click links in text for more info

New Jerusalem

In the Book of Ezekiel in the Hebrew Bible, New Jerusalem is Ezekiel's prophetic vision of a city centered on the rebuilt Holy Temple, the Third Temple, to be established in Jerusalem, which would be the capital of the Messianic Kingdom, the meeting place of the twelve tribes of Israel, during the Messianic era. The prophecy is recorded by Ezekiel as having been received on Yom Kippur of the year 3372 of the Hebrew calendar. In the Book of Revelation in the New Testament, the city is called the Heavenly Jerusalem, as well as being called Zion in other books of the Christian Bible. In Jewish mysticism, there are two Gardens of Eden and two Promised Lands: the heavenly invisible one and the earthly visible one, a copy of the heavenly invisible one. Heaven in Jewish mysticism includes a heavenly Promised land - including Jerusalem, the temple, the ark of the covenant - and a heavenly Garden of Eden - including the tree of life, a storehouse for the manna that angels eat, multiple rivers that water the garden.

When the Bible mentions a New Jerusalem, heavenly sanctuary, bread of life, or God's throne, it is referring to the Jewish mystical understanding of heaven. The Babylonian threat to the Kingdom of Judah began as the Babylonian Empire conquered Assyria and rose to power from 612-609 BCE. Jerusalem surrendered without major bloodshed to Babylon in 597. An Israelite uprising brought the destruction of Nebuchadnezzar’s army upon Jerusalem in 586 BCE; the entire city, including the First Temple, was burned. Israelite aristocrats were taken captive to Babylon; the Book of Ezekiel contains the first record of the New Jerusalem. Within Ezekiel 40-48, there is an extended and detailed description of the measurements of the Temple, its chambers and walls. Ezekiel 48:30–35 contains a list of twelve Temple gates named for Israel’s tribes; the Book of Zechariah expands upon Ezekiel’s New Jerusalem. After the Second Temple was built after the exile, Jerusalem’s population was only a few hundred. There were no defensive city walls until 445 BCE.

In the passage, the author writes about a city wall of fire to protect the enormous population. This text demonstrates. In Ezekiel, the focus is on the human act of Temple construction. In Zechariah, the focus shifts to God’s intercession in the founding of New Jerusalem. New Jerusalem is further extrapolated in Isaiah, where New Jerusalem is adorned with precious sapphires and rubies; the city is described as a place full of righteousness. Here, Isaiah provides an example of Jewish apocalypticism, where a hope for a perfected Jerusalem and freedom from oppression is revealed; as the original New Jerusalem composition, Ezekiel functioned as a source for works such as 4 Ezra, 2 Baruch, Qumran documents, the Book of Revelation. These texts used similar measurement language and expanded on the limited eschatological perspective in Ezekiel. Judaism sees the Messiah as a human male descendant of King David who will be anointed as the king of Israel and sit on the throne of David in Jerusalem, he will gather in the lost tribes of Israel, clarify unresolved issues of halakha, rebuild the Holy Temple in Jerusalem according to the pattern shown to the prophet Ezekiel.

During this time Jews believe an era of global peace and prosperity will be initiated, the nations will love Israel and will abandon their gods, turn toward Jerusalem, come to the Holy Temple to worship the one God of Israel. Zechariah prophesied that any family among the nations who does not appear in the Temple in Jerusalem for the festival of Sukkoth will have no rain that year. Isaiah prophesied; the city of YHWH Shamma, the new Jerusalem, will be the gathering point of the world's nations, will serve as the capital of the renewed Kingdom of Israel. Ezekiel prophesied that this city will have one gate for each of the tribes of Israel; the book of Isaiah closes with the prophecy "And it will come to pass, that from one new moon to another, from one sabbath to another, all flesh will come to worship before Me, says YHWH". The Animal Apocalypse within 1 Enoch, is another example where conflict sparks hopes for the New Jerusalem. First Enoch is an apocalyptic response to the persecutions under Seleucid Emperor Antiochus IV.

