New Bern is a city in Craven County, North Carolina, United States. As of the 2010 census it had a population of 29,524, which had risen to an estimated 30,113 as of 2020, it is the county seat of Craven County and the principal city of the New Bern Metropolitan Statistical Area. It is located at the confluence near the North Carolina coast, it lies 112 miles east of Raleigh, 80 miles northeast of Wilmington, 162 miles south of Norfolk. New Bern is the birthplace of Pepsi. New Bern was settled in 1710 by Bernese and Palatine immigrants under the auspices of Christoph von Graffenried, 1st Baron of Bernberg; the new colonists named their settlement after Bern, home state of their patron. The English connection with Switzerland had been established by some Marian exiles who sought refuge in Protestant parts of Switzerland. There were marriages between the Royal House of Stuart and notable people in the history of Calvinism; the colonists discovered they had started their settlement on the site of a former Tuscarora village named Chattoka.
This caused conflicts with the Tuscaroras. New Bern is the second-oldest European settled colonial town in North Carolina, after Bath, it served as the capital of the North Carolina colonial government briefly as the state capital. After the American Revolution, New Bern became wealthy and developed a rich cultural life. At one time New Bern was called "the Athens of the South," renowned for its Masonic Temple and Athens Theater; these are both still active today. New Bern has four historic districts listed on the National Register of Historic Places. Within easy walking distance of the waterfront are more than 164 homes and buildings listed on the National Register. Nearby are several bed and breakfasts, restaurants, antiques stores and specialty shops; the historic districts contain many of the city's 2,000 crape myrtles—its official flower—and developed gardens. New Bern has two "Local Historic Districts", a municipal zoning overlay that affords legal protection to the exteriors of New Bern's irreplaceable historic structures.
These areas provide much of New Bern's unique charm, appeal to retirees and heritage tourism, contribute to the city's economic success. The Local Historic Districts, while vitally important to New Bern, comprise only 2.43% of New Bern's 27-square-mile area. There is considerable area available for new development. Varying complex cultures of indigenous peoples had lived along the waterways of North Carolina for thousands of years before Europeans arrived in the area; the Tuscarora, an Iroquoian-speaking people, had migrated south from the Great Lakes area at some ancient time and occupied the area for several hundred years before the first Europeans arrived. They had a village called Chattoka at the confluence of the rivers, they resisted encroachment by the Europeans, resorting to war in 1712. New Bern was settled in 1710 by Bernese and Palatine immigrants under the auspices of Christoph von Graffenried, 1st Baron of Bernberg; the new colonists named their settlement after the Canton of Bern, home state of their patron.
Graffenried had the original plat of the town laid out in the shape of a cross, though development and additional streets have obscured this pattern within the regular street grid. This became the first permanent seat of the colonial government of North Carolina; the Governor's Palace, New Bern, served as the capitol of North Carolina from 1770 until the state government relocated to Raleigh in 1792, after a fire had destroyed much of the capitol. During the 19th-century Federal period, New Bern became the largest city in North Carolina, developed on the trade of goods and slaves associated with plantation agriculture. After Raleigh was named the state capital, New Bern rebuilt its economy by expanding on trade via shipping routes to the Caribbean and New England, it was part of the Triangle Trade in sugar and desired goods. It reached a population of 3,600 in 1815. In 1862 during the early stages of the American Civil War, the area was the site of the Battle of New Bern. Federal forces captured and occupied the town until the end of the war in 1865.
Nearly 10,000 enslaved blacks escaped during this period in the region and went to the Union camps for protection and freedom. The Union Army set up the Trent River contraband camp at New Bern to house the refugees, it organized the adults for work. Missionaries came to teach literacy to both children. After the January 1863 Emancipation Proclamation of President Abraham Lincoln, slaves in Union-occupied territories were declared free; the Army appointed Horace James, a Congregational chaplain from Massachusetts, as the "Superintendent of Negro Affairs for the North Carolina District" on behalf of the Bureau of Refugees and Abandoned Lands. In addition to the Trent River camp, James supervised development of the offshore Roanoke Island Freedmen's Colony, intended to be self-supporting. Beginning in 1863, a total of nearly 4,000 freedmen from North Carolina enlisted in the United States Colored Troops to fight with the Union for their permanent freedom, including 150 men from the colony on Roanoke Island.
Due to the continuous occupation by the Union troops, New Bern avoided some of the destruction of the war years. There was much social disruption because of the occupation and the thousands of freedmen camped near the city. Still, it recovered more than many cities after the war. By the 1870s the lumber industry was developing as the chief part of New
New Dimensions 3 is an anthology of original science fiction short stories edited by Robert Silverberg, the third in a series of twelve. It was first published in hardcover by Nelson Doubleday/SFBC in October 1973, with a paperback edition under the variant title New Dimensions III following from Signet/New American Library in February 1974; the book collects eleven novelettes and short stories by various science fiction authors, together with an introduction by the editor. "Introduction" "The Ones Who Walk Away from Omelas" "Down There" "How Shall We Conquer?" "They Live on Levels" "The Girl Who Was Plugged In" "Days of Grass, Days of Straw" "Notes Leading Down to the Conquest" "At the Bran Foundry" "Tell Me All About Yourself" "Three Comedians" "The Last Day of July" The anthology placed second in the 1974 Locus Poll Award for Best Original Anthology. "The Ones Who Walk Away from Omelas" won the 1974 Hugo Award for Best Short Story, placed sixth in the 1974 Locus Poll Award for Best Short Fiction, was a preliminary nominee for the 2017 Prometheus Hall of Fame Award.
Golden Years is an American television science fiction thriller limited series that aired in seven parts on CBS from July 16 to August 22, 1991 as a part of its 1991 schedule. Harlan Williams, an elderly janitor, is caught up in an explosion at the top-secret laboratory where he works. After surviving but discovering he is now "aging" in reverse, he ends up on the run from an operative of "The Shop". All episodesKeith Szarabajka as Harlan Williams Felicity Huffman as Terry Spann Frances Sternhagen as Gina Williams Ed Lauter as Gen. Louis Crewes R. D. Call as Jude Andrews Bill Raymond as Dr. Richard X. ToddhunterSix or less appearancesStephen Root as Maj. Moreland Philip Lenkowsky as Billy Delois Tim Guinee as Fredericks Graham Paul as Rick Haverford Erik King as Burton John Rothman as Dr. Ackerman Harriet Sansom Harris as Francie Will Matt Malloy as Redding Margo Martindale as Thelma Stephen King as a bus driver King called Golden Years a "novel for television", he "wrote the first five episodes and outlined the last two."
King credited Twin Peaks for making it possible for Golden Years to be produced: "Up until Twin Peaks came on, the only sort of continuing drama that TV understood was soap opera, Knots Landing, that sort of thing. To some degree David Lynch gave them that, but he turned the whole idea of that continuing soap opera inside out like a sock. If you think of Twin Peaks as a man, it's a man in delirium, a man spouting stream-of-consciousness stuff. Golden Years is like Twin Peaks without the delirium." The miniseries was intended to lead into a regular series, therefore ended on a cliffhanger. CBS, decided not to pick up the option on the full series, it was never realized. King asked for four hours of airtime in the following spring to finish the story, but CBS denied him this as well; the home video version changes the last few minutes of the final episode to give the story an optimistic ending. Golden Years on IMDb