Delaware Memorial Bridge
The Delaware Memorial Bridge is a twin suspension bridge crossing the Delaware River. The toll bridges carry Interstate 295 and U. S. Route 40 between Delaware and New Jersey; the bridge was designed by the firm known today as HNTB with consulting help from engineer Othmar Ammann, whose other designs include the Walt Whitman Bridge and Verrazzano-Narrows Bridge. It is one of only two crossings of the Delaware River with both U. S. Highway and Interstate Highway designations, the other being the Benjamin Franklin Bridge; the bridges provide a regional connection for long-distance travelers. While not a part of Interstate 95, they connect two parts of the highway: the Delaware Turnpike on the south side with the New Jersey Turnpike on the north side, they connect Interstate 495, U. S. Route 13, Route 9 in New Castle, Delaware with U. S. Route 130 in New Jersey; the bridges are dedicated to those from both New Jersey and Delaware who died in World War II, the Korean War, the Vietnam War, the Persian Gulf War.
On the Delaware side of the bridge is a War Memorial, visible from the northbound-side lanes. The toll facility is operated by the Delaware Bay Authority; the Delaware Memorial Bridge is the southernmost fixed vehicular crossing of the Delaware River and the only fixed vehicular crossing between Delaware and New Jersey. However, at Fort Mott, N. J. there is a small amount of land on the New Jersey side of the river, part of the State of Delaware, thus there are pedestrian crossings in between those states, but not spanning the river. The Cape May–Lewes Ferry provides an alternate route between travelers from New Jersey and the Northeastern States to southern Delaware. Following the opening of the Benjamin Franklin Bridge in Philadelphia, residents of Delaware and New Jersey began to advocate a crossing of the river in the area of Wilmington, Delaware; as commercial pressures mounted, a ferry service begun in 1926 as an interim measure, this ran near the bridge's current location. Advocates of a bridge crossing between Delaware and New Jersey faced strong opposition from the Philadelphia Port Authorities, which claimed that the bridge would be a menace to navigation.
The U. S. Navy and U. S. Coast Guard were concerned that the bridge would be vulnerable to an enemy attack. If the bridge were to collapse into the river, it could render the Philadelphia Navy Yard unusable; as traffic by cars and truck increased the benefits of a bridge in this area became evident, its construction was authorized by the highway departments of Delaware and New Jersey in 1945. A two-lane highway tunnel was considered, but the costs for a four-lane bridge was found to be equivalent in price, therefore being the reason a four-lane bridge was chosen. Congress approved the bridge project on July 13, 1946, its construction began on February 1, 1949; the project cost $44 million, it took two years to complete the 175 feet high span with towers reaching 440 feet above water level. The first span opened to traffic on August 16, 1951, at the time was the sixth-longest main suspension span in the world; the Governor of Delaware, Elbert N. Carvel, the Governor of New Jersey, Alfred E. Driscoll, dedicated the bridge to each state's war dead from World War II.
The bridge proved a popular travel route when the New Jersey Turnpike connection was completed at its north end. By 1955, nearly eight million vehicles were crossing the bridge each year, nearly twice the original projection. By 1960, the bridge was carrying more than 15 million cars and trucks per year, this increased more when the bridge was linked to the new Delaware Turnpike, Interstate 95, in November 1963. Construction of the second span began in mid-1964, 250 feet north of the original span. At a cost of $77 million, the second span of the Delaware Memorial Bridge opened on September 12, 1968, was dedicated to those soldiers from Delaware and New Jersey killed in the Korean War and Vietnam War; the original span was closed down for fifteen months for refurbishment: its suspenders were replaced and its deck and median barrier were removed and replaced with a single deck to allow four undivided lanes of traffic. On December 29, 1969, all eight lanes of the Delaware Memorial Bridge Twin Span opened to traffic, making it the world's second longest twin suspension bridge.