In 167 BCE, Emperor Antiochus returned from fighting in Egypt to quell a revolt in Jerusalem led by Jason, the former High Priest. An agitated Antiochus imposed harsh restrictions on Jewish religion. Circumcision, feast celebration, Sabbath observance were all banned. Antiochus ordered the burning of Torah copies. Jews were required to eat pork; the worst oppression came in the desecration of the Temple. A polytheistic cult was formed, worship of YHWH abolished. A statue to a Seleucid deity was constructed on the Jewish altar. First Enoch was written in the wake of this calamity between 166 BCE-163 BCE. For the author of 1 Enoch, history is a steep descent into evil from the utopia in Eden; the author’s vision of the eschaton centers on the restoration of Jerusalem: "I saw until the owner of the sheep brought a house and larger and loftier than the former". In this New Jerusalem passage, the sheep are the Jewish people, the builder is God, the house is the Temple. During the same time period, the Dead Sea scrolls contain a New Jerusalem tradition formed out of strife.

As a tiny Jewish sect living in the caves of Qumran, the Essenes opposed Temple leadership and the High Priesthood in Jerusalem. Their condemnation of the Temple focused on criticizing High Priests, they were frustrated that Judean Kings were given the role of High Priest. The Essenes were no

Pulaski Expressway

The Pulaski Expressway was a proposed expressway to have been given the designation Pennsylvania Route 90. It was proposed by the Regional Planning Federation around 1932 to have been a parkway built similar to Moses parkways in New York City; the highway was to have been routed through Northeast Philadelphia and was to have been divided into three sections. The Pulaski Expressway was to begin at an interchange with I-95 and the Betsy Ross Bridge in Northeast Philadelphia, where the road continues into New Jersey as Route 90; the freeway was to continue north through residential and industrial areas before passing through Tacony Creek Park. The Pulaski Expressway would continue north to its terminus at an interchange with US 1. In 1932, the Regional Planning Federation proposed the Tacony Creek Parkway to run along the Tacony Creek. In 1947, the Philadelphia City Planning Commission proposed the Tacony Expressway through Northeast Philadelphia, to run from the Delaware Expressway northwest to PA 309 at the border of Philadelphia and Montgomery County, interchanging with US 1.

Construction of the Delair Bridge across the Delaware River was approved in 1964, with the Tacony Expressway planned to connect to the new bridge. In 1966, the routing of the Tacony Expressway was modified to follow Adams Avenue instead of passing through Tacony Creek Park. At the time, the freeway was to cost $56 million and be completed in 1971; the Tacony Expressway was renamed to the Pulaski Expressway in 1969. In 1971, a route farther from Adams Avenue was selected to avoid displacing residents and businesses; the routing had several alternatives including aligning with Adams Avenue, go through Tacony Creek Park, using the Reading Railroad spur east of Adams Avenue, or cutting through Simpson Memorial Park. At this time, the Pulaski Expressway north of US 1 was canceled. During the 1970s, opposition grew toward the construction of the Pulaski Expressway. In 1975, the first two houses were demolished for the new freeway, a group called United Communities Against the Pulaski Expressway erected a monument at the site that attacked Governor Milton Shapp and PennDOT.

In 1976, the Betsy Ross Bridge opened with ramps to connect to the Pulaski Expressway. The Pulaski Expressway was canceled by 1980 due to financial troubles. Vestiges of this extension can be seen from Interstate 95 in the form of stub ramps and the mainline coming to an abrupt end as a barricaded bridge; the unfinished barricaded bridge stub was demolished to make way for the Aramingo Ave-Betsy Ross Bridge connection project around 2015-2016. U. S. Roads portal Pennsylvania portal Philadelphia portal

