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New General Catalogue

The New General Catalogue of Nebulae and Clusters of Stars is a catalogue of deep-sky objects compiled by John Louis Emil Dreyer in 1888. It expands upon the cataloguing work of William and Caroline Herschel, John Herschel's General Catalogue of Nebulae and Clusters of Stars; the NGC contains 7,840 objects, known as the NGC objects. It it includes all types of deep space objects, including galaxies, star clusters, emission nebulae and absorption nebulae. Dreyer published two supplements to the NGC in 1895 and 1908, known as the Index Catalogues, describing a further 5,386 astronomical objects. Objects in the sky of the southern hemisphere are catalogued somewhat less but many were observed by John Herschel or James Dunlop; the NGC had many errors, but an attempt to eliminate them was initiated by the NGC/IC Project in 1993, after partial attempts with the Revised New General Catalogue by Jack W. Sulentic and William G. Tifft in 1973, NGC2000.0 by Roger W. Sinnott in 1988; the Revised New General Catalogue and Index Catalogue was compiled in 2009 by Wolfgang Steinicke.

The original New General Catalogue was compiled during the 1880s by John Louis Emil Dreyer using observations from William Herschel and his son John, among others. Dreyer had published a supplement to Herschel's General Catalogue of Nebulae and Clusters, containing about 1,000 new objects. In 1886, he suggested building a second supplement to the General Catalogue, but the Royal Astronomical Society asked Dreyer to compile a new version instead; this led to the publication of the New General Catalogue in the Memoirs of the Royal Astronomical Society in 1888. Assembling the NGC was a challenge, as Dreyer had to deal with many contradicting and unclear reports, made with a variety of telescopes with apertures ranging from 2 to 72 inches. While he did check some himself, the sheer number of objects meant Dreyer had to accept them as published by others for the purpose of his compilation; the catalogue contained several errors relating to position and descriptions, but Dreyer referenced the catalogue, which allowed astronomers to review the original references and publish corrections to the original NGC.

The first major update to the NGC is the Index Catalogue of Nebulae and Clusters of Stars, published in two parts by Dreyer in 1895 and 1908. It serves as a supplement to the NGC, contains an additional 5,386 objects, collectively known as the IC objects, it summarizes the discoveries of galaxies and nebulae between 1888 and 1907, most of them made possible by photography. A list of corrections to the IC was published in 1912; the Revised New Catalogue of Nonstellar Astronomical Objects was compiled by Jack W. Sulentic and William G. Tifft in the early 1970s, was published in 1973, as an update to the NGC; the work did not incorporate several previously-published corrections to the NGC data, introduced some new errors. Nearly 800 objects are listed as "non-existent" in the RNGC; the designation is applied to objects which are duplicate catalogue entries, those which were not detected in subsequent observations, a number of objects catalogued as star clusters which in subsequent studies were regarded as coincidental groupings.

A 1993 monograph considered the 229 star clusters called non-existent in the RNGC. They had been "misidentified or have not been located since their discovery in the 18th and 19th centuries", it found that one of the 229—NGC 1498—was not in the sky. Five others were duplicates of other entries, 99 existed "in some form", the other 124 required additional research to resolve; as another example, reflection nebula NGC 2163 in Orion was classified "non-existent" due to a transcription error by Dreyer. Dreyer corrected his own mistake in the Index Catalogues, but the RNGC preserved the original error, additionally reversed the sign of the declination, resulting in NGC 2163 being classified as non-existent. NGC 2000.0 is a 1988 compilation of the NGC and IC made by Roger W. Sinnott, using the J2000.0 coordinates. It incorporates several errata made by astronomers over the years; the NGC/IC Project is a collaboration formed in 1993. It aims to identify all NGC and IC objects, collect images and basic astronomical data on them.

The Revised New General Catalogue and Index Catalogue is a compilation made by Wolfgang Steinicke in 2009. It is a authoritative treatment of the NGC and IC catalogues. Messier object Catalogue of Nebulae and Clusters of Stars Astronomical catalogue List of astronomical catalogues List of NGC objects The Interactive NGC Catalog Online Adventures in Deep Space: Challenging Observing Projects for Amateur Astronomers. Revised New General Catalogue

Bill Seward

Bill Seward is an American broadcaster and coach/teacher. In addition to calling various professional and college sports in America, Seward has been “on the mic” for NBC’s Summer and Winter Olympic coverage, Rugby World Cup on NBC, Rugby World Cup Sevens on NBC Sports Network, Varsity Cup, Red Bull Cliff Diving World Series, FIS Alpine Skiing World Cup, FIS Nordic Skiing World Cup, European Figure Skating Championships, FINA Synchronized Swimming World Cup, Vuelta a Espana, Eneco Cycling Tour, Tour of Belgium, Tour of Norway, 4 Days of Dunkirk, Paris Marathon, IBU Biathlon World Championships, Tour de Ski and the Four Hills World Cup ski jumping event. Seward is the host of "Robot Wars" on Discovery Science and has appeared on NBC’s "Early Today" along with programs on MSNBC, CNBC, USA Network, Universal Sports and the horse racing networks HRTV and TVG. At CBS Radio in Los Angeles, Seward has earned several Golden Mikes and multiple "Best Radio Anchor Staff" awards, the top honor presented by the Southern California Sports Broadcasters.

