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Abingdon Bridge

Abingdon Bridge crosses the River Thames at the town of Abingdon, England. It carries the A415 road from Abingdon to Dorchester, over the reach of the Thames between Culham Lock and Abingdon Lock; the bridge is two bridges, linked by Nag's Head Island. Abingdon Bridge is the northern part towards the town which has six arches and crosses the backwater and mill stream; the southern part is technically called Burford Bridge and has one main arch and four minor arches at the river and two minor arches on the floodplain. This crosses the main navigation channel. Furthermore, to complete the Thames crossing, Culham Bridge crossing the Swift Ditch should be considered as an extension. Abingdon Bridge was begun in 1416 and completed in 1422, using local limestone quarried at Besselsleigh and Dry Sandford; the bridge was funded by Abingdon's religious guild, the Fraternity of the Holy Cross, chiefly by two of the guild's members: a London merchant called William Hales and his wife Maud. The bridge replaced a ferry and its completion reduced trade at Wallingford.

In 1453 "three new arches" were added at the southern end of the bridge, this becoming known as Burford Bridge. This description makes no reference to the two pairs of much small arches to each side of the central arches. In 1548 during the Edwardine Reformation the Crown suppressed the Fraternity of the Holy Cross. In 1553 a Royal charter founded Christ's Hospital to replace the guild and take over most of its property and functions, including custody and maintenance of Abingdon's bridges. In 1790, when Abingdon Lock was opened, the Thames Navigation Commission had one of the arches closest to Nag's Head Island widened and raised to ease navigation; the width of the arch was increased to 20 feet, the airdraught was increased by 4 feet at the crown of the arch and 6 feet at the sides. Enlargement changed the arch from a late medieval 15th-century pointed profile to a Georgian elliptical one. Early in the 19th century the bridge was widened piecemeal; the Governors of Christ's Hospital had the Maud Hales Bridge widened in 1800 and the Hart Bridge in 1818–19.

The Trustees of the Fyfield Turnpike had Culham Bridge and the remainder of Abingdon Bridge widened in 1829–30. The bridge was rebuilt again in 1927, this time by the County Councils of Berkshire and Oxfordshire, with J. J. Leeming as resident engineer. Three of the early 15th-century arches were demolished and replaced with one wide span to further ease navigation. There have been reported sightings of the ghostly apparition of an unidentified woman's head and arms beneath the water flowing under the bridge. Crossings of the River Thames Jervoise, Edwyn; the Ancient Bridges of the South of England. I. Westminster: The Architectural Press for the SPAB. pp. 7, 8. Leeming, J. J.. E.. "Burford Bridge, Abingdon". Oxoniensia. Oxford Architectural and Historical Society. II: 134–140. ISSN 0308-5562. Retrieved 27 October 2013. Page, W. H.. H. eds.. A History of the County of Berkshire, Volume 4. Victoria County History. Pp. 435–436. Thacker, Fred. S.. The Thames Highway. II: Locks and Weirs. Newton Abbott: David & Charles.

Pp. 158–160. SBN 7153-4233-9

Ghost Opera

Ghost Opera is the eighth studio album from metal band Kamelot. It was released in 2007 by SPV GmbH/Steamhammer Records, on June 1 in Germany and followed by releases on June 4 in Europe and June 5 in the United States, it is the first studio album by Kamelot to feature keyboardist Oliver Palotai, the last with bassist Glenn Barry. The album spawned four music videos for the songs "Ghost Opera", "The Human Stain", "Rule the World" and "Love You to Death". On Billboard 200, the album peaked at number 18 on Top Heatseekers and number 48 on Independent Albums. Prior to the release of the album, SPV Records distributed a limited CD single of "Ghost Opera", handed out to fans attending the European Tour in March and May 2007; the album was released on vinyl in the spring of 2009, along with The Black Halo. All songs written by Kamelot. Japanese and Limited edition bonus tracks were included on 2007 compilation "Myths & Legends Of Kamelot". In 2008, a reissue of Ghost Opera entitled Ghost Opera: The Second Coming was released on March 28 in Germany, March 31 for the rest of Europe and April 8 in the United States and Canada.

The album was released as a double-disc set, with the first disc featuring Ghost Opera as released, the videos for "The Human Stain" and "Memento Mori", filmed in Belgrade, Serbia. The second disc contained 10 live tracks from the same show, as well as three bonus tracks from Ghost Opera and The Black Halo and a remix of "Rule the World". Roy Khanvocals, occasional keyboards Thomas Youngbloodguitar Glenn Barry – bass guitar Casey Grillo – drums Oliver Palotai – keyboards Miro – orchestrations, additional keyboards Simone Simons – female vocals on "Blücher", "The Haunting " Amanda Somerville – female vocals on "Mourning Star", "Love You to Death", ""Season's End"" and "Ghost Opera" Sascha Paeth – Additional guitars Ghost Opera Choir – Amanda Somerville, Thomas Rettke, Robert Hunecke-Rizzo and Cinzia Rizzo