Marvin Neil Simon was an American playwright and author. He wrote more than 30 plays and nearly the same number of movie screenplays adaptations of his plays, he received more combined Tony nominations than any other writer. Simon grew up in New York City during the Great Depression, his parents' financial difficulties affected their marriage, giving him a unhappy and unstable childhood. He took refuge in movie theaters, where he enjoyed watching early comedians like Charlie Chaplin. After graduating from high school and serving a few years in the Army Air Force Reserve, he began writing comedy scripts for radio programs and popular early television shows. Among the latter were Sid Caesar's Your Show of Shows, The Phil Silvers Show, which ran from 1955 to 1959, his first produced play was Come Blow Your Horn. It ran for 678 performances on Broadway, it was followed by Barefoot in the Park and The Odd Couple. He won a Tony Award for the latter, it made him a national celebrity and "the hottest new playwright on Broadway."
From the 1960s to the 1980s, he wrote for screen. His style ranged from farce to romantic comedy to more serious dramatic comedy. Overall, he won three awards. In 1966, he had four successful productions running on Broadway at the same time, in 1983 he became the only living playwright to have a New York theatre, the Neil Simon Theatre, named in his honor. Neil Simon was born on July 1927, in The Bronx, New York, to Jewish parents, his father, Irving Simon, was a garment salesman, his mother, Mamie Simon, was a homemaker. Simon had eight years his senior, television writer and comedy teacher Danny Simon, he grew up in Washington Heights and graduated from DeWitt Clinton High School when he was sixteen. He was nicknamed "Doc,” and the school yearbook described him as shy. Simon's childhood was marked by his parents' "tempestuous marriage" and the financial hardship caused by the Depression. Sometimes, at night, he blocked out their arguments by putting a pillow over his ears, his father abandoned the family for months at a time, causing them further financial and emotional suffering.
As a result, the family took in boarders and Simon and his brother Danny were sometimes forced to live with different relatives. During an interview with writer Lawrence Grobel, Simon said: "To this day I never knew what the reason for all the fights and battles were about between the two of them... She'd hate him and be angry, but he would come back and she would take him back, she loved him." Simon has said that one of the reasons he became a writer was to fulfill a need to be independent of such emotional family issues, a need he recognized when he was seven or eight: "I'd better start taking care of myself somehow... It made me strong as an independent person. I think part of what made me a comedy writer is the blocking out of some of the ugly, painful things in my childhood and covering it up with a humorous attitude... do something to laugh until I was able to forget what was hurting. He was able to do that at the movies, in the work of stars like Charlie Chaplin, Buster Keaton, Laurel and Hardy.
"I was being dragged out of movies for laughing too loud." Simon acknowledged these childhood films as his inspiration: "I wanted to make a whole audience fall onto the floor and laughing so hard that some of them pass out." He made writing comedy his long-term goal, saw it as a way to connect with people. "I was never going to be an athlete or a doctor." He began writing for pay while still in high school: At the age of fifteen and his brother created a series of comedy sketches for employees at an annual department store event. To help develop his writing skill, he spent three days a week at the library reading books by famous humorists such as Mark Twain, Robert Benchley, George S. Kaufman and S. J. Perelman. Soon after graduating from high school, he signed up with the Army Air Force Reserve at New York University, he attained the rank of corporal and was sent to Colorado. During those years in the Reserve, Simon wrote professionally, he was assigned to Lowry Air Force Base during 1945 and attended the University of Denver from 1945 to 1946.
Simon quit his job as a mailroom clerk in the Warner Brothers offices in Manhattan to write radio and television scripts with his brother Danny Simon, under the tutelage of radio humourist Goodman Ace, who ran a short-lived writing workshop for CBS. Their work for the radio series The Robert Q. Lewis Show led to other writing jobs. Max Liebman hired the duo for the writing team of his popular television comedy series Your Show of Shows; the program received Emmy Award nominations for Best Variety Show in 1951, 1952, 1953, 1954, won in 1952 and 1953. Simon wrote scripts for The Phil Silvers Show, for episodes broadcast during 1958 and 1959. Simon recalled the importance of these two writing jobs to his career: "Between the two of them, I spent five years and learned more about what I was going to do than in any other previous experience." "I knew when I walked into Your Show of Shows, that this was the most talented group of writers that up until that time had been assembled together."Simon described a typical writing session: There were about seven writers, plus Sid, Carl Reiner, Howie Morris...