While they are similar in basic appearance, major differences can be seen between the original and second spans. The original span was constructed of riveted steel plates, it has an open-grate shoulder access walk. In contrast, the second span was constructed of welded steel plates and it has concrete access walks; the original suspension span carries northbound traffic for Interstate 295, whereas the newer span carries the southbound traffic. Crossover lanes on each side of the bridge can allow for two-way traffic on one span if the other has to be closed for an extensive period of time; the bridge had a close call with disaster when on July 9, 1969, the oil tanker Regent Liverpool struck the fender system protecting the tower piers. The bridge itself was spared damage; the Delaware River and Bay Authority began a $13 million project in 2003 to resurface the bridge, refurbish the expansion joints, upgrade the electrical system, replace the elevators in the four towers. This work was completed in 2008.
As of 2018, more than 80,000 vehicles cross the twin spans on their combined total of eight lanes daily. On clear days, the skyline of Philadelphia i
New Jersey Turnpike
The New Jersey Turnpike, known colloquially as "the Turnpike", is a system of controlled-access highways in New Jersey, maintained by the New Jersey Turnpike Authority. The 117.20-mile mainline's southern terminus is at the interchange with U. S. Route 130 and Route 49, where the split of Interstate 295 and US 40 occurs, near the border of Pennsville and Carneys Point townships in Salem County, one mile east of the Delaware Memorial Bridge, its northern terminus is at US 46 in Bergen County. Construction of the mainline from concept to completion took 23 months, from 1950 to 1952, it was opened to traffic in November 1951, between its southern terminus and exit 10. The turnpike is a major thoroughfare providing access to various localities in New Jersey, as well as Delaware and New York. According to the International Bridge and Turnpike Association, the turnpike is the nation's sixth-busiest toll road and is one of the most traveled highways in the United States; the northern part of the mainline turnpike, along with the entirety of its extensions and spurs, is part of the Interstate Highway System, designated as I-95 between exit 6 and its northern end.
South of exit 6, it has the unsigned Route 700 designation. There are three extensions and two spurs, including the Newark Bay Extension at exit 14, which carries I-78. All segments except for the I-95 Extension are tolled; the route is divided into four roadways between exit 6 and exit 14. The inner lanes are restricted to carrying only cars, with the outer lanes for cars and buses; the turnpike has 12-foot-wide lanes, 10-foot-wide shoulders and 13 rest areas named after notable New Jersey residents. The Interstate Highway System took some of its design guidelines from those for the turnpike; the turnpike is considered iconic in popular culture having been referenced in music and television. The mainline of the New Jersey Turnpike splits from I-295 in Carneys Point Township and runs along a north-northeast route to Ridgefield Park, where the road continues as I-95, it is designated Route 700, an unsigned route, from exit 1 to exit 6, as I-95 from exit 6 to exit 18. The number of lanes ranges from four lanes south of exit 4, six lanes between exit 4 and exit 6, 12 lanes between exit 6 and exit 11, 14 lanes between exit 11 and exit 14.
Before the advent of the Interstate Highway System, the entire Turnpike was designated by the New Jersey Department of Transportation as Route 700. The Pennsylvania Turnpike Extension was Route 700P, the Newark Bay Extension was Route 700N. None of these state highway designations have been signed; the turnpike begins within the median of I-295 at exit 1 along the border of Carneys Point and Pennsville Townships, where the northbound lanes of I-295 split to the southeast. Here, the turnpike is cosigned with US 40 and has three three northbound lanes and two southbound lanes. A northbound entrance from Old Pennsville-Auburn Road is provided near an NJDOT fuel station to the south of the highway. Soon afterwards, the turnpike crosses the Salem Canal, the northbound lanes of I-295 cross over the turnpike. Heading east, US 40 leaves the highway at an interchange with County Route 540. A mile north of this point is the Exit 1 Toll Plaza, where northbound drivers must obtain a ticket, southbound drivers must surrender their ticket and pay the proper toll.
Two Express E-ZPass lanes are provided in each direction. Paralleling I-295, the turnpike continues north/northeast through rural Salem County with two lanes in each direction before approaching the John Fenwick Service Area northbound and the Clara Barton Service Area southbound. After entering Gloucester County the turnpike reaches exit 2 for US 322 in Woolwich Township; the highway heads northeast past farmland before reaching residential development near Deptford Township. Approaching Bellmawr, the turnpike passes over Route 42 with no access, comes to exit 3 for Route 168. Still two lanes in each direction, the turnpike continues heading northeast and comes within yards of I-295. In Cherry Hill, the turnpike passes under Route 70 with no access, enters Mount Laurel and comes to exit 4 for Route 73. North of this point, the turnpike has three lanes in each direction. Still running within close proximity with I-295, the turnpike passes under Route 38 and comes to the northbound James Fenimore Cooper Service Area.