Bad Wolves

Bad Wolves is an American heavy metal band formed in 2017. They are best known for their 2018 cover of The Cranberries' 1994 hit "Zombie"; the band consists of vocalist Tommy Vext, drummer John Boecklin, lead guitarist Doc Coyle, rhythm guitarist Chris Cain and bassist Kyle Konkiel. They are managed by Zoltan Bathory of Five Finger Death Punch. In 2015, Boecklin started writing the music that would become the band's debut album and during 2016 entered AudioHammer Studios with producer Mark Lewis; the band announced that they will release their debut studio album, Disobey, on May 11, 2018. In May 2017, Bad Wolves released their debut single, "Learn to Live". In November 2017, Bad Wolves released their second single, "Toast to the Ghost". On January 18, 2018, they released a third single, a cover of "Zombie", which charted on multiple Billboard charts; the song peaked at number 23 on the Billboard 200, reached number 9 in Australia. It topped; the Cranberries singer, Dolores O'Riordan, was supposed to have performed the song with the band, but died prior to recording it.

The night of her death, on 15 January 2018, Dolores O'Riordan left a voice message to her friend, Managing Director of E7LG-Europe, Dan Waite, where she offered to "sing on it", on the cover that Waite had given O'Riordan to listen to and accredit. TMZ published this voice message on April 05, 2018. Bad Wolves singer Tommy Vext is the only one responsible for this "update" of the song of The Cranberries. A music video was released on February 22; the band toured with Five Finger Death Punch, Breaking Benjamin, Starset in the first half of 2018. In October 2018, the band launched a crowdfunding campaign to create a documentary about their formation and rise to fame; the film would be called "Breaking the Band". By the end of the campaign, they had raised under $15,000 of their $65,000 target. Despite this, the band received all the donated money and still intend to create something for the project. Since their inception, the band has shared the stage with the likes of Five Finger Death Punch, Shinedown, Breaking Benjamin, Papa Roach and Nothing More.

They recently had their cover of'Zombie' nominated for the iHeartRadio's Rock Song of the Year. On July 26, 2019, the band released a new single titled "I'll Be There", followed by another single titled "Killing Me Slowly", a third single titled "Sober", as well as a fourth single titled "Crying Game" and announced their new album, N. A. T. I. O. N. Which was released on October 25, 2019. Tommy Vext – lead vocals Doc Coyle – lead guitar, backing vocals Chris Cain – rhythm guitar, backing vocals Kyle Konkiel – bass, backing vocals John Boecklin – drums False Flags, Volume 1 False Flags, Volume 2 Zombie EP Official website


Yağısıyan was a Turkish commander in the 11th century. Although little is known about his personal life he was an important figure of the First Crusade. In the 1080s most of Anatolia and Syria were ruled by two relatives of the Great Seljuk Empire sultan Malik-Shah I: Anatolia was ruled by Suleiman ibn Qutulmish, the sultan's cousin, Syria by Tutush I the sultan's brother. Between the two regions, Antakya was still a Byzantine fort and both rulers were trying to capture the city. Suleiman succeeded in conquering the city from the Byzantines in 1085 on behalf of Malik-Shah I, Yağısiyan was appointed as the governor of the city by the sultan the following year. Malik-Shah I died in 1092, his brother at Damascus Tutush I granted Yağısiyan more territory around Manbij and Turbessel; when Tutush died in 1095, his sons and Duqaq, fought for control of Syria, claiming Aleppo and Damascus respectively. Yağısiyan, being the governor of a nearby city, became involved in the ensuing power struggle in Syria.

Although he collaborated with Ridwan to capture Urfa in 1096, next year he changed sides and supported Duqaq against Ridwan and his ally Sökmen. But his army was defeated, he had to accept Rıdvan’s supremacy. In 1097, Ridwan quarreled with his tutor Janah ad-Dawla, with whom Yağısiyan had a personal vendetta, Yağısiyan became more amenable to an alliance; this was completed by marrying his daughter to Ridwan. The two were about to attack Shaizar when news of the crusade arrived, all parties retreated to their own territories to prepare for the coming attacks; when the news about the approaching army of the First Crusade reached Antakya, Yağısıyan tried to form a united front to defend Antakya. But because of jealousies between the Seljuk governors and the anarchy in the main sultanate after the death of Malik-Shah, he got little support. Sökmen, whose principality was far to the east and far from the crusades’ route, refused to assist Yağısıyan. Ridwan, whose domain was next to Antakya, sent only a small number of troops.

