Berlin International Film Festival
The Berlin International Film Festival called the Berlinale, is a film festival held annually in Berlin, Germany. Founded in West Berlin in 1951, the festival has been held every February since 1978 and is one of the "Big Three" alongside the Venice Film Festival and Cannes Film Festival. With around 300,000 tickets sold and 500,000 admissions each year, it has the largest public attendance of any annual film festival. Up to 400 films are shown in several sections across cinematic genres. Around twenty films compete for the festival's top awards, called the Golden Bear and several Silver Bears. Since 2001 the director of the festival has been Dieter Kosslick; the European Film Market, a film trade fair held to the Berlinale, is a major industry meeting for the international film circuit. The trade fair serves distributors, film buyers, financiers and co-production agents; the Berlinale Talents, a week-long series of lectures and workshops, is a gathering of young filmmakers held in partnership with the festival.
The film festival, EFM, other satellite events are attended by around 20,000 professionals from over 130 countries. More than 4200 journalists produce media coverage in over 110 countries. At some high-profile feature film premieres held during the festival, movie stars and celebrities are present on the red carpet; the Berlin International Film Festival was founded in West Berlin in 1951, with film historian Dr. Alfred Bauer as its first director, a position he would hold until 1976. Alfred Hitchcock's Rebecca opened the first festival. Bauer was succeeded by film journalist Wolf Donner in 1976. After his first Berlinale in June 1977, he negotiated the shift of the festival from the summer to February, a change which has remained since. After only three years in the role, Donner was followed by Moritz de Hadeln who held the position from 1980 until current director Dieter Kosslick took over in 2001; the festival is composed of seven different film sections. Films are chosen in each category by a section director with the advice of a committee of film experts.
Categories include: Competition: comprises feature-length films yet to be released outside their country of origin. Films in the Competition section compete for several prizes, including the top Golden Bear for the best film and a series of Silver Bears for acting and production. Panorama: comprises new independent and arthouse films that deal with "controversial subjects or unconventional aesthetic styles". Films in the category are intended to provoke discussion, have involved themes such as LGBT issues. Forum: comprises experimental and documentary films from around the world with a particular emphasis on screening works by younger filmmakers. There are no format or genre restrictions, films in the Forum do not compete for awards. Generation: comprises a mixture of feature-length films aimed at children and youths. Films in the Generation section compete in two sub-categories: Generation Kplus and Generation 14plus. Awards in the section are determined by three separate juries—the Children's Jury, the Youth Jury and an international jury of experts—whose decisions are made independent of one another.
Perspektive Deutsches Kino: comprises a wide variety of German films, with an emphasis on highlighting current trends in German cinema. There are few entry requirements, enabling emerging filmmakers to display their work to domestic and international audiences. Berlinale Shorts: comprises domestic and international short films those that demonstrate innovative approaches to filmmaking. Films in the category compete for the Golden Bear for the best short film, as well as a jury-nominated Silver Bear. Retrospective: comprises classic films shown at the Berlinale, with films collated from the Competition, Forum and Generation categories; each year, the Retrospective section is dedicated to important filmmakers. The special Homage series examines past cinema, with a focus on honouring the life work of directors and actors. In addition to the seven sections, the Berlinale contains several linked "curated special series", including the Berlinale Special, Gala Special, Forum 5, Culinary Cinema and the Homage.
Since 2002 a 50-second trailer opens the performances in all sections of the festival with the exception of the Retrospective. The Golden Bear is the highest prize awarded for the best film at the Berlin International Film Festival. Golden Bear Best Motion Picture Best Short Film Lifetime Achievement Silver Bear The Silver Bear was introduced in 1956 as an award for individual achievements in direction and acting, for best short film. In 1965 a special film award for the runner-up to the Golden Bear was introduced. Although its official name was the Special Jury Prize from 1965 to 1999, has been the Jury Grand Prix since 2000, it is known as the Silver Bear as it is regarded as a second place award after the Golden Bear. In 2002 a Silver Bear for best film music, in 2008 an award for best screenplay. Jury Grand Prix Alfred Bauer Prize: in memory of the Festival Founder—for a feature film that opens new perspectives on cinematic art Best Director Best Actor Best Actress Best Short Film Outstanding Artistic Contribution - Not awarded every year, in some years more than one award is made.
