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Neues Volk

Neues Volk was the monthly publication of the Office of Racial Policy in Nazi Germany. Founded by Walter Gross in 1933, it was a illustrated magazine, it aimed at a wide audience, achieving a circulation of 300,000. It appeared in physicians' waiting rooms and schools, as well as in private homes, its subject matter was the "excellence" of the Aryan race and the "deficiencies" of Jews and other groups. Articles ranged from profiles of Mussolini, reports on Hitler Youth camps, travel tips, but eugenic and racial propaganda continued throughout it; the first six issues presented ethnic pride, before bringing up any topic on "undesirables." In the next issue, one article presented the types of the "Criminal Jew" surrounded by images of the ideal Aryan, which predominated. Such articles continued, showing such things as demographic charts showing the decline of farmland and deploring that the Jews were eradicating traditional German peasantry, it included articles defending eugenic sterilization. Photographs of mentally incapacitated children were juxtaposed with those of healthy children.

It presented images of ideal Aryan families and ridiculed childless couples. After the inception of the Nuremberg Laws, it urged that Germans show no sympathy for Jews and presented articles to show Jewish life still flourishing. By the mid-1930s, it had doubled its pages and increased its discussion of Jews. Other articles described the conditions under which Hitler would be a child's godfather, discussed the importance of giving children Germanic names, answered racial questions from readers—marriage between a Chinese man and a German woman was impossible, despite the woman's pregnancy, they had seen to it that the man's residence permit was revoked, an infertile German woman cannot marry a half-Jew, but a Dutch woman, if she had neither Jewish nor colored blood, was acceptable—praised German farming in contrast to French, declared art was determined by racial world-views, many other topics. During the war, it published articles about how the foreign workers were welcome but sexual relations with Germans was prohibited.

Nazi propaganda

Al Nipper

Albert Samuel Nipper is an American former professional baseball player and coach. A right-handed pitcher, he appeared in 144 Major League games over seven seasons for the Boston Red Sox, Chicago Cubs and Cleveland Indians, he was listed as 6 feet tall and 188 pounds. Born in San Diego, Nipper grew up in Missouri, where he graduated from Hazelwood West High School and Truman State University in Kirkville, he was the Red Sox' eighth selection in the 1980 Major League Baseball draft. Nipper pitched for the Red Sox from 1983 to 1987, he was included with the league's top players in the ballot for Rookie of the Year in 1984. But a succession of injuries limited his success, he started 26 games for the 1986 Red Sox, posting a mediocre 10–12 win–loss record and 5.38 earned run average as Boston won the American League East Division title. He did not appear in the ALCS against the California Angels, but made two appearances on the mound for the Red Sox in the 1986 World Series against the New York Mets.

Nipper started Game 3 on October 22 at Fenway Park and held the Mets scoreless through three innings, but in the fourth, he surrendered three runs, two on a home run by Gary Carter. Nipper righted himself after that inning and pitched through the sixth, but the three runs he allowed held up as the winning margin in a 6–2 New York victory. In the winner-take-all Game 7 at Shea Stadium October 27, Nipper was called upon in relief as Boston's fifth pitcher of the contest. Entering in the eighth inning with the Mets leading 6–5, Nipper was ineffective, he retired only one batter and allowed three hits, including a lead-off home run to Darryl Strawberry and a run-scoring single to opposing pitcher Jesse Orosco, enabling the Mets to pad their lead to an insurmountable 8–5. Nipper was traded for the Cubs in a deal for closer Lee Smith after the 1987 season, he pitched in 22 games, 12 as a starter, for the Cubs in 1988 missed the entire 1989 season recovering from elbow and knee miseries. He signed as a free agent with Cleveland in 1990.

He signed a minor league contract with his hometown St. Louis Cardinals in 1991, but was not called up from Triple-A, it was his final season as a pitcher. In his 144 total major league regular-season games played, he finished with a career record of 46–50 and a 4.52 earned run average in 797​2⁄3 innings pitched, with 381 strikeouts and 21 complete games. He allowed 846 hits and 303 bases on balls. In his only postseason action, in the 1986 World Series, Nipper posted an 0–1 record, allowing five runs, ten hits and two bases on balls in two games and 6​1⁄3 innings of work. After his pitching career, Nipper became a minor league pitching coach and scout, he returned to the Red Sox in 1992 and served in a succession of coaching roles at the minor league level and as pitching coach on the big league staff under Kevin Kennedy from mid-1995 through mid-1996. He became the roving minor league pitching instructor for the Texas Rangers, serving for three years joined the Kansas City Royals as MLB pitching coach in 2001 and 2002.