The road crosses over Rancocas Creek and passes to the northwest of Rancocas State Park. Here, the distance between I-295 and the turnpike increases, the turnpike reaches exit 5 for Burlington-Mount Holly Road. Northeast of here, the turnpike continues as a six-lane highway towards Mansfield. Beginning just south of exit 6, the turnpike splits into a "dual-dual" configuration similar to a local-express configuration; the outer lanes are open to all vehicles and the inner lanes are limited to cars only, unless signed otherwise because of unusual conditions. Starting in Mansfield Township, the turnpike has a total of 12 lanes, six in each direction. At exit 6, I-95 joins the turnpike. 2 miles north of here is exit 7, providing access to US 206. Continuing northeast, the Woodrow Wilson and Richard Stockton Service
Interstate 295 (Delaware–Pennsylvania)
Interstate 295 in Delaware, New Jersey, Pennsylvania is an auxiliary Interstate Highway, designated as a bypass around Philadelphia and a partial beltway of Trenton, New Jersey. The route begins at a junction with I-95 south of Wilmington and runs to an interchange with I-95 in Bristol Township, Pennsylvania; the highway heads east from I-95 and crosses the Delaware River from Delaware to New Jersey on the Delaware Memorial Bridge concurrent with U. S. Route 40. Upon entering New Jersey, I-295 splits from the New Jersey Turnpike and US 40, runs parallel to the Turnpike for most of its course in the state. After a concurrency with US 130 in Gloucester County, I-295 has an interchange with I-76 and Route 42 in Camden County; the freeway continues northeast toward Trenton, where it intersects I-195 and Route 29 before bypassing the city to the east and west, crossing the Delaware River on the Scudder Falls Bridge into Pennsylvania. In Pennsylvania, I-295 is signed as an east-west road and heads south to its western terminus at I-95.
Three portions of I-295 predate the Interstate Highway System: the Delaware Memorial Bridge and its approach, built in 1951, a section in Salem County built in 1953, the part concurrent with US 130, built in two sections that opened in 1948 and 1954. The route was designated on these sections in New Jersey in 1958 and in Delaware in 1959; the portion of I-295 connecting to I-95 in Delaware opened in 1963 while most of the route in New Jersey was finished by the 1980s. The part of I-295 near the interchange with I-195 and Route 29 was finished in 1994. I-95 was supposed to continue northeast from just east of exit 72 near Trenton on the proposed Somerset Freeway, but this plan was canceled. I-295 ended in New Jersey at US 1 in Lawrence Township, becoming I-95 heading south into Philadelphia. By July 2018, it was extended along the former I-95 in New Jersey and Bucks County, Pennsylvania to end at I-95 at the Pennsylvania Turnpike, with no access between I-295 and the latter road. I-295 begins at I-95, I-495, US 202, Delaware Route 141 near Newport and heads east over the Delaware River on the Delaware Memorial Bridge into New Jersey.
The highway intersects the southern terminus of the New Jersey Turnpike and runs northeast through suburban areas of South Jersey parallel to the turnpike, providing a bypass of Philadelphia and Camden. I-295 turns north and bypasses Trenton to the east and turns west at the US 1 junction in Lawrence Township; the route heads west around the north side of Trenton and crosses the Delaware River on the Scudder Falls Bridge into Pennsylvania. Here, I-295 becomes an east-west road and heads south to its western terminus at I-95 in Bristol Township; the portion of I-295 running through New Jersey is sometimes referred to as the Camden Freeway by the New Jersey Department of Transportation. As part of the Interstate Highway System, the entire length of I-295 is a part of the National Highway System. I-295 begins at an interchange with I-95, I-495, US 202, DE 141 south of the town of Newport in New Castle County, Delaware; the northbound beginning of I-295 has direct ramps from both directions of I-95, southbound I-495, southbound DE 141, while the southern end of I-295 had direct ramps to both directions of I-95, northbound I-495, northbound DE 141.
