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Nevada

Nevada is a state in the Western United States. It is bordered by Oregon to the northwest, Idaho to the northeast, California to the west, Arizona to the southeast, Utah to the east. Nevada is the 7th most extensive, the 32nd most populous, but the 9th least densely populated of the U. S. states. Nearly three-quarters of Nevada's people live in Clark County, which contains the Las Vegas–Paradise metropolitan area, including three of the state's four largest incorporated cities. Nevada's capital is Carson City. Nevada is known as the "Silver State" because of the importance of silver to its history and economy, it is known as the "Battle Born State" because it achieved statehood during the Civil War. Nevada is desert and semi-arid, much of it within the Great Basin. Areas south of the Great Basin are within the Mojave Desert, while Lake Tahoe and the Sierra Nevada lie on the western edge. About 86% of the state's land is managed by various jurisdictions of the U. S. federal government, both civilian and military.

Before European contact — and still today, American Indians of the Paiute and Washoe tribes inhabited the land, now Nevada. The first Europeans to explore the region were Spanish, they called the region Nevada because of the snow. The area formed part of the Viceroyalty of New Spain, became part of Mexico when it gained independence in 1821; the United States annexed the area in 1848 after its victory in the Mexican–American War, it was incorporated as part of Utah Territory in 1850. The discovery of silver at the Comstock Lode in 1859 led to a population boom that became an impetus to the creation of Nevada Territory out of western Utah Territory in 1861. Nevada became the 36th state on October 31, 1864, as the second of two states added to the Union during the Civil War. Nevada has a reputation for its libertarian laws. In 1940, with a population of just over 110,000 people, Nevada was by far the least-populated state, with less than half the population of the next least-populated state. However, legalized gambling and lenient marriage and divorce laws transformed Nevada into a major tourist destination in the 20th century.

Nevada is the only U. S. state where prostitution is legal, though it is illegal in Clark County, Washoe County and Carson City. The tourism industry remains Nevada's largest employer, with mining continuing as a substantial sector of the economy: Nevada is the fourth-largest producer of gold in the world; the name "Nevada" comes from the Spanish nevada, meaning "snow-covered". Most Nevadans pronounce the second syllable with the "a" as in "trap" while elsewhere it is pronounced with the "a" as in "palm". Although the latter pronunciation is closer to the Spanish pronunciation, it is not the pronunciation preferred by most Nevadans. State Assemblyman Harry Mortenson proposed a bill to recognize the alternate pronunciation of Nevada, though the bill was not supported by most legislators and never received a vote; the Nevadan pronunciation is the one used by the state legislature. At one time, the state's official tourism organization, TravelNevada, stylized the name of the state as "Nevăda", with a breve over the a indicating the locally preferred pronunciation, available as a license plate design.

Nevada is entirely within the Basin and Range Province and is broken up by many north-south mountain ranges. Most of these ranges have endorheic valleys between them, which belies the image portrayed by the term Great Basin. Much of the northern part of the state is within the Great Basin, a mild desert that experiences hot temperatures in the summer and cold temperatures in the winter. Moisture from the Arizona Monsoon will cause summer thunderstorms; the state's highest recorded temperature was 125 °F in Laughlin on June 29, 1994. The coldest recorded temperature was −52 °F set in San Jacinto in 1972, in the northeastern portion of the state; the Humboldt River crosses the state from east to west across the northern part of the state, draining into the Humboldt Sink near Lovelock. Several rivers drain from the Sierra Nevada eastward, including the Walker and Carson rivers. All of these rivers are endorheic basins, ending in Walker Lake, Pyramid Lake, the Carson Sink, respectively. However, not all of Nevada is within the Great Basin.

Tributaries of the Snake River drain the far north, while the Colorado River, which forms much of the boundary with Arizona, drains much of southern Nevada. The mountain ranges, some of which have peaks above 13,000 feet, harbor lush forests high above desert plains, creating sky islands for endemic species; the valleys are no lower in elevation than 3,000 feet, while some in central Nevada are above 6,000 feet. The southern third of the state, where the Las Vegas area is situated, is within the Mojave Desert; the area is closer to the Arizona Monsoon in the summer. The terrain is lower below 4,000 feet, creating conditions for hot summer days and cool to chilly winter nights. Nevada and California have by far the longest diagonal line as a state boundary at just over 400 miles; this line begins in Lake Tahoe nearly 4 miles offshore, continues to the Colorado River where the Nevada, Californi

1936 Baseball Hall of Fame balloting

The first elections to select inductees to the Baseball Hall of Fame were held in 1936. Members of the Baseball Writers' Association of America were given authority to select individuals from the 20th century; the intent was for 15 honorees to be selected before the 1939 ceremonies – 10 from the 20th century and 5 from the 19th. Voters were given free rein to decide for themselves in which group a candidate belonged, with neither group knowing the outcome of the other election. In addition, there was no prohibition on voting for a number of whom received votes. Individuals, banned from baseball – such as Shoeless Joe Jackson and Hal Chase – were not formally excluded, though few voters chose to include them on ballots. In the BBWAA election, voters were instructed to cast votes for 10 candidates, the same number of desired selections. Any candidate receiving votes on at least 75% of the ballots in either election would be honored with induction to the Hall upon its opening in the sport's supposed centennial year of 1939.