Returning to the Red Sox as pitching coach of Class A Sarasota and minor league pitching coordinator, he was promoted to MLB bullpen coach in 2006, although he spent much of that season as the Red Sox' interim pitching coach because of the surgery-induced absence of Dave Wallace. From 2007 to 2011, he was a special assignment scout for the Red Sox, specializing in evaluating pitchers. In 2012–13, Nipper was the minor league pitching coordinator of the Detroit Tigers and he spent 2014 as pitching coach of the Triple-A Toledo Mud Hens in the Tigers' system. In 2015, he returned to the Royals' organization as the pitching coach of the Omaha Storm Chasers, their Triple-A affiliate. Career statistics and player information from Baseball-Reference, or Baseball-Reference

Alexander Wilmot Schomberg

Admiral Alexander Wilmot Schomberg was an officer of the British Royal Navy who served during the French Revolutionary and Napoleonic Wars. Schomberg was the second son of Captain Sir Alexander Schomberg and Mary Susannah Arabella, the only child of the Reverend Henry Chalmers, niece of Sir Edmund Aleyn, his brother was Captain Sir Charles Marsh Schomberg. He entered the Navy in April 1785 as a first-class volunteer aboard Dorset, the official yacht of the Lord Lieutenant of Ireland, commanded by his father in the Irish Sea, he served as a midshipman aboard Porcupine, under the command of Captain Lambert Brabazon, for about 2½ years, before joining the 98-gun Impregnable, flagship of Sir Richard Bickerton at Plymouth, late in 1789. He went on to serve aboard the frigate Lowestoffe, Captain Edmund Dodd, attached to the Channel Fleet, in the 50-gun Trusty, flagship of Sir John Laforey on the West Indies Station. There he was promoted to lieutenant on 26 July 1793, to serve aboard the sloop Nautilus, Captain Lord Henry Paulet, the frigate Solebay, Captain William Hancock Kelly.

In Solebay he commanded 50 men of the Naval Brigade, part of the forces commanded by Sir Charles Grey, during the operations against Martinique, Saint Lucia, Guadeloupe in 1794. He took part in the unsuccessful attempt recapture Guadeloupe, unexpectedly and re-taken by French Republican forces under Victor Hugues. Schomberg served for a short time in the flagship of Sir John Jervis. However, at the end of the year, having suffered a severe attack of yellow fever, he was sent home to recuperate. On 22 June 1795 Schomberg was appointed to the 56-gun Glatton, Captain Henry Trollope, stationed in the North Sea; as an experiment, she was armed with only carronades, twenty-eight 32-pounders on the upper deck and twenty-eight 68-pounder carronades on the lower, giving her a distinct advantage in weight of metal against ships armed with standard 32- and 28-pounders in a close action. This was demonstrated on 15 July 1796 when Glatton fought a French squadron of four frigates, two ship-corvettes, a large brig-corvette and an armed cutter off the coast of Flanders.

In a short but violent confrontation Glatton attacked the French squadron just before nightfall, her heavy guns doing great damage to the enemy, though she was cut up in her sails and masts. After spending the night making repairs, Glatton sought out the enemy, but they declined a renewal of the engagement, sailed for Flushing; the French ships were believed to be the razee Brutus, the frigates Incorruptible, Magicienne and Républicaine. It was reported that they had suffered considerable damage, one sank in the harbour. During the action, commanding the lower deck, found that he did not have enough men to fight all the guns on both sides, so resorted to forming them into gangs, who loaded and ran the guns out moved on to the next gun, while two men pointed and fired. Schomberg was commended for his conduct, on 28 July was appointed first lieutenant of the frigate Amphion; the ship was destroyed by an explosion while moored at Plymouth Dock while he was travelling to join her, it was not until January 1796 that he received command of the 14-gun brig Rambler, in which he served on the coasts of Holland and Norway, at Newfoundland, off Cherbourg, on the Guernsey and Jersey stations.

He was promoted to commander on 2 April 1798, but remained in Rambler until 1 January 1801, when he was promoted to post-captain. In 1804 he held temporary command of the 98-gun Windsor Castle off Brest, he commanded the frigate Apollo from October 1806, on 31 October 1807 he was appointed to command of the frigate Loire. In early 1808 Loire and the frigate Success, Captain John Ayscough, sailed to the seas around Greenland on fishery protection duties, venturing as far north as 77° 30' N. At the end of the same year, accompanied by Amelia and Champion, he escorted a convoy of 168 transport ships, carrying 14,000 troops, from Falmouth to Corunna, he co-operated with Spanish partisans on the coasts of Galicia and Biscay, brought 100 Russian prisoners-of-war from the Tagus to England, on 5 February 1809 captured the French ship Hebe. Early in 1810 he transported a battalion of the 60th Regiment from England to Barbados, he returned to England with the French Captain-General Jean Augustin Ernouf and his suite on board, surviving a hurricane which sank two transports full of prisoners.

