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New Jersey Route 23

Route 23 is a state highway in the northern part of New Jersey in the United States. The route runs 52.63 mi from County Route 506 and County Route 577 in Verona, Essex County northwest to the border with New York at Montague Township in Sussex County, where the road continues to Port Jervis, New York as Orange County Route 15. Route 23 heads through Essex and Passaic Counties as a suburban arterial varying from two to four lanes and becomes a six-lane freeway north of a complex interchange with U. S. Route 46 and Interstate 80 in Wayne; the freeway carries Route 23 north to a concurrency with U. S. Route 202. Past the freeway portion, the route heads northwest along the border of Morris and Passaic Counties as a four- to six-lane divided highway with a wide median at places, winding through mountainous areas and crossing Interstate 287 in Riverdale; the route continues northwest through Sussex County as a two-lane, undivided road that passes through farmland and woodland as well as the communities of Franklin and Sussex before reaching the New York border just south of an interchange with Interstate 84 and US 6 in Port Jervis, NY, near High Point State Park.

Route 23 was established in 1927 to run from Verona to the New York border near Port Jervis, replacing pre-1927 Route 8 between Verona and Sussex. The route followed two turnpikes that were created in the early 19th century: the Newark-Pompton Turnpike and the Paterson-Hamburg Turnpike. In the mid-1950s, there were plans to build an Interstate Highway along Route 23 between Interstate 80 and Interstate 287, but it was never built. In the 1960s, the route was planned to be upgraded to a freeway all the way up to Port Jervis and south to Piscataway, Middlesex County. In the mid-1980s, the portion of Route 23 from north of U. S. Route 46 in Wayne to Interstate 287 in Riverdale was improved, with the road upgraded to a six-lane freeway south of the Alps Road intersection and to a six-lane surface road north of Alps Road. Route 23 begins at an intersection with County Route 506 and County Route 577 in Verona, heading to the north through residences and some businesses along four-lane, undivided Pompton Avenue.

After a short distance, the road forms the border between Cedar Grove to the west and Verona to the east before enters Cedar Grove. In Cedar Grove, the route narrows to two lanes at the County Route 640 before widening to four lanes again at the County Route 639 intersection. Shortly before leaving Cedar Grove, Route 23 crosses County Route 604, which heads to the west as County Route 527; the road crosses into Little Falls, Passaic County, where it narrows to two lanes and becomes the Newark-Pompton Turnpike. In Little Falls, Route 23 heads through the central part of the community before crossing the Passaic River into Wayne where the road leaves the Newark-Pompton Turnpike and widens to a four lane divided highway. Route 23 passes two shopping malls, Willowbrook Mall and Wayne Towne Center, enters the "Spaghetti Bowl" interchange with U. S. Route 46 and Interstate 80. Within this interchange, the route passes under NJ Transit's Montclair-Boonton Line. North of Interstate 80, the road rejoins the route of the Newark-Pompton Turnpike and becomes a six-lane freeway, featuring a cloverleaf interchange with West Belt Road that provides access to the Wayne Route 23 Transit Center along the Montclair-Boonton Line.

Route 23 continues north with frontage roads serving businesses, coming to an interchange with U. S. Route 202 and County Route 511 Alternate, forming a concurrency with U. S. Route 202; the road passes over a Norfolk Southern railroad line before it has an interchange with County Route 670. Following this, the roadway passes west of the Mother's Park & Ride, a park and ride facility serving NJ Transit buses, reaches an interchange with County Route 683, where the Newark-Pompton Turnpike again leaves Route 23 and U. S. Route 202. At a U-turn ramp, the eastbound direction of County Route 504 follows both directions of the road, having to use the ramp in order to continue across the road. Northbound U. S. Route 202 splits from Route 23. At this point, the westbound direction of County Route 504 and the southbound direction of U. S. Route 202 follow southbound Route 23 until an intersection. Route 23 passes over the Pompton River. In Pequannock, the road is a six-lane divided highway with at-grade intersections, some controlled by jughandles, that heads through a mix of businesses and woodland.