According to David Nicolle mistrust between Yağısiyan and Ridwan influenced the First Crusade. Over the winter of 1097-1098, Antioch was besieged by the Crusaders, Yağısiyan sought help from Duqaq, he sent out sorties against the Christian camp and attacked foraging parties further afield. Yağısiyan knew from his informants. While Bohemund was away foraging on December 29, 1097, Raymond attacked but was pushed back by Yağısiyan's troops. On December 30, reinforcements from Duqaq were defeated by Bohemund's foraging party and retreated to Homs. Only after the beginning of the siege did Ridwan decide to leave Aleppo and challenge the crusaders. Ridwan's army was defeated in a battle fought on 8–9 February 1098. While the crusader army was away from the city fighting Ridwan, Yağısiyan marched out to attack the foot-soldiers left behind to defend the camp, but he too was pushed back when the victorious crusaders returned. In March Yağısiyan ambushed the crusaders who were bringing wood and other material back from the port of St. Simeon.

Bohemund and Raymond soon returned and Yağısiyan was once more pushed back into the city. At this time the governor turned to Kerbogha of Mosul for help; the crusaders knew. Bohemund secretly negotiated with one of Yağısiyan's guards, an Armenian convert named Firouz, on June 3 he helped Bohemund's men to open the gates of the city to crusaders. On the night of June 3, 1098, the crusaders entered the city. During his escape, Yağısiyan fell from his horse, as his guards found it impossible to bring the injured governor with them, they left him on the ground and rode away without him, he was found by an Armenian who sent it as a gift to Bohemund. Antakya surrendered on 30 June. Antioch was claimed by both Bohemund and Raymond, with Raymond stationed in Yağısiyan's residence and Bohemund in the citadel, their quarrel delayed the crusade for many months. However, Bohemund won out the argument, thus declared the creation of the Principality of Antioch, which went on to exist for another 170 years; the crusaders recorded Yağısiyan's name in various forms in Latin, including Acxianus and Cassianus.

Nicolle, David. First Crusade. İstanbul: Türkiye İş Bankası. ISBN 978-605-360-245-3. Altan, Ebru. İslam Ansiklopedisi. İstanbul: Diyanet Vakfı. Yücel, Yaşar. Türkiye Tarihi I. İstanbul: AKDTYK Yayınları

List of food riots

Salt riot known as the Moscow Uprising of 1648, started because of the government's replacement of different taxes with a universal salt tax for the purpose of replenishing the state treasury after the Time of Troubles. This drove up the price of salt. Novgorod uprising of 1650 – an uprising in Novgorod, caused by the Russian government's bulk purchasing of grain and the resulting increases in the price of bread. Boston Bread Riot – the last of a series of three riots by the poor of Boston, between 1710 and 1713, in response to food shortages and high bread prices; the riot ended with minimal casualties. Flour War – occurred in 1775, this was an uprising caused by the excessive price of bread in France before the French Revolution. Early in the season for wheat harvesting and flour production, the government enacted fewer price controls than in the year, leaving prices to the free market; this caused the price of flour to climb, the working classes could not buy bread. Réveillon riots occurred 26–29 April 1789 centered in the St. Antoine district of Paris where a factory which produced luxury wallpaper was owned by Jean-Baptiste Réveillon.

The factory employed around 300 people. The riots were one of the first instances of violence during the French Revolution. Women's March on Versailles was one of the earliest and most significant events of the French Revolution; the march began among women in the marketplaces of Paris who, on the morning of 5 October 1789, were near rioting over the high price and scarcity of bread. Their demonstrations became intertwined with the activities of revolutionaries who were seeking liberal political reforms and a constitutional monarchy for France; the Merthyr Rising in 1831 was the violent climax to many years of simmering unrest among the large working class population of Merthyr Tydfil in South Wales and the surrounding area. Flour riot of 1837 – occurred in New York City in 1837; the riot was caused by the rising cost of flour. Potato riots – the mass anti-serfdom movement of peasants in the Russian Empire. Southern bread riots – events of civil unrest in the Confederacy, perpetrated by women in March and April 1863.