He proceeded to the coast of Norway, where he saved the sloop Snake from an attack from eight Danish brigs. Until 1812 Schomberg was chiefly employed in command of a light squadron in the Baltic, he once escorted an outward-bound West India convoy as far as Madeira. On 21 March 1812 he was appointed to command of Dictator, on 13 August to the 74-gun York, he took part in the blockade of Rochefort and L'Orient, in 1814, with the 74-gun Vengeur and 20-gun Erne, transported troops from Bordeaux to Quebec, somehow managing to cram no less than 1,000 men on board each 74 in addition to their usual complements. York was paid off in August 1815. At the end of the war Schomberg made several suggestions to improve the victualling the seamen and marines, some of which were adopted several years later. One of these was to substitute tea for half the usual ration of spirits. In 1818 he circulated a paper Naval Suggestions, outlining his ideas.

Courtney Cramey

Courtney Cramey is an Australian rules footballer playing for the Adelaide Football Club in the AFL Women's competition. Cramey played football throughout primary school as the only girl in teams that were otherwise all boys. In high school, she turned to basketball due to the lack of girls' football teams. Cramey began playing women's football in 2004 with Sturt Football Club in the South Australian Women's Football League, she played with Morphettville Park, where she mentored future fellow Adelaide Crow and AFLW all-Australian Ebony Marinoff. Cramey was best on ground and team captain in Morphettville Parks' first women's division 1 premiership, in 2014, she captained the team to second and third successive premierships in 2015 and 2016. Along with Morphettville Park teammates Kellie Gibson and Ebony Marinoff, Cramey was selected by Melbourne for a women's all-star exhibition match at the Whitten Oval in 2016. Cramey was a priority selection by Adelaide before the 2016 AFL Women's draft, she made her debut in the club's inaugural match, in round one 2017 against Greater Western Sydney, listed to start as centre.

As well as center, Cramey was listed to start as a forward, a defender and as a rover over the course of the season. Cramey participated in team practice the following week, she recovered to play her best game of the season in the inaugural AFLW Premiership, recording 23 disposals, second only to Erin Phillips. After the season, Cramey was listed in the All-Australian team. Adelaide signed Cramey for the 2018 season during the trade period in May 2017, she missed the first three rounds of the season due to a hamstring injury but returned for round four to bolster the Crows' defense. Cramey is a social worker, employed by the South Australian correctional services department as a principal advisor for parolees and people in Community Based Corrections. Statistics are correct to the end of the 2017 season Courtney Cramey's profile on the official website of the Adelaide Football Club Courtney Cramey at AustralianFootball.com

June Helm

June Helm was an American anthropologist known for her work with the Dene people in the Mackenzie River drainage. Helm was born in Idaho in 1924, to William Jennings Helm and Julia Frances Helm. In 1930, the family moved to Kansas. Helm experienced a solitary childhood, full of illness, was a shy, anxious child. After high school, Helm enrolled in anthropology at the University of Kansas, because of its modest tuition, there she completed a year of education. In 1942, her father's machinery repair business experienced a boom, leading to the finances necessary for Helm to transfer to the University of Chicago, her school of choice. Helm graduated with a Bachelor of Philosophy from the University of Chicago in 1944, after completing the two-year program. Helm received her M. A. in 1949. She received encouragement from Robert Redfield and George Peter Murdock, both of whom influenced her study. Helm received her PhD in 1958 from the University of Chicago, after completing her dissertation, published by the National Museums of Canada in 1961, titled Lynx Point People.

In 1945, Helm married Richard “Scotty” MacNeish, a Ph. D candidate in the field of archaeology. In 1949, they moved to Ontario; the two amicably divorced in 1958. In 1968, Helm married an architect; the two stayed together until her death. In 1989, Helm suffered from a stroke, she continued to teach for another decade, retiring in December 1999. In 1945, Helm and MacNeish travelled to Mexico; this was Helm's introduction to field work, the next year, she conducted ethnographic research among the people of the region, for her Masters' thesis. Upon Helm and MacNeish's move to Ottawa, Helm became a sessional lecturer at Carlton University, from 1949 to 1959. In the summer of 1950, while MacNeish took part in an archaeological survey of the Mackenzie River, Helm became involved with the Dene people living nearby, to whom she gave the name “The Lynx Point People” in her 1958 dissertation. While working there, Helm learned that they were interested in having their children learn English, so the following summer, Helm returned with Teresa Carterette.

The two volunteered as teachers, spent time doing fieldwork, to get a better understanding of the people. Helm continued to conduct interviews between 1954 and 1957, contacting people from Chipewyan and Slavey communities. Upon her return, Helm focused on the history and ethnography of the Slavey communities, of which there was little. Helm made great forays in understanding and relating the culture of the northern Athapaskan people, she disproved hypotheses or discovered errors in the works of Julian Steward and Leslie Spier. In 1957, during a linguistics course, Helm met Nancy Oestreich Lurie, the two became friends. In 1959, the two went to do fieldwork among the Dogrib people in the Northwest Territories, they returned to work with other Dogrib groups in 1962 and 1967. After this point, Helm continued her research alone, making ten trips to do fieldwork between 1959 and 1979. Helm worked as a tenured professor of Anthropology at the University of Iowa, having worked there from 1960 to December 1999.

