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Neologism

A neologism is a recent or isolated term, word, or phrase that may be in the process of entering common use, but that has not yet been accepted into mainstream language. Neologisms are driven by changes in culture and technology, may be directly attributable to a specific person, period, or event. In the process of language formation, neologisms are more mature than protologisms. A word whose development stage is between that of the protologism and neologism is a prelogism. Neologisms are formed by combining existing words or by giving words new and unique suffixes or prefixes. Neologisms can be formed by blending words, for example, "brunch" is a blend of the words "breakfast" and "lunch", or through abbreviation or acronym, by intentionally rhyming with existing words or through playing with sounds. Neologisms can become popular through memetics, through mass media, the Internet, word of mouth, including academic discourse in many fields renowned for their use of distinctive jargon, become accepted parts of the language.

Other times, they disappear from common use just as as they appeared. Whether a neologism continues as part of the language depends on many factors the most important of, acceptance by the public, it is unusual for a word to gain popularity if it does not resemble other words. When a word or phrase is no longer "new", it is no longer a neologism. Neologisms may take decades to become "old", however. Opinions differ on how old a word must be to lose its status as a neologism. Popular examples of neologisms can be found in science, branding, literature and popular culture. Examples include laser from Light Amplification by Stimulated Emission of Radiation, agitprop; the term neologism is first attested in English in 1772, borrowed from French néologisme. A proponent of a new word or doctrine may be called a neologist, such as Donald Trump being called the "neologist-in-chief" behind "covfefe". In an academic sense, there is no professional Neologist, because the study of such things is interdisciplinary.

Anyone such as a lexicographer or an etymologist might study neologisms, how their uses span the scope of human expression, how, due to science and technology, they spread more than before in the present times. The term neologism has a broader meaning which includes "a word which has gained a new meaning". Sometimes, the latter process is called semantic extension. Neologisms are distinct from a person's idiolect, one's unique patterns of vocabulary and pronunciation. Neologisms are introduced when it is found that a specific notion is lacking a term, or when the existing vocabulary lacks detail, or when a speaker is unaware of the existing vocabulary; the law, governmental bodies, technology have a high frequency of acquiring neologisms. Another trigger that motivates the coining of a neologism is to disambiguate a term which may be unclear due to having many meanings. Neologisms may come from a word used in the narrative of a book. Examples include "grok" from Stranger in a Strange Land by Robert A. Heinlein.

The title of a book may become a neologism, for instance, Catch-22. Alternatively, the author's name may give rise to the neologism, although the term is sometimes based on only one work of that author; this includes such words as "Orwellian" and "Kafkaesque". Names of famous characters are another source of literary neologisms, e.g. quixotic and pollyanna. Neologism development may be at least spread, by popular culture. Examples of recent pop-culture neologisms include the American Alt-right, the Canadian portmanteau "Snowmageddon", the Russian parody "Monstration". Neologisms spread through their exposure in mass media; the genericizing of brand names, such as "coke" for Coca-Cola, "kleenex" for Kleenex facial tissue, "xerox" for Xerox photocopying, all spread through their popular use being enhanced by mass media. However, in some limited cases, words break out of their original communities and spread through social media. "Doggo-Lingo", a term still below the threshold of a neologism according to Merriam-Webster, is an example of the latter which has spread through Facebook group and Twitter account use.

The suspected origin of this way of referring to dogs stems from a Facebook group founded in 2008 and gaining popularity in 2014 in Australia. In Australian English it is common to use diminutives ending in –o, which could be where doggo-lingo was first used; the term has grown so that Merriam-Webster has acknowledged its use but notes the term needs to be found in published, edited work for a longer period of time before it can be deemed a new word, making it the perfect example of a neologism. Because neologisms originate in one language, translations between languages can be difficult. In the scientific community, where English is the predominant language for published research and studies, like-sounding translations (referred to as'n

Julius N├Ąttinen

Julius Nättinen is a Finnish professional ice hockey forward. He is playing with JYP Jyväskylä of the Finnish Liiga, he was drafted by the Anaheim Ducks in 59th overall, in the 2015 NHL Entry Draft. Nättinen played as a youth in his native Finland and made his Liiga debut playing a solitary game with JYP Jyväskylä during the 2013–14 season. On 16 July 2015, Nättinen was signed to a three-year entry-level contract by the Anaheim Ducks, he left Finland after the draft to continue his development playing major junior hockey in the Ontario Hockey League after he was selected by the Barrie Colts, 51st overall in the CHL Import Draft in 2015. After his rookie season in the OHL with the Colts in the 2015–16 season and having scored 71 points in just 52 games, Nättinen was traded to the Windsor Spitfires on 26 June 2016. In his first North American professional season, Nättinen was assigned to the Ducks' American Hockey League affiliate, the San Diego Gulls, for the duration of the 2017–18 season. Unable to find his scoring touch, Nättinen produced just 4 goals in 55 games.

Following the Ducks' 2018 training camp, Nättinen was among the first round of cuts and rather than return to the AHL, opted for a mutual release from his contract with the Ducks on 24 September 2018. Following the termination of his NHL contract, Nättinen returned to his original Liiga club, JYP Jyväskylä, securing a three-year contract on 25 September 2018. Biographical information and career statistics from Eliteprospects.com, or Eurohockey.com, or The Internet Hockey Database

Dallas Vigilantes

The Dallas Vigilantes were an Arena Football League team based in Dallas, Texas. Like its AFL predecessor, the Dallas Desperados, the Vigilantes played at the American Airlines Center; the Vigilantes and the Jacksonville Sharks began play in the 2010 season, the first after the league's restructuring. The franchise was owned by former Tampa Bay Storm owner Peter C. Kern and was managed by Stephen Evans. Vigilantes games were broadcast on the radio on 1190 AM and television coverage was provided by Time Warner Cable Sports; the Vigilantes did not carry on the name of Dallas' previous AFL team, the Dallas Desperados, because of a unique ownership situation with the former team. Although the new AFL owns the former AFL team assets, former Desperados owner Jerry Jones retained the team's branding rights after it folded. Jones had based most of the Desperados branding on that of the Cowboys, including the colors, prominent use of a star in the logo, a Cowboys "Double Star" logo on the front of the Desperados' jerseys, thus making the Cowboys and Desperados branding difficult to separate.

Not willing to risk such complicated legal action, unwilling to revive the Fort Worth Cavalry, the Vigilantes chose a new name. The Vigilantes' original logo incorporated a skull and crossbones, the flag of Texas, a cowboy hat, revolvers; the logo was stripped down for 2011, consisting of the skull and the cowboy hat from the original logo. The Vigilantes were left off the schedule for the 2012 season without any announcement of either the team's suspension or cessation of operations, but have never been involved in any aspect of the Arena Football League subsequently and are considered to be defunct; the following Vigilantes players were named to All-Arena Teams: FB Derrick Ross WR Tiger Jones OL Phil Bogle DL Dusty Bear The following Vigilantes players were named to All-Ironman Teams: WR/KR King Franklin