Rochester, New Hampshire
Rochester is a city in Strafford County, New Hampshire, United States. As of the 2010 census, the city population was 29,752, in 2017 the estimated population was 30,797; the city includes the villages of East Rochester and North Rochester. Rochester is home to Skyhaven Airport. Rochester was once inhabited by Abenaki Indians of the Pennacook tribe, they fished and farmed, moving locations when their agriculture exhausted the soil for growing pumpkins, squash and maize. Gonic was called Squanamagonic, meaning "the water of the clay place hill."The town was one of four granted by Colonial Governor Samuel Shute of Massachusetts and New Hampshire during his brief term. Incorporated in 1722, it was named for his close friend, Laurence Hyde, Earl of Rochester and brother-in-law to King James II; as was customary, tall white pine trees were reserved for use as masts by the Royal Navy. But hostility with the Abenaki delayed settlement until 1728, although attacks would continue until 1748. Early dwellings clustered together beginning near Haven Hill.
Due to warfare or disease, after 1749 Native American numbers dwindled, although many descendants remain in or around Rochester communities. The community at that time included Farmington, which would be incorporated in 1798, Milton, in 1802. In 1737, the Reverend Amos Main became the first settled pastor of the Congregational Church, located on Rochester Hill; the building would be moved to Rochester Common, which encompassed 250 acres and was called Norway Plain Mille Common after its abundant Norway pines. At the time, the Common extended into. By 1738, the farming community contained 60 families. A statue of Parson Main, sculpted by Giuseppe Moretti, today presides over the town square. By 1780 the area surrounding the Common was the most thickly settled part of town, so a meeting house/church was erected on the east end of the Common with the entrance facing what is now South Main Street. A cemetery was established near the new meeting house, but the ground was found to be too wet, the bodies were removed to the Old Rochester Cemetery.
In 1842 the Meeting House/church was moved to the present-day location at the corner of Liberty and South Main streets. As the years went by the size of the Common would shrink as more of it was sold off for development. A bandstand was constructed in 1914. Today, the Common is used for community activities such as Memorial Day events and for concerts throughout the summer months, in addition to having a walking track. During the Revolutionary War the Common was used as the meeting place for soldiers before going off to war; the common is the location of the city's Civil War monument which bears the names of the 54 men who died then. The monument was dedicated in the 1870s, in the 1880s the statue was added to the monument. Four Civil War cannons decorated the monument, but during World War II the cannon were melted down for use in the war, they were replaced by World War II guns. The bandstand was built in 1914 by Miles Dustin; the flag pole was donated by J. Frank Place in 1917, he was the former publisher of the Rochester Courier.
In 1750, Rochester voted at a town meeting to establish a public school to teach writing and reading to the town's children. The vote was overturned, which violated state laws mandating schools in each community. In 1752 the first public schooling began; the school lasted for 16 weeks and the school master was named John Forst. He was boarded with a different family each month. For many years the city followed the pattern of the first school by opening one and closing it shortly after; the citizens realized a school was necessary but funding one was an issue. In 1783 the state demanded that schools were opened permanently or else the state would penalize them. A year permanent schools were established. Corporal punishment was used by the school masters. In 1806 the school system was divided into districts in accordance with the state law, passed in 1805; this system of districts remained in place until 1884. The schools in this system lacked the necessary educational materials; the number of students attending school across the state diminished.
This led to the abolishment of this system because communities across the state including Rochester had many schools with low numbers of students. In 1850 the city voted to allow the funding of them; however money wasn't raised for high schools until 1868. The first high school did not open until 1857; the principal and teacher was William A. Kimball. At that time a school year lasted for 22 weeks. High school attendance was low and most dropped out before graduating. Mail service was established in 1768 when a post rider traveled from Portsmouth through Berwick and Rochester bringing gazettes. In 1792 this improved when Joseph Paine would pick up mail once a week; when he arrived in town a horn would blow to inform the town of his presence. A regular post office was established on March 1812, in the Barke Tavern; the first postmaster in Rochester was William Barker. The first large business was lumbering, although it would be overtaken by other industries as Rochester developed into a mill town with the Cochecho River to provide water power.
