click links in text for more info
SUMMARY / RELATED TOPICS

New Jersey Route 495

Route 495 is a 3.45-mile-long freeway in Hudson County, New Jersey, in the United States that connects the New Jersey Turnpike at exits 16E and 17 in Secaucus to New York State Route 495 inside the Lincoln Tunnel in Weehawken, providing access to Midtown Manhattan. The road is owned and operated by the New Jersey Turnpike Authority between the New Jersey Turnpike and Route 3, the New Jersey Department of Transportation between Route 3 and Park Avenue near the Union City–Weehawken border, by the Port Authority of New York and New Jersey east of Park Avenue, including the helix used to descend the New Jersey Palisades to reach the entrance of the Lincoln Tunnel. Route 495 is a six-lane freeway with a reversible bus lane used during the morning rush hour; the bus lane, which runs the entire length of the freeway, continues into the Lincoln Tunnel's center tube. The first portion of the present-day Route 495, at the entrance to the Lincoln Tunnel, was constructed in 1937 when the Lincoln Tunnel opened.

In 1939, it was extended west to Route 3 and it became an eastern extension of that route. In 1952, the portion of the route west of Route 3 was opened when the New Jersey Turnpike was completed. In 1959, the road was incorporated into the Interstate Highway System and was designated as part of Interstate 495. Since the Mid-Manhattan Expressway that would have connected the route to New York's I-495 was canceled, I-495 became New Jersey Route 495 in 1979, the signs were changed in 1989. Route 495 begins at the exit 16E off-ramp from the northbound lanes of the New Jersey Turnpike near the boundary of Secaucus and North Bergen; the main roadway heads east through North Bergen as a freeway with three lanes in the eastbound and westbound directions, maintained by the NJTA. The route has an interchange with Route 3, with access to eastbound Route 3 and U. S. Route 1/9 for traffic in the eastbound direction and to westbound Route 3 in the westbound direction. Past this interchange, Route 495 becomes a six-lane freeway maintained by NJDOT that passes over New York and Western Railway's New Jersey Subdivision line and Conrail Shared Assets Operations' Northern Branch line before intersects US 1/9 at a partial interchange, with a westbound exit and eastbound entrance.

Past US 1/9, the freeway has an interchange with County Route 501, which uses 30th Street and 31st Street as collector–distributor roads. East of this junction, Route 495 enters Union City and heads through developed residential areas, passing under numerous streets. There is an eastbound exit and westbound entrance for Park Avenue, which provides access to Weehawken and Hoboken, where Route 495 becomes maintained by the PANYNJ, it comes to a westbound exit and eastbound entrance for Park Avenue. At this point, the roadway loops around itself at a section in the roadway locally known as The Helix, descending the New Jersey Palisades to reach the entrance to the Lincoln Tunnel under the Hudson River; the route has a westbound exit for CR 677 and another exit for Boulevard East with a westbound exit and eastbound entrance. After interchanging with Boulevard East, the road features an eastbound toll plaza and enters the Lincoln Tunnel. At the New York state line, located at the midpoint of the Hudson River, the road continues as NY 495, separate from I-495, heads into Midtown Manhattan in New York City.

Since 1970, the left lane of the three westbound lanes is converted during the morning rush hour to a reversible bus lane, known as the "XBL", or Exclusive Bus Lane. The PANYNJ is responsible for daily operation of the XBL, including its opening and closing, removal of disabled vehicles, response to emergencies, it is used by buses headed east from the New Jersey Turnpike and Route 3 to the Port Authority Bus Terminal just past the Lincoln Tunnel in Manhattan, serving over 1,800 buses and 65,000 bus commuters on regular weekday mornings. This bus lane is the busiest in the United States. Route 495 is a busy route that carries 74,571 vehicles at its western terminus and 119,432 vehicles by the time it reaches the Lincoln Tunnel; each of the travel lanes in the Lincoln Tunnel's center tube is reversible. In general, both of the lanes, including the exclusive bus lane, serve Manhattan-bound traffic during the weekday morning rush hour, both of the lanes serve New Jersey-bound traffic during the weekday evening rush hour, one lane is provided in each direction during other time periods.