Outstanding Single Achievement - Not a
The Guns (film)
The Guns is a 1964 Brazilian-Argentine drama film directed by Ruy Guerra. The film's plot alternates between two stories, both set in the drought-stricken sertão of Northeastern Brazil in 1963. In one storyline a holy man urges a group of peasant pilgrims to follow an ox deemed as sacred in hopes that their devotion to it will bring an end to the drought; the other storyline follows a group of soldiers who are sent to the region to thwart the attempts of impoverished civilians to plunder a storehouse for food owned by the wealthy mayor of the small town of Milagres, Bahia. Guerra filmed The Guns in a triptych of styles; the pilgrims appear as an anonymous mass in their devotion to their project, while the hungry peasants are given a more documentarian treatment. By contrast, the soldiers are more individuated, with long swaths of time devoted to showing their boredom in their task at hand. One soldier, becomes smitten with a young woman named Luisa, reluctant to return his affection because she does not trust the soldiers.
Meanwhile a hotheaded soldier named Pedro shoots and kills a local peasant while he was out walking with his goat, after which he and his fellow soldiers cover up the incident to avoid persecution. Tensions come to a head when the charismatic truck driver and former soldier named Gaucho becomes frustrated by the peasants' inability to change their situation. After he sees a father reacted apathetically to death of his child from hunger, Gaucho takes up arms and engages in a firefight with the occupying soldiers who kill him. In the end, the peasants assuage their hunger by defying the holy man and slaughtering and eating the sacred ox. Director Ruy Guerra conceived on the story in 1958 and planned to film it in Greece with a plot revolving around a band of soldiers trying to defend a village from a pack of hungry wolves because a government ordinance prohibits the villagers from carrying firearms for fear of popular revolt. In Guerra's original story, tensions between the villagers and the visiting soldiers escalate into conflict, a soldier kills one of the locals.
In the end, the villagers drive the soldiers out, leaving themselves vulnerable to attack from the wolves in the surrounding forest. This version of "The Guns" was never made. Guerra enlisted the help of his friend Miguel Torres to reconfigure the story, in 1964 Guerra produced The Guns, filming it in the northeastern state of Bahia and adapting its screenplay to incorporate elements of Brazilian culture. Both story lines were generated out of an incident that occurred in 1924 when a group of soldiers shot and killed a sacred ox. Though Guerra had a defined structure for the film's plot, he used a good deal of improvisation on set depending on what and, on hand; the Guns was entered into the 14th Berlin International Film Festival where it won the Silver Bear Extraordinary Jury Prize. The New York Times called it "exceptionally good". Along with Nélson Pereira dos Santos' 1963 drama,Vidas Secas, Glauber Rocha's 1964 film Deus e o Diabo na Terra do Sol, The Guns is part of Brazil's "Golden Trilogy" of Cinema Novo and regarded as one of the key films that brought worldwide attention to Brazilian cinema.
Dialogue from the film is sampled on the 2002 album 1º Comunique by Brazilian post-rock band Retórica. Átila Iório as Gaúcho Nelson Xavier as Mário Maria Gladys as Luísa Ivan Cândido as soldier Leonides Bayer as sergeant Hugo Carvana as José Paulo César Pereio as Pedro Mauricio Loyola Joel Barcellos Ruy Polanah Antonio Pitanga The Guns on IMDb
At Play in the Fields of the Lord
At Play in the Fields of the Lord is a 1991 adventure drama film directed by Héctor Babenco, adapted from the 1965 novel of the same name by American author Peter Matthiessen. The screenplay was written by Babenco and Jean-Claude Carrière, stars Tom Berenger, John Lithgow, Daryl Hannah, Aidan Quinn, Tom Waits and Kathy Bates. Director and producer James Cameron stated that At Play in the Fields of the Lord was used as a reference for the 2009 blockbuster film Avatar. A pair of explorers, Lewis Moon and Wolf, become stranded in Mãe de Deus, an outpost in the deep Brazilian Amazon River basin, after their plane runs out of fuel; the local police commander wants the Niaruna tribe, living upriver, to move their village so they won't be killed by gold miners moving into the area and cause trouble for him with the provincial government. The commander cuts a deal with Moon: if he and his fellow mercenary would bomb the Niaruna village from the air and drive them away, they will be given enough gasoline for their airplane to be allowed to leave.