In 1806, 6 tanneries were operating, along with a sawmill, fulling mill, 2 gristmills. By the 1820s-1830s, the town had clockmaker; the Mechanics Company was established in 1834, producing woolen blankets which would win the premium quality award at the 1853 New York Wor
Franconia, New Hampshire
Franconia is a town in Grafton County, New Hampshire, United States. The population was 1,104 at the 2010 census. Set in the White Mountains, Franconia is home to the northern half of Franconia Notch State Park. Parts of the White Mountain National Forest are in the southern portions of the town; the Appalachian Trail crosses the southern part. The town was first granted in 1764 by Colonial Governor Benning Wentworth as Franconia, a name applied to the region by 1760 due to the terrain's resemblance to the Franconian Switzerland in the region of Franconia in Germany. Upon claims that a settlement was not made within the time prescribed under the terms of the charter, it was regranted in 1772 by his nephew, Governor John Wentworth, as Morristown. Sometime between 1779 and 1782, after a legal battle over the two grants, the first grant was recognized and the original name of the town was resumed; the town sits on a rich iron deposit, the region once produced pig iron and bar iron for farm tools and cast iron ware.
Franconia is home to the Cannon Mountain Aerial Tramway, which rises to the 4,100-foot summit of Cannon Mountain. Built in 1938, it was the first passenger aerial tramway in North America. From the time of its construction in 1938 to its retirement in 1980, the original tramway carried 6,581,338 passengers to the summit of Cannon Mountain; the original tramway was replaced by a new 80-passenger tram in 1979. Construction and testing of the new tram were completed in February 1980, the red and yellow tram cars are still running year-round today. Around 1940, actress Bette Davis vacationed in the town bordering Franconia to the west. On a solo hike to Bridal Veil Falls at the western foot of Cannon Mountain, she got lost in the woods. Arthur Farnsworth, who worked at Peckett's Ski School, rescued her from the woods, they soon married. Farnsworth died unexpectedly as a result of freak accident in Los Angeles. Davis had erected in a rock on the trail to Bridal Veil Falls a plaque to commemorate Farnsworth, in, inscribed the words "The Keeper of Stray Ladies," although Davis did not include her name in the plaque.
The plaque can be seen today on the Coppermine Trail to Bridal Veil Falls. The town was home to Franconia College during the 1970s. In the 21st century Franconia has been known as the home of skier Bode Miller who has accumulated several Olympic medals. According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 66.0 square miles, of which 65.7 square miles is land and 0.3 square miles is water, comprising 0.47% of the town. Franconia is drained by the Pemigewasset River, the Gale River, the Ham Branch of the Gale River, in addition to Lafayette Brook; the north-western two-thirds of Franconia lies within the Connecticut River watershed, while the south-eastern corner lies in the Merrimack River watershed. The area of Franconia Notch is well known for its natural features, including Profile and Echo lakes, the Basin, Mount Lafayette, Mount Lincoln, Cannon Mountain. Mount Lafayette, at 5,249 feet above sea level, is the highest peak in Franconia; the Old Man of the Mountain, a profile-like cliff which inspired Nathaniel Hawthorne to write The Great Stone Face, collapsed on May 3, 2003.
In addition to the mountains around Franconia Notch, there are several other four-thousand footers within the town limits: Mount Garfield, Galehead Mountain, South Twin Mountain, Owl's Head. As of the census of 2000, there were 924 people, 384 households, 243 families residing in the town; the population density was 14.0 people per square mile. There were 702 housing units at an average density of 10.7 per square mile. The racial makeup of the town was 97.51% White, 0.11% African American, 0.65% Native American, 0.87% Asian, 0.11% from other races, 0.76% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.32% of the population. There were 384 households out of which 27.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 53.4% were married couples living together, 7.8% had a female householder with no husband present, 36.7% were non-families. 28.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.6% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.23 and the average family size was 2.76.
In the town, the population was spread out with 20.0% under the age of 18, 4.5% from 18 to 24, 21.9% from 25 to 44, 33.1% from 45 to 64, 20.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 47 years. For every 100 females, there were 88.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 82.5 males. The median income for a household in the town was $40,114, the median income for a family was $46,979. Males had a median income of $29,500 versus $24,000 for females; the per capita income for the town was $20,351. About 7.8% of families and 8.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 10.1% of those under age 18 and 4.9% of those age 65 or over. The Frost Place, former home of poet Robert Frost New England Ski Museum Franconia Notch State Park & Cannon Mt Aerial Tramway Bridal Veil Falls Profile House Franconia Iron Works Elisabeth Elliot, Christian author and speaker Jessica Garretson Finch, daughter of minister of the Congregational Church in Franconia, founder of Finch College Robert Frost, poet Sel Hannah and ski area architect Phil Kubicki, creator of the Factor bass guitar Bode Miller, Olympic gold medalist skier Ernest Poole, author Annie Trumbull Slosson and entomologist Town of Franconia official website New Hampshire Economic and Labor Market Information Bureau Profile Franconia Notch State Park Franconia Notch Chamber of Commerce
New Hampshire is a state in the New England region of the northeastern United States. It is bordered by Massachusetts to the south, Vermont to the west and the Atlantic Ocean to the east, the Canadian province of Quebec to the north. New Hampshire is the 10th least populous of the 50 states. Concord is the state capital, it is personal income taxed at either the state or local level. The New Hampshire primary is the first primary in the U. S. presidential election cycle. Its license plates carry the state motto, "Live Free or Die"; the state's nickname, "The Granite State", refers to its extensive granite quarries. In January 1776, it became the first of the British North American colonies to establish a government independent of the Kingdom of Great Britain's authority, it was the first to establish its own state constitution. Six months it became one of the original 13 colonies that signed the United States Declaration of Independence, in June 1788 it was the ninth state to ratify the United States Constitution, bringing that document into effect.
New Hampshire was a major center for textile manufacturing and papermaking, with Amoskeag Manufacturing Company in Manchester at one time being the largest cotton textile plant in the world. Numerous mills were located along various rivers in the state the Merrimack and Connecticut rivers. Many French Canadians migrated to New Hampshire to work the mills in the late 19th and early 20th century. Manufacturing centers such as Manchester and Berlin were hit hard in the 1930s–1940s, as major manufacturing industries left New England and moved to the southern United States or overseas, reflecting nationwide trends. In the 1950s and 1960s, defense contractors moved into many of the former mills, such as Sanders Associates in Nashua, the population of southern New Hampshire surged beginning in the 1980s as major highways connected the region to Greater Boston and established several bedroom communities in the state. With some of the largest ski mountains on the East Coast, New Hampshire's major recreational attractions include skiing and other winter sports and mountaineering, observing the fall foliage, summer cottages along many lakes and the seacoast, motor sports at the New Hampshire Motor Speedway, Motorcycle Week, a popular motorcycle rally held in Weirs Beach in Laconia in June.
The White Mountain National Forest links the Vermont and Maine portions of the Appalachian Trail, has the Mount Washington Auto Road, where visitors may drive to the top of 6,288-foot Mount Washington. Among prominent individuals from New Hampshire are founding father Nicholas Gilman, Senator Daniel Webster, Revolutionary War hero John Stark, editor Horace Greeley, founder of the Christian Science religion Mary Baker Eddy, poet Robert Frost, astronaut Alan Shepard, rock musician Ronnie James Dio, author Dan Brown, actor Adam Sandler, inventor Dean Kamen, comedians Sarah Silverman and Seth Meyers, restaurateurs Richard and Maurice McDonald, President of the United States Franklin Pierce; the state was named after the southern English county of Hampshire by Captain John Mason. New Hampshire is part of the six-state New England region, it is bounded by Quebec, Canada, to the northwest. New Hampshire's major regions are the Great North Woods, the White Mountains, the Lakes Region, the Seacoast, the Merrimack Valley, the Monadnock Region, the Dartmouth-Lake Sunapee area.
New Hampshire has the shortest ocean coastline of any U. S. coastal state, with a length of 18 miles, sometimes measured as only 13 miles. New Hampshire was home to the rock formation called the Old Man of the Mountain, a face-like profile in Franconia Notch, until the formation disintegrated in May 2003; the White Mountains range in New Hampshire spans the north-central portion of the state, with Mount Washington the tallest in the northeastern U. S. – site of the second-highest wind speed recorded – and other mountains like Mount Madison and Mount Adams surrounding it. With hurricane-force winds every third day on average, over 100 recorded deaths among visitors, conspicuous krumholtz, the climate on the upper reaches of Mount Washington has inspired the weather observatory on the peak to claim that the area has the "World's Worst Weather". In the flatter southwest corner of New Hampshire, the landmark Mount Monadnock has given its name to a class of earth-forms – a monadnock – signifying, in geomorphology, any isolated resistant peak rising from a less resistant eroded plain.
Major rivers include the 110-mile Merrimack River, which bisects the lower half of the state north–south and ends up in Newburyport, Massachusetts. Its tributaries include the Contoocook River, Pemigewasset River, Winnipesaukee River; the 410-mile Connecticut River, which starts at New Hampshire's Connecticut Lakes and flows south to Connecticut, defines the western border with Vermont. The state border is not in the center of that river, as is the case, but at the low-water mark on the Vermont side. Only one town – Pittsburg – shares a land border with the st
Franklin, New Hampshire
Franklin is a city in Merrimack County, New Hampshire, United States. At the 2010 census, the population was the least of any of New Hampshire's 13 cities. Franklin includes the village of West Franklin. Situated at the confluence of the Pemigewasset and Winnipesaukee rivers that form the Merrimack River, the town was settled by Anglo-European colonists in 1764 and known as Pemigewasset Village, it was taken from portions of Salisbury, Andover and Northfield. The name Franklin was adopted in 1820 in honor of statesman and founding father Benjamin Franklin. Water power from the falls helped, it would incorporate as a town in 1828, as a city in 1895. Daniel Webster was born in a section of Franklin, part of Salisbury. There is a state historic site located off Route 127 that preserves the famous orator's childhood home; as an adult, Webster owned "The Elms", a farm near the Merrimack River along present-day Route 3. In 1943, the Army Corps of Engineers created the Franklin Falls Reservoir above Franklin by constructing the Franklin Falls Dam for flood control on the Pemigewasset River.
Franklin is located at 43°26′49″N 71°39′25″W. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 29.1 square miles, of which 27.3 square miles is land and 1.9 square miles is water, comprising 6.31% of the town. It is drained by the Winnipesaukee and Merrimack rivers. Webster Lake is in the north; the highest point in Franklin is an unnamed summit near the northwestern corner of the city limits, where the elevation reaches 1,370 feet above sea level. Franklin lies within the Merrimack River watershed. U. S. Route 3 and New Hampshire Route 11 form the main street of Franklin. Heading east, the two routes lead to New Hampshire. US 3 leads south to Concord, while NH 11 goes west to Andover and New London. New Hampshire Route 127 passes through downtown Franklin, leading southwest to Salisbury and Contoocook, north into Sanbornton. New Hampshire Route 3A leads north from West Franklin to Bristol; as of the census of 2010, there were 8,477 people, 3,407 households, 2,179 families residing in the city.
There were 3,938 housing units, of which 531, or 13.5%, were vacant. 193 of the vacant units were for seasonal or recreational use. The racial makeup of the town was 96.2% white, 0.5% African American, 0.5% Native American, 0.8% Asian, 0.02% Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander, 0.3% some other race, 1.7% from two or more races. 1.6% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. Of the 3,407 households, 30.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 44.8% were headed by married couples living together, 13.5% had a female householder with no husband present, 36.0% were non-families. 28.4% of all households were made up of individuals, 11.8% were someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.43, the average family size was 2.93. In the city, 22.3% of the population were under the age of 18, 8.0% were from 18 to 24, 25.6% from 25 to 44, 29.0% from 45 to 64, 15.1% were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40.2 years. For every 100 females, there were 91.7 males.
For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 88.9 males. For the period 2011-2015, the estimated median annual income for a household was $43,237, the median income for a family was $52,390. Male full-time workers had a median income of $43,179 versus $34,708 for females; the per capita income for the city was $22,318. 21.1% of the population and 16.6% of families were below the poverty line. 40.2% of the population under the age of 18 and 12.5% of those 65 or older were living in poverty. Franklin High School Sulphite Railroad Bridge Daniel Webster Birthplace State Historic Site Jedh Barker, marine. S. congressman Ram Dass, US spiritual leader John King Fairbank, historian Robert Moller Gilbreth, New Hampshire state legislator and businessman Robert M. Leach, U. S. congressman Jenna Lewis, contestant on Survivor G. W. Pierce, physicist Arthur Schlesinger, Jr. historian Daniel Webster, Secretary of State, U. S. senator and congressman City of Franklin official website Franklin Public Library Franklin Historical Society Franklin Opera House Lakes Region Snowmobile Club New Hampshire Economic and Labor Market Information Bureau Profile
Democratic Party (United States)
The Democratic Party is one of the two major contemporary political parties in the United States, along with the Republican Party. Tracing its heritage back to Thomas Jefferson and James Madison's Democratic-Republican Party, the modern-day Democratic Party was founded around 1828 by supporters of Andrew Jackson, making it the world's oldest active political party; the Democrats' dominant worldview was once social conservatism and economic liberalism, while populism was its leading characteristic in the rural South. In 1912, Theodore Roosevelt ran as a third-party candidate in the Progressive Party, beginning a switch of political platforms between the Democratic and Republican Party over the coming decades, leading to Woodrow Wilson being elected as the first fiscally progressive Democrat. Since Franklin D. Roosevelt and his New Deal coalition in the 1930s, the Democratic Party has promoted a social liberal platform, supporting social justice. Well into the 20th century, the party had conservative pro-business and Southern conservative-populist anti-business wings.
The New Deal Coalition of 1932–1964 attracted strong support from voters of recent European extraction—many of whom were Catholics based in the cities. After Franklin D. Roosevelt's New Deal of the 1930s, the pro-business wing withered outside the South. After the racial turmoil of the 1960s, most Southern whites and many Northern Catholics moved into the Republican Party at the presidential level; the once-powerful labor union element became less supportive after the 1970s. White Evangelicals and Southerners became Republican at the state and local level since the 1990s. People living in metropolitan areas, women and gender minorities, college graduates, racial and ethnic minorities in the United States, such as Jewish Americans, Hispanic Americans, Asian Americans, Arab Americans and African Americans, tend to support the Democratic Party much more than they support the rival Republican Party; the Democratic Party's philosophy of modern liberalism advocates social and economic equality, along with the welfare state.
It seeks to provide government regulation in the economy. These interventions, such as the introduction of social programs, support for labor unions, affordable college tuitions, moves toward universal health care and equal opportunity, consumer protection and environmental protection form the core of the party's economic policy. Fifteen Democrats have served as President of the United States; the first was President Andrew Jackson, the seventh president and served from 1829 to 1837. The most recent was President Barack Obama, the 44th president and held office from 2009 to 2017. Following the 2018 midterm elections, the Democrats held a majority in the House of Representatives, "trifectas" in 14 states, the mayoralty of numerous major American cities, such as Boston, Los Angeles, New York City, San Francisco, Portland and Washington, D. C. Twenty-three state governors were Democrats, the Party was the minority party in the Senate and in most state legislatures; as of March 2019, four of the nine Justices of the Supreme Court had been appointed by Democratic presidents.
Democratic Party officials trace its origins to the inspiration of the Democratic-Republican Party, founded by Thomas Jefferson, James Madison and other influential opponents of the Federalists in 1792. That party inspired the Whigs and modern Republicans. Organizationally, the modern Democratic Party arose in the 1830s with the election of Andrew Jackson. Since the nomination of William Jennings Bryan in 1896, the party has positioned itself to the left of the Republican Party on economic issues, they have been more liberal on civil rights issues since 1948. On foreign policy, both parties have changed position several times; the Democratic Party evolved from the Jeffersonian Republican or Democratic-Republican Party organized by Jefferson and Madison in opposition to the Federalist Party of Alexander Hamilton and John Adams. The party favored republicanism; the Democratic-Republican Party came to power in the election of 1800. After the War of 1812, the Federalists disappeared and the only national political party left was the Democratic-Republicans.
The era of one-party rule in the United States, known as the Era of Good Feelings, lasted from 1816 until the early 1830s, when the Whig Party became a national political group to rival the Democratic-Republicans. However, the Democratic-Republican Party still had its own internal factions, they split over the choice of a successor to President James Monroe and the party faction that supported many of the old Jeffersonian principles, led by Andrew Jackson and Martin Van Buren, became the modern Democratic Party. As Norton explains the transformation in 1828: Jacksonians believed the people's will had prevailed. Through a lavishly financed coalition of state parties, political leaders, newspaper editors, a popular movement had elected the president; the Democrats became the nation's first well-organized national party and tight party organization became the hallmark of nineteenth-century American politics. Opposing factions led by Henry Clay helped form the Whig Party; the Democratic Party had a small yet decisive advantage over the Whigs until the 1850s, when the Whigs fell apart over the issue of slavery.
In 1854, angry with the Kansas–Nebraska Act, anti-slavery Dem
Jeanne Dietsch is a Democratic member of the New Hampshire Senate, representing the 9th District since 2018. Prior to joining the legislature, Jeanne Dietsch was a tech entrepreneur, she co-founded MobileRobots Inc/ActivMedia Robotics in 1995 and served as its Chief Executive Officer until the company was sold in 2010 to Adept Robotics in Silicon Valley. Under her leadership, MobileRobots' Pioneer became the launch platform for Microsoft Robotics Developer Studio; the company is now owned by Omron Automation. Jeanne Dietsch grew up in Marion, with her parents and three brothers, her mother, Betty Dietsch, is a former English professor, who authored college textbooks, including McGraw-Hill's Reading and Writing Well. Her father, George Dietsch, started out as manager of the Marion Livestock Company, after serving in the US Army during World War II became partner and president of the parent corporation, Ward Livestock Company, her eldest brother, Neil, is president of the Alabama Chess Federation and founded Alabama Chess in Schools.
Jeanne left Marion in 1970 to attend Illinois Institute of Technology in Chicago for two years transferred to Western Michigan University, where she graduated with a B. S. in 1974. She moved to Ann Arbor and married Bill Kennedy in the same year; the couple have two children and Ethan. The two founded ActivMedia Robotics together in 1995. Jeanne Dietsch began her entrepreneurial career at age 29 as president of an Oak Park, market research venture, TALMIS, co-owned with Patrick Joseph McGovern of International Data Group; the company studied the burgeoning market for personal computers and software in homes. After selling that start-up and moving to Peterborough, New Hampshire and her husband started Kinemation, a software development company, whose games included Intrigue! Published by Spectrum HoloByte; the game was one of the earliest graphical adventures, with characters including herself and friends such as author Boman Desai. Dietsch started her next company by publishing an e-commerce market report, "Who's Succeeding on the Internet and How", months after the Internet opened to the public for commerce.
She and Anne Wujcik, her former partner from TALMIS, surveyed all 1,100 companies listed in Yahoo. In 1995, Dietsch co-founded the enterprise that would become ActivMedia Robotics. For 16 years, her team designed and built complex systems underlying the autonomous programmable intelligent mobile robotic bases and control systems for autonomous interior mapping and navigation, including multiple patents; some of their research was funded through a US National Institutes of Health Small Business Innovation Research grant. Dietsch served on the board of the IEEE Robotics and Automation Society Industrial Activities committee and wrote a quarterly column for Robotics & Automation magazine, she served on the review board of Industrial Robot journal and the editorial board of Intelligent Service Robotics Journal and helped found the Robotics Technology Consortium. She directs non-profit Sapiens Plurum which, in conjunction with the Future of Life Institute, runs an annual short-fiction contest to "inspire us — the first species that can intentionally impact its own evolution — to aspire beyond what was humanly possible."
After helping transition MobileRobots Inc. to its new owners, Dietsch earned a Masters in Public Administration from Harvard's John F. Kennedy School of Government. After returning from Cambridge, Jeanne began working in local government, leading strategic planning for the Peterborough Economic Development Authority. Dietsch ran for State Senate in New Hampshire in 2016, losing in the primary to four-time candidate Lee Nyquist. In 2018, Dietsch bested two competitors, she won the general election against Republican Dan Hynes, 14,037 to 12,776. In Concord, Dietsch serves as Vice Chair of the Senate Education and Workforce Development Committee, she is a member of the Ways and Means Committee, the Joint Legislative Committee on Administrative Regulation and the Business Finance Authority. Roots of Grass: What I heard America singing while knocking on 2000 doors, a grassroots campaign story Amazon, 2017 Loving AGI's Workshop on Socioeconomic Implications, 8th Annual Conference on Artificial General Intelligence, Berlin-Brandenburg Academy of Sciences and Humanities, July, 2015 Intelligent transportation systems model for optimizing productivity while retaining individual freedom in a complex artificial, human & robot intelligence environment NSF Sponsored Workshop: Research Issues at the Boundary of AI and Robotics, Jan, 2015 Could we become more humane as we become more sapiens?
Maximizing the heart as well as the mind, Slides from presentation at ECCO Evolution and Cognition Seminar Vrije Universitaet Brussel, 2014 AGI "R" Us: The vital link AAAI Spring Symposium, Stanford University, 2014] DARPA entices roboticists to take the next step IEEE Robotics and Automation magazine, Vol 19:3, September, 2012 Sidekicks to superheroes IEEE Robotics and Automation magazine, Vol 19:2, June, 2012 Designing tools for the 99% IEEE Robotics and Automation magazine, Vol 19:2, June, 2012 Engineering from prank to product IEEE Robotics and Automation magazine, Vol 18:3, September, 2011 Imitating ourselves in silicon IEEE Robotics and Automation magazine, Vol 18:1, March, 2011 Natural Intelligence and Artificial Stupidity: Airport Security Needs Better Humans, Not Machines IEEE Spectrum, February 10, 2011 People meeting robots in the workplace IEEE Robotics and Automation magazine, Vol 17:2, June, 2010 No robots don't steal people's jobs IEEE Spectrum magazine, May, 2010 Future Technologies pane
Londonderry, New Hampshire
Londonderry is a town in western Rockingham County, New Hampshire, United States. The town sits between the largest and fourth-largest communities in the state; the population was 24,129 at the 2010 census and an estimated 26,126 in 2017. Londonderry is known for its apple orchards and is home to the headquarters of Stonyfield Farm and part of Manchester-Boston Regional Airport; the more densely settled portion of town, where 11,037 people resided at the 2010 census, is defined as the Londonderry census-designated place and occupies the southeastern and southern parts of town, around New Hampshire Route 102. Londonderry lies in an area, first known as "Nutfield" because of the dense woods with nut trees. A petition for the town was submitted to the General Court of the Province of New Hampshire on September 23rd, 1719; that petition stated that the petitioners had settled “at Nutfield about the Eleventh of Aprile last” – i.e. April 11th, 1719; that petition requested “ten miles square” and stated that there were now about seventy families and inhabitants from both Ireland and New England.
