Passaic County, New Jersey
Passaic County is a county in the U. S. state of New Jersey, part of the New York metropolitan area. As of the 2010 Census, the population was 501,226, an increase of 12,177 from the 489,049 counted in the 2000 Census, As of the 2017 Census estimate, the county's population was 512,607, making it the state's ninth-most populous county, marking an increase of 2.3% from 2010. Its county seat is Paterson; the most populous place was Paterson, with 146,199 residents at the time of the 2010 Census, more than 29% of the county's population, while West Milford covered 80.32 square miles, the largest total area of any municipality and more than 40% of the county's area. Passaic County was created on February 1837, from portions of Bergen County and Essex County; the landscape of Passaic County, near the north edge of New Jersey, spans some hilly areas and has dozens of lakes. The county covers a region about 30 × 20 miles wide; the region is split including portions of Interstate 287 and I-80, near Paterson.
The Garden State Parkway cuts near Clifton. The Passaic River winds northeast past Totowa into Paterson, where the river turns south to Passaic town, on the way to Newark, further south; the highest point is any one of six areas on Bearfort Ridge in West Milford at 1,480 feet above sea level. The lowest elevation is 20 feet along the Passaic River in Clifton; the southeastern, more populous half of the county is either mildly hilly. The northwestern section is mountainous. According to the 2010 Census, the county had a total area of 197.10 square miles, including 184.59 square miles of land and 12.51 square miles of water. In recent years, average temperatures in the county seat of Paterson have ranged from a low of 19 °F in January to a high of 86 °F in July, although a record low of −11 °F was recorded in January 1961 and a record high of 105 °F was recorded in September 1953. Average monthly precipitation ranged from 2.86 inches in February to 4.78 inches in September. As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 501,226 people, 166,785 households, 120,919.125 families residing in the county.
The population density was 2,715.3 per square mile. There were 175,966 housing units at an average density of 953.3 per square mile. The racial makeup of the county was 62.65% White, 12.83% Black or African American, 0.67% Native American, 5.01% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 15.11% from other races, 3.71% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 37.04% of the population. There were 166,785 households out of which 34.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 48.7% were married couples living together, 17.5% had a female householder with no husband present, 27.5% were non-families. 22.6% of all households were made up of individuals, 9.4% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.94 and the average family size was 3.45. In the county, the population was spread out with 24.9% under the age of 18, 10.3% from 18 to 24, 27.1% from 25 to 44, 25.7% from 45 to 64, 12% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36.1 years.
For every 100 females there were 94.2 males. For every 100 females ages 18 and older there were 91.1 males. Same-sex couples headed one in 149 households in 2010; as of the 2000 United States Census there were 489,049 people, 163,856 households, 119,614 families residing in the county. The population density was 2,639 people per square mile. There were 170,048 housing units at an average density of 918 per square mile; the racial makeup of the county was 62.32% White, 13.22% Black or African American, 0.44% Native American, 3.69% Asian, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 16.24% from other races, 4.05% from two or more races. 29.95% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. Among those who reported their ancestry, 16.6% were of Italian, 9.5% Irish, 8.1% German and 6.2% Polish ancestry according to Census 2000. There were 163,856 households out of which 35.60% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 51.50% were married couples living together, 16.00% had a female householder with no husband present, 27.00% were non-families.
22.20% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.50% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.92 and the average family size was 3.42. In the county, the population was spread out with 26.10% under the age of 18, 9.30% from 18 to 24, 31.30% from 25 to 44, 21.30% from 45 to 64, 12.10% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females, there were 94.00 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 90.80 males. The median income for a household in the county was $49,210, the median income for a family was $56,054. Males had a median income of $38,740 versus $29,954 for females; the per capita income for the county was $21,370. About 9.40% of families and 12.30% of the population were below the poverty line, including 17.30% of those under age 18 and 9.20% of those age 65 or over. The Passaic County Court House and Administrative Building complex is located at the county seat in Paterson. In Passaic County's commission form of government, the Board of Chosen Freeholders discharge both executive and legislative responsibilities.