Bee Movie Game is a video game based on the DreamWorks-animated movie of the same name. The game was released on October 30, 2007. Beenox developed the Xbox 360, PlayStation 2, Windows versions of the game, Smart Bomb Interactive developed the Wii version, Vicarious Visions developed the Nintendo DS version; as Barry B. Benson, players take on an adventure to save the bees' production of honey through New York City. Players get to experience Barry's life within the hive and navigate their way around the world from the feature film using many techniques. Players can drive through the city using racecars, scooters and trucks. Players can "fly" Barry at high speed through the sky. Using the Pollinator, players can Blast through obstacles or they can Buzz to cause a chain reaction. Players get to Stop Time by using Barry's bee reflexes; the video game features 2-person multiplayer mini games. The video game Shrek; the name "Honey Farms" is omitted in this demo. Jerry Seinfeld, John Goodman, Patrick Warburton, Tress MacNeille reprise their voices from the movie in this game.
A honey bee named hugh janus stars on a new show known as "New Hive Tonight". On the show, Barry talks about how he changed the lives of honey bees and humans, bringing them together. On his graduation day from BU University and his best friend Adam Flayman head to a honey factory called "Honex", where they are to work for the rest of their lives. Adam enjoys working, but Barry does not, thinking that everything they do in Honex is making honey, longs to do something else in the remaining stage of his life; the game focuses on Barry's various job skills which are not in the movie such as car racing, playing video arcade games, delivering food to owners, car fixing and doing Honex jobs while not in a mission. Barry decides that he wants to go to the outside and joins the Pollen Jocks, a group of bees who go to the "outside" to collect nectar from flowers and bring them back. A Pollen Jock manages to train Barry so he would be a Pollen Jock such as how to make flowers bloom, getting Nectar from them.
He teaches him to kill other non-bee insects such as hornets and dragonflies. However, while Barry is resting, it starts to rain, but he manages to find cover in the apartment of a couple: Vanessa and Ken. Ken tries to smash Barry. Barry soon discovers that the humans "steal" their honey so he goes to get the honey back. After chasing a truck delivering honey, he finds himself in a honey farm, where he takes pictures of it to prove to the rest of the bees that the humans are "stealing" their honey. However, a squad of wasps arrive at the apiary to take away the bees and kill Barry but he manages to fend them off and rout them, foiling their plans. Freddy the head Beekeeper manages to smoke all the bees but Barry and the other bees defeat the Beekeeper which he bumps his head on the tree. Barry and Adam chase after the car of a main defense lawyer named Layton T Montgomery, secretly listen to a conversation between him and his associate about the human-stealing-honey case while they are in a restaurant called La Couchon.
He sneaks into Montgomery's house along with Vanessa and Barry disguises himself as a fly in a Tron-like suit to gain access to a safe which holds papers explaining Montgomery's plan, but it is revealed to be a trick and he is attacked by a group of hornets, but he manages to defeat them. The game received "mixed or average reviews" on all platforms according to the review aggregation website Metacritic. GameZone said that the PC version "will have some charm for younger players, but there are a few challenges to overcome while playing it. A 13-year old was surprised and confused when the game changed control options, moving from WASD and arrow keys to numbers, during one section." List of Games for Windows titles Official website archived on October 28, 2007 Bee Movie Game at MobyGames Bee Movie Game at MobyGames
Rosemary Crossley is an Australian author and one of the first major advocates for facilitated communication, a scientifically discredited technique which purports to help non-verbal people communicate. Crossley is the director of the Anne McDonald Centre near Melbourne, which promotes the use of facilitated communication; the 1984 film Annie's Coming Out was made about her work with a facilitated communication patient named Anne McDonald. Many of her claims in legal cases and the media that certain nonverbal individuals can communicate through FC have been challenged and disproven. In 1975, Crossley was working at St. Nicholas Hospital, Victoria, run by the Mental Health Authority and housed children with intellectual disabilities. Concerned that the hospital schedule accommodated inflexible staffing arrangements, rather than the needs of the children, Crossley made a submission to a Victorian committee on mental retardation, she raised questions with the Mental Health Authority about some of the children in the hospital, claiming that although they had severe physical disabilities, they were not intellectually disabled.