New Jersey-bound traffic uses both lanes of the north tube and Manhattan-bound traffic uses both lanes of the south tube. According to the American Highway Users Alliance, Route 495 is considered one of the most congested corridors on the East Coast of the United States; the road was built as an approach to the Lincoln Tunnel, with the first section opening December 22, 1937, when the first tube of the tunnel was completed. This section ran only from the tunnel portal south through the toll booths to a plaza with Park Avenue and Hudson County Boulevard East. Marginal Street, providing access from Hudson County Boulevard East west over Park Avenue to 32nd Street and the Bergen Turnpike, was opened at that time. In 1939, the Port Authority opened the rest of the approach, up the helix and west to Route 3, it was designated as an eastern extension of Route 3; the final section of today's Route 495 opened on January 15, 1952, with the completion of the New Jersey Turnpike. The turnpike interchange (

Ben Clarke (footballer, born 1911)

Benjamin Clarke was a Northern Irish football full back who played in the Football League for Exeter City, Sheffield United and Carlisle United. His son Godfrey became a footballer and his grandson is golfer Darren Clarke, his nephews Joe and Derek Meldrum appeared for the Distillery team which played Benfica in the 1963 European Cup. Clarke was born at Ballygarvey just outside Co.. Antrim, Ireland, his father Nathaniel was a horse trainer. By 1915 the family were living in the Milltown area of Co.. Tyrone, his early employment was at the factory of Messrs Co.. Dungannon. By 1931, Clarke was part of the Dungannon Town team, who were competing in Mid Ulster Junior football, he was part of the team which won the Mid Ulster Shield in 1932. He was selected for several representative teams, his performances led to a move to Irish League side Portadown in 1932. After gaining a regular first team place, he helped the side to win their first senior trophy, the Gold Cup in 1933, he gained a place on the Ireland Amateur team, winning two caps against England and Scotland in 1934.

By this stage he was drawing the attention of English League Clubs. In May 1934, an offer in the region of £2500 – £3000 was accepted from Division 2 side Sheffield United. Clarke was with Sheffield United for three years, he made sporadic appearances for the first team playing for the reserves. The first choice right-back being club captain Harry Hooper, his first appearance of the 1935–36 season came in a 2-0 Home win against local rivals Barnsley, in April 1936. This came about due to an injury sustained by Hooper, his previous first team appearance had been against Nottingham Forest on cup final day of the previous season. He played in the next match a draw away to Port Vale; however Hooper retook his place, after recovering from injury, to captain the side for the final of the 1936 FA Cup, which ended in 1-0 victory for Arsenal. By 1937, Clarke was looking for a new club and joined Third Division South side Exeter City, in August. Early in his time at Exeter, with the team struggling, he was deployed as centre-forward, having scored eight goals in two games for the reserves.

He was released by the club at the end of the 1938–39 season. He subsequently joined Carlisle United, a Third Division North side in June 1939; however the league was suspended after only three matches, due to the outbreak of war. By December 1939, had joined Irish League side Coleraine as their player manager, he guided the club to eighth position in an improvement on 14th, the previous season. By 1945, he was again playing for Portadown. In 1949, he was involved in the formation of Dungannon Swifts and subsequently became their player coach, he led the team to numerous successes in their early years

Portland City Hall (Maine)

The Portland City Hall is the center of city government in Portland, Maine. It is located at 389 Congress Street, is set in a prominent rise, anchoring a cluster of civic buildings at the eastern end of Portland's downtown; the structure was built in 1909-12 and was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1973. Portland City Hall occupies much of an entire city block, bounded by Congress and Chestnut Streets, Cumberland Avenue, its original main portion is a U-shaped granite structure, the U open to Congress Street. A modern ell extends along Myrtle Street, behind the right leg of the U; the central portion is three stories in height, with a dormed mansard roof fronted by a low balustrade. A tower, 200 feet in height rises from the center of this section. Ground floor windows are set in rounded openings, a feature continued around the wings. There are three entrances, accessed via a broad set of stairs; the wings are two stories in height, with projecting colonnades of Tuscan columns facing the inside of the U.