From this junction, the highway heads southeast on an eight-lane freeway maintained by the Delaware River and Bay Authority that passes to the northeast of suburban neighborhoods in Wilmington Manor. I-295 passes over the Jack A. Markell Trail and reaches an interchange with US 13/US 40. Here, US 40 splits from US 13 by heading east concurrent with I-295; the road has an eastbound ramp to Landers Lane before it passes between residential neighborhoods and has an interchange with DE 9 north of the city of New Castle. This interchange provides access to Veterans Memorial Park, where a war memorial honoring veterans from Delaware and New Jersey is located. Past DE 9, the median of the freeway widens to include the DRBA headquarters, with direct access to and from the southbound lanes while northbound access is provided by way of DE 9. After this, the southbound direction comes to a toll plaza for the Delaware Memorial Bridge. I-295/US 40 continues east and passes over Norfolk Southern's New Castle Secondary before crossing the Delaware River on the twin-span Delaware Memorial Bridge.
Upon reaching the east bank of the Delaware River, I-295/US 40 enters Pennsville Township in Salem County, New Jersey and heads east-southeast through industrial areas. The freeway comes to an interchange with the southern terminus of US 130 and the western terminus of Route 49, at which point it meets the southern terminus of the New Jersey Turnpike. Here, I-295 splits onto its own freeway maintained by NJDOT while US 40 continues along the New Jersey Turnpike for a short distance before it splits to the southeast. A short distance the roadway enters Carneys Point Township and CR 551 merges onto I-295, with the four-lane freeway heading northeast; the highway comes to a junction with Route 140, where CR 551 splits from I-295 by continuing east along Route 140. I-295 features a rest area in the northbound direction; the freeway continues northeast and comes to a northbound weigh station before it reaches the Route 48 exit. The highway runs through a mix of farmland and woodland and enters Oldmans Township, where it comes to an interchange providing access to CR 643.
I-295 crosses Oldmans Creek into Logan Township in Gloucester County and passes near some residential development and warehouses as it comes to the Center Square Road exit. The road crosses Raccoon Creek and reaches an interchange serving US 322/CR 536. Following this, the
Salem, New Jersey
Salem is a city in Salem County, in the U. S. state of New Jersey. As of the 2010 United States Census, the city's population was 5,146, reflecting a decrease of 711 from the 5,857 counted in the 2000 Census, which had in turn declined by 1,026 from the 6,883 counted in the 1990 Census, an overall drop of more than 25% over the two decades, it is the county seat of the state's most rural county. The name "Salem", in both the city and county, is derived from the Hebrew word shalom, meaning "peace"; the town and colony of Salem was laid out in 1675 by John Fenwick and the community was given permission to choose officers in October 1693. It was incorporated on February 21, 1798, as part of the initial group of 104 townships established by the New Jersey Legislature. On February 25, 1858, it was reincorporated as Salem City. Salem was founded by a Quaker. Fenwick had been involved in a financial dispute with an Edward Byllynge, another Quaker, who had received the undivided portion of New Jersey territory that James Stuart, Duke of York had granted to Lord John Berkeley in 1664.
Berkeley had sold his share to Byllynge in 1675 for 1,000 pounds, but Byllynge had become bankrupt and so had the property turned over to Fenwick to hold for Byllynge and his assigns in trust. Byllynge and Fenwick came to disagree over the property. William Penn was asked to adjudicate the matter and he awarded 90% of the claim to Byllynge and the remaining 10% and a cash settlement to Fenwick for his share. Fenwick was refused to abide by the decision. So Fenwick organized a colony of settlers and sailed to the Delaware Bay where he settled as Patroon on the eastern shore near the abandoned Swedish settlement of Fort Nya Elfsborg and set himself up as the local governor of the fifth Tenth, issuing land patents and enforcing his own laws in defiance of Byllynge and Penn. Byllynge countered by suing Fenwick; the economic damages to those who controlled property within and near Salem caused many injured persons over the next decade to declare a long line of complaints and lawsuits in the colonial courts.