Crossley is a controversial figure in the field of autism and disabilities. She has been praised by some. However, many experienced speech therapy professionals said that Crossley was manipulating the hands of her clients, the thoughts that were written were those of Crossley herself. Crossley established the DEAL Communication Centre, renamed the Anne McDonald Centre. Douglas Biklen of Syracuse University, Division of Special Education and Rehabilitation, visited her in Australia, went on to popularise facilitated communication in the US. In 2012, journalist Andrew Rule published two articles in the Melbourne Herald Sun about Crossley, under the titles'Rosemary's Baby' and'True Crime'; the latter claimed that Crossley falsely claimed facilitated communication was effective for McDonald, as McDonald did not have the capability to advocate for herself. The newspaper published clarifications that they did not intend to convey the meaning that Crossley deliberately misled people, nor that she was a criminal.
They removed both articles from the newspaper's website. Crossley claimed in the 1993 Frontline documentary "Prisoners of Silence" that a comatose man that she was working with could pick his own housing arrangement, but Frontline disproved this claim using digital overlays. Crossley has defended professor Anna Stubblefield against charges that she sexually assaulted a man with severe cerebral palsy, identified as D. J. by claiming that he could answer yes/no questions independently. Mark Sherry, a professor of sociology, claimed that Stubblefield manufactured D. J.'s communications. Crossley was involved in multiple court cases concerning false abuse allegations made through facilitated communication. One involved the termination of an employee, the other one involved forced removal of an intellectually disabled woman named Gina from her home. One of the clients consented to a hysterectomy through facilitated communication, she had attempted to go on trips with Leonie McFarlane, another individual who has cerebral palsy and is nonverbal, to a conference about disability in another state, but her application to the Supreme Court was not successful.
McFarlane's parents opposed the request because they claimed that she could not communicate independently. Crossley had been banned from seeing McFarlane in 1980 at St Nicholas Hospital, but after the closure of the hospital, McFarlane had gone on outings with Crossley and McDonald. Crossley attempted to give a woman named Angela Wallace the legal right to leave the institution she was at by using facilitated communication. However, based on an investigation by Dr. Peter Eisen, it was determined that Wallace would not have the ability to give consent. Additionally, it was found that Crossley helped create a false accusation of sexual assault through "Carla", purported to have claimed through FC that her father was abusing her. Crossley is a co-author of Annie's Coming Out, a story about a girl named Anne McDonald who Crossley claimed had learned to communicate through facilitated communication. McDonald's story went on to be made into a film titled Annie's Coming Out in 1984 starring Angela Punch McGregor and directed by Gil Brealey.
The screenplay for the film was written by Crossley's partner, Chris Borthwick, with both Crossley and McDonald credited as contributing writers. The film won Australian Film Institute awards for Best Picture, Best Actress, Best Supporting Actress, Best Adapted Screenplay. McDonald was born on 11 January 1961 in Victoria; as a result of a birth injury, she developed severe athetoid cerebral palsy. Because she could not walk, talk or feed herself, she was diagnosed as having severe intellectual disability. At the age of three, she was placed by her parents in St. Nicholas Hospital, Melbourne, a Health Commission institution for children with severe disabilities, she lived there without education or therapy for eleven years. During McDonald's time in the hospital she was neglected and starved, in a court case the Health Commission conceded that at age 16 she weighed only 12 kilograms. In 1977, when McDonald was 16, Crossley reported that she was able to communicate with her by supporting her upper arm while she selected word blocks and magnetic letters.