At the north end of Pequannock, the route passes over a New York and Western Railway branch line and intersects County Route 660, where the Newark-Pompton Turnpike rejoins Route 23. The route intersects County Route 511 Alternate and crosses into Riverdale, with County Route 511 Alternate following Route 23 until it heads to the north on the Newark-Pompton Turnpike. Route 23 interchanges with Interstate 287 and climbs a hill past the interchange, heading to the west; the route runs through Kinnelon, passing over the NYSW New Jersey Subdivision line, before entering Butler. In Butler, Route 23 passes through commercial areas, crossing County Route 511 before heading northwest; the road drops to four lanes, still divided by a Jersey barrier. It heads under Maple Lake Road before passing through Kinnelon again. Upon leaving Kinnelon, the route enters West Milford in Passaic County at the crossing of the Pequannock River. At this point, the route enters a more wooded, mountainous sett

Manfred Genditzki

Manfred Genditzki was sentenced on circumstantial evidence to life imprisonment for the murder of 87-year-old pensioner Lieselotte Kortüm from Rottach-Egern, Germany. The case made headlines as the "Rottach-Egern Bathtub murder"; the conviction was upheld, but some in members of the public expressed doubts about Genditzki's guilt. Manfred Genditzki was born 1960 in Mecklenburg-Vorpommern. Hi has two children, he was the caretaker at the Kortüm's residence and helped Lieselotte with her shopping, preparing meals and doing the laundry. On 28 October 2008, Kortüm returned home from a hospital stay according to Genditzki's statements, he left at 3:00 pm to visit his mother. Earlier, he had given the home nursing service a call reporting Kortüm had returned from the hospital; as happened every day, at 6:30 pm, a nurse arrived Kortüm's apartment and found her body clothed in the bathtub. The cause of death was drowning. At first, an unfortunate, accidental fall was assumed to be the cause of death; the body was cremated the following day.

One month the autopsy report was amended. Hematomas with bleeding and an undamaged scalp at the back head were recognized in the autopsy; the hematomas were not unusual. In this first autospy report, the death was caused by drowning after an unfortunate fall into the bathtub; the prosecutor was disturbed by Genditzki's willingness to talk. He had arrived with alibis like receipts from the day of Kortüm's death; the prosecutor began an investigation following a new autopsy report. He assumed Genditzki had killed the elderly woman to hide the fact he had embezzled money from her apartment during her hospital stay. Support for this theory was indicated when, on the day on Kortüm went into the hospital, Genditzki returned 8,000 euros to a friend. In February 2009 Genditzki was taken into custody; the indictment accused Genditzki of embezzling Kortüm on 28 October 2008. It turned out, in the course of the trial, that none of Kortüm's money was missing, Genditzki's repayment came from legal sources; the accusation was based on the assumption that the defendant had not committed embezzlement, but there had been a dispute during which he beat the woman, the assumption was the murder occurred to coverup the previous injuries.

On 12 May 2010, the Munich Second Regional Court sentenced Genditzki for murder. Under German law the sentence was for life imprisonment. On 12 January 2011, the German Federal Court of Justice annulled the court order due to a procedural error and referred the case back to another chamber of the regional court; the exchange of the reference act in case of concealed murder would be a change of the legal point of view, which the court should have pointed out according to § 265 StPO in the main hearing. On 17 January 2012 the new trial resulted in another life sentence for murder; the Chamber considered it proven that Genditzki and Kortüm had got into a dispute during which Genditzki either struck the woman on the head, or hit her so that she fell against a hard object sustaining the two bruises on her head. In a panic and with the thought "I'll get help", Genditzki dialed the number of the family doctor twice in quick succession but hung up. Fearing he would be indicated, he let water run in the bathtub and drowned Kortüm by pressing her under water for several minutes.

The appeal against this was rejected as unfounded, since the review of the judgment had not revealed any legal error to the disadvantage of the accused. Trial observers and media representatives remained in doubt about Genditzki's guilt. Observers convinced he would be acquitted; the defense assumed the deceased's death was an accident while she was soaking dirty laundry in the bathtub after returning from the hospital, She fell into the tub due to faintness. A psychological report points out Genditzki is a peaceful person, he explained the call to the family's doctor was to advise them Kortüm had returned home from her clinic stay. He had hung up the phone. No murder instruments were found; the plastic bags containing laundry Kortüm had brought from her hospital stay were disposed of uncovered. The investigators failed to measure the temperature of the water in the tub. Genditzki's defense lawyer has been preparing an application since 2015 for a trial de novo. Several news described the procedure as a miscarriage of justice.

In July 2018 during a press conference at the Bavarian state parliament Genditzki's Lawyer went to attempt to obtain a retrial of the case by presenting a computer simulation video to the chairman of the Legal Committee. Dagmar Schön, Mordurteil ohne Tat?, myops 30, ISSN 1865-2301, S. 21–32 Gudrun Altrogge: Unschuldig im Gefängnis? Der "Badewannen-Mord" von Rottach, Spiegel TV, 12 February 2018

Episcopal Palace, Angra do HeroĆ­smo

The Episcopal Palace is a 16th-century former-religious building situated in the civil parish of Sé, municipality of Angra do Heroísmo, on the Portuguese island of Terceira, in the archipelago of the Azores. On 3 November 1544, King John III ceded to the cathedral of Angra "para todo osempre" some houses and courtyards he owned; the properties were rented by Francisco de Giberlião, which were exporpiated, owing to the debts he had. These buildings were expanded an improved along Aljube, including the entrance-ways, in order to serve as the ecclesiastical services; the local government committed an annual subsidy of 500$000 reis on 8 April 1603, for public works, to cover these projects, which were in excess of 2,700$000 reis. Following the earthquake in Vila Franca do Campo, on 24 May 1614, the nuns of the monastery of Santo André were sheltered at the episcopal palace unoccupied. Sometime during the 18th century, Bishop D. José Pegado de Azevedo ordered the erection of his coat-of-arms on the ceiling of visitor's reception area.

Between 1727-1799, Bishop José de Avé Maria, enriched the oratory with paintings of São João da Mata, São Félix de Valois, São Raimundo de Penafort and other scenes from via sacra. By the 18th-19th century, the residence included various halls on the main floor, including the main hall, where the prelates held audiences and held ecclesiastical examinations. Around the buildings was a garden and vegetable garden, centred by a fountain, several chambers and coach-houses. After 1832, the building ceased to pertain to the Diocese of Angra, was occupied by the Junta Geral of the Autonomous District of Angra do Heroísmo. On the morning of 31 July 1885, a fire erupted in the northern wing of the building referred to as an act of a criminal origin; the Bishop was absent at the time, staying at his summer residence, in the parish of São Pedro. But, parish priest, António Maria Ferreira, overnighting, was saved from the fire. Owing to the damage, the bishop moved his residence to the Palace of the Bettencourts.

The bishop did not return, residing in 1900 the residence at Rua de D. Amelia, 74, he transfer the ecclesiastical secretariat to the building. On the arrival of the new bishop, D. José Manuel de Carvalho, the residence returned to the palace, restored; until there was a minor office of the ecclesiastical orders. On 20 June 1910, D. José Cardoso Correia Monteiro, the last bishop who lived at the residence died. Two days the canons elected Monseigneur António Maria Ferreira as the principal vicar, who announced the vacancy of the Diocese as part of the Republican revolution; this was point when republican sentiments began to influence the politics, resulting in the confiscation of the ecclesiastical property in the Portuguese territory by the State, that included the former episcopal palace. In 1914, the Companhia da Junta Geral ao Estado purchased the property on which the palace was located. On 19 September 1919, a new fire provoked the destruction of the interior. In 1958, on the occasion of the visit of President Francisco Craveiro Lopes, a Portuense firm bought the property and proceeded to renovate the building.

This remodeling permitted the eventual reuse of the spaces, the site became the meeting place for the Presidents of France and United States, Georges Pompidou and Richard Nixon on their visits 13 and 14 December 1971. The 1 January 1980 earthquake caused damage to the building, but it was recuperated and services as the seat of the Direção Regional de Educção e Cultura; the buildings are located near the Sé Cathedral of Angra, in an area known as Carreira dos Cavalos, named for the fact that annually, horses were paraded in this square. The buildings includes a main structure, kitchen and dovecote. Along the centuries, the building underwent profound alterations, in a manner that only the original walls remain of the primitive building. Notes SourcesAngra do Heroísmo: Janela do Atlântico entre a Europa e o Novo Mundo, Portugal: Direcção Regional do Turismo dos Açores, 2012

Bombardment of Samsun

The Bombardment of Samsun was a naval operation carried out by the Greek Navy and the United States Navy against the Turkish town of Samsun in 1922. The ships fired 400 rounds at the town, in return the single Turkish cannon in the town fired back 25 rounds; the bombardment lasted three hours. There were several reasons for the bombardment. One of them was to assist Greek rebels. Another reason was to disrupt the consignment of weapons and ammunition into inner Anatolia. Moreover, Turkish sailing boats were seizing Greek ships in the Black Sea and putting them into Turkish service. A large Greek ship named Enosis had been taken over by one Turkish officer and five soldiers on 25 April 1922; these incidents were angering the Greeks. In the end, the attack did not cause any damage to the Turkish logistical system or military material, though it caused damage to civilian properties and loss of civilian lives; the ships stayed in Samsun until being recalled to Constantinople. Around 8 pm, US Navy Admiral Robert L. Ghormley went ashore, accompanied by a pharmacist, to see if any Americans were injured or dead.

The New York Times reported the incident on 11 June 1922, stating that the Greeks claimed the firing was directed against the ammunition dumps. The newspaper further mentioned that few lives were lost and the warehouse of the American Tobacco Company was damaged; the Times published another article about the incident on 12 June. The article said that the commander of an American torpedo boat destroyer at Samsun reported, contrary to the Greek report, that there were 90 casualties as a result of the bombardment and a portion of the town was destroyed; the ammunition depots belonging to the Turks, which were situated three miles inland, were not damaged. Civilian properties damaged or destroyed by the bombardment included: The governor's office destroyed, the house of the Greek priest damaged, three houses belonging to local Greeks destroyed, one shop damaged, one shop belonging to a Greek destroyed, 25-26 houses belonging to Turks destroyed, 19 houses belonging to Turks damaged, 19 barges damaged, Armenian church and its orphanage damaged, one sentry house destroyed, a depot belonging to the local merchants destroyed and kerosene in the petroleum depot belonging to the municipality burned.

As a result of the bombardment, there were four dead and three wounded among the civilians. Samsun ′ u tarihtendersler.com. Hulki Cevizoğlu, 1919'un Şifresi, Ceviz Kabuğu Yayınları, Aralık 2007, ISBN 9789756613238. Doğanay, Rahmi.

Caritas Medical Centre

Caritas Medical Centre is a district general hospital in So Uk, Cheung Sha Wan, New Kowloon, Hong Kong. It is the major hospital in Sham Shui Po District and managed by the Hospital Authority and Caritas Hong Kong. Caritas Medical Centre was founded by Caritas Hong Kong and opened by the Hong Kong Governor, David Trench, on 17 December 1964; the centre is now an acute general hospital with 1,206 beds situated in Shamshuipo. It provides a full range of acute and rehabilitation care and community medical services, including a 24-hour accident and emergency service, general outpatient service, inpatient and outpatient specialist services in a one-stop setting – so-called single episode care; the hospital maintains close ties with its parent organisation, Caritas Hong Kong, a strong Catholic culture under the motto "Love in the Service of Hope". The hospital has well-developed supporting services, including Pathology, Radiology and Allied Health services. Other ambulatory and outreach community services include Geriatric day hospital and Community Geriatric Assessment Team, Community Nursing service, Palliative Home Care service.