To preserve Salem, its inhabitants and their property, Fenwick remained under arrest for months until copies of documents proving his claims were obtained from England. Fenwick proved the right of his claim in the court of Dominion Governor Andros, returned to govern the Salem tenth by 1689. Salem remained as continued growing. In 1778, the British launched an assault against the local American militia in what became known as the Salem Raid. During that assault, Judge William Hancock of the King's Court, presiding at the County Courthouse at the beginning of the American Revolutionary War, was accidentally killed by the British troops as part of the assault that became known as the Hancock House Massacre. After the war concluded, treason trials were held at the county courthouse where suspected Loyalists were put on trial for having aided the British raid of Salem. Four men were sentenced to death for treason; the town was formally incorporated as a city by the New Jersey Legislature's Township Act of 1798 on February 21, 1798.
The Old County Courthouse was the site of the legend of Colonel Robert Gibbon Johnson proving the edibility of the tomato. According to legend, Colonel Johnson stood upon the courthouse steps in 1820 and ate tomatoes in front of a large amazed crowd assembled to watch him do so. However, the legend did not appear in print until 1948 and modern scholars doubt the veracity of this story; the Old Salem County Courthouse serves today as the administrative offices for Salem City. It is the oldest active courthouse in New Jersey and is the second-oldest courthouse in continuous use in the United States; the Courthouse was erected in 1735 during the reign of King George II using locally manufactured bricks. The building was enlarged in 1817 and additionally enlarged and remodeled in 1908, its distinctive bell tower is unchanged and the original bell sits in the courtroom. Salem is located along the Salem River. According to the United States Census Bureau, Salem city had a total area of 2.815 square miles, including 2.343 square miles of land and 0.472 square mile of water.
The city borders the Salem County municipalities of Elsinboro Township, Lower Alloways Creek Township, Mannington Township, Pennsville Township and Quinton Township. The climate in the area is characterized by hot, humid summers and mild to cool winters. According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Salem has a humid subtropical climate, abbreviated "Cfa" on climate maps; as of the 2010 United States Census, there were 5,146 people, 2,157 households, 1,264.002 families residing in the city. The population density was 2,195.9 per square mile. There were 2,633 housing units at an average density of 1,123.6 per square mile. The racial makeup of the city was 31.21% White, 62.13% Black or African American, 0.41% Native American, 0.39% Asian, 0.00% Pacific Islander, 1.85% from other races, 4.02% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 6.68% of the population. There were 2,157 households out of which 28.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 22.8% were married couples living together, 30.7% had a female householder with no h
Millville, New Jersey
Millville is a city in Cumberland County, New Jersey, United States. As of the 2010 United States Census, the city's population was 28,400, reflecting an increase of 1,553 from the 26,847 counted in the 2000 Census, which had in turn increased by 855 from the 25,992 counted in the 1990 Census. Millville and Vineland are the three principal New Jersey cities of the Vineland-Millville-Bridgeton Primary Metropolitan Statistical Area which encompasses those cities and all of Cumberland County for statistical purposes. Millville was incorporated as a township by an act of the New Jersey Legislature on February 24, 1801, from portions of Fairfield Township. Portions of the township were taken to form Landis Township on March 7, 1864. Millville was reincorporated as a city on March 1, 1866, based on the results of a referendum passed that same day; the city derives its name from a proposal to create a mill town in the area. A sawmill was believed to have existed at Leaming's Mill - known as "Shingle Landing" in its earliest days - around 1720.
The area had a public road, a boat landing, a bridge-like structure. In 1790, Joseph Smith and Henry Drinker purchased 24,000 acres of land known as the Union Mills Tract, they formed the Union Estates Company, built lumber mills along the Maurice River and established a dam to power these new mills. Joseph Buck, an American Revolutionary War veteran who served under General George Washington, was part of a group that purchased the land in the area in 1795 and laid out the plans for what would become Millville. In 1806, an Irish immigrant, James Lee, opened the area's first glass factory, making use of the large amounts of silica sand and the ample wood that could be used to operate the plant. In the early 1850s, the Smith and Wood Iron Foundry and New Jersey Mills were constructed. In 1860, a bleachery and dye house were added to New Jersey Mills, which became Millville Manufacturing. David Wood constructed a dam, forming the largest man-made lake in the state, which powered the entire manufacturing organization.
