev, snow and frost are unknown in the vicinity of Eilat in the southernmost Negev. Nomadic life in the Negev dates back at least 4,000 years and perhap
Thornwood High School is a public high school located in South Holland, United States. It was built as part of Thornton Township High School District 205. Thornwood opened in the winter of 1971 to offset overcrowding at other District 205 high schools Thornton Township High School and Thornridge High School. Michael Blair – NFL football player Eddy Curry – NBA basketball player Matt Doherty – actor Floyd Fields – NFL football player Cliff Floyd – MLB baseball player and World Series champion Steve Gaunty – NFL football player Reggie Hamilton – basketball player Justin Huisman – MLB baseball player Mark Konkol – reporter for Chicago Sun-Times.
Funningsfjørður is a village located at the end of a fjord of the same name. It has since 2005 been part of the municipality of Runavík. In 1901, the Norwegian Conrad Evensen bought the old whaling boat Emma from a company in the Finnmark, founded the whaling station in Funningsfjørður with the name Emma; the first year the station produced 1160 barrels of whale oil. The company only had one boat from 1901 to 1909, though in 1905 Emma was whaling from a station in Iceland. In 1909 the company bought a new whaling boat called Funding, named after the village Funningur which had lent its name to the fjord which in turn lent its name to the village. 1909 was the best year for whaling in Faroese whaling history, with 13,850 barrels of whale oil produced in total. In 1912 the station expanded with a bone meal factory, this increased earnings somewhat because Emma was the only company who whaled "norðanfjørðs" – north of the fjord in 1913 and 1915, meaning north of Suðuroy. 1915 was the best year for Emma, with 3000 barrels of whale oil, 3000 200lb bags of bone meal.
The onset of World War I, however meant. In 1956, one of the boiler tanks from the station was taken down and used as filler for the construction of the wharf in the village, being built at the time. On September 15th, 2018, the last substantial remnant of the whaling station was disposed of, as part of an international environmental clean-up event; the Faroese branch of the project, "Rudda Føroyar", led the event. Elduvík List of towns in the Faroe Islands Faroeislands.dk: Funningsfjordur Images and description of all cities on the Faroe Islands