He anchored pregame segments on the Dodgers Radio Network and hosted the postgame call-in show, Dodger Talk. Seward has been voted "Top Sports Update Anchor" a record 13 times by the Los Angeles Daily News, he anchored at ESPN on such shows as SportsCenter, ESPNEWS, 2Day at the Races. He was part of ESPN's coverage of the 1984 Summer Olympic Games in Los Angeles. While at ESPN, Seward was a regular contributor to ABC World News This Morning. Seward was the Sports Director at KVIQ in California, he worked for KADY-TV in Oxnard, WNHT-TV in Concord, New Hampshire before returning to his hometown to become an award-winning anchor at KCBS-TV and KNX-AM in Los Angeles. In addition to his broadcasting career, Seward has been featured in Danny Boyle's Steve Jobs, Dan Gilroy's Nightcrawler, David Fincher’s Zodiac and Jay Roach's Recount, along with appearances on television shows Modern Family, I'm Dying Up Here, It's Always Sunny In Philadelphia, Key & Peele, Touch, Everybody Hates Chris, Medium and several others.

Seward is the host of Sega's popular video game, Virtua Fighter 5. A graduate of Loyola Marymount University, Seward was the youngest head football coach in the nation at Saint Bernard High School in Playa del Rey, where he was honored as "Bay Area Coach of the Year." Seward coached at Saint Bernard and at Notre Dame High School in Sherman Oaks and had the privilege of working with several future MLB, NBA and NFL players. 10 questions with Bill Seward MEDIA: ESPN folks might not be having all the fun now with tell-all book due out

Eva Le Gallienne

Eva Le Gallienne was a British-born American stage actress, director and author. A Broadway star by age 21, Le Gallienne consciously ended her work on Broadway to devote herself to founding the Civic Repertory Theatre, in which she was both director and lead actress. Noted for her boldness and idealism, she became a pioneering figure in the American Repertory Movement, which enabled today's Off-Broadway. A versatile and eloquent actress herself, Le Gallienne became a respected stage director, coach and manager. Le Gallienne consciously devoted herself to the art of the theatre as opposed to the show business of Broadway and dedicated herself to upgrading the quality of the stage, she ran the Civic Repertory Theatre Company for 10 years. She managed Broadway's 1100-seat Civic Repertory Theatre at 107 West 14th Street from 1926 to 1932, home to her company whose actors included herself, Burgess Meredith, John Garfield, J. Edward Bromberg, Paul Leyssac, Florida Friebus, David Manners, Leona Roberts.

Le Gallienne was born in London to Richard Le Gallienne, an English poet of French descent, Julie Nørregaard, a Danish journalist. They married in 1897 and separated in 1903 divorcing. After Eva's parents separated when she was four years old and her mother moved to Paris, where she spent her childhood shuttling back and forth between there and Britain. While in Paris, she was taken backstage to meet Sarah Bernhardt, she said "made an enormous impression on me", she made her stage debut at the age of 15 with a walk-on role in a 1914 production of Maurice Maeterlinck's Monna Vanna spent several months in a drama school. She left to perform in a minor comedy as a cockney servant, "brought down the house", receiving excellent reviews; the next year, at the age of 16, Le Gallienne and her mother sailed for New York City, where her first few productions were not successful, she was released from another while it was performing in out of town tryouts. She spent a season performing on the road and in summer stock.

After travelling in Europe for a period of time, she returned to New York and became a Broadway star in several plays including Arthur Richman's Not So Long Ago and Ferenc Molnár's Liliom for the Theatre Guild. Le Gallienne consciously devoted herself to the "art of the theatre" as opposed to the "show business of Broadway", was a pioneer in the emerging American Repertory Theater, she ran the Civic Repertory Theatre Company for 10 years, backed by the financial support of one of her lovers, Alice DeLamar, a wealthy Colorado gold mine heiress, producing 37 plays during that time. She managed Broadway's 1100-seat Civic Repertory Theatre at 107 West 14th Street from 1926–32, home to her company whose actors included herself, J. Edward Bromberg, Paul Leyssac, Florida Friebus, Leona Roberts; as head of the Civic Repertory Theatre, she rejected the admission of Bette Davis, whose attitude she described as "insincere" and "frivolous". The Civic Rep disbanded at the height of the Depression in 1934.