The wings are covered with a bracketed cornice extending around. The interior of the building houses the city's offices; the addition on Myrtle Street includes Merrill Auditorium, a 1,908 seat performance venue. The organ it houses, the Kotzschmar Memorial Organ, was the second largest in the world at the time of its construction in 1912. Portland's City Hall was first built on this site in 1862, a building, destroyed in the city's Great Fire of 1866. Rebuilt to a design by Francis H. Fassett, its replacement burned in 1908; the present City Hall was designed by the New York City firm of Carrere & Hastings, with local assistance provided by John Calvin Stevens and John Howard Stevens. It was inspired by New York City Hall, was considered by John M. Carrere to be one of his finest works. During the Portland Rum Riot on June 2, 1855, opponents of the state's Prohibition law stormed City Hall because they thought Mayor Neal Dow was keeping liquor in the basement. Newspapers reported that Dow ordered rioters to be fired upon, wounding seven.

National Register of Historic Places listings in Portland, Maine "Portland City Hall". Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey. Retrieved 2009-03-05

Hugh Robertson (instrument maker)

Hugh Robertson was a Scottish wood and ivory turner and a master crafter of woodwind instruments such as Pastoral Pipes, Union pipes, Great Highland Bagpipes. Robertson was born in 1730 in Scotland. Born in Edinburgh where he lived and worked for the majority of his life till his retirement at the age of 90 in 1821. Hugh Robertson is noted as one of the earliest professional Scottish pipe makers of the 18th century, in a career spanning 58 years. Robertson pipes are hallmarked from 1765, by 1775 and he is recorded in the directory of tradesmen as a ‘pipe maker’ trading from Castle Hill Edinburgh. Robertson had a wide and crafted repertoire of a maker of Great Highland Bagpipes, Pastoral pipes sometimes termed in Edinburgh as the "flat-set of pipes" and Union pipes; the first commercial bagpipe makers were prior to 1750 in Edinburgh and Glasgow and skilled musical instrument makers were wood turners by profession, began to craft instrument to a design individual to the makers style and innovations.

Several well established. Robertson was no exception and in his designs, added decoration of'beading' and'combing' style on Highland Bagpipes which in turn was adopted as standard by the late 18th century and has remained unchanged since then, he crafted the Edinburgh prize Great Highland pipe of 1802, played at the battle of waterloo by piper John Buchanan, pipe major of the Black Watch. Due to the popularity of plays and playlets of the time and interests and patronage of amateur gentleman pipers of the l8th–19th centuries, master craftsman like Robertson crafted high quality instruments including bellows blown Pastoral and Union pipes. Predominately more examples survive in considerable quantity bearing the Robertson hallmark, more-so than his contemporaries and in surviving numbers represents the most of his production and contribution to the development of this genre. Using native hardwoods such as laburnum and elder, Robertson diversified in his materials and workshop was well situated to obtain raw materials from ships trading into the river Clyde and Forth, tropical hardwoods including cocus wood from the Caribbean and African Continent, suitable for turning into musical instruments, that were preferred for bagpipe making.

The innovator, he was not restricted to the sole use of hardwoods alone, experimented in ivory sets of bass and tenor drones in an ivory common stock with characteristic "lotus-top" style of tuning. Many of the surviving Robertson pastoral and union pipe sets displayed a U-bend in the bass drone. Other modifications of Scottish-made Union pipes of this period, included the addition of a third drone and model the drone stock into a separate chamber for the drone and regulator reeds, instruments of this period attached the regulators above the stock. Robertson attached the regulators to the front of the stock to achieve a better balance or greater volume with double regulator reeds and the drones. Pastoral sets with one or two regulators are common in Roberstson’s sets as well as keyed Pastoral and shortened union chanters; such developments were driven by experimentation as musical styles changed, diversifying the instruments by the maker or the particular tastes of the customer. Leading as musical instruments advanced from an open pastoral bagpipe chanter, to a staccato or closed union pipe in the mid-18th century.

