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New Jersey Route 3

Route 3 is a state highway in the northern part of New Jersey in the United States. The route runs 10.84 miles from U. S. Route 46 in Passaic County to US 1/9 in North Bergen, Hudson County. Route 3 is sometimes called the Secaucus Bypass within Secaucus; the route is a divided highway for its entire length, with most of the highway considered a freeway, except the westernmost part, which contains direct access to a few businesses. Route 3 intersects many major roads, including the Garden State Parkway and Route 21 in Clifton, the Western Spur of the New Jersey Turnpike in East Rutherford, the Eastern Spur of the New Jersey Turnpike in Secaucus, Route 495 in North Bergen. A commuting route for northern New Jersey to the Lincoln Tunnel into New York City by way of Route 495, Route 3 provides access to the Meadowlands Sports Complex in East Rutherford; the road inspired a story in The New Yorker in 2004 by Ian Frazier. Route 3 was established in 1927 to run from the New York border on the west shore of Greenwood Lake to Secaucus.

In 1929, the western terminus was cut back to Paterson when the alignment west of there was planned to become part of Route S4B. Route 3 followed present-day Route 20 through Paterson and ran along local streets to East Rutherford, where it followed present-day Route 120 and the Paterson Plank Road to Secaucus, it was extended east to the Lincoln Tunnel in 1939. The freeway section of Route 3 between US 46 in Clifton and East Rutherford was completed in the 1940s as Route S3 as well as the Secaucus Bypass, designated a bypass of Route 3. Route 3 was moved to the Route S3 freeway and the Secaucus Bypass in 1953 and was truncated to US 1/9 in North Bergen in 1959 when the Lincoln Tunnel approach was designated as I-495; the Route 3 freeway has seen many improvements over the years such as widening and interchange reconstructions. It underwent a major reconstruction, completed in 2016, to modern highway standards with bridge replacements, including a new Passaic River bridge between Clifton and Route 17 in Rutherford.

Route 3 heads to the southeast, from an interchange with US 46 and County Route 621 as a six-lane divided highway with a Jersey barrier. It is not up to freeway standards; the route interchanges with CR 623 and CR 509 the Garden State Parkway, where it interchanges with the southbound lanes and the northbound lanes. All interchange movements are present between Route 3 and the Garden State Parkway, except from the southbound Garden State Parkway to westbound Route 3 and from eastbound Route 3 to the northbound Garden State Parkway. Past the Garden State Parkway, Route 3 turns into a six-lane freeway, not designed to Interstate Highway standards, it interchanges with CR 622, before it passes over Norfolk Southern's Newark Industrial Track line and intersects CR 603, which heads south into Nutley to become Route 7. The next interchange is for CR 601. Past that interchange, Route 3 passes over NJ Transit's Main Line and comes to an interchange with Route 21 before passing over the route. Route 3 crosses the Passaic River on a fixed bridge, which replaced a double-leaf trunnion bascule bridge in 2013, into Rutherford, Bergen County.

Just after crossing the river, the route interchanges with CR 507. The freeway continues through a residential area and comes to an exit that provides access to southbound Route 17. Past this interchange, Route 3 is paralleled by Route 17 to the south until Route 3 interchanges again with Route 17, which continues to the north of Route 3; the route widens to eight lanes and enters the New Jersey Meadowlands, crossing into East Rutherford and passing over NJ Transit's Bergen County Line and Berrys Creek. Route 3 passes to the south of the Meadowlands Sports Complex, containing MetLife Stadium, the Meadowlands Racetrack; the route narrows back to six lanes and comes to a ramp which provides access to the Western Spur of the New Jersey Turnpike. Route 3 interchanges with Route 120 and the carriageways separate; the route becomes eight lanes again. Route 3 crosses the Hackensack River into Hudson County, it interchanges with the Meadowlands Parkway and continues southeast into a residential area with the carriageways joining back together.