Seven Freeholders are elected at-large for three-year terms on a staggered basis. A Freeholder Director and Freeholder Deputy Director are elected from among the seven Freeholders a
Newark Liberty International Airport
Newark Liberty International Airport Newark Metropolitan Airport and Newark International Airport, is one of the major airports of the Port Authority of New York and New Jersey and is located in the U. S. state of New Jersey. The airport straddles the boundary between the cities of Newark and Elizabeth, the former of, the most populous city in the state; the airport is owned jointly by the cities of Elizabeth and Newark and leased to and operated by the Port Authority of New York and New Jersey. Newark Airport is located 3 miles south of Downtown Newark, 9 miles west-southwest of the borough of Manhattan, it is one of four major airports serving the New York City - Philadelphia Urban Area, the others being Philadelphia International Airport, John F. Kennedy International Airport and LaGuardia Airport. In 2017, EWR was the sixth busiest airport in the United States by international passenger traffic and fifteenth busiest airport in the country, it served 43,393,499 passengers in 2017, which made EWR the forty-third busiest airport in the world by passenger traffic.
In 2018, the airport saw the most in its history. Newark serves 50 carriers and is the third-largest hub for United Airlines, the airport's largest tenant. Newark's second-largest tenant is FedEx Express, whose third-largest cargo hub uses three buildings on two million square feet of airport property. During the 12-month period ending in July 2014, over 68% of all passengers at the airport were carried by United Airlines. Newark Metropolitan Airport opened October 1, 1928 on 68 acres of reclaimed land along the Passaic River, the first major airport serving passengers in the New York metro area; the Art Deco Newark Metropolitan Airport Administration Building, adorned with murals by Arshile Gorky, was built in 1934 and dedicated by Amelia Earhart in 1935. It served as the terminal until the opening of the North Terminal in 1953, it was added to the National Register of Historic Places in 1979 and is now a museum and Port Authority Police headquarters. Newark was the busiest commercial airport in the world until LaGuardia Airport opened in December 1939.
During World War II the field was closed to commercial aviation while it was taken over by the United States Army for logistics operations. In 1945 captured German aircraft brought from Europe on HMS Reaper for evaluation under Operation Lusty were off-loaded at Newark AAF and flown or shipped to Freeman Field, Indiana or Naval Air Station Patuxent River, Maryland; the airlines returned to Newark in February 1946. In 1948, the city of Newark leased the airport to the Port of New York Authority; as part of the deal, the Port Authority took operational control of the airport and began investing in capital improvements, including new hangars, a new terminal and runway 4/22. The February 1947 C&GS diagram shows 5,940-foot runway 1, 7,900-foot runway 6 and 7,100-foot runway 10. On December 16, 1951 a Miami Airlines C-46 bound for Tampa lost a cylinder on takeoff from runway 28 and crashed in Elizabeth killing 56. On January 22, 1952 an American Airlines CV-240 crashed in Elizabeth, while on approach to runway 6 killing all 23 aboard and seven on the ground.
On February 11, 1952 a National DC-6 crashed in Elizabeth after takeoff from runway 24, killing 29 of 63 on board and four on the ground. The airport was closed for some months. A proposal to build a new airport at what is now the Great Swamp National Wildlife Refuge was defeated by local opposition; the April 1957 Official Airline Guide showed 144 weekday passenger fixed-wing departures from Newark: 40 Eastern, 19 Capital, 16 American, 14 United, 14 Mohawk, 13 Allegheny, 11 TWA, 8 National, 5 Delta and 4 Braniff. National had a nonstop to Miami, Eastern had nonstops to Miami, New Orleans and Houston, Braniff had a nonstop DC-7C to Dallas and TWA flew nonstop to St Louis. Jet airliners arrived in 1961. In 1964, American and TWA started flying nonstop to California, although Newark's longest runway was 7,000 ft until 1970. TWA's 707 nonstop to Heathrow in 1978 was Newark's first trans-Atlantic nonstop. Through the early 1970s, Newark had a single terminal building located on the north side of the field, by what is now Interstate 78.
