New Croton Reservoir

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New Croton Reservoir
New Croton Reservoir.jpg
LocationWestchester County, New York
Coordinates41°13′58.65″N 73°50′23.27″W / 41.2329583°N 73.8397972°W / 41.2329583; -73.8397972Coordinates: 41°13′58.65″N 73°50′23.27″W / 41.2329583°N 73.8397972°W / 41.2329583; -73.8397972
Primary inflowsCroton River
Primary outflowsCroton River
Catchment area57 sq mi (150 km2)
Basin countriesUnited States

The New Croton Reservoir is a reservoir in Westchester County, New York, part of the New York City water supply system lying approximately 22 miles (35 km) north of New York City. It is the collecting point for water from all reservoirs in the Croton Watershed.[1]


The original reservoir was created in 1842 by damming the Croton River, a tributary of the Hudson River. Called Croton Lake, it was New York City's first source of water beyond its city limits. In 1905 the New Croton Dam was new completed, expanding the reservoir into the largest in the Croton Watershed, and one of the bigger of the small reservoirs in the New York City water supply system, it is approximately 9 miles (14 km) long, and it can hold 19 billion US gallons (72,000,000 m3) of water at full capacity. It is also supplied by a 57 square mile (148 km²) drainage basin.[2]

New Croton Reservoir flows into the New Croton aqueduct, then into the Jerome Park Reservoir in The Bronx. In Manhattan its flow is mixed with that from the Catskill aqueduct, the result flowing through the New York City boroughs of Brooklyn and Staten Island, termini of the distribution system.[3]


Panorama view of New Croton reservoir and New Croton Dam

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "New Croton Reservoir". NYS Department of Environmental Conservation. Retrieved 13 March 2016.
  2. ^ Staff (September 24, 1904). "Completing the Great Masonry Dam of, the New Croton Reservoir". Scientific America. Archived from the original on 17 October 2012. Retrieved 13 March 2016. Cite journal requires |journal= (help)
  3. ^ Staff. "Croton Water Supply System". American Society of Civil Engineers. Retrieved 13 November 2016.