Le Gallienne was awarded the National Medal of Arts in 1986. Le Gallienne never hid her lesbianism inside the acting community, but was never comfortable with her sexuality, struggling with it, she briefly considered arranging for a "front" marriage with actor Basil Rathbone. During the early days of her career she was in the company of witty, libertine actresses Tallulah Bankhead, Estelle Winwood and Blyth Daly, with the four being dubbed "The Four Horsemen of the Algonquin", referring to the Algonquin Round Table. In 1918, while in Hollywood, she began an affair with the actress Alla Nazimova, at her height of fame, who at that time wielded much power in the acting community; the affair ended due to Nazimova's jealousy. Nonetheless, Nazimova liked Le Gallienne much, assisted in her being introduced to many influential people of the day, it was Nazimova who coined the phrase "sewing circles", to describe the intricate and secret lesbian relationships lived by many actresses of the day. Le Gallienne was involved for some time with actresses Tallulah Bankhead, Beatrice Lillie and Laurette Taylor during that time.

In 1920, she became involved with poet and playwright Mercedes de Acosta about whom she was passionate for several years. She and de Acosta began their romance shortly after de Acosta's marriage to Abram Poole which strained their relationship. Still, they vacationed and travelled together at times visiting the salon of famed writer and socialite Natalie Barney. De Acosta wrote two plays for Le Gallienne during Sandro Botticelli and Jehanne de Arc. Neither was successful, they ended their relationship after five years. In 1960, when de Acosta was ill with a brain tumour and in need of money, she published her memoir Here Lies the Heart; the reviews were positive and many close friends praised the book. Le Gallienne was furious, denouncing de Acosta as a liar and claiming she invented the stories for fame, but many of de Acosta's affairs, including that with Le Gallienne, are confirmed in personal correspondence. By early 1927, Le Gallienne was involved with married actress Josephine Hutchinson. Hutchinson's husband started divorce proceedings and named Le Gallienne in the divorce proceedings as "co-respondent".

The press began accusations that named Josephine Hutchinson as a "shadow actress", which at the time meant lesbian. Five months Le Gallienne performed in a play about Emily Dickins


The Sterneckerbräu was a brewery in Munich, Germany. The associated inn served as a meeting place for the first branch of the German Workers' Party, which changed its name to the Nazi Party. Similar to the Bürgerbräukeller, it was a place of pilgrimage for the Nazi movement; the building is now used as a residential and commercial building and is a registered monument on the Bavarian monument list. The Sterneckerbräu was located in Munich's old town in the Tal 38 on the corner of Sterneckerstraße close to the Isartor; the present building covered three plots of land. In Jakob Sandtner's model of the city of Munich from 1570, three two-story houses can be seen. In the 16th and 17th centuries, the house at the corner of Tal and Sterneckergasse was owned by the beer brewer family Sternegger, after whom the road is named since 1696. A brewery had been there since 1557. In the 19th century, the corner house and its eastern neighbor were replaced by a four-story building with a classical facade; this was demolished in 1901, in 1901/02, the present building was built on the site of these two buildings and an additional adjoining plot.

The building was built by Littmann for the brewer Joseph Höcherl. The German Workers Party of Anton Drexler met once a week in the restaurant on the first floor of the new building. On 12 September 1919, Adolf Hitler attended a meeting of the DAP on behalf of the intelligence command of the army; the meeting took place in a meeting room of the Sterneckerbräu. Drexler invited him to join the DAP. Hitler accepted on that date. In October 1919, the first branch of the DAP, which in February 1920 changed its name to the Nazi Party, was set up in a side room of the Sterneckerbräu. In 1921, the Bavarian nationalist and royalist league In Treue fest was founded at the Sterneckerbräu, it was banned by the Nazis on 2 February 1933, re-established in 1952. On 8 November 1933, Hitler opened the Museum of the Nazi Party at the Sterneckerbräu, mentioned in the Baedeker; the first inventory and office furniture, as well as the members' rooms, can still be viewed there. The building survived World War II. In 1957 the restaurant was closed and the first floor was converted into a store.

The Sterneckerbräu is a five-story corner building with a gable roof. The facade of the building facing the Tal has seven windows, the one facing Sterneckerstraße has five; the corner is chamfered with windows in the corner. On the first floor, the building has five large arcade arches at the Tal which serve as showrooms today; the entrance door is between the two leftmost arches. The facade of the building's upper floors is irregular. On the front facade of the building, on the third floor, the third and fourth windows from the left are bay windows, while on the fourth and fifth floors only the fourth windows are bay windows. On the fifth floor, the second and sixth windows have loggias. Heinrich Habel, Johannes Hallinger, Timm Weski: Landeshauptstadt München. In: Bayerisches Landesamt für Denkmalpflege: Denkmäler in Bayern. Kreisfreie Städte und Landkreise. Karl M. Lipp Verlag, München 2009, ISBN 978-3-87490-586-2, page 1104. Mitcham, Samuel W.. Why Hitler?: The Genesis of the Nazi Reich. Westport, Conn: Praeger.