In the 1970s the airport became Newark International Airport. Present Terminals A and B opened in 1973, although some charter and international flights requiring customs clearance remained at the North Terminal; the main building of Terminal C was completed at the same time, but only metal framing work was completed for the terminal's satellites. It lay dormant until the mid-1980s, when for a brief time the west third of the terminal was equipped for international arrivals and used for some People Express transcontinental flights. Terminal C was completed and opened in June 1988. Underutilized in the 1970s, Newark expanded in the 1980s. People Express struck a deal with the Port Authority to use the North Terminal as its air terminal and corporate office in 1981 and began operations at Newark that Apr
Newark, New Jersey
Newark is the most populous city in the U. S. state of New Jersey and the seat of Essex County. As one of the nation's major air and rail hubs, the city had a population of 285,154 in 2017, making it the nation's 70th-most populous municipality, after being ranked 63rd in the nation in 2000. Settled in 1666 by Puritans from New Haven Colony, Newark is one of the oldest cities in the United States, its location at the mouth of the Passaic River has made the city's waterfront an integral part of the Port of New York and New Jersey. Today, Port Newark–Elizabeth is the primary container shipping terminal of the busiest seaport on the American East Coast. In addition, Newark Liberty International Airport was the first municipal commercial airport in the United States, today is one of its busiest. Several leading companies have their headquarters in Newark, including Prudential, PSEG, Panasonic Corporation of North America, Audible.com, IDT Corporation, Manischewitz. A number of important higher education institutions are in the city, including the Newark campus of Rutgers University.
The U. S. District Court for the District of New Jersey sits in the city as well. Local cultural venues include the New Jersey Performing Arts Center, Newark Symphony Hall, the Prudential Center and the Newark Museum. Newark is divided into five political wards and contains neighborhoods ranging in character from bustling urban districts to quiet suburban enclaves. Newark's Branch Brook Park is the oldest county park in the United States and is home to the nation's largest collection of cherry blossom trees, numbering over 5,000. Newark was settled in 1666 by Connecticut Puritans led by Robert Treat from the New Haven Colony, it was conceived as a theocratic assembly of the faithful, though this did not last for long as new settlers came with different ideas. On October 31, 1693, it was organized as a New Jersey township based on the Newark Tract, first purchased on July 11, 1667. Newark was granted a Royal charter on April 27, 1713, it was incorporated on February 21, 1798 by the New Jersey Legislature's Township Act of 1798, as one of New Jersey's initial group of 104 townships.
During its time as a township, portions were taken to form Springfield Township, Caldwell Township, Orange Township, Bloomfield Township and Clinton Township. Newark was reincorporated as a city on April 11, 1836, replacing Newark Township, based on the results of a referendum passed on March 18, 1836; the independent Vailsburg borough was annexed by Newark on January 1, 1905. In 1926, South Orange Township changed its name to Maplewood; as a result of this, a portion of Maplewood known. The name of the city is thought to derive from Newark-on-Trent, because of the influence of the original pastor, Abraham Pierson, who came from Yorkshire but may have ministered in Newark, Nottinghamshire, but Pierson is supposed to have said that the community reflecting the new task at hand should be named "New Ark" for "New Ark of the Covenant and some of the colonists saw it as "New-Work", the settlers' new work with God. Whatever the origins, the name was shortened to Newark, although references to the name "New Ark" are found in preserved letters written by historical figures such as David Ogden in his claim for compensation, James McHenry, as late as 1787.
During the American Revolutionary War, British troops made several raids into the town. The city saw tremendous industrial and population growth during the 19th century and early 20th century, experienced racial tension and urban decline in the second half of the 20th century, culminating in the 1967 Newark riots; the city has experienced revitalization since the 1990s. In 2018 the city passed legislation to protect residents from displacement brought about by gentrification. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city had a total area of 26.107 square miles, including 24.187 square miles of land and 1.920 square miles of water. It has the third-smallest land area among the 100 most populous cities in the U. S. behind neighboring Jersey City and Hialeah, Florida. The city's altitude ranges from 0 in the east to 230 feet above sea level in the western section of the city. Newark is a large basin sloping towards the Passaic River, with a few valleys formed by meandering streams. Newark's high places have been its wealthier neighborhoods.
