Nergal, Nirgal, or Nirgali is a deity, worshipped throughout ancient Mesopotamia with the main seat of his worship at Cuthah represented by the mound of Tell-Ibrahim. Other names for him are Irra. Nergal is mentioned in the Hebrew Bible as the deity of the city of Cuth: "And the men of Babylon made Succoth-benoth, the men of Cuth made Nergal". According to the Talmudists, his emblem was a cockerel and Nergal means a "dunghill cock", although standard iconography pictured Nergal as a lion, he is a son of Ninlil, along with Nanna and Ninurta. Nergal seems to be in part a solar deity, sometimes identified with Shamash, but only representative of a certain phase of the sun. Portrayed in hymns and myths as a god of war and pestilence, Nergal seems to represent the sun of noontime and of the summer solstice that brings destruction, high summer being the dead season in the Mesopotamian annual cycle, he has been called "the king of sunset". Over time Nergal developed from a war god to a god of the underworld.
In the mythology, this occurred when Ninlil gave him the underworld. Nergal was the deity who presides over the netherworld, who stands at the head of the special pantheon assigned to the government of the dead. In this capacity he has associated with him a goddess Allatu or Ereshkigal, though at one time Allatu may have functioned as the sole mistress of Aralu, ruling in her own person. In some texts the god Ninazu is the son of Allatu/Ereshkigal. Ordinarily Nergal pairs with his consort Laz. Standard iconography pictured Nergal as a lion, boundary-stone monuments symbolise him with a mace surmounted by the head of a lion. Nergal's fiery aspect appears in names or epithets such as Lugalgira, Lugal-banda, Erra and Sibitti or Seven. A certain confusion exists in cuneiform literature between Nergal. Nergal has epithets such as the "raging king", the "furious one", the like. A play upon his name—separated into three elements as Ne-uru-gal —expresses his position at the head of the nether-world pantheon.
In the late Babylonian astral-theological system Nergal is related to the planet Mars. As a fiery god of destruction and war, Nergal doubtless seemed an appropriate choice for the red planet, he was equated by the Greeks to the war-god Ares —hence the current name of the planet. In Assyro-Babylonian ecclesiastical art the great lion-headed colossi serving as guardians to the temples and palaces seem to symbolise Nergal, just as the bull-headed colossi typify Ninurta. Nergal's chief temple at Cuthah bore the name Meslam, from which the god receives the designation of Meslamtaeda or Meslamtaea, "the one that rises up from Meslam"; the name Meslamtaeda/Meslamtaea indeed is found as early as the list of gods from Fara while the name Nergal only begins to appear in the Akkadian period. Amongst the Hurrians and Hittites Nergal was known as Aplu, a name derived from the Akkadian Apal Enlil, meaning "the son of Enlil"; as god of the plague, he was invoked during the "plague years" during the reign of the Hittite king Suppiluliuma, when this disease spread from Egypt.
The worship of Nergal does not appear to have spread as as that of Ninurta, but in the late Babylonian and early Persian period, syncretism seems to have fused the two divinities, which were invoked together as if they were identical. Hymns and votive and other inscriptions of Babylonian and Assyrian rulers invoke him, but we do not learn of many temples to him outside of Cuthah; the Assyrian king Sennacherib speaks of one at Tarbisu to the north of the Assyrian capital of Nineveh, but although Nebuchadnezzar II, the great temple-builder of the neo-Babylonian monarchy, alludes to his operations at Meslam in Cuthah, he makes no mention of a sanctuary to Nergal in Babylon. Local associations with his original seat—Kutha—and the conception formed of him as a god of the dead acted in making him feared rather than worshipped. In this myth, Nergal is feeling bored. To wake himself up, he decided to attack Babylon. However, Babylon is under the protection of the most powerful of the gods. Nergal travels to Babylon on the ruse of a friendly visit.
Pretending to show shock at the appearance of Marduk's clothing, he convinces the god to get a change of clothing and leave the city. Once Marduk has left Babylon, Irra attacks the city. People are slain in the streets. Soon Irra is satisfied and stops the attack and makes a prophecy about a great leader to protect the people. According to this myth, the gods have created a banquet. However, Ereshkigal is unable to leave the underworld. Instead, she sends her son Namtar to take a share of the feast; when Namtar arrives, the other deities rise out of respect except for Erra. Insulted, Namtar tells his mother. Enki and other gods tell Nergal to enter the underworld. Nergal takes with him 14 demons; when he arrives, the gatekeeper Neti gets orders from Ereshkigal to allow him through the seven gates, stripping him of everything until the throne room, where he would be killed. But at each gate, Nergal posts two demons; when he gets to the throne he drags Ereshkigal to the floor. He is abo
The Sony Ericsson Xperia X10 is a 2010 high end smartphone in the Xperia series designed by Sony Ericsson. It was the first Sony Ericsson smartphone to run the Android operating system; the phone was shipped with Android 1.6, but an upgrade to 2.1 was made available starting 31 October 2010, with a gradual international rollout. Sony Ericsson stated that the X10 would not receive an upgrade to Android 2.2 or beyond, but the phone was upgraded to 2.3.3 with the updates starting on 29 July 2011. The phone features an 8.1 MP camera and a 1 GHz Qualcomm Snapdragon CPU. Its screen has a widescreen resolution, 480 x 854 pixels, features a virtual keyboard rather than a physical one, it makes use of HSPA for its mobile connection. The UX platform features two applications which allow the user to consolidate all of their communications and media and Mediascape, respectively; the Xperia X10 was first revealed on 3 November 2009. It was first released in Japan on 1 April 2010, has since become the quickest-selling smartphone for NTT DoCoMo.