Crossley continued using similar strategies with McDonald and other individuals with disabilities, developing what has become known as facilitated communication training. Through Crossley, McDonald appeared to seek discharge from St. Nicholas, her pare
Kenneth Mang-Kwong Low is a Chinese-Fijian businessman and political leade. He unsuccessfully contested the parliamentary election of 1999 as a candidate for the General Voters Party for the Western Central Communal Constituency, he lost the Fiji national elections in 2001 for the Suva City Communal Constituency, where he was the candidate of the Soqosoqo Duavata ni Lewenivanua, but was appointed to the Senate as one of nine nominees of the Fijian Prime Minister, became Vice-President of the Senate on 28 February 2005, the first Chinese-Fijian to do so, following the appointment of the previous Vice-President, Dr Ahmed Ali to a Government Cabinet position. According to Low, he was born in Chongqing, China at the end of World War II and came to Fiji at the age of 10, he is a third generation Sino-Fijian with his grandfather Low Fong arriving in Fiji in 1908. Low's father Low Kum-Tim, came with his family to Fiji from Hong Kong in 1955 as a school teacher in the Lautoka Chinese School. In Hong Kong, Low Kum-Tim and his two partners, Chiang Yu-Loong and Ma Kok-Yu operated the "Green Sea Farm" for 5 years after leaving mainland China.
The farm had received government awards for being the best and most progressive chicken farm, Low Kum-Tim had published 3 books on "Diseases of Chicken and the cure" during this time from experience in raising chicken commercially. Low Kum-Tim was an artist in traditional chinese painting of the Chinese grand master Qi BaiShi school, had held many exhibitions in the Fiji Arts Club in the 1960s together with Sec-Poy Fong, managing director of On Wah Chang, Suva. In June 1966, Low's parents and brothers lived in New York City. Low Kum-Tim continued his passion for painting in NYC and had held several exhibitions in New York and Philadelphia, he died in 1993 after battling Parkinson's disease for 20 years. In 1966, Low left Fiji to study architecture at the University of New South Wales. After graduating in 1970, he remained in Sydney and commenced private practice in architecture from 1974, he was a registered Gold Licensed Builder in N. S. W. from 1978. Low taught Architecture and Construction at the Sydney College of Technical and Further Education from 1976–1978.
Whilst teaching, he completed his Diploma in Education in 1978. Low returned to Fiji in 1983 and set up his private practice in architecture and construction until the 1987 coup, he returned to Sydney and undertook construction contracts. But in 1991, Low again returned to Fiji, to practise architecture and as a property developer and investor. Low, the founder and President of the All Chinese Business Association of Fiji, worked to promote trade directly between Fiji and China. During his time as Senator, Low joined much of the Fiji-born Chinese community in calling for a crackdown on illegal immigration which he said was detrimental to the local-born Chinese and the Chinese reputation as a whole, he alleged in the Senate on 8 November 2005 that corrupt immigration officials in Fiji were granting Fijian citizenship and visas to illegal Chinese immigrants, for financial and sexual favours, called for a full inquiry into what was going on. Low did not participate in the 2006 national elections.
Low is now promoting and fostering better relationships between Fiji and China. Today, Low remains the Chairman of Board of Directors, is the current Manager of the Lautoka Chinese School. In 2003–2004, Low increased the number of classrooms and upgraded the school hall
The Concord Poetry Center is a non-profit organization founded in March, 2004, by poet and critic Joan Houlihan. Located at the Emerson Umbrella Center for the Arts, in Concord, the Concord Poetry Center was established as an independent organization in MetroWest and the Greater Boston area with an exclusive emphasis on activities and services for poets and lovers of poetry. Members have use of a library of journals, access to the poetry room, discount for classes, membership in an online discussion list, participation in member readings; the center holds lectures, panel discussions and public readings by some of the most renowned poets of our time, including former and current Poet Laureate Robert Pinsky, current Poet Laureate Donald Hall, Pulitzer Prize winner Franz Wright as well as many area poets. The center's programs and activities take place in the fall and spring and include workshops, online courses, community-based readings. Official website
William West Durant was a designer and developer of camps in the Adirondack Great Camp style, including Camp Uncas, Camp Pine Knot and Great Camp Sagamore which are National Historic Landmarks. He was the son of Thomas C. Durant, the financier and railroad promoter, behind the Crédit Mobilier scandal. William West Durant was born in Brooklyn, New York, in 1850, he attended Twickenham School in England and was tutored. Although in his biographies William states he was educated at Bonn University, the University has no record of his attendance between 1866-1875. A review of his collection of letters housed at the Library of Congress does not reveal any indication that he undertook a formal education while living abroad, he did however travel extensively as a youth in Europe. He toured Egypt in the years 1869 and 1873. While in Egypt he was escorted by a tutor. At 24, his father, Dr. Thomas C. Durant, summoned him home from Egypt to help develop the central Adirondacks where the Durants owned 1/2 million acres.