In the 19th century and early 20th century, the wealthy congregated on the ridges of Forest Hill, High Street, Weequahic. Until the 20th century, the marshes on Newark Bay were difficult to develop, as the marshes were wilderness, with a few dumps and cemeteries on their edges. During the 20th century, the Port Authority of New York and New Jersey was able to reclaim 68 acres of the marshland for the further expansion of Newark Airport, as well as the growth of the port lands. Newark is surrounded by residential suburbs to the west, the Passaic River and Newark Bay to the east, dense urban areas to the south and southwest, middle-class residential suburbs and industrial areas to the north; the city is the largest in New Jersey's Gateway Region, said to have received its name from Newark's nickname as the "Gateway City"
New Jersey Department of Transportation
The New Jersey Department of Transportation is the agency responsible for transportation issues and policy in New Jersey, such as maintaining and operating the State's highway and public road system and developing transportation policy and assisting with rail and intermodal transportation issues. It is headed by the Commissioner of Transportation; the present Commissioner is Diane Gutierrez-Scaccetti. The agency that became NJDOT began as the New Jersey State Highway Department circa 1920. NJDOT was established in 1966 as the first State transportation agency in the United States; the Transportation Act of 1966 established the NJDOT on December 12, 1966. In 1979, with the establishment of New Jersey Transit, NJDOT's rail division was folded into the new agency; until 2003, the NJDOT included the Division of Motor Vehicles, reorganized as the self-operating New Jersey Motor Vehicle Commission. Since the late 1970s, NJDOT has been modifying many traffic circles in New Jersey. David J. Goldberg John C. Kohl Alan Sagner Russell Mullen Louis J. Gambaccini Anne P. Canby John P. Sheridan Jr. Roger A. Bodman Hazel Frank Gluck Robert Innocenzi Tom Downs Kathy Stanwick Dennis Keck Frank J. Wilson John J. Haley James Weinstein Jamie Fox Jack Lettiere Kris Kolluri Stephen Dilts James S. Simpson Joseph Bertoni Jamie Fox Richard T.
Hammer Diane Gutierrez-Scaccetti NJDOT operates and maintains the State's public road system, including Interstate and Federal highways, with a total of 2,316.69 miles of NJDOT-owned and operated roads. Most major highways including Interstate, U. S. and NJ State routes within New Jersey are under NJDOT jurisdiction, except toll routes including the New Jersey Turnpike, Garden State Parkway and the Atlantic City Expressway as well as the interstate toll bridges and tunnels. NJDOT develops interim and long-term plans and strategic policy on freight and shipping in and around the state; these intermodal policies cover trucking, rail and air freight. The Transportation Capital Program and the Statewide Transportation Improvement Program allocate state and federal transportation funding, including projected projects and investment. Assistance to local communities and grants for transportation-related projects, such as transit villages; this is refer to technical planning, development and research for projects.
NJDOT's Bureau of Aeronautics has general oversight of public use airports and restricted use facilities, including airstrips and balloon ports, addresses aviation safety and provides licensing and registration on aviation facilities and aerial activities including advertising, aerial racing and sports. The NJDOT was responsible for funding and supporting passenger rail service within New Jersey and to and from nearby points from late 1960s onward, including procuring new modern equipment and rolling stock; the agency purchased EMD GP40Ps for the Central Railroad of New Jersey in 1968, the GE U34CH locomotives and Comet I cars for the Erie Lackawanna and Arrow I, II & III electric MU cars for the Penn Central in 1968-69, 1974 and 1977-78 respectively. During 1976 NJDOT took control of passenger rail routes operated by the Penn Central, Erie Lackawanna, CNJ and Reading Lines. In 1979 New Jersey Transit assumed responsibilities for passenger rail in New Jersey. NJDOT is a member of the Northeast Corridor Commission.
NJDOT has a Traffic Management Center called STMC located in New Jersey. STMC is the home to New Jersey State Police and the New Jersey Turnpike Authority; the STMC is manned 24/7 and is responsible for the coordination & logistics of statewide resources during major incidents within the State of New Jersey. U. S. Roads portal New Jersey portal New Jersey Department of Transportation, official website NJDOT Commissioner profile
County Route 510 (New Jersey)
County Route 510, abbreviated CR 510, is a county highway in the U. S. state of New Jersey. The highway extends 29.58 miles from North Road in Chester to McCarter Highway in Newark. A separate, westbound portion of CR 510 stretches 1.21 miles through Morristown. CR 510 begins at an intersection with CR 513 in Chester Borough, Morris County, heading southeast on two-lane undivided Main Street. From the western terminus, CR 510 is signed as part of the former Route 24, which continues west along CR 513; the road passes through residential areas as it crosses into Chester Township and becomes Mendham Road, continuing southeast through more wooded areas of homes along with a few fields. The route continues into Mendham Township. Farther east, CR 510 continues into Mendham Borough and becomes Main Street, running through residential neighborhoods. In the commercial center of town, the route intersects CR 525 and CR 614. From this point, the road turns northeast and passes more homes as well as a few businesses, intersecting CR 646 before crossing back into Mendham Township.