The overall response has been positive for the hardware and screen. There were negative comments about the lack of support for Android 2.1 which were quelled when it was released that year. The display is a wide TFT Capacitive touchscreen, with a 16:9 aspect ratio and FWVGA resolution of 480 x 854 pixels, along with a multi-touch enabled screen, the first from Sony; the 8.1-megapixel camera features 16x digital zoom, image stabilization, auto-focus, geo-tagging, smile detection, face detection. It can record video, with an LED for use in poor light conditions, it has a 3-axis accelerometer and built in GPS. Its CPU is 1 GHz Qualcomm Snapdragon QSD8250 with its GPU is Adreno 200; the hardware is limited in its multi-touch functionality. It can only track multiple touches where their Y coordinates are different; the firmware to enable this functionality was first released in Japan. The Xperia X10 uses the 850/900/1800/1900 frequency bands for GSM. Both versions use 850/900/1800/1900 frequency bands for GSM while they differ regarding the UMTS frequency bands.
The X10a is used by AT&T Mobility in the US, Telstra in Australia, Rogers Wireless in Canada. It is used in South America; the X10i is used by T-Mobile in the USA. In Japan, it is sold by NTT Docomo, using the X10a configuration; the X10 has built with the option to tether other devices. With the Android 2.3 update, the phone can create a Wi-Fi hotspot. Sony Ericsson has its own Android overlay called UX, short for User eXperience, it consists of design elements and custom applications. The main applications are Sony Ericsson Mediascape. Timescape is a program that brings together Facebook, Twitter, SMS, email into a column on the home screen. Mediascape is a library application for media files, it can connect to Facebook and Picasa accounts and to the phone's contacts list. This makes it possible to attach photos users have taken with the camera to their contacts or send them directly to their Facebook account; the Xperia X10 was released with Android 1.6, with an upgrade to Android 2.1 released on 31 October 2010.
On 20 January 21, an update was released. On 1 February 2011, Sony Ericsson announced a futur update for Xperia X10 that would bring optimizations and bug fixes along with language additions and the pinch-to-zoom feature. On 29 July 2011, the Android 2.3.3 update was released. As of 1 April 2011, the bootloader has been bypassed via kexec which enables the loading of custom kernels. Custom ROMs have been developed, however they still use the 2.1 kernel so some features such as native Wi-Fi tethering are missing. As of 20 January 2011 there are two custom roms being developed based on 2.2. All X10 devices running the Gingerbread firmware are vulnerable to the zergRush rooting method; the initial 3UK release of firmware contained bugs. Some users have reported Wi-Fi connection disruptions in early software versions. Several users from sonyericsson, 4pda forums reported a self-rebooting bug on their X10i's, it is believed. Since the Android 2.3 update the phone has suffered a stuttering in play or streaming of music regardless of file association.
The only solution is to root the phone and apply a patch located on the XDA developers forum. Sony refuses to have as of late offered no solution to this bug. Sony Ericsson announced two mini versions of the Xperia X10 at the Mobile World Congress 2010; the X10 Mini and the X10 Mini Pro were released in June 2010. Galaxy Nexus List of Android devices List of Xperia devices Official website Xperia X10 specifications Overview of Expert & User Reviews of the X10
Leucadia is a beach community located in the coastal city of Encinitas, California. Leucadia is known for the secluded beaches in Southern California surf culture; the name Leucadia is of Greek origin as Lefkada, is one of the Ionian Islands. Early in the community's history, a development company based in San Diego gave Leucadia and its streets their Roman-Greco names which include Hymettus, Neptune and Daphne. Leucadia faces the Pacific Ocean; the community is set on a series of bluffs that stretch along much of the length of the North County coastline, a region of San Diego County. Its beaches are located below steep vertical cliffs lending them a relative seclusion. In 2003, the Leucadia 101 Main Street Association was created to enhance the economic and civic vitality of Leucadia's Historic North Coast Highway 101 corridor. Notable businesses include Haggo's Organic Taco, featured on Food Network's Diners, Drive-Ins, Dives television show, in addition to Shatto & Sons—which has been in Leucadia since 1975, a custom t-shirt shop known for their "Keep Leucadia Funky" t-shirts