During these riots, which occurred in cities throughout the South and men violently invaded and looted various shops and stores. Meat riots occurred in the Chilean capital Santiago in October 1905, was a violent riot that originated from a demonstration against the tariffs applied to the cattle imports from Argentina. 1917 Potato riots – a food shortage during the WW I caused a food rebellion in the Dutch capital city Amsterdam in July 1917. Rice riots of 1918 – a series of popular disturbances that erupted throughout Japan from July to September 1918, which brought about the collapse of the Terauchi Masatake administration. A precipitous rise in the price of rice caused extreme economic hardship, rural protests spread to the towns and cities. 1939 Nupi Lan Revolt of Manipur, India - Nupi Lan –which means women’s war in Manipuri- is one of the important movements in the history of Manipuri women. It sowed the new seeds of political reforms for a new Manipur in the early 1940s, it was started in 1939 as an agitation by Manipuri women against the oppressive economic and administrative policies ruled by the Manipur Maharaja and the Political Agent –Mr. Gimson- of the British Government in Manipur, on, evolved into a movement for the constitutional and administrative reform in Manipur.

Novocherkassk massacre was events tied to the labor strike of a locomotive building plant in Novocherkassk, a city in the Soviet Union. The events culminated in riots of June 1–2, 1962 when 26 protesters were killed by the Soviet Army troops, 87 were wounded; the riots were a direct result of shortages of food and provisions, as well as the poor working conditions in the factory. 1970 Polish protests – sparked by a sudden increase of controlled prices of food. Food riots in the Middle East – several food riots occurred in the Middle East during the 20th century.1977 Egyptian bread riots – affected most major cities in Egypt January 18–19, 1977. The riots were a spontaneous uprising by hundreds of thousands of lower-class people protesting World Bank and International Monetary Fund-mandated termination of state subsidies on basic foodstuffs; as many as 79 people were killed and over 550 injured in the protests, which were only ended with the deployment of the army and the re-institution of the subsidies.1989 riots in Argentina – a series of riots and related episodes of looting in stores and supermarkets in Argentina, during the last part of the presidency of Raúl Alfonsín, between May and June 1989.

The 2007 West Bengal food riots occurred in West Bengal, over shortage of food and widespread corruption in the public distribution system. The riots first happened in Burdwan and Birbhum districts but spread to other districts. Food riots were associated with the 2007–2008 world food price crisis. 2016 and 2017 Venezuelan food riots – The steep fall in oil prices has hit the Venezuelan economy hard. With inflation set to top 1,600% in 2017, the decline of Venezuela´s industrial base has led to food shortages and economical collapse. List of riots

Steve Chubin

Stephen Chubin known as "Chube" is a retired American professional basketball player. Born in New York City, Chubin played college basketball at the University of Rhode Island, with the Rhode Island Rams, where he became the school's all-time leading scorer, he was inducted into the University of Rhode Island Athletics Hall of Fame, in 1981. Chubin was selected by the San Francisco Warriors, in the 3rd round, of the 1966 NBA draft. Chubin spent the 1966–67 season playing in the Italian League with Olimpia Milano, which placed second in the FIBA European Champions Cup, behind Real Madrid. Chubin was the top scorer in the EuroLeague Finals, with 34 points. Chubin played for the Anaheim Amigos, by most accounts, was the most popular player with the team's fans. Chubin averaged 18.2 points per game during his first ABA season. During his first year with the Amigos, Chubin ranked second in the league in assists per game. Chubin played for the Los Angeles Stars, Minnesota Pipers, Indiana Pacers, New York Nets, the Pittsburgh Pipers and Kentucky Colonels, in the American Basketball Association, in 226 games.

He played in the Israeli League with Maccabi Tel Aviv. Sports-Reference Profile Career statistics and player information from Profile