ISBN 978-0-275-95485-7. Stackelberg, Roderick; the Routledge Companion to Nazi Germany. New York: Routledge. ISBN 978-0-415-30860-1

Saint Greca

Saint Greca was a Christian woman who lived on Sardinia. According to tradition she was martyred during the Diocletianic Persecution, she is venerated as a saint by the Catholic Church. Tradition holds that the saint was a Christian living in Decimomannu in the 3rd and 4th centuries, imprisoned and whipped, she was tortured by having three nails hammered into her head to try to force her to recant her faith, before being beheaded in 304. Though there are no sources attesting to her martyrdom's historicity, the cult around saint Greca the martyr dates back at least to the 14th century, when she is mentioned in several documents those referring to the convent at Decimo, attached to the church of Santa Greca; that monastery dated back to the 9th century - a coffin for a nun named Greca from that era has been found in Fangariu Cagliari. A document of 1413 relating to the appointment of an abbess refers to the "monastery and church of saint Greca, martyr, in the town of Decimo" - this is the earliest reference to saint Greca as a martyr.

The present church was rebuilt in the 18th century but still includes the 11th century semi-circular apse reusing proto-Roman building material. In 1618 an inscribed tombstone from the 4th or 5th century was rediscovered, rediscovered in Decimomannu near the ancient church of Santa Greca in 1560, it records a woman called Greca aged 20 years, 2 months and nineteen days and that she was buried on 21 January. Based on these dates and assuming 304 was the year she died, her birthdate has been hypothesized as 12 October 284; the inscription bears the Christ monogram and precedes Greca's name with B. M. the Latin abbreviation for Beatae memoriae or Bene merenti, rather than as thought Beata Martyr ). The inscription was soon linked to the existing cult of saint Greca and Francisco d'Esquivel, archbishop of Cagliari inserted a festival of saint Greca into his diocese's liturgical calendar. In 1633 excavations at the church began - these unearthed a single tomb in the church, containing a single human skeleton.

Considered to be relics of saint Greca, the skeleton was divided in two, with half being placed in the Sanctuary of the Martyrs in Cagliari Cathedral and the other half remaining at Decimo. At the request of the Sacred Congregation of Rites the feast of saint Greca was removed from the diocese's calendar in 1882, only for the Congregation to re-insert it the following year among feasts honoured by local cults. By a decree dated 31 May 2016, Arrigo Miglio, Metropolitan Archbishop of Cagliari, made the church of Santa Greca into a diocesan sanctuary under the title of "Sanctuary of Saint Greca Virgin and Martyr of Decimomannu". On 22 September the same year a Holy Door was opened at the church and it remained open throughout the festivities around Greca's saint's day. Giovanni Spano. Storia della chiesa di Santa Greca presso Decimo Manno ed esercizio spirituale in lingua vernacola che dai divoti si pratica in detta chiesa. Cagliari, Tipografia Alagna, 1876

Aya Jones

Aya Jones N'Guessan is a French model. Aya Jones was born from French mother, she grew up in the 11th district of Paris. Growing up, she practiced ballet, modern jazz, hip-hop, she was discovered by an agent who stopped her on the street and made her sign with her mother agency, The Lions. Her first fashion show was for Prada for whom she was an exclusive at the Spring/Summer 2015 Milan Fashion Week; the following week, she was at Paris Fashion Week where she walked for designers including Giambattista Valli, Miu Miu, Viktor & Rolf, Giambattista Valli and Nina Ricci. Katie Grand, Edward Enninful and Bethann Hardison named her one of the best models of the season, British fashion magazine i-D placed her at the fourth position of their top 10 new faces of 2014 and Interview made her one of the 15 faces of 2015, she was photographed by Steven Meisel for Prada, advertising the brand's Pre-Fall 2015 collection alongside Natalie Westling, Willow Hand and Julia Nobis. According to Vanity Fair, she was the 44th most influent French person in the world in 2015.

She was that same year one of the favorite models of the New York Times. She was on the cover of the August edition of Teen Vogue, titled "Meet the new faces of fashion"; this cover made a lot of noise in the fashion industry because the three models featured on it are women of color and it helps fighting the predominance of white models and the lack of diversity on the industry. She has been on many magazine covers since this one, including Vogue Spain, which titled the cover "Black is beautiful". Jones was noticeably absent from 2017 fashion weeks, because of a jet ski accident in Thailand where she sustained multiple injuries, she punctured her lung and stomach and fractured her arm, pelvis and cranium. After a full year of recovery she returned to modeling with an ad for Mango. Aya Jones at Fashion Model Directory Aya Jones on