Neil Armstrong

Neil Alden Armstrong was an American astronaut and aeronautical engineer and the first person to walk on the Moon. He was a naval aviator, test pilot, university professor. A graduate of Purdue University, Armstrong studied aeronautical engineering. S. Navy under the Holloway Plan, he became a midshipman in a naval aviator the following year. He saw action in the Korean War. In September 1951, while making a low bombing run, Armstrong's aircraft was damaged when it collided with an anti-aircraft cable which cut off a large portion of one wing. Armstrong was forced to bail out. After the war, he completed his bachelor's degree at Purdue and became a test pilot at the National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics High-Speed Flight Station at Edwards Air Force Base in California, he flew the North American X-15 seven times. He was a participant in the U. S. Air Force's Man in Space X-20 Dyna-Soar human spaceflight programs. Armstrong joined the NASA Astronaut Corps in the second group, selected in 1962.

He made his first spaceflight as command pilot of Gemini 8 in March 1966, becoming NASA's first civilian astronaut to fly in space. During this mission with pilot David Scott, he performed the first docking of two spacecraft. During training for Armstrong's second and last spaceflight as commander of Apollo 11, he had to eject from the Lunar Landing Research Vehicle moments before a crash. On July 20, 1969, Armstrong and Apollo 11 Lunar Module pilot Buzz Aldrin became the first people to land on the Moon, the next day they spent two and a half hours outside the spacecraft while Michael Collins remained in lunar orbit in the mission's command module; when Armstrong stepped onto the lunar surface, he famously said: "That's one small step for man, one giant leap for mankind." Along with Collins and Aldrin, Armstrong was awarded the Presidential Medal of Freedom by President Richard Nixon. President Jimmy Carter presented Armstrong with the Congressional Space Medal of Honor in 1978, Armstrong and his former crewmates received a Congressional Gold Medal in 2009.

After he resigned from NASA in 1971, Armstrong taught in the Department of Aerospace Engineering at the University of Cincinnati until 1979. He served on the Apollo 13 accident investigation and on the Rogers Commission, which investigated the Space Shuttle Challenger disaster, he acted as a spokesman for several businesses and appeared in advertising for the automotive brand Chrysler starting in January 1979. Armstrong was born on August 5, 1930, near Wapakoneta, Ohio to Stephen Koenig Armstrong and Viola Louise née Engel, he was of German and Scots-Irish ancestry, had a younger sister, a younger brother, Dean. His father worked as an auditor for the Ohio state government, the family moved around the state living in sixteen towns over the next fourteen years. Armstrong's love for flying grew during this time, having started early when his father took his two-year-old son to the Cleveland Air Races; when he was five or six, he experienced his first airplane flight in Warren, Ohio when he and his father took a ride in a Ford Trimotor known as the "Tin Goose".

His father's last move was in 1944, back to Wapakoneta. Armstrong took flying lessons at the grassy Wapakoneta airfield, he earned a student flight certificate on his sixteenth birthday soloed in August, all before he had a driver license. He earned the rank of Eagle Scout; as an adult, he was recognized by the Boy Scouts of America with its Distinguished Eagle Scout Award and Silver Buffalo Award. On July 18, 1969, while flying toward the Moon, Armstrong greeted the Scouts holding their quadrennial National Jamboree in Idaho. Among the few personal items that he carried with him to the Moon and back was a World Scout Badge. At age 17 in 1947, Armstrong began studying aeronautical engineering at Purdue University, he was the second person in his family to attend college. He was accepted to the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, but after watching a football game between the Purdue Boilermakers and the Ohio State Buckeyes at the Ohio stadium in 1945, in which the Boilermakers, led by quarterback Bob DeMoss, soundly defeated the regarded Buckeyes, he resolved to go to Purdue.

An uncle who had attended MIT advised him that it was not necessary to go all the way to Cambridge, for a good education. His college tuition was paid for under the Holloway Plan. Successful applicants committed to two years of study, followed by two years of flight training and one year of service in the U. S. Navy as an aviator completion of the final two years of their bachelor's degree. Armstrong did not take courses in naval science, nor did he join the Naval Reserve Officers Training Corps. Armstrong's call-up from the Navy arrived on January 26, 1949, requiring him to report to Naval Air Station Pensacola in Florida for flight training with class 5-49. After passing the medical examinations, he became a midshipman on February 24, 1949. Flight training was conducted in a North American SNJ trainer, in which he soloed on September 9, 1949. On March 2, 1950, he made his first aircraft carrier landing on USS Cabot, an achievement he considered comparable to his first solo flight, he was sent to Naval Air Station Corpus Christi in Texas for training on the Grumman F8F Bearcat, culminating in a carrier landing on USS Wright.