CR 510 runs east again near more residences before entering Morris Township and becomes Mendham Road again. Here, the road runs through forested areas near Lewis Morris Park before running through more woodland with a few homes; the route begins to turn more to the northeast as it enters more residential surroundings before crossing into Morristown. At this point, CR 510 passes homes and businesses; the road reaches the commercial downtown and intersects CR 648 before meeting US 202 and the western terminus of Route 124 at the Park Place square. After running through the square, CR 510 leaves the former alignment of Route 24 and continues east onto Morris Street, passing more downtown businesses. Along this stretch, CR 510 splits into a one-way pair, with the eastbound direction continuing east on Morris Street, a two-way road, the westbound direction following Lafayette Street, one-way westbound carrying three lanes. Both directions cross under New Jersey Transit's Morristown Line near the Morristown Station.
The eastbound alignment of the route becomes three lanes with two eastbound lanes and one westbound lane after the railroad bridge, passing through commercial areas before running near a few homes, while the westbound direction passes businesses. Both directions of the route come to an interchange with I-287. From this interchange, eastbound CR 510 runs through residential areas as a one-way road with three lanes while westbound CR 510 passes through woodland; the two directions of CR 510 join again at an intersection with CR 511 on the border of Morristown and Morris Township. Westbound CR 510 runs northeast along two-way, four-lane divided Whippany Road and southeast and intersects CR 511 as it turns southeast onto Columbia Turnpike. After the one-way pair, CR 510 heads east on four-lane undivided Columbia Turnpike past business parks and residential neighborhoods in Morris Township gaining a third eastbound lane; the route becomes a four-lane divided highway as it crosses CR 623 and enters Hanover Township as it comes to a cloverleaf interchange with the Route 24 freeway.
Following this, the road continues into Florham Park as a four-lane undivided road as it passes to the south of Morristown Municipal Airport and runs through woods and meadows. The road passes homes before intersecting CR 608/CR 632 and CR 609 in a commercial area, at which point CR 510 is a divided highway; the route curves southeast and passes near more residential neighborhoods prior to widening back into a divided highway and passing to the south of business parks. Upon crossing the Passaic River, CR 510 enters Livingston in Essex County and becomes four-lane undivided South Orange Avenue as it runs through wooded areas with some business parks. After an intersection with the southern terminus of the Eisenhower Parkway, the route becomes a divided highway again and passes between the Livingston Mall to the north and a branch of Saint Barnabas Medical Center to the south. After crossing CR 607, the road becomes undivided again and passes to the south of residential neighborhoods before running through dense forests.
In this area, CR 510 crosses CR 649, where it is a grade-separated divided highway, before becoming undivided and crossing CR 608. From here, the route enters residential areas and crosses into Millburn, coming to the junction with CR 527. A short distance past CR 527, the road heads east into the forested South Mountain Reservation, a part of the Watchung Mountains. In this area, the road becomes a divided highway again and crosses the West Branch of the Rahway River into Maplewood; the route passes under a bridal path and winds southeast through the reservation, becoming the border between South Orange to the north and Maplewood to the south as it leaves the South Mountain Reservation and enters residential areas. A $30 million project to rework the "S curves" for safety and drainage is in progress. CR 510 becomes undivided again as it enters South Orange and continues east through wooded areas of homes, forming a brief concurrency with CR 577; the road heads into the commercial downtown of South Orange as it passes over the East Branch of the Rahway River and under New Jersey Transit's Morris & Essex Lines near the South Orange Station.
