New London County is in the southeastern corner of Connecticut and comprises the Norwich-New London, Connecticut Metropolitan Statistical Area, included in the Hartford-West Hartford, Connecticut Combined Statistical Area. There is no county government and no county seat, as is the case with all eight of Connecticut's counties. New London County contains reservations of four of the five state-recognized Indian tribes, although the Paugassett were located farther west; the population was 274,055 as of the 2010 census. Southeastern New England was dominated by the Pequot people at the time of English colonization, they spoke the Mohegan-Pequot language and were one of the Algonquian-speaking tribes in the coastal areas. After years of conflict, the Colonists and their Indian allies defeated the Pequots in the Pequot War of 1637, ending their dominance. Two descendant Pequot tribes are recognized by the state today. New London County was one of four original counties in Connecticut that were established on May 10, 1666 by an act of the Connecticut General Court, which states: This Court orders that from the Paukatuck River wth Norridge to ye west bounds of Homonoscet Plantation shalbe for future one County, wch County is called the County of N: London.
And it is ordered that the County Court shalbe held at N. London the first Wednesday in June and the third Thursday in Septembr yearly. New London County in 1666 consisted of the towns of Stonington, New London, Saybrook; the "Homonoscet Plantation" was settled in March 1663, at first as Kenilworth. Several new towns were incorporated and added to New London over the next few decades: Preston in 1687, Colchester in 1699, Lebanon in 1700; the settlements along the Quinebaug Valley were placed in New London County in 1697, incorporated as Plainfield in 1699. By 1717, more towns were established in northeastern Connecticut and added to New London County between the Quinebaug Valley and the Rhode Island border. Windham County was constituted from Hartford and New London counties on May 12, 1726, consisting of towns in northeastern Connecticut. New London County lost the towns of Voluntown, Killingly, Canterbury and Lebanon to the newly formed county. In 1785, Middlesex County was constituted, consisting of towns along the lower Connecticut River Valley, taking away the towns of Killingworth and Saybrook from New London County.
Several additional boundary adjustments took place in the 19th century: the establishment of the town of Marlborough in 1803, the transfer of the town of Lