New Japan Pro-Wrestling Co. Ltd. is a Japanese professional wrestling promotion based in Nakano, Tokyo. Founded in January 1972 by Antonio Inoki, the promotion was sold to Yuke's, who sold it to Bushiroad in 2012. TV Asahi and Amuse, Inc. own minority shares of the company. Naoki Sugabayashi has served as the promotion's Chairman since September 2013, while Harold Meij has served as the President of the promotion since May 2018. Owing to its TV program aired on TV Asahi, NJPW is the largest professional wrestling promotion in Japan, it was affiliated with the National Wrestling Alliance at various points in its history. NJPW has had agreements with various MMA and professional wrestling promotions around the world, including WWE, World Championship Wrestling, American Wrestling Association, World Class Championship Wrestling, Impact Wrestling, WAR, UWFi, Ring of Honor, Pride Fighting Championships, Jersey All Pro Wrestling. NJPW's biggest event is the January 4 Tokyo Dome Show, held each year since 1992 and promoted under the Wrestle Kingdom banner.
The promotion is owned by Japanese card game company Bushiroad, which parlayed its entry to the world of professional wrestling into a best-selling trading card game, King of Pro Wrestling, appearances from NJPW stars in its various franchises. The promotion was founded by Antonio Inoki on January 13, 1972 after his departure from the Japan Pro Wrestling Alliance promotion; the first NJPW event, titled Opening Series, took place on March 6, 1972, in the Ota Ward Gymnasium in Tokyo, to a crowd of 5,000. The following year, NJPW signed a television deal with NET TV, now known as Asahi TV; the company was overseen by the International Wrestling Grand Prix. In 1983, Hulk Hogan became the first IWGP Heavyweight Champion by defeating Inoki. However, this championship was abandoned and the current version of the championship was established in 1987. Inoki would serve as the president of the promotion until 1989, when he was replaced by Seiji Sakaguchi. On April 24, 1989, NJPW hosted its first show in the Tokyo Dome.
The promotion was a member of the National Wrestling Alliance from 1975 to 1985 and once more from 1992 to 1993. NJPW was reaffiliated with the NWA in the late 2000s to the early 2010s as well. On January 4, 1992, NJPW partnered with World Championship Wrestling to produce WCW/New Japan Supershow II, the first January 4 Tokyo Dome Show, an event that would become an annual tradition for NJPW and is considered their biggest event of the year and comparable to WWE's WrestleMania event. In April 1995, NJPW and WCW held the two-day Collision in Korea event at the Rungrado 1st of May Stadium in Pyongyang, North Korea; the event is the first professional wrestling event held in North Korea and holds the record for most attended wrestling event of all time, with 355,000 people packing the stadium over the two days. In the early 2000s, the burgeoning popularity of mixed martial arts in Japan was noticed by Inoki, who wanted to integrate elements of shoot wrestling to make the company appear more realistic.
The company would partner with martial arts organization K-1 and begin to insert wrestlers into MMA fights, with the goal of pushing NJPW in a more realistic direction and to make it appear as an actual sport. The company's new management was criticized by critics and fans, the combination of MMA and professional wrestling was dubbed "Inokism". Inoki departed NJPW in 2005 after selling his share of the company to Yuke's, began his own promotion, the Inoki Genome Federation, in 2007. After his departure, Inoki's son-in-law Simon took over the company, before Naoki Sugabayashi was appointed president in 2007 after Simon left NJPW to join Antonio in IGF. After the departure of the Inoki family, the company began to reintegrate its prior puroresu style of wrestling. In 2007, NJPW hosted its first pay-per-view event Wrestle Kingdom I; the promotion debuted a new series called NEVER in August 2010, designed to be a series of events spotlighting younger up-and-coming New Japan talent and feature more outsider participation in the promotion.
The final NEVER event was held in November 2012. On January 4, 2011, New Japan announced the NJPW Invasion Tour 2011: Attack on East Coast, the promotion's first tour of the United States to be held in May 2011; the tour featured shows in Rahway, New Jersey on May 13, New York City on May 14 and Philadelphia, Pennsylvania on May 15, as well as cross-promotion with American independent group Jersey All Pro Wrestling. As part of the tour, NJPW introduced the IWGP Intercontinental Championship. On January 31, 2012, Yuke's announced that it had sold all shares of New Japan Pro-Wrestling to card game company Bushiroad for ¥500 million. New Japan aired its first internet pay-per-view, the fourth day of the 2012 G1 Climax, on August 5, 2012; the October 8, 2012, King of Pro-Wrestling pay-per-view marked the first time viewers outside Japan were able to order a pay-per-view by the promotion through Ustream. On October 5, 2012, New Japan announced the creation of the NEVER Openweight Championship, which would be contested for on the NEVER series.