The route intersects CR 638 Spur, CR 638, CR 665 before passing near more homes and running to the north of Seton Hall University. CR 510 enters Newark at the Longfellow Avenue/Dover Street intersection and continues east into more commercial areas; the road crosses CR 605 and becomes the border between East Orange to the north and Newark to the south as it comes to the CR 619 junction. CR 510 enters
Paterson, New Jersey
Paterson is the largest city in and the county seat of Passaic County, New Jersey, United States. As of the 2010 United States Census, its population was 146,199, making it New Jersey's third-most-populous city. Paterson has the second-highest density of any U. S. city with over 100,000 people, behind only New York City. For 2017, the Census Bureau's Population Estimates Program calculated a population of 148,678, an increase of 1.7% from the 2010 enumeration, making the city the 174th-most-populous in the nation. Paterson is known as the "Silk City" for its dominant role in silk production during the latter half of the 19th century, it has since evolved into a major destination for Hispanic immigrants as well as for immigrants from India, South Asia, the Arab and Muslim world. Paterson has the second-largest Muslim population in the United States by percentage; the area of Paterson was inhabited by the Algonquian-speaking Native American Acquackanonk tribe of the Lenape known as the Delaware Indians.
The land was known as the Lenapehoking. The Dutch claimed the land as New Netherlands the British as the Province of New Jersey. In 1791 Alexander Hamilton, first United States Secretary of the Treasury, helped found the Society for the Establishment of Useful Manufactures, which helped encourage the harnessing of energy from the Great Falls of the Passaic River to secure economic independence from British manufacturers; the society founded Paterson. Paterson was named for William Paterson, signer of the Constitution and Governor of New Jersey, who signed the 1792 charter that established the Town of Paterson. Architect and city planner Pierre Charles L'Enfant, who had earlier developed the initial plans for Washington, D. C. was the first planner for the S. U. M. Project, his plan proposed to harness the power of the Great Falls through a channel in the rock and an aqueduct. The society's directors felt he was taking too long and was over budget, he was replaced by Peter Colt, who used a less complicated reservoir system to get the water flowing to factories in 1794.
Colt's system developed some problems and a scheme resembling L'Enfant's original plan was used after 1846. Paterson was formed as a township from portions of Acquackanonk Township on April 11, 1831, while the area was still part of Essex County, it became part of newly created Passaic County on February 7, 1837, was incorporated as a city on April 14, 1851, based on the results of a referendum held that day. The city was reincorporated on March 14, 1861; the industries developed in Paterson were powered by the 77-foot-high Great Falls and a system of water raceways that harnessed the falls' power, providing power for the mills in the area until 1914 and fostering the growth of the city around them. The district included dozens of mill buildings and other manufacturing structures associated with the textile industry and the firearms and railroad locomotive manufacturing industries. In the latter half of the 19th century silk production became the dominant industry and formed the basis of Paterson's most prosperous period, earning it the nickname "Silk City."In 1835 Samuel Colt began producing firearms in Paterson, but within a few years he moved his business to Hartford, Connecticut.
In the 19th century Paterson was the site of early experiments with submarines by Irish-American inventor John Philip Holland. Two of Holland's early models—one found at the bottom of the Passaic River—are on display in the Paterson Museum, housed in the former Rogers Locomotive and Machine Works near the Passaic Falls. Behind Newark and New York, the brewing industry was booming in Paterson in the late 1800s. Braun Brewery, Sprattler & Mennell, Graham Brewery, The Katz Brothers, Burton Brewery merged in 1890 to form Paterson Consolidated Brewing Company. Hinchliffe Brewing and Malting Company, founded in 1861, produced 75,000 barrels a year from its state-of-the-art facility at 63 Governor Street. All the breweries closed after Prohibition; the city was a mecca for immigrant laborers, who worked in its factories Italian weavers from the Naples region. Paterson was the site of historic labor unrest that focused on anti-child labor legislation, the six-month-long Paterson silk strike of 1913 that demanded the eight-hour day and better working conditions.