At the interchange with CR 681, Route 3 widens into a local-express lane configuration with three express lanes and local lanes each in the eastbound direction and two express lanes and three local lanes in the westbound direction. The route passes by the Mill Creek Mall and crosses under the Eastern Spur of the New Jersey Turnpike. Route 3 comes to an eastbound exit and entrance with Harmon Meadow Boulevard and features a cloverleaf interchange with Paterson Plank Road; the route crosses the Penhorn Creek into North Bergen. In North Bergen, the route comes to a truck-restricted eastbound ramp for eastbound Route 495. Route 3 interchanges with Route 495, which provides access to the New Jersey Turnpike and the Lincoln Tunnel. Past this interchange, the local-express lane configuration ends and Route 3 heads southeast as a four-lane highway; the route meets a westbound exit and entrance for the North Bergen Park & Ride, a park and ride lot serving NJ Transit buses, passes over New York and Western Railway's New Jersey Subdivision line and Conrail Shared Assets Operations' Northern Branch line before it comes to its terminus at a traffic light with US 1/

Cecil R. Richardson

Chaplain Cecil Roland Richardson, USAF, retired as the 16th Chief of Chaplains of the United States Air Force, effective June 1, 2012, with an official retirement ceremony on May 30, 2012. He was appointed to that assignment on May 28, 2008. Richardson, a member of the Assemblies of God, was the first Pentecostal minister to be promoted to flag officer rank in the U. S. Air Force, he has said that his role was to be "a pastor to Christians, a chaplain to all." Before ordination, Richardson served in the Air Force as an enlisted man, working as a Russian interpreter and intercept operator. Richardson's educational background includes: 1973 Bachelor of Arts degree in Biblical studies, Evangel University, Springfield, Mo. 1976 Master of Divinity degree in Hebrew studies, Trinity Evangelical Divinity School, Ill. 1981 Squadron Officer School, by correspondence 1988 Air Command and Staff College, by correspondence 1992 Air War College, by seminar Richardson served as Deputy Air Force Chief of Chaplains from April 2004-May 2008, began serving as Chief of Chaplains May 2008.

Prior to these positions, his assignments included: June 1966 - May 1967, Russian language student, Syracuse University, N. Y. June 1967 - August 1967, electronic intercept student, Goodfellow AFB, Texas August 1967 - December 1968, Russian intercept operator, Karamursel Air Base, Turkey January 1969 - January 1970, Russian interpreter, National Security Agency, Fort George G. Meade, Md. April 1977 - June 1980, Protestant chaplain, 314th Tactical Airlift Wing, Little Rock AFB, Ark. June 1980 - July 1981, senior Protestant chaplain, 5073rd Air Base Group, Shemya AFB, Alaska July 1981 - July 1983, Protestant chaplain, 1606th Air Base Wing, Kirtland AFB, N. M. July 1983 - July 1984, Air Staff Training officer, Office of the Chief of Chaplains, Bolling AFB, D. C. July 1984 - June 1986, senior Protestant chaplain, 410th Bombardment Wing, K. I. Sawyer AFB, Mich. June 1986 - June 1988, installation staff chaplain, 7276th Air Base Group, Iraklion Air Station, Greece June 1988 - July 1991, Chief and Professional Development Division, Office of the Command Chaplain, Air Mobility Command, Scott AFB, Ill.

July 1991 - June 1993, senior chaplain, 62nd Airlift Wing, McChord AFB, Wash. June 1993 - August 1995, assignments officer, Office of the Chief of Chaplains, Bolling AFB, D. C. August 1995 - February 1997, Executive Director, Armed Forces Chaplains Board, Office of the Under Secretary of Defense, the Pentagon, Washington, D. C. February 1997 - June 2000, Command Chaplain, U. S. Central Command, MacDill AFB, Fla. July 2000 - June 2003, Command Chaplain, Air Combat Command, Langley AFB, Va. July 2003 - April 2004, Director, USAF Chaplain Service Institute, Maxwell AFB, Ala. Among Richardson's numerous military awards and decorations are: Chiefs of Chaplains of the United States Armed Forces Chaplains Board