A total of 226 ballots were cast, with 2,231 individual votes for 47 specific candidates, an average of 9.87 per ballot. Initial ballots included 33 players listed as suggestions, although revised ballots were sent with an additional 7 names. Candidates who were listed on the ballot as suggestions are indicated here with a dagger; the five candidates who received at least 75% of the vote and were elected are indicated in bold italics. No candidates were elected because of a great deal of confusion regarding the voting procedure; the ballots which were issued in this vote featured a list of suggested candidates, amended after complaints that Ed Delahanty, Willie Keeler and Cy Young should be on this ballot as well as that for the 20th century. Many voters were under the impression that they were to select an "All-Star team" of 10 players, with one at each position; the results were delayed for several days until early February while these reminders and revisions took place. It was further decided, during the tabulations and after the voting, that voters would each be restricted to 5 total votes in order to limit the initial 19th century selections to 5 players.

When the votes were tabulated with this method, only two candidates had totals reaching 50% of the required number. Plans for a runoff election featuring only the top 12 finishers, to be held prior to the 1939 opening of the Hall, never materialized. Candidates who were listed as suggestions on the ballot are indicated here with a †. Candidates who have since been selected in subsequent elections are indicated in italics, as is Honus Wagner, elected in the BBWAA vote: †Cap Anson – 391/2 †Buck Ewing – 391/2 †Willie Keeler – 33 †Cy Young – 321/2 †Ed Delahanty – 211/2 †John McGraw – 17 †Charles Radbourn – 16 †Herman Long – 151/2 †Mike "King" Kelly – 15 †Amos Rusie – 111/2 †Hughie Jennings – 11 †Fred Clarke – 9 Jimmy Collins – 8 †Charles Comiskey – 6 †Jerry Denny – 6 Bill Lange – 6 †Wilbert Robinson – 6 Harry Stovey – 6 †George Wright – 6 †John Clarkson – 5 Honus Wagner – 5 †Albert Spalding – 4 †Hugh Duffy – 31/2 †Ross Barnes – 3 †Charlie Bennett – 3 Kid Nichols – 3 †John Montgomery Ward – 3 †Fred Dunlap – 21/2 Dan Brouthers – 2 Jack Glasscock – 2 Billy Hamilton – 2 Nap Lajoie – 2 Ned Williamson – 2 Bobby Lowe – 11/2 Doug Allison – 1 Joe Battin – 1 Jake Beckley – 1 Tommy Bond – 1 †Jesse Burkett – 1 Lou Criger – 1 Bill Dahlen – 1 Jake Daubert – 1 Jack Doyle – 1 Tim Keefe – 1 †Matt Kilroy – 1 Arlie Latham – 1 Jimmy McAleer – 1 Tommy McCarthy – 1 Cal McVey – 1 Charlie Pabor – 1 Lip Pike – 1 Jack Remsen – 1 Hardy Richardson – 1 Fred Tenney – 1 George Van Haltren – 1 †Bobby Wallace – 1 Deacon White – 1 †Candy Cummings – 0 †Silver Flint – 0 †Lee Richmond – 0 List of members of the Baseball Hall of Fame 1936 Election at www.baseballhalloffame

Salem Willows

Salem Willows is an oceanfront neighborhood and amusement park in Salem, Massachusetts. It is named for the European white willow trees planted there in 1801 to form a shaded walk for patients convalescing at a nearby smallpox hospital; the area became a public park in 1858, in the twentieth century became a summer destination for residents of Boston's North Shore, many of whom escaped the heat of the city on newly popular streetcars. Many establishments on Restaurant Row, the park's north side, served fresh seafood, while a carousel with carved flying horses was another special attraction at an amusement park called Kiddieland that survives to this day with a few other rides that are for children only, as well as a miniature golf course. Although the last of the original restaurants closed in the 1960s, there are still numerous take-out stands to choose from. An ice cream stand near the ocean is one of those stands, it has two large arcades that offers a batting cage, air hockey, several pinball machines and bumper cars.

There is an eatery between the arcade's two game rooms. There are two small beaches located on the Willows, a common place for tourist to go and see the surrounding cities and towns; the beaches are a common place to watch the 4th of July fireworks since you can see three sets of fireworks. The Willows has a famous popcorn stand, known around the North Shore as one of the best places to get popcorn and/or ice cream and/or chicken wings. Official website Salem, section on Salem Willows Salem Public Library Wiki, section on Salem Willows