The services provided reflect the needs of the population served - ageing, low income, new immigrants. Caritas Medical Centre is the referral centre of the Kowloon West Cluster of the Hospital Authority in Eye service serving the entire Kowloon west region; the Orthopaedic Rehabilitation Service for Kowloon West Cluster is based at Caritas Medical Centre. The Palliative Care Unit serves; the hospital runs the largest Developmental Disabilities Unit for the entire territory of Hong Kong, to provide treatment and daily care for mentally handicapped patients under the age of 16 in a home-like setting. Despite not being a university hospital, it does provide clinical training for medical and nursing students from the three local universities; the hospital has been involved in serious governance issues. In 2008, a man suffered a heart attack outside the hospital, his son ran for help from a hospital receptionist, but she told him to dial 999. After a lengthy delay in getting the man to the accident and emergency department, he was pronounced dead.

The Hospital Authority subsequently reprimanded senior management of the hospital and ordered them to improve staff training and develop a plan to improve staff responsiveness. On 10 June 2010 the hospital discovered that a computer disc containing the personal information of more than 3,000 eye patients had been stolen from a locked room; the theft was not publicly announced for more than a week. To meet increasing demand, Caritas Medical Centre underwent a major redevelopment project. Phase I, completed in 2002, comprised a new 14-storey building, called the Wai Shun Block, which accommodates all acute services; the second phase of the redevelopment project was approved by the Legislative Council in 2007. It comprised a redeveloped ambulatory and rehabilitation building, the Wai Ming Block, which topped-out in 2013; the Wai Tak, Wai On, Wai Yan Blocks were demolished to make way for a new rehabilitation garden. The project was completed in 2015 and opened in 2016

David Wechsler

David Wechsler was a Romanian-American psychologist. He developed well-known intelligence scales, such as the Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale and the Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children. A Review of General Psychology survey, published in 2002, ranked Wechsler as the 51st most cited psychologist of the 20th century. Wechsler was born in a Jewish family in Lespezi and emigrated with his parents to the United States as a child, he studied at the City College of New York and Columbia University, where he earned his master's degree in 1917 and his Ph. D. in 1925 under the direction of Robert S. Woodworth. During World War I, he worked with the United States Army to develop psychological tests to screen new draftees while studying under Charles Spearman and Karl Pearson. After short stints at various locations, Wechsler became chief psychologist at Bellevue Psychiatric Hospital in 1932, where he stayed until 1967, he died on May 2, 1981. Wechsler is best known for his intelligence tests, he was one of the most influential advocates of the role of nonintellective factors in testing.

He emphasized. Wechsler objected to the single score offered by the 1937 Binet scale. Although his test did not directly measure nonintellective factors, it took these factors into careful account in its underlying theory; the Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale was developed first in 1939 and called the Wechsler-Bellevue Intelligence Test. From these he derived the Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children in 1949 and the Wechsler Preschool and Primary Scale of Intelligence in 1967. Wechsler created these tests to find out more about his patients at the Bellevue clinic and he found the then-current Binet IQ test unsatisfactory; the tests are still based on his philosophy that intelligence is "the global capacity to act purposefully, to think rationally, to deal with environment". The Wechsler scales introduced many novel concepts and breakthroughs to the intelligence testing movement. First, he did away with the quotient scores of older intelligence tests. Instead, he assigned an arbitrary value of 100 to the mean intelligence and added or subtracted another 15 points for each standard deviation above or below the mean the subject was.

While not rejecting the concept of general intelligence, he divided the concept of intelligence into two main areas: verbal and performance scales, each evaluated with different subtests. Frank, George; the Wechsler Enterprise: An Assessment of the Development and Use of the Wechsler Tests of Intelligence. Oxford: Pergamon. ISBN 978-0-08-027973-2. Kaplan, Robert M.. Psychological Testing: Principles and Issues. Belmont: Wadsworth. ISBN 978-0-495-09555-2. Kaufman, Alan S.. Intelligent Testing with the WISC-V. Wiley. New York: Wiley. ISBN 978-1118589236. Kaufman, Alan S.. IQ Testing 101. New York: Springer Publishing. ISBN 978-0-8261-0629-2. Kaufman, Alan S.. Assessing Adolescent and Adult Intelligence. Hoboken: Wiley. ISBN 978-0-471-73553-3. Wechsler, David; the Measurement of Adult Intelligence. Baltimore: Williams & Witkins. Wechsler, David; the Measurement and Appraisal of Adult Intelligence. Baltimore: Williams & Witkins