Robertson was one of the contemporary innovators of the pastoral and union pipes, as with other instrument makers in the mid-18 to 19th centuries across Scotland and Ireland. Makers would exchange ideas and knowledge in the development of these pipes well into the 19th century, as well as their own unique styling and craftsmanship and sophisticated development of the instrument. Robertson crafted instruments were popular with the gentleman set and crafted the Edinburgh Great Highland prize pipe of 1802 as well as prize pipes for the Highland Society of London between the 1780s −1820s; the Highland Society of London set up piping competitions and commissioned pipes as prizes from Robertson that were used in annual pageants of Highland culture at the Theatre Royal in Edinburgh. Recognized for his skill and development of the pastoral and union pipes, Roberson was presented a set of union pipes from the Duchess of Northumberland belonging to the famous and somewhat infamous Newcastle upon Tyne piper Jamie Allen

Leonardo Silva

Leonardo Fabiano Silva e Silva known as Leonardo Silva is a Brazilian former footballer who played as a central defender. On November 13, 2012, Silva was called by Mano Menezes to play Superclásico de las Américas for Brazil, against Argentina; as of 11 July 2018 BrasilienseSérie C: 2002 Campeonato Brasiliense: 2002VitóriaCampeonato Baiano: 2008CruzeiroCampeonato Mineiro: 2009Atlético MineiroCampeonato Mineiro: 2012, 2013, 2015, 2017 Copa Libertadores: 2013 Recopa Sudamericana: 2014 Copa do Brasil: 2014 Campeonato Brasileiro Série A Team of the Year: 2012

Mark Christopher (director)

Mark Christopher is a screenwriter, director most known for directing 54, starring Ryan Phillippe, Mike Meyers, Salma Hayek, Neve Campbell, Mark Ruffalo. Within the film community, he is better known for the success of the director's cut of the film that premiered at the 2015 Berlin International Film Festival. With over 30 minutes of re-shoots cut out of the 1998 version, over 40 minutes re-instated, the film was universally lauded by critics and hailed as a "jubilant resurrection" and "a lost gay classic." The story of the films destruction and resurrection was featured on New York magazine's Vulture.com website. and The Guardian and Elvis Mitchell's interview with Mark Christopher on KCRW's The Treatment. Christopher directed three short films, all of them theatrically distributed: The Dead Boys Club, an influential short of the New Queer Cinema wave as cited by B. Ruby Rich in her Sight & Sound article that defined the genre, he is known for his television writing and creation of musical programming, including Real Life: The Musical that premiered on OWN in 2012.

"Midcentury Moderns" "Sara" "Berlin" "54: The Director's Cut" "Cleopatra VII" "8.3" "Real Life: The Musical" "Heartland" Pizza 54 Boys Life 2 Boys' Shorts: The New Queer Cinema "Cleopatra VII" The Dead Boys' Club 2015 Guadalajara International Film Festival Nominated, PREMIO MAGUEY Best Feature Film for 54 For 54: The Director's Cut 1996 Berlin International Film Festival Won, Teddy Best Short Film for Alkali, Iowa 1995 Chicago Gay and Lesbian International Film Festival Won, Best Narrative Short 1995 Chicago International Film Festival Won, Silver Hugo 1995 USA Film Festival Won, First Place Drama for Alkali, Iowa Won, First Place First Place Fiction for Alkali, Iowa 1992 San Francisco International Film Festival Won, Audience Award Best Short Film for The Dead Boys' Club 1992 San Francisco International Lesbian & Gay Film Festival Won, Audience Award Best Short for The Dead Boys' Club Tied with A Certain Grace. 1992 Seattle International Film Festival Won, Golden Space Needle Award Best Short for The Dead Boys' Club Mark Christopher on IMDb