By 1870, the mill had 600 employees, in 40 years this number doubled. In 1862, Charles K. Landis laid out the city of Vineland about two and a half miles east of the Maurice River. In 1864, Vineland joined the new Landis Township. In 1936, the town was the site of Roosevelt Park, a project proposed by Effie Maud Aldrich Morrison as the country's first housing development for the elderly; the retirement colony was built on land, repossessed by the town of Millville for back taxes, became known as the "Roosevelt Colony". It was renamed to the "Roosevelt Park" old age colony, was sometimes referred to as the Colony for the Aged at Roosevelt Park and Roosevelt Park Colony for Aged; when it opened on October 23, 1936, it became the first senior citizens retirement colony in the United States. The Millville Airport was dedicated "America's First Defense Airport" on August 2, 1941, by local and federal officials. In less than a year, construction of military base facilities began, in January 1943, the Millville Army Air Field opened as a gunnery school for fighter pilots.
Gunnery training began with Curtiss P-40 Warhawk aircraft, but after a few weeks was changed over to the Republic P-47 Thunderbolt. During its three-year existence, thousands of soldiers and civilians served here, with about 1,500 pilots receiving advanced fighter training in the Thunderbolt. Following World War II, the airfield was declared excess to the governments needs, returned to the City of Millville. Most of the airport buildings were converted to apartments for the many veterans returning from the war; the last of the apartments vanished in the early 1970s, the airport soon became a hub of industry and aviation for Southern New Jersey. Up to the late 1990s the Millville downtown area was depressed and somewhat isolated, as illustrated by the abandoned Levoy Theatre and Wheaton Glass Factory, with investors reluctant to venture in its development. Major redevelopment has occurred in the past several years, establishing the scenic Riverfront and Downtown areas into an artists' haven, including many studios and restaurants.
Older abandoned buildings have been restored, continued major development is planned. Millville has an arts district named the Glasstown Arts District. A public art center with galleries and studios is the hub of activity, is open six days a week; the district includes seven full-time galleries, along with ten part-time galleries and studios, which are open on weekends and on the third Friday of each month. Wheaton Arts and the Creative Glass Center of America includes a major collection of early American glass with contemporary glass from CGCA Fellows and working glass artists in a restored 19th century glass factory; the Levoy Theatre re-opened on September 9, 2012. One of Millville's claims to fame is an original paperweight making technique which originated there. Fine paperweights from the classic period were made with one of three techniques: millefiori, lampwork or cameo incrustations. In the first decade of the twentieth century, crimp flowers roses, originated in Millville, with several glassworkers making them in their off duty time.
These paperweights are called "Millville roses," when sometimes made elsewhere. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city had a total area of 44.489 square miles, including 42.001 square miles of land and 2.488 square miles of water. Unincorporated communities and place names located or within the city include Clarks Mill, Manatico, North Newark and Union Lake; the city borders Deerf
Upper Township, New Jersey
Upper Township is a large township in Cape May County, New Jersey, United States. It is part of the Ocean City Metropolitan Statistical Area; as of the 2010 United States Census, the township's population was 12,373, reflecting an increase of 258 from the 12,115 counted in the 2000 Census, which had in turn increased by 1,434 from the 10,681 counted in the 1990 Census. New Jersey Monthly magazine ranked Upper Township as its 2nd best place to live in its 2008 rankings of the "Best Places To Live" in New Jersey. During 2008, Upper Township was considering consolidation with neighboring Corbin City. Corbin City shares extensively with Upper Township for municipal service, but the question of consolidating municipalities across county borders presented an obstacle to a full merger. Upper Township is home to the only yellow fire trucks in Cape May County, a tradition started in 1985 when the Seaville Fire Rescue Company was purchasing a new vehicle and thought that federal regulations would require the color.