Raghupathi Venkaiah Naidu

Raghupathi Venkaiah Naidu regarded as the father of Telugu cinema, was an Indian artist and filmmaker, a pioneer in the production of silent Indian films and talkies. Starting in 1909, he was involved in many aspects of Indian cinema's history, like travelling to different regions in Asia to promote film work. In 1912, he had built a permanent cinema named Gaiety Theatre, the first in Madras to screen films on a full-time basis; the Raghupati Venkaiah Award is an annual award incorporated into the Nandi Awards. It is considered Telugu cinema's highest award to recognize people for their lifetime achievements and contributions to the Telugu film industry. Venkaiah Naidu is born to the second son of an Indian Army official Subedar Appayya Naidu in Machilipatnam, Andhra Pradesh, India, his brother Raghupathi Venkataratnam Naidu was a famous social reformer. His forefathers worked as Commanders in the Army of East Indian Company and Madras Army in Telaga Regiments. At the age of 18, he moved to Madras and started drawing pictures and carving sculptures at Mount Road and selling them.

He learned photography and started a photo studio. In 1909, he ordered a Chrono Mega phone, equipment that relates sounds with pictures, from John Dickinson and Company. To pay for the Chrono Mega phone he bought for Rs 30,000, he rented out his photo studio, he exhibited them in Victoria Public Hall. He travelled to Bangalore, Sri Lanka and Pegu to exhibit his films. In 1910, he established Esplanade Ten House to exhibit his films. In 1912, he constructed Gaiety Talkies on Mount Road, the first Indian-owned cinema theatre in Chennai, he constructed Crown Theatre on Mint Street and Globe Theatre in Parasuwakka, Chennai. He exhibited American and British films; some of the first movies shown in his theatres were Million Dollar Mystery, Mysteries of Meera, Clutching Hand, Broken Coin, Raja's casket, Peral fish, and'Great Bard'. In 1919, he started a production company called Star of East Films and a film studio called Glass Studio, he sent Raghupati Surya Prakash Naidu, to study cinematography in London.

Father and son made their first movie "Meenakshi Kalyanam" around actual locations of the Madurai Meenakshi temple. They produced films like Gajendra Moksham, Mathsyavatharam and Bhishma Pratigna, the first Telugu mookie. In 1929, he was forced to sell his properties to pay off his debts; the Andhra Pradesh state government established the Raghupati Venkaiah Naidu Award changed to Raghupathi Venkaiah Award for lifetime contributors to the Telugu movie industry. Naresh plays Raghupathi Venkaiah Naidu in the biographical film released on 29 November 2019; the movie was produced by Yellow Line Pictures. Dadasaheb Phalke H. M. Reddy Raghupathi Venkaiah Award

Cogglesford Mill

Cogglesford Mill is a Grade II listed working watermill in Sleaford, Lincolnshire. It is the last working Sheriff's Mill in England; the mill sits to the north of Sleaford on banks of River Slea. There is archaeological evidence of a Saxon mill on the site and records in the Domesday book of mills; the ford from which the mill takes its name is where the Roman road now called Mareham Lane crossed the Slea. The original crossing, no longer extant, is a few hundred yards downstream of the mill, close to the current footbridge. There were many other mills along the river at various times. During the construction of the Sleaford Navigation, in the 1790s, locks were provided at each of the mills to maintain the necessary head. After the navigation closed and as the locks fell into repair they were replaced by weirs, the weir at Cogglesford is elaborate, having to maintain the head of this still working mill. Cogglesford mill was assigned a listed status on 20 July 1973; the mill is open to the public 7 days a week during the summer and Organic stoneground flour is milled there and sold in shop.