A two-day tournament to determine the inaugural champion was held between November 15 and 19, 2012. In February 2014, New Japan announced a partnership with ROH, which saw the promotion return to North America the following May to present two supershows. During the tour, New Japan wrestlers took part in an event held by Canadian promotion Border City Wrestling. A year NJPW and ROH announced another tour together to produce four more supershow
Suéter, was an Argentine rock band, formed in mid-1981. The group has contributed to many classics in its country's popular songbook, such as "Amanece en la ruta", "Él anda diciendo", "Comiendo gefilte fish", "Vía México" and "Extraño ser". Led by Miguel Zavaleta was built by Fabiana Cantilo and Celsa Mel Gowland as showgirls, they Juan del Barrio and Gustavo Donés, training with which they recorded the first album were added. They had the support of Charly García who invited as the opening act, but the public rejected, they reached some recognition and some massive hits like "Vía México", a song from 1985, on the illegality of divorce, at a time when the country was preparing to establish the law admitted it. In 1987, Miguel left the band to try a solo career without much success. Returning to 1994, with a renewed and Miguel Zavaleta training as only original member replaced by Laura Gómez Palma). In 2003, the original lineup that had recorded the first album in 1982 with drummer meets Hernán "Fresa" Robic.
The band stays together until the December 8, 2007 Gustavo Donés dies, due to internal conflict and the group broke up shortly after leaving a new unreleased album. Drums: Daniel Colombres, Claudio "Pato" Loza in and Claudio Venier Bass: Edgardo Roggati –, Gustavo Donés –, Edgardo Folino –. Guitar: Jorge Minissale –, José Luis "Sarten" Asaresi – Keyboard and voice: Miguel Zavaleta, Keyboard: Juan del Barrio, Alejandro Desilvestre – Suéter: La reserva moral de Occidente Lluvia de gallinas 20 caras bonitas Misión ciudadano 1 Sueter 5 Suéter Completo Elefantes en el techo Argentine rock Fabiana Cantilo Charly García
In Getaped.com, Inc. v. Cangemi, Judge Alvin Hellerstein of the U. S. District Court for the Southern District of New York was presented with the novel issue of whether a copyrightable work made available over the internet could be considered published under the Copyright Act of 1976. Through analogy to traditional physical distribution, the court held that this indeed constituted publication; the plaintiff's website, an online resource for buying mechanical scooters and the like, became available publicly on the internet in 1999. A version of the website was registered with the Copyright Office in August 2000. Beginning in the early summer of 2000, the defendants' website went live, its content had been copied directly from the source code of Getaped.com, offered similar services. Alleging damage to their business, Getaped filed a copyright infringement suit against the defendants. Magistrate Judge Ronald L. Ellis, calling the Getaped website an unpublished work, awarded the plaintiff a license fee of $1050.
At the district court, Judge Hellerstein reconsidered the appropriate damages to which the plaintiff was entitled. Under the Copyright Act, statutory damages can only be awarded for works registered with the Copyright Office; the copying had occurred before the website had been registered, but within the three-month grace period available for published works. Therefore, the plaintiff would only be entitled to statutory damages for the infringement if the website could be classified as a published work under the copyright act. Under American copyright law, a work has been published once copies have been distributed to the public. Before the elimination of copyright formalities, publication without notice could result in forfeiture of an author's rights. Thus, cases considering whether or not publication had occurred focused on how many physical copies of the work had left the author's control and entered the stream of distribution. In reference to more intangible works, such as Martin Luther King, Jr.'s "I Have a Dream" speech, the courts paid special attention to whether physical copies of the work had been made available to the public.
The court likened the fact that, once made available on the internet, anyone could have saved a copy of the website's source code to their personal computer and held that the website was indeed published. The opinion's reasoning on internet publication received a mixed academic reception. Melville Nimmer and David Nimmer defended the decision as a proper interpretation of the distributive definition of publication within the copyright act, that publishing a website is the functional equivalent of a lending which would have triggered publication in the physical realm. Others have argued that making a website available is akin to a public performance or a transmission, which have traditionally not been considered publication because tangible copies were not distributed to the public. Others argued that any copying of a website's code, besides the copying necessary to view web content, would be unauthorized and thus not a publication; the question of internet copyright publication arises in multiple contexts given the reliance of multiple statutes on the published or unpublished status of a work.