When Helm first joined the department, it was the Department of Anthropology. Helm established an American Indian and Native Studies program, serves as the first chair, from 1993–1996. In 1996, Helm was contacted by John Zoe, a Dogrib official, Thomas Andrews, an archaeologist at the Prince of Wales Northern Heritage Centre, located in Yellowknife, regarding artifacts, taken by a graduate student of the University of Iowa in 1894, Frank Russell. Helm assisted in the negotiations for repatriation of the artifacts a caribou skin tent, too large to exhibit; the negotiations were successful, the tent was returned to the Dogrib people. Throughout her career, Helm published 11 books and monographs, more than 40 articles and chapters. Helm spent the last few years of her life assembling her notes and records from her fieldwork, sent them to Yellowknife, to be available to the Dene people. Helm served as an adviser to the Indian Brotherhood of the Northwest Territories, assisting them as a consultant in terms of land claims rights and research in the Mackenzie Valley Pipeline Inquiry.

Helm served as president of several associations. In 1994, Helm was elected as a Fellow of the American Academy of Sciences. Helm received the F. Wendell Miller Distinguished Achievement Award in 1995. Helm's contributions to the University of Iowa have been recognized with the creation of the June Helm Award for Service and Excellence, awarded annually to a graduate student; as a sole authorThe Lynx Point People: The Dynamics of a Northern Athapaskan Band Ottawa: National Museum of Canada, 1961. The Indians of the Subarctic: A Critical Bibliography. Don Mills, Ontario: Fitzhenry & Whiteside Limited, 1976. ISBN 978-0-253-33004-8 The People of Denendeh: Ethnohistory of the Indians of Canada's Northwest Territories. Iowa City, Iowa: University of Iowa Press, 2000. ISBN 978-0-7735-2145-2As editor or coauthorPioneers of American Anthropology: The Uses of Biography. Seattle: University of Washington Press, 1966. Essays on the Verbal and Visual Arts. Seattle: University of Washington Press, 19

Moving Ahead for Progress in the 21st Century Act

The Moving Ahead for Progress in the 21st Century Act, MAP-21, is a funding and authorization bill to govern United States federal surface transportation spending. It was passed by Congress on June 29, 2012 and President Barack Obama signed it on July 6; the vote was 373 -- 52 in 74 -- 19 in the Senate. The $105 billion two-year bill does not alter total funding from the previous authorization, but does include many significant reforms; the Congressional Budget Office estimates that enacting MAP-21 will reduce the federal budget deficit over the 2012–22 period by $16.3 billion. The number of funding programs is consolidated by two-thirds; the environmental review process is reformed in an effort to speed up project development. More projects will be categorically excluded from review, there will be a four-year review deadline enforced with financial penalties. Funding for bicycle and pedestrian transportation is reduced and consolidated into a broader program called "Transportation Alternatives."

Half of this funding will go to metropolitan planning organizations and the other half will go to states, which may choose to use the funds for other purposes. Bicycle and rail trail advocates were critical of this change, anticipating a 60-70% drop in funding. A national freight policy will be developed. Tolling on federal highways is reformed. Mainstream tolling is now easier to implement in regards to new highways and expansion and repairs to existing ones. Electronic toll collection facilities had until October 1, 2016 to establish a nationwide interoperability agreement. No funding was provided, no penalty was set for not meeting this deadline, as of November 2017 it has not been met. Several unrelated provisions were attached to the bill: a one-year extension of federal student loan rates through June 30, 2013; the bill contains a provision allowing the State Department to revoke, deny or limit passports for anyone the Internal Revenue Service certifies as having "a delinquent tax debt in an amount in excess of $50,000."

MAP-21 is funded without increasing transportation user fees. Instead, funds were generated through the following measures: Repeal a requirement that the Department of Transportation reimburse the difference in cost between shipping foreign food aid on a U. S.-flag vessel and a foreign-flag vessel Raise additional revenue by increasing the ability of business with excess assets in their pension funds to use them for retiree health and life insurance benefits, by defining businesses that make roll-your-own machines available for consumer use as tobacco manufacturers Change the interest rate that pension plans use to measure their liabilities, increase pension premium rates for both variable and flat rate premium paid to the Pension Benefit Guaranty Corporation and establish a cap on the variable rate premium Allow eligible federal employees to enter into a phased retirement, during which they continue to work part-time while drawing a partial salary and a partial civil service annuity MAP-21 full text