It was defeated with workers forced to return under pre-strike conditions. Factory workers labored long hours for low wages under dangerous conditions and lived in crowded tenement buildings around the mills; the factories moved to the South, where there were no labor unions, still moved overseas. In 1919 Paterson was one of eight locations bombed by self-identified anarchists. In 1932 Paterson opened Hinchliffe Stadium, a 10,000-seat stadium named in honor of John V. Hinchliffe, the city's mayor at the time. Hinchliffe Stadium served as the site for high school and professional athletic events. From 1933 to 1937 and 1939 to 1945, it was the home of the New York Black Yankees, from 1935 to 1936 the home of the New York Cubans of the Negro National League; the ballpark was a venue for professional football games and field events, boxing matches, auto and motorcycle racing. The comedy team of Bud Abbott and Lou Costello performed at Hinchliffe. Hinchliffe is one of only three Negro League stadiums left standing in the United States and is on the National Register of Historic Places.
Paterson Public Schools acquired the stadium in 1963 and used it for public school events until 1997, but it is now in di
New Jersey Route 20
Route 20, known locally as McLean Boulevard, is a state highway that runs 4.15 miles in New Jersey, United States. It runs along the east side of Paterson, Passaic County, following the west bank of the Passaic River between U. S. Route 46 and River Street, at which point County Route 504 begins, it is a four- to six-lane divided highway most of its length that runs through residential and commercial areas of Paterson, intersecting with Interstate 80 and Route 4 at interchanges. The northernmost part of the route is a county-maintained one-way pair that follows 1st and 2nd Avenues. Route 20 begins at an interchange with U. S. Route 46 and County Route 630 just north of the Garden State Parkway on the border of Clifton and Paterson; the road follows the bend of the Passaic River directly north of Dundee Lake, heading to the north into Paterson as McLean Boulevard, a four-lane divided highway with a 45 mph speed limit. The route runs in between the Passaic River to the east and two large cemeteries to the west before coming to an interchange with Interstate 80 and Market Street.
Past Interstate 80, Route 20 becomes a six-lane divided highway that heads through a mix of residential and commercial areas. The next interchange along the route is for Route 4, with access to both eastbound Route 4 and westbound Broadway from both directions; the road continues further north as a four-lane divided highway with a speed limit of 35 mph, heading through more urbanized areas of Paterson. It crosses County Route 651, which crosses the Passaic River to become County Route 78 in Bergen County. Route 20 continues to follow the Passaic River as a 45 mph road through commercial areas, featuring an intersection with County Route 652. Past this intersection, the route proceeds through urban areas, turning west and splitting into a one-way pair. Here, the route becomes county maintained, with the northbound direction following 1st Avenue and the southbound direction following 2nd Avenue before coming to an end at County Route 504; the present-day routing of Route 20 north of Market Street was legislated in 1927 as part of Route 3, to run from the New York border at Greenwood Lake to Secaucus.
In addition, the present day routing south of Route 4 was legislated as part of that route, to run from the George Washington Bridge to Cape May. In 1929, the western terminus of Route 3 was moved to Paterson as Route S4B was planned to replace the alignment of Route 3 from Paterson to the New York border. McLean Boulevard through Paterson was built by the 1930s. In the 1953 New Jersey state highway renumbering, Route 20 was legislated to follow the former alignment of Route 3 between Paterson and East Rutherford as Route 3 was moved to the Route S3 freeway, built between East Rutherford and Clifton. Another freeway routing of Route 20 was planned in 1959; this road, to be a six-lane freeway called the Paterson Peripheral, was to run from Clifton north to the existing Route 20 in downtown Paterson. This road was completed between the Garden State Parkway and Valley Road by 1969 and north to Interstate 80 in 1975. Upon completion, this road received the Route 20 designation. In 1972, the state took over maintenance of the Paterson Plank Road from Route 3 to Route 17 in East Rutherford and made it a part of the route.
As these three sections of Route 20 were not connected, they received three different route designations by the 1990s. The freeway section of Route 20 from the Garden State Parkway to Interstate 80 was designated Route 19, the section between Route 3 and Route 17 was designated Route 120, the Route 20 designation was retained along McLean Boulevard through Paterson; the unfinished section of Route 20, to connect McLean Boulevard to Paterson Plank Road was built as a northern extension of the Route 21 freeway in 2000. The entire route is in Passaic County. U. S. Roads portal New Jersey portal New Jersey Highway Ends: 20 Speed Limits for Route 20