New Lanark is a village on the River Clyde 1.4 miles from Lanark, in Lanarkshire, some 25 miles southeast of Glasgow, Scotland. It was founded in 1786 by David Dale. Dale built the mills there in a brief partnership with the English inventor and entrepreneur Richard Arkwright to take advantage of the water power provided by the only waterfalls on the River Clyde. Under the ownership of a partnership that included Dale's son-in-law, Robert Owen, a Welsh philanthropist and social reformer, New Lanark became a successful business and an early example of a planned settlement and so an important milestone in the historical development of urban planning; the New Lanark mills operated until 1968. After a period of decline, the New Lanark Conservation Trust was founded in 1974 to prevent demolition of the village. By 2006 most of the buildings have been restored and the village has become a major tourist attraction, it is one of six UNESCO World Heritage Sites in Scotland and an Anchor Point of ERIH - the European Route of Industrial Heritage.
The New Lanark cotton mills were founded in 1786 by David Dale in a brief partnership with Richard Arkwright. Dale was one of the self-made "Burgher Gentry" of Glasgow who, like most of this gentry, had a summer retreat, an estate at Rosebank, not far from the Falls of Clyde, which have been painted by J. M. W. Turner and many other artists; the mills used the developed water-powered cotton spinning machinery invented by Richard Arkwright. Dale sold the mills and village in the early 19th century for £60,000, payable over 20 years, to a partnership that included his son-in-law Robert Owen. Owen, who became mill manager in 1800, was an industrialist who carried on his father-in-law's philanthropic approach to industrial working and who subsequently became an influential social reformer. New Lanark, with its social and welfare programmes, epitomised his Utopian socialism; the town and mills are important through their connection with Owen's ideas, but because of their role in the developing industrial revolution in the UK and their place in the history of urban planning.
The New Lanark mills depended upon water power. A dam was constructed on the Clyde above New Lanark and water was drawn off the river to power the mill machinery; the water first travelled through a tunnel through an open channel called the lade. It went to a number of water wheels in each mill building, it was not until 1929. Water power is still used in New Lanark. A new water turbine has been installed in Mill Number Three to provide electricity for the tourist areas of the village. In Owen's time some 2,500 people lived at New Lanark, many from the poorhouses of Glasgow and Edinburgh. Although not the grimmest of mills by far, Owen found the conditions unsatisfactory and resolved to improve the workers' lot, he paid particular attention to the needs of the 500 or so children living in the village and working at the mills, opened the first infants' school in Britain in 1817, although the previous year he had completed the Institute for the Formation of Character. The mills thrived commercially, but Owen's partners were unhappy at the extra expense incurred by his welfare programmes.
Unwilling to allow the mills to revert to the old ways of operating, Owen bought out his partners. In 1813 the Board forced an auction, hoping to obtain the town and mills at a low price but Owen and a new board, sympathetic to his reforming ideas won out. New Lanark became celebrated throughout Europe, with many statesmen and royalty visiting the mills, they were astonished to find a clean, healthy industrial environment with a content, vibrant workforce and a prosperous, viable business venture all rolled into one. Owen's philosophy was contrary to contemporary thinking, but he was able to demonstrate that it was not necessary for an industrial enterprise to treat its workers badly to be profitable. Owen was able to show visitors the village's excellent housing and amenities, the accounts showing the profitability of the mills; as well as the mills' connections with reform and welfare, they are representative of the Industrial Revolution that occurred in Britain in the 18th and 19th centuries and which fundamentally altered the shape of the world.
The planning of employment in the mills alongside housing for the workers and services such as a school makes the settlement iconic in the development of urban planning in the UK. In 1825, control of New Lanark passed to the Walker family when Owen left Britain to start settlement of New Harmony in the US; the Walkers managed the village until 1881, when it was sold to Birkmyre and Sommerville and the Gourock Ropeworks. They and their successor companies remained in control until the mills closed in 1968; the town and the industrial activity had been in decline before but after the mills closed migration away from the village accelerated, the buildings began to deteriorate. The top two floors of Mill Number 1 were removed in 1945 but the building has since been restored and is now the New Lanark Mill Hotel. In 1963 the New Lanark Association was formed as a housing association and commenced the restoration of Caithness Row and Nursery Buildings. In 1970 the mills, other industrial buildings and the houses used by Dale and Owen were sold to Metal Extractions Limited, a scrap metal company.
In 1974 the NLCT was founded to prevent demolition of
Craig Grant, known as muMs the Schemer, is an American poet and actor best known for his role as Arnold "Poet" Jackson on the HBO series Oz. muMs the Schemer was born in New York City and raised in the Bronx, New York. He first gained attention as a poet and performer when he was featured in the documentary SlamNation, which followed him and the other poets of 1996 Nuyorican Poetry Slam Team as they competed at the 1996 National Poetry Slam. In the book Words In Your Face: A Guided Tour Through Twenty Years of the New York City Poetry Slam, author Cristin O'Keefe Aptowicz wrote of muMs's time in the poetry slam, noting his writing "was street poetry at its purest. Thoughtful, precise but not without humor, his work spoke about the life he and his friends and family lived and the city that he loved." MuMs has gone on to act in films and television shows such as Boston Legal and Everyday People as well as making an appearance on Chappelle's Show as "Lysol" in the "Mad Real World" skit. He has performed his poetry on seasons 3 and 4 of HBO's Def Poetry.