Since being formed in 1964 and purchasing its first fire truck a year the Seaville company has served the area, responding to over 200 calls a year from its fire station is located on Route 50 across from Dino's Seaville Diner. Upper Township was formed as a precinct on April 2, 1723, was incorporated as one of New Jersey's initial 104 townships by an act of the New Jersey Legislature on February 21, 1798. Portions of the township have been taken to form Dennis Township and Ocean City borough, territorial changes were made involving Sea Isle City in March and April 1905; the township's name came from its location when Cape May was split into three townships in 1723 at the same time that Lower Township and Middle Township were created. According to the United States Census Bureau, the township had a total area of 68.687 square miles, including 62.149 square miles of land and 6.538 square miles of water. Strathmere is an unincorporated community and census-designated place located within Upper Township.
Other unincorporated communities and place names located or within the township include Beesley's Point, Blackmans Island, Cedar Springs, Corsons Inlet, Greenfield, Marshallville, Miramar, Petersburg, Steelmantown, West Ocean City and Whale Beach. The township contains many different communities and enclaves that create a diverse area reaching from Great Egg Harbor to the Atlantic Ocean. Seaville is the largest community and Strathmere is the township's island containing a beach community; as of the 2010 United States Census, there were 12,373 people, 4,566 households, 3,461.028 families residing in the township. The population density was 199.1 per square mile. There were 6,341 housing units at an average density of 102.0 per square mile. The racial makeup of the township was 96.61% White, 0.58% Black or African American, 0.13% Native American, 0.74% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.72% from other races, 1.20% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.36% of the population.
There were 4,566 households out of which 32.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 62.2% were married couples living together, 9.7% had a female householder with no husband present, 24.2% were non-families. 20.1% of all households were made up of individuals, 9.4% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.71 and the average family size was 3.14. In the township, the population was spread out with 23.8% under the age of 18, 7.7% from 18 to 24, 20.2% from 25 to 44, 34.0% from 45 to 64, 14.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 43.6 years. For every 100 females there were 94.4 males. For every 100 females ages 18 and older there were 92.1 males. The Census Bureau's 2006-2010 American Community Survey showed that median household income was $81,250 and the median family income was $97,372. Males had a median income of $63,597 versus $46,250 for females; the per capita income for the borough was $38,702. About 2.5% of families and 4.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 2.9% of those under age 18 and 6.6% of those age 65 or over.
As of the 2000 United States Census there were 12,115 people, 4,266 households, 3,365 families residing in the township. The population density was 191.8 people per square mile. There were 5,472 housing units at an average density of 86.6 per square mile. The racial makeup of the township was 97.59% White, 0.69% African American, 0.12% Native American, 0.61% Asian, 0.06% Pacific Islander, 0.19% from other races, 0.74% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.28% of the population. There were 4,266 households out of which 39.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 67.7% were married couples living together, 8.5% had a female householder with no husband present, 21.1% were non-families. 17.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.3% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.84 and the average family size was 3.23. In the township the population was spread out with 28.6% under the age of 18, 6.0% from 18 to 24, 27.7% from 25 to 44, 25.5% from 45 to 64, 12.2% who were 65 years of age or older.
The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females, there were 93.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 89.4 males. The median income for a household in the township was $60,942, the
New Jersey Route 55
Route 55 is a state highway in the southern part of New Jersey, United States, built to freeway standards. Known as the Veterans Memorial Highway, it runs 40.54 miles from an intersection with Route 47 in Port Elizabeth north to an interchange with Route 42 in Gloucester County. The Route 55 freeway serves as a main road through Cumberland and Gloucester counties, serving Millville and Glassboro, it is used as a commuter route north to Philadelphia and, along with Route 47, as a route from the Delaware Valley to the Jersey Shore resorts in Cape May County. Built to Interstate Highway standards, New Jersey Route 55 has a posted speed limit of 65 miles per hour for most of its length. What is now Route 55 was proposed in the 1950s as a toll road called the Cape May Expressway, to run from the Walt Whitman Bridge to Cape May. In 1962, the New Jersey Expressway Authority was created to build the Cape May Expressway and the Atlantic City Expressway. However, by 1965, the road to Cape May was turned over to the New Jersey Department of Transportation and designated as Route 55, to run from Westville to Cape May Court House.