Born-again Christian evangelist Martin Quarrier and his wife Hazel arrive with their son Billy, here to spread the Christian gospel to the primitive Niaruna indigenous natives. They arrive in Mãe de Deus to meet fellow missionaries Leslie and Andy Huben, who live with a Niaruna helper. In town, they meet a Catholic priest who wants to re-establish a mission to the Niarunas, as the former missionary was killed by them. Moon and Wolf leave in their plane to attack the Niaruna, but upon seeing the community with his own eyes as well as an Indian firing an arrow at the plane, Moon has second thoughts. The plane returns to Mãe de Deus; that night, after a discussion with Wolf and the priest, Moon takes an Indian drug and begins hallucinating. He parachutes into the Niaruna village. Moon, a half-Native American Cheyenne, aligns himself with the Niarunas, he is accepted as "Kisu-Mu", one of the Niaruna gods, begins to adapt to Niaruna life and culture. The four evangelists travel upriver to establish their mission.
Indians converted by the Catholics turn up, awaiting the arrival of the Niaruna. They do come and accept the gifts that the Quarriers offer, not staying long. Young Billy dies of blackwater fever, she is returned to Mãe de Deus. Martin becomes despondent, arguing with Leslie and losing his faith. Meanwhile, Moon encounters Andy swimming nude. After they kiss, Moon catches her cold, he inadvertently infects everyone there. Much of the tribe becomes sick. Moon and the tribe's leaders go to the missionary Leslie to beg for drugs. Leslie refuses, he travels to the Niaruna village with the missionaries' young helper. In the village, after Martin speaks with Moon, helicopters arrive to begin bombing. Martin is killed by his helper soon thereafter. Moon is exposed not as a man, he runs. Producer Saul Zaentz first tried to make this film in 1965, he discovered. Zaentz continued to try to buy the property every time there was a top executive change at MGM until 1989, when the new studio heads Jay Kanter and Alan Ladd, Jr. decided that MGM would not make the film.
Zaentz paid $1.4 million for the rights. The picture was filmed in Pará, Brazil, it was released to theaters in the U. S. on December 6, 1991. While the film has been released to VHS and Laserdisc, the film was never released on DVD nor Blu-ray anywhere; this is due to a rights issue with Universal Pictures and Warner Bros.. Review aggregator Rotten Tomatoes reported that 57% of critics gave the film a positive review, based on reviews from 7 critics. Noted Chicago Sun Times critic Roger Ebert had read the novel and believed the film is true to its themes. Ebert makes the case that producer Saul Zaentz has a history of producing "unfilmable" source material, he wrote, "Watching it, we are looking at a morality play about a world in which sincere people create unwitting mischief so that evil people can have their way. The movie argues that all peoples have a right to worship their own gods without interference, but it goes further to observe that if your god lives in the land and the trees if we destroy your land, we kill your god.
These messages are buried in the fabric of the film, in the way it was shot, in its use of locations, we are not told them, we absorb them."Vincent Canby, the film critic for the New York Times, had mixed feelings about the film but did like the acting and the screenplay, wrote, "At Play in the Fields of the Lord doesn't play smoothly, but it plays well... Mr. Lithgow and Miss Hannah, who grows more secure as an actress with every film, are fine in complex roles that are exceptionally well written... Though the film features a spectacular penultimate sequence, it seems not to know, it sort of drifts away trying to soften its own well-earned pessimism."Critic Jeffrey Westhoff writing for Northwest Herald disliked the film and stated: "Some books should remain books." Wins Los Angeles Film Critics Association Awards: 1991 LAFCA Award.
Ruy Alexandre Guerra Coelho Pereira is a Portuguese-Brazilian film director, film editor, actor. Guerra was born a Portuguese citizen in Lourenço Marques in Mozambique, when it was still Portuguese colony. Guerra studied at IDHEC film school in Paris from 1952. In 1958 he started his career as an assistant director in several French films. On he immigrated to Brazil, where he directed his first feature film, Os Cafajestes, it was entered into the 12th Berlin International Film Festival. In 1964, Guerra directed Os Fuzis, which placed him in the forefront of the emerging Cinema Novo movement; the film was entered into the 14th Berlin International Film Festival where it won the Silver Bear Extraordinary Jury Prize. After that he directed the international production Tendres Chasseurs starring Sterling Hayden, Os Deuses e os Mortos; the tumultuous political landscape in 1970's Brazil forced Guerra to stop filming until 1976, when he directed A Queda. The film was entered into the 28th Berlin International Film Festival, where it won the Silver Bear - Special Jury Prize.