In 2016, muMs was featured as a recurring character, Ricardo, on three episodes of Horace and Pete, a web series written and directed by Louis C. K. muMs is a member of the New York City's LAByrinth Theater Company. In October 2007, muMs played a role in "A View from 151st Street", a play about people trying to reconstruct their lives after gunfire. In September 2014, muMs wrote and performed "A Sucker Emcee", hip-hop and slam poetry, based on his personal recollections. In February 2015, muMs' play, titled "Paradox of the Urban Cliché", about a young couple living in Harlem, was performed at the Wild Project as part of the Poetic Theater Productions's Poetic License festival. In February 2015, muMs played a role in "The Insurgents", a play about rage among the free and disenfranchised, produced by LAByrinth Theater Company. In 2016 muMs guest-starred in the Netflix series Luke Cage in the Marvel Cinematic Universe as Reggie. MuMs da Schemer on IMDb
Wacky Races is an American animated television series produced by Hanna-Barbera Productions. The series features 11 different cars racing against each other in various road rallies throughout North America, with each driver hoping to win the title of the "World's Wackiest Racer"; the cartoon had many regular characters, with 23 animals spread among the 11 race cars. Wacky Races ran on CBS from September 14, 1968, to January 4, 1969, in syndication from 1976 to 1982. Seventeen episodes were produced, with each segment featuring two different races. In 2017, the series was revived with a reboot; the villain of the series drives The Mean Machine, a purple, rocket-powered car with an abundance of concealed weapons and the ability to fly. Dick Dastardly is an archetypal mustache-twirling villain. Dastardly's usual race strategy revolves around using the Mean Machine's great speed to get ahead of the other racers, setting a trap to stop them and maintain the lead, but most of his plans backfire, causing him to fall back into last place.
Dastardly is the only racer who not only never wins, but never finishes in the top three in any race. The other racers include: Peter Perfect, a gentlemanly racer, in The Turbo Terrific, he is fond of Penelope and helps her. Rufus Ruffcut, a lumberjack, his companion Sawtooth, a beaver, in The Buzz Wagon. Sergeant Blast and Private Meekly in an armored half-tank called The Army Surplus Special; the Ant Hill Mob, a group of dwarf gangsters led by Clyde and is composed of him, Ring-A-Ding, Rug Bug Benny, Danny and Willy, in The Bulletproof Bomb. Professor Pat Pending, an inventor, in The Convert-a-Car. Penelope Pitstop, the lone female, in a 1930s racing costume in The Compact Pussycat; the Slag Brothers and Gravel, in a cavemen-themed racer called The Boulder Mobile. The Gruesome Twosome, Big Gruesome and Little Gruesome, who are monsters, in The Creepy Coupe. Red Max, a Manfred von Richthofen-styled aviator who speaks with a German accent, in a car/plane hybrid called The Crimson Haybailer. Lazy Luke, a hillbilly, Blubber Bear, a timid bear, in The Arkansas Chuggabug.
One of the unused plans for the series was that the races would be part of a live-action game show produced by Heatter-Quigley Productions, in which contestants would bet on which Wacky Racer would cross the finish line first. Although the game show concept was scrapped, the series was still produced by Hanna-Barbera Productions, in association with Heatter-Quigley Productions. In 1988, a made-for-TV movie, Around the World with the Wacky Racers, was planned as part of Hanna-Barbera's Superstars 10 series of TV movies, but never got past the concept stage. Paul Winchell – Dick Dastardly, Private Meekly, Clyde Don Messick – Muttley, Professor Pat Pending, Gravel Slag, Little Gruesome, Ring-a-Ding, Sawtooth Daws Butler – Rock Slag, Big Gruesome, Red Max, Sergeant Blast, Peter Perfect, Rufus Ruffcut John Stephenson – Luke, Blubber Bear Janet Waldo – Penelope Pitstop Dave Willock – Commentator/Narrator The show gave the results of each race at the end of each episode as well as what happened with Dick Dastardly after his last scheme's failure.
The show never indicated a particular scoring system or way to determine who won the Wacky Races as a whole. The cumulative totals for first-, second-, third-place finishes for each contestant are presented below: Penelope Pitstop and the Ant Hill Mob were spun off into another cartoon series in 1969 titled The Perils of Penelope Pitstop. In the same year, Dick Dastardly and Muttley were given a spin-off series titled Dastardly and Muttley in Their Flying Machines; the series is sometimes mistakenly known as Stop the Pigeon, after the show's working title and theme song. Both series ran for a season each. In 2006, the pilot for a spin-off series titled Wacky Races Forever was produced for Cartoon Network; the series depicted a roster of both new and returning racers competing against each other. Penelope Pitstop and Peter Perfect had married and created Perfect Industries, the corporate sponsor of the new Wacky Races, whereas their children Parker and Piper competed in the race. Other characters included the Slag Brothers, Professor Pat Pending (depicted with a Mad Sc