The first portion of the route opened around Millville in 1969 while the section bypassing Vineland was completed in the 1970s. Route 55 was completed north to Deptford in 1989. Meanwhile, the portion between Route 47 in Port Elizabeth and the Garden State Parkway in Middle Township was canceled in 1975 due to the impact the highway would have on the surrounding environment. Route 55 begins at a signalized intersection with Route 47 in the Port Elizabeth section of Maurice River Township, Cumberland County, heading to the north as a two-lane undivided road through wooded areas. At the southern terminus, the road continues south as part of Route 47. A short distance after beginning, the road widens into a four-lane divided freeway and comes to a southbound exit and northbound entrance with Schooner Landing Road. Past this interchange, Route 55 enters Millville and crosses over the Manantico Creek as it heads into built-up areas; the freeway continues north to an interchange with Route 49. Past the Route 49 interchange, Route 55 continues through Millville, passing over County Route 552 Spur.
The route passes to the east of WheatonArts, which home to the Creative Glass Center of America, before turning northwest and crossing into Vineland, where it interchanges with CR 555. The freeway turns to the west past the CR 555 interchange and crosses over Conrail Shared Assets Operations' Vineland Secondary railroad line before entering Millville again. At this point, the route comes to a modified cloverleaf interchange with Route 47 adjacent to the Cumberland Mall. From Route 47, the freeway enters forested areas again and makes a turn to the north, crossing back into Vineland. In Vineland, it interchanges with CR 552 near the South Jersey Health Care Regional Medical Center; this exit serves Cumberland County College to the east. Route 55 continues between rural areas near the Maurice River to the west and development to the east, coming to a cloverleaf interchange with Route 56. Past this interchange, the route passes over a Winchester and Western Railroad line before crossing over CR 540.
Farther north, a modified cloverleaf interchange serves CR 674, which provides access to the northern part of Vineland. Past the Garden Road interchange, Route 55 continues through farmland and woodland, passing to the east of Rudys Airport; the freeway crosses Scotland Run and runs through Pittsgrove Township in Salem County. Route 55 continues northwest into Franklin Township, Gloucester County, reaches a cloverleaf interchange with U. S. Route 40. Past this interchange, the freeway heads north, crossing over CR 538. Route 55 comes to a diamond interchange with Little Mill Road before entering Clayton and turning to the west. A short distance Route 55 continues into Elk Township and comes to an interchange with CR 553; the route continues north into Glassboro, where it has an interchange with CR 641. Past this interchange, Route 55 crosses into Harrison Township and meets US 322 and CR 536 at a cloverleaf interchange. US 322 serves Rowan University. Past the US 322 interchange, the freeway continues through agricultural areas and enters Mantua Township, where it turns northeast and crosses under CR 553 Alternate.
Route 55 passes under Conrail Shared Assets Operations' Vineland Secondary railroad line before intersecting CR 553 again at a modified cloverleaf interchange. This interchange provides access to The Broadway Theatre of Pitman. Past CR 553, the route turns north again and passes near more suburban surroundings entering Washington Township before crossing into Deptford Township. In Deptford Township, Route 55 comes to a cloverleaf interchange with Route 47. Northbound Route 47 heads toward the main campus of Rowan College at Gloucester County in Sewell, it crosses CR 534 before coming to a trumpet interchange with Deptford Center Road that provides access to CR 621 and the Deptford Mall. Past this interchange, Route 55 passes under CR 544 and CR 621 before merging onto Route 42 and coming to an end. Following the completion of the Walt Whitman Bridge in the 1950s, two toll expressways were proposed to connect the bridge to Atlantic City and to Cape May. In 1962, the New Jersey Expressway Authority Act was signed into law.
This act created the New Jersey Expressway Authority, to manage both the Atlantic City and Cape May expressways. While the Atlantic City Expressway was completed by the authority in 1965, the Cape May Expressway was turned over to the state about this time; the Cape May Expressway was designated Route 55 and legislated to run from US 130 in Westville to US 9 near Cape May Court