SUMMARY / RELATED TOPICS

New Delhi

New Delhi is an urban district of the city of Delhi. New Delhi serves as the capital of India and the seat of all three branches of the Government of India; the foundation stone of New Delhi was laid by Emperor George V during the Delhi Durbar of 1911. It was designed by Sir Edwin Lutyens and Sir Herbert Baker; the new capital was inaugurated on 13 February 1931, by Viceroy and Governor-General of India Lord Irwin. Although colloquially Delhi and New Delhi are used interchangeably to refer to the National Capital Territory of Delhi, these are two distinct entities, with New Delhi forming a small part of the city of Delhi; the National Capital Region is a much larger entity comprising the entire NCT along with adjoining districts in neighbouring states. Calcutta was the capital of India during the British Raj, until December 1911. Calcutta had become the centre of the nationalist movements since the late nineteenth century, which led to the Partition of Bengal by Viceroy of British India, Lord Curzon.

This created massive political and religious upsurge including political assassinations of British officials in Calcutta. The anti-colonial sentiments amongst the public led to complete boycott of British goods, which forced the colonial government to reunite Bengal and shift the capital to New Delhi. Old Delhi had served as the political and financial centre of several empires of ancient India and the Delhi Sultanate, most notably of the Mughal Empire from 1649 to 1857. During the early 1900s, a proposal was made to the British administration to shift the capital of the British Indian Empire, as India was named, from Calcutta on the east coast, to Delhi; the Government of British India felt that it would be logistically easier to administer India from Delhi, in the centre of northern India. The land for building the new city of Delhi was acquired under the Land Acquisition Act 1894. During the Delhi Durbar on 12 December 1911, George V Emperor of India, along with Queen Mary, his consort, made the announcement that the capital of the Raj was to be shifted from Calcutta to Delhi, while laying the foundation stone for the viceroy's residence in the Coronation Park, Kingsway Camp.

The foundation stone of New Delhi was laid by King George V and Queen Mary at the site of Delhi Durbar of 1911 at Kingsway Camp on 15 December 1911, during their imperial visit. Large parts of New Delhi were planned by Edwin Lutyens, who first visited Delhi in 1912, Herbert Baker, both leading 20th-century British architects; the contract was given to Sobha Singh. The original plan called for its construction in Tughlaqabad, inside the Tughlaqabad Fort, but this was given up because of the Delhi-Calcutta trunk line that passed through the fort. Construction began after World War I and was completed by 1931; the city, dubbed "Lutyens' Delhi" was inaugurated in ceremonies beginning on 10 February 1931 by Lord Irwin, the Viceroy. Lutyens designed the central administrative area of the city as a testament to Britain's imperial aspirations. Soon Lutyens started considering other places. Indeed, the Delhi Town Planning Committee, set up to plan the new imperial capital, with George Swinton as chairman, John A. Brodie and Lutyens as members, submitted reports for both north and south sites.

However, it was rejected by the Viceroy when the cost of acquiring the necessary properties was found to be too high. The central axis of New Delhi, which today faces east at India Gate, was meant to be a north–south axis linking the Viceroy's House at one end with Paharganj at the other. Owing to space constraints and the presence of a large number of heritage sites in the north side, the committee settled on the south site. A site atop the Raisina Hill Raisina Village, a Meo village, was chosen for the Rashtrapati Bhawan known as the Viceroy's House; the reason for this choice was that the hill lay directly opposite the Dinapanah citadel, considered the site of Indraprastha, the ancient region of Delhi. Subsequently, the foundation stone was shifted from the site of Delhi Durbar of 1911–1912, where the Coronation Pillar stood, embedded in the walls of the forecourt of the Secretariat; the Rajpath known as King's Way, stretched from the India Gate to the Rashtrapati Bhawan. The Secretariat building, the two blocks of which flank the Rashtrapati Bhawan and houses ministries of the government of India, the Parliament House, both designed by Baker, are located at the Sansad Marg and run parallel to the Rajpath.

In the south, land up to Safdarjung's Tomb was acquired to create what is today known as Lutyens' Bungalow Zone. Before construction could begin on the rocky ridge of Raisina Hill, a circular railway line around the Council House, called the Imperial Delhi Railway, was built to transport construction material and workers for the next twenty years; the last stumbling block was the Agra-Delhi railway line that cut right through the site earmarked for the hexagonal All-India War Memorial and Kingsway, a problem because the Old Delhi Railway Station served the entire city at that time. The line was shifted to run along the Yamuna river, it began operating in 1924; the New Delhi Railway Station opened in 1926, with a single platform at Ajmeri Gate near Paharganj, was completed in time for the city's inauguration in 1931. As construction of the Viceroy's House, Central Secretariat, Parliament House, All-India War Memorial was winding down, the building of a shopping district and a new plaza, Connaught Place, began in 1929, was completed by 1933.

Named after Prince Arthur, 1st Duke of Connaught, i

Ludlow (town), Vermont

Ludlow is a town in Windsor County, United States. The population was 1,963 at the 2010 census. Ludlow is the home of a popular ski resort. Before becoming a ski destination, Ludlow was a mill town, was the home of a General Electric plant until 1977, it was named after Ludlow, Massachusetts, less than 100 miles away. There is a village of Ludlow in the town. According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 35.7 square miles, of which 35.2 square miles is land and 0.54 square miles, or 1.46%, is water. Within the town arelocated the incorporated village of Ludlow and the small hamlets of Grahamville and Smithville. Lake Rescue, a popular lake for recreational activities, is located about three miles north of the town center along Vermont Route 100. Vermont Route 103 passes east–west through the center of town. Interstate 91 does not pass through Ludlow, with the closest access points being Exit 6 in Rockingham and Exit 8 in Weathersfield; as of the census of 2000, there were 2,449 people, 1,060 households, 658 families residing in the town.

The population density was 69.4 people per square mile. There were 3,001 housing units at an average density of 85.1/sq mi. The racial makeup of the town was 98.41% White, 0.20% Black or African American, 0.16% Native American, 0.41% Asian, 0.20% from other races, 0.61% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.24% of the population. There were 1,060 households out of which 24.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 49.5% were married couples living together, 9.9% had a female householder with no husband present, 37.9% were non-families. 31.5% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.8% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.26 and the average family size was 2.80. In the town, the population was spread out with 21.0% under the age of 18, 6.5% from 18 to 24, 26.3% from 25 to 44, 27.6% from 45 to 64, 18.7% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 43 years. For every 100 females, there were 96.2 males.

For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 93.3 males. The median income for a household in the town was $36,969, the median income for a family was $44,375. Males had a median income of $30,911 versus $22,179 for females; the per capita income for the town was $24,708. About 5.9% of families and 7.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 8.6% of those under age 18 and 8.4% of those age 65 or over. Calvin Coolidge, 30th president of the United States.

Březnice (Příbram District)

Březnice is a town in the Central Bohemian Region of the Czech Republic. It has around 3,700 inhabitants. Villages Bor, Dobrá Voda, Martinice, Přední Poříčí and Zadní Poříčí are administrative parts of Březnice. Březnice is home to the Březnice Castle Brewery. Jan Koželuh Carlo Lurago acted here Wenzel Pichl Albert Popper Joachim Edler von Popper, Popper Jiří Veselý, tennis player Media related to Březnice at Wikimedia Commons Municipal website