On August 16, 1950, Armstrong w

Bill Long (writer)

Bill Long was an Irish writer and broadcaster. He featured on RTÉ Radio 1, he was Ireland's longest surviving heart transplant patient. Long was born a Catholic in Waterford in 1932, he lived in a thatched house with his immediate and extended family, including his mother, father and his mother's parents. His father was a grower of vegetables. Long was fond of reading as a child, devouring Henry David Thoreau, Henry Wadsworth Longfellow and Zane Grey, encountering trouble at school while reading when he was supposed to be paying close attention to his religious studies, his time at a boarding school was funded by a family friend but he quit after two years. He attended a Congregation of Christian Brothers school in Tramore but quit that as well, at the age of 14, he married a wife and they had two sons and two daughters. After leaving school Long enlisted in the navy, he soon left that as well. He began reporting for the Cork Examiner, before transferring to a newspaper in Waterford and onward to the Irish Press, followed by the Irish Independent and The Irish Times and briefly with Raidió Teilifís Éireann.

He worked in Revlon's public relations department. Long resided in London; the two shared in common a youth spent in Waterford so bonded well. Long went on trips to the United States and South America, he met figures such as Thomas Merton and Katherine Anne Porter, the latter of whom encouraged him to write in earnest. So he left his job at Revlon. While writing he made radio documentaries to generate funds to feed his family. Among these are Singing Ark and the Dylan Thomas documentary Flowering Flood, he featured on RTÉ Radio 1's Sunday Miscellany. Long was a homiletics lecturer at National University of Ireland, Maynooth. Bright Light, White Water, published in 1993, documented the history of every Irish lighthouse and their keepers off the Irish coast, with Long living inside Howth's Baily lighthouse while writing, he had a heart attack and a heart transplant followed in 1994. The transplant and recuperation received public interest – RTÉ filmed a documentary and Long's book, Change of Heart, described what had happened and advocated increased donor awareness.

He was able to write and edit further books, completing his first memoir shortly before his death in 2010. Bright Light, White Water Change of Heart Brief Encounters: Meetings with Remarkable People Voices of Connemara, with Raymonde Standun; the Lamp and the Lullaby.

Patrick Murphy (softball)

Patrick Stacy Murphy is an American softball coach and the current head coach of the Alabama Crimson Tide softball team. Murphy was born in Waterloo and raised in nearby Fayette. Murphy graduated from Fayette High School and completed his B. S. in history education at the University of Northern Iowa in 1988. While attending Northern Iowa, Murphy coached Little League baseball. After graduating from college, Murphy became varsity baseball coach at Sumner High School in Sumner, leading the team to a 22–3 record in his first season of 1989 and the state championship game in 1990. In 1990, Murphy began studies for a master's degree in communications at the University of Southwestern Louisiana and joined the Lady Cajuns softball team as an assistant coach, where he would stay until 1994, he was head baseball coach at Independence High School in Independence, from 1992 to 1995. After one year as interim head softball coach at Division II Northwest Missouri State in 1995, Murphy moved up to the Division I collegiate level as an assistant coach at Alabama from 1996 to 1998.

Murphy built one of the most successful college softball programs, taking Alabama to eleven Women's College World Series appearances since 2000, which ties for first in the NCAA along with UCLA, both having made 11 appearances in that span. He led the Crimson Tide to its first national championship in 2012. Murphy served as the hitting coach for the Canadian National Team in the 2004 Olympics and as an assistant coach for the United States national softball team in the summer of 2009. On June 9, 2011, Murphy announced that he was leaving Alabama to take the head coaching position at rival LSU. Three days before signing a contract at LSU, he changed his mind and returned to Alabama— saying Alabama is "where his heart was". On March 9, 2018, Murphy reached his 1,000th career win, becoming only the 38th coach to reach 1,000 wins. At 20 seasons coaching, Murphy reached 1,000 wins faster than any other coach. Northern Iowa, 1988 B. S. in History Education Southwestern Louisiana, 1992, M. S. in Mass Communication List of college softball coaches with 1,000 wins National Fastpitch Coaches Association Hall of Fame Alabama Crimson Tide bio Patrick Murphy on Twitter