While working to complete the eastern half of the First Transcontinental Railroad in 1869 as vice-president of the Union Pacific, Dr. Thomas C. Durant formed the Adirondack Company in 1863, accumulating half a million acres of land at State auctions for five cents an acre, he sold a large parcel of land in Brooklyn for the development of Prospect Park for two hundred thousand dollars. His goal for the Adirondack Railroad was to cross the Adirondacks to Canada and the Saint Lawrence River. By 1871, tracks had been laid from Saratoga to North Creek, New York, at which point, financial problems and the 1873 Depression caused the project to stall. In 1876, Durant built a rustic compound on Long Point in Raquette Lake in the center of the Adirondacks to entertain potential investors in the railroad and in his land development schemes. William had first seen Raquette Lake the summer before, spent the following winter living there in a tent; this group of simple cabins would become Camp Pine Knot, which would be hugely influential in the development of the Great Camp style.
William had a hand in its development from the start, but after 1879, when tourism to the area exploded following the publication of WHH Murray's Adventures in the Wilderness. William opened a stagecoach line from North Creek to Raquette Lake, dammed the Marion River to allow steamboat travel from Blue Mountain Lake through to Eagle and Utowana Lakes, built steamboats Killoquah and Toowahloondah on Raquette and Blue Mountain Lakes, respectively, he arranged for the construction of the Church of the Good Shepherd on St. Hubert's Isle, created a telegraph company to provide service through to Raquette Lake. In 1884, William married Janet Lathrop Stott, 19, the only surviving daughter of the Stotts of Bluff Point and Stottville, New York, a family with which the Durants had had business and family relationships for several generations, they settled in Saratoga Springs, conveniently located between Raquette Lake and Albany where many of William's dealings took him. Dr. Durant became ill in 1883, died, intestate, in 1885.
William took. William promptly set out to raise capital by selling land and timber, sought a buyer for the Adirondack Railway succeeding in 1899 with a sale to the Delaware and Hudson Canal Company, he started work on a new camp, Camp Uncas. At about this time, William befriended industrialist Collis P. Huntington, who would prove instrumental in advancing William's fortunes, lending William over $200,000 using the Adirondack Land holdings as collateral. In 1895, William and his wife initiated divorce proceedings against one another. William sold Pine Knot to Huntington and J. P. Morgan bought Uncas, he and his wife Janet were granted a divorce, sealed from the public in 1898. William started work on a new camp complex on Shedd Lake renamed Sagamore Lake, it was to be the largest and most expensive of Durant's camps, centered on a three-story, 27-by-62-foot main lodge, with a raised stone cellar adding to the height, verandahs on three levels. No sooner was the work completed on Sagamore Camp than he was forced sell it, along with 1,526 acres, to Alfred G. Vanderbilt, in 1900.
As with each of William's great camps, there was no profit. In 1890, William had granted his sister a monthly $200 allowance, she had doubts about whether she was receiving her fair share of their father's estate when, in 1890, William bought a $200,000, 191-foot ocean-going luxury yacht, Utowana. In 1893, Ella brought suit to attempt to force her brother to render a public accounting of the estate; when the case came to trial, it generated a substantial public interest. The court ruled against William, he was ordered to pay Ella $753,931. William appealed, lost again. Ella's victory, proved pyrrhic. William had been living beyond his means for several years, Collis Huntington had bailed him out as needed, but in 1900, Huntington died unexpectedly at Pine Knot. Between his divorce, his creditors and his sister's suit, William's financial position deteriorated and by 1904, he declared bankruptcy, his ex-wife Janet followed suit, claiming bankruptcy in 1913. He married a Canadian woman 23 years his junior who kept a boardinghouse in New York City and dabbled in real estate.
He tried a number of modest ventures, returned to the Adirondacks to manage a hotel on Long Lake, another on Lake Harris. This was followed, in 1910 by an attempt at mushroom farming in Maine, he worked for three years for a development on Long Island, then