In 1980 he returned to Mozambique where he shot Mueda, Memória e Massacre, that country's first feature film. While in Mozambique, Guerra shot many short films and helped the creation of the National Institute for Cinema. In 1982 Guerra shot Eréndira in Mexico, based on the work by Gabriel García Márquez, he directed the musical comedy A Ópera do Malandro, based on Chico Buarque's free theatrical adaptation of Bertold Brecht's Threepenny Opera. In 2000 Guerra's Estorvo was nominated for the Golden Palm at the 2000 Cannes Film Festival, it was Guerra's third nomination in the festival, after Kuarup. His 2004 film Portugal S. A. was the only film he did in Portugal and entered into the 26th Moscow International Film Festival. Guerra has appeared in many films as an actor. In 1971, Guerra married Brazilian actress Leila Diniz. Diniz was killed the following year in the crash of Japan Airlines Flight 471 in India. S. O. S. Noronha Ruy Guerra on IMDb
Trash (2014 film)
Trash is a 2014 adventure drama thriller film directed by Stephen Daldry and written by Richard Curtis, based on Andy Mulligan's 2010 novel of same name. The film stars Rooney Mara, Martin Sheen, Wagner Moura, Selton Mello. Trash follows three Brazilian street teenagers in Rio de Janeiro. One day they discover a wallet whose contents bring them into conflict with the brutal local police force as they find themselves unlikely whistleblowers in a city rife with corruption. Rather than turn the wallet over to the authorities for a reward, they follow their faith-led belief to do what is right in the face of adversity; as the plot unfolds, one step after the other these teens persevere through unbearable challenges and circumstances. Rooney Mara as Sister Olivia Martin Sheen as Father Juilliard Wagner Moura as José Angelo Selton Mello as Federico Gonz Stepan Nercessian as Santos Rickson Tevez as Raphael Eduardo Luis as Gardo Gabriel Weinstein as Rat Pedro Pauleey as The Cleaner Nelson Xavier as Jefferson Leandro Firmino On 5 April 2011, Working Title Films and PeaPie Films acquired the film rights to Andy Mulligan's 2010 adventure thriller novel Trash.
Screenwriter Richard Curtis was set to adapt the novel and Stephen Daldry was set to direct the film. On 8 July 2013, Rooney Mara joined the cast to play the role of an NGO worker. Martin Sheen signed up to play the role of Father Juilliard. Principal photography began on 24 July 2013, in Rio de Brazil; the first trailer was released on 31 July 2014. The film was distributed outside of North America by Universal Pictures International; the film had its world premiere at the Rio de Janeiro International Film Festival on 7 October 2014. It was released in Brazil on 9 October 2014. and in the United Kingdom on 30 January 2015. The film was released in the United States on 9 October 2015, by Focus World in a limited release and through video on demand. Trash received mixed to positive reviews. On Rotten Tomatoes, it has a score of an average rating of 5.8 / 10, based on 40 reviews. The film's consensus states: "Action-packed and thought-provoking, Trash finds feel-good cinema in real-life squalor without resorting to cheap sentimentality."
On Metacritic, the film holds a score of 50 out of 100, based on 18 reviews, indicating "mixed or average reviews". 2015: BAFTA Award for Best Film Not in the English Language 2014: Rome Film Festival – BNL People's Choice Award: Gala 2014: Rome Film Festival –'Alice in the City' Award 2014: Camerimage – Golden Frog: Main Competition 2014: Tallinn Black Nights Film Festival – Just Film Award: Best Youth Film Trash on IMDb
Virtual International Authority File
The Virtual International Authority File is an international authority file. It is a joint project of several national libraries and operated by the Online Computer Library Center. Discussion about having a common international authority started in the late 1990s. After a series of failed attempts to come up with a unique common authority file, the new idea was to link existing national authorities; this would present all the benefits of a common file without requiring a large investment of time and expense in the process. The project was initiated by the US Library of Congress, the German National Library and the OCLC on August 6, 2003; the Bibliothèque nationale de France joined the project on October 5, 2007. The project transitioned to being a service of the OCLC on April 4, 2012; the aim is to link the national authority files to a single virtual authority file. In this file, identical records from the different data sets are linked together. A VIAF record receives a standard data number, contains the primary "see" and "see also" records from the original records, refers to the original authority records.
The data are available for research and data exchange and sharing. Reciprocal updating uses the Open Archives Initiative Protocol for Metadata Harvesting protocol; the file numbers are being added to Wikipedia biographical articles and are incorporated into Wikidata. VIAF's clustering algorithm is run every month; as more data are added from participating libraries, clusters of authority records may coalesce or split, leading to some fluctuation in the VIAF identifier of certain authority records. Authority control Faceted Application of Subject Terminology Integrated Authority File International Standard Authority Data Number International Standard Name Identifier Wikipedia's authority control template for articles Official website VIAF at OCLC