In the international realm, the country of first publication determines whether a work can be treated as a "U. S. work" under American law. In a case brought against Nelly Furtado and Timbaland in a federal court in Florida this issue became relevant; because certain non-U. S. Works are not subject to the pre-registration requirement, a work published in the United States can qualify as a U. S. work, the published status of the infringed work was relevant. Following the Getaped line of reasoning, the court found that the work was published, therefore a U. S. work--and because it had not been registered prior to the lawsuit's filing dismissed the case imposing copyright formalities on a Berne Convention national
A Woman's Heart is a compilation of twelve tracks performed by six female Irish artists, namely Eleanor McEvoy, Mary Black, Dolores Keane, Sharon Shannon, Frances Black and Maura O'Connell. The album was released in July 1992 and sold over 750,000 copies, more than any other album in Irish chart history and nearly one million copies worldwide; the 20th anniversary of its release was celebrated with four sold-out performances at the Olympia Theatre in Dublin, Ireland. Eleanor McEvoy, Mary Coughlan, Sharon Shannon, Dolores Keane, Wallis Bird and Hermione Hennessy were on the bill. Further anniversary concerts are being planned. In April 2012, Kiera Murphy produced a documentary entitled Our Woman's Hearts which explores how A Woman's Heart came about, why it became so popular, the effect it has had on three generations of some Irish women; the documentary is a part of RTÉ Radio 1's series Documentary on One. "The Secret of Living", written by Eleanor McEvoy was released in July 2012 to celebrate the 20th Anniversary of the A Woman's Heart.
The song is performed by Eleanor McEvoy, Mary Coughlan, Sharon Shannon, Gemma Hayes and Hermione Hennessey. "Only a Woman's Heart" – composed and sung by Eleanor McEvoy, performed with Mary Black "Caledonia" – Dolores Keane "Vanities" – Mary Black "Blackbird" – Sharon Shannon "Wall of Tears" – Frances Black "Summerfly" – Maura O'Connell "Island" – Dolores Keane "I Hear You Breathing In" – Eleanor McEvoy "Sonny" – Mary Black "Coridinio" – Sharon Shannon "Living in These Troubled Times" – Maura O'Connell "After the Ball" – Frances Black
Jean-Antoine Panet was a notary, judge and political figure in Lower Canada. He was born in Quebec in the son of Jean-Claude Panet, he served in the militia defending the town of Quebec during the American Revolution and he attained the rank of Lieutenant-colonel in the militia. Panet entered practice as a notary in 1772, but began to practice as a lawyer the following year, he became seigneur of Bourg-Louis in 1777. In 1779, he married daughter of Philippe-Louis-François Badelard. Like others in the province, Panet lobbied for a legislative assembly. In 1792, he was elected to the Legislative Assembly of Lower Canada for the Upper Town of Quebec. In 1794, he was appointed a judge of the Court of Common Pleas and resigned his post as speaker at that time. Panet was named a judge of the Court of King's Bench for the District of Montreal, but refused this second appointment, he was reelected to the assembly for the Upper Town in 1796, 1800, 1804 and in 1814. In 1808, he was elected for Huntingdon, he was elected speaker again in 1797.
In 1815, he resigned his seat in the legislative assembly to accept a nomination to the Legislative Council. He died in office at Quebec in 1815. In 1823 the government awarded his widow an annual pension, his son Philippe served in the legislative assembly. His son Louis served in the Senate of Canada, his brother Bernard Claude was archbishop of Quebec and his brother Jacques was a parish priest of Notre-Dame-de-Bon-Secours. "Biography". Dictionnaire des parlementaires du Québec de 1792 à nos jours. National Assembly of Quebec. "Jean-Antoine Panet". Dictionary of Canadian Biography. University of Toronto Press. 1979–2016
Yuk-ling Yung is Professor of Planetary Science, California Institute of Technology, 1986 to present. He was educated at the University of California, Berkeley earning B. S. in Engineering Physics, with honors, at Harvard University, acquiring a Ph. D. in Physics in 1974. Yung specializes in the chemistry of planetary atmospheres, he has worked on a number of NASA projects including Galileo, Cassini-Huygens, the Earth Observing System. He won the NASA Exceptional Scientific Achievement Medal in 2004 and became the first Taiwanese winner of the Kuiper Award in 2015, he is cited in the American Women of Science. In an article in journal Science, it was reported that planetary science professor Yuk Yung, along with physics research scientist Tracey Tromp, Assistant Professor of Geochemistry John Eiler, planetary science research scientist Run-Lie Shia, Jet Propulsion Laboratory scientist Mark Allen, were concerned that leaked hydrogen gas for use in hydrogen cars, in a hydrogen economy, could indirectly cause as much as a 10-percent decrease in atmospheric ozone.
California Institute of Technology report that the leaked hydrogen gas that would result from a hydrogen economy, if it accumulates, could indirectly cause as much as a 10-percent decrease in atmospheric ozone. His climate and space research relates to the work of Professor Kenneth J. Hsu, Dr. Charles A Perry and Henrik Svensmark, in particular in the field of carbon-fluxing; as of 2015, he is the author of more than 300 scholarly papers and two books: Atmospheric Radiation: Theoretical Basis, R. M. Goody and Y. L. Yung, Oxford University Press, New York, 1989. Photochemistry of Planetary Atmospheres, Y. L. Yung and W. D. DeMore, Oxford University Press, 1999. Yuk L. Yung official site Dr. Yung’s bibliography