N. Pevsner, J. Harris, N. Atram, Buildings of England, vol. 27, 1989 S. A. Savage, Cogglesford Mill, Sleaford, 2007 Cogglesford Mill - official site Photographs of the Sleaford Navigation Sleaford Navigation Trust Photographs of repairs to the Wheel, by the craftsman involved


Laurier—Sainte-Marie is a federal electoral district in Downtown Montreal, Canada, represented in the House of Commons of Canada since 1988. Its population in 2006 was 101,758; the district includes Côte Saint-Louis and the eastern parts of The Plateau and Mile End in the Borough of Le Plateau-Mont-Royal and the eastern part of Downtown Montreal and the western part of Centre-Sud in the Borough of Ville-Marie. In 1987, the district of "Laurier—Sainte-Marie" was created from Laurier, Montreal—Sainte-Marie and Saint-Jacques ridings. In 2003, Laurier—Sainte-Marie was abolished when it was redistributed into Laurier and Hochelaga ridings. After the 2004 election, Laurier riding was renamed "Laurier—Sainte-Marie" in 2004; the name comes from Laurier Avenue, a street in Plateau Mont-Royal named after Wilfrid Laurier, Sainte-Marie, a former name for Centre-Sud, which in turn came from a parish church dedicated to Saint Mary. The riding was represented by Gilles Duceppe, leader of the Bloc Québécois, until 2011 when he was defeated by Hélène Laverdière of the New Democratic Party.

This riding lost territory to Outremont and Ville-Marie—Le Sud-Ouest—Île-des-Sœurs, gained territory from Hochelaga, Westmount—Ville-Marie and Outremont during the 2012 electoral redistribution. According to the Canada 2006 CensusRacial groups: 84.9% White, 3.6% Black, 2.9% Latin American, 2.1% Chinese, 1.8% Arab, 1.5% Southeast Asian, 1.4% South Asian Religions: 68.5% Catholic, 2.8% Muslim, 2.8% Protestant, 1.4% Buddhist, 1.1% Christian Orthodox, 1.0% Other Christian, 21.0% No religion Average income: $25,079 According to the Canada 2016 CensusTwenty most common mother tongue languages: 70.9% French, 10.4% English, 4.1% Spanish, 2.3% Arabic, 1.4% Mandarin, 1.2% Portuguese, 1.2% Cantonese, 0.9% Bengali, 0.7% Farsi, 0.7% Vietnamese, 0.6% Russian, 0.5% Italian, 0.4% German, 0.4% Romanian, 0.3% Creole languages, 0.3% Polish, 0.2% Greek, 0.2% Korean, 0.2% Japanese, 0.2% Turkish Riding associations are the local branches of political parties: This riding has elected the following Members of Parliament: List of Canadian federal electoral districts Past Canadian electoral districts " Census Profile".

2011 census. Statistics Canada. 2012. Retrieved 2011-03-07. Riding history from the Library of Parliament: Laurier—Sainte-Marie, accessed 5 November 2006 Laurier, accessed 5 November 2006 Laurier—Sainte-Marie, accessed 5 November 2006

Daihatsu YRV

The Daihatsu YRV is a mini MPV, manufactured by the Japanese automaker Daihatsu from 2000 to 2005. The name is short for "Young Recreational Vehicle". A four-wheel drive system named "4Trak" is available only with the K3-VE engine internationally. A Japanese domestic market turbocharged version was available. All other versions are equipped with front-wheel drive system. A premium specification was available; this featured the aspirated K3-VE engine, side skirts and five spoke alloy wheels. This version was the highest selling YRV specification of the three and as a result, is the most common in the UK; the YRV has an option for an electronically controlled 4-speed automatic transmission. The international YRV turbo comes with this transmission as standard equipment. A four-wheel drive Japanese domestic market version was available at launch and up until discontinuation in 2005; this version had a turbocharged K3-VET engine and an electronically controlled 4-speed automatic transmission or an upgraded 5-speed manual transmission option for this model