Many of the Scots-Irish settlers had left their homes in Londonderry in the Province of Ulster in the north of Ireland, arrived in Boston in 1718 to start a new life without religious wars and persecution. On June 21st, 1722, the town was chartered and given the name "Londonderry"; the grant made by Samuel Shute, Governor of the Province of New Hampshire, was for a tract of land described as follows: "Beginning on the North East Angle at a Beach Tree marked, the south East angle of Chester and Running from thence due South on Kingstown Line four miles and an half and from thence on a West Line one mile and three Quarters and from thence South six miles and an half and from thence West north West nine miles and an half, from thence North Eleven miles and an half from thence north north East Three miles from thence East South East one mile and from thence South South West to the South West Angle of Chester and from thence on an East Line Bounding on Chester Ten miles unto the Beach Tree first mentioned.”
The town was divided into two parishes on February 25th, 1739/40. Windham was set off and incorporated on February 12th, 1741/42; the northwest portion, with other land, was incorporated as Derryfield, now Manchester, on September 3rd, 1751. Derry was incorporated on July 2nd, 1827. Border adjustments and annexations were made throughout this period continuing until June 27th, 1857, when the line with Hudson was established. Approval of the petition submitted to the Province of New Hampshire required the petitioners to obtain an agreement from Col. John Wheelwright for the sale of the land, he held claim to it based on a grant to his grandfather. That agreement was obtained on October 12th, 1719, included a statement of the bounds, extending west as far as the Merrimack River; this conflicted with a grant for the town of Dunstable, now Nashua, made by the Massachusetts Bay Colony in 1673. The provincial line between Massachusetts and New Hampshire was not settled in its present location until 1741.
Thus when Londonderry was granted, the westernmost portion lay within the Dunstable grant and the Province of Massachusetts Bay. The resulting land conflicts with "Dunstable encroachers" were still being dealt with by the town in 1783 and 1791. Private owners were resolving these conflicts between each other as late as 1812; the Manchester and Lawrence Railroad was opened in November 1849, with depots at North Londonderry, Wilson's Crossing and Windham. Two months on January 26th, 1850, Dearborn Whittier, a prominent resident, was hit and killed by a railroad car at Wilson's Crossing. On March 12th the town voted to require gates at all crossings, although the issue persisted for a few more years; the Manchester and Derry Street Railroad, sometimes referred to as the Derry and Manchester Street Railroad or trolley car, opened in December 1907 and operated between Broadway in Derry and Elm Street in Manchester until August 1926. In 1719, the first American potato was grown in Derry a part of Londonderry.
The first U. S. census, conducted in 1790, reported the town's population to be 2,622. Londonderry is the westernmost municipality in Rockingham County, it is bordered by the towns of Auburn to the northeast, Derry to the east, Windham to the southeast, all in Rockingham County, by Hudson to the south, Litchfield to the west, Manchester to the north, in Hillsborough County. According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 42.1 square miles, of which 42.0 square miles is land and 0.1 square miles is water, comprising 0.31% of the town. The town of Londonderry is drained on the east and south by Beaver Brook and on the west by Little Cohas Brook, Watts Brook, Colby Brook and Nesenkeag Brook, all of which flow to the Merrimack River; the town's highest point is 535 feet above sea level, on Number Eight Hill north of the center of town. The town is crossed by Interstate 93, New Hampshire Route 102, New Hampshire Route 128, New Hampshire Route 28. Half of Manchester–Boston Regional Airport, including the main terminal, is in the northwest corner of the town.
Though Londonderry has grown to become one of the larger towns, by population, in the state, it lacks any concentrated downtown area, central business district, or town center. No village had developed in Londonderry, as it was a rural farming area. Population growth in the town only began in the 1970s, when the construction of I-93 turned Londonderry into a bedroom community and exurb for the Greater Boston area; the major retail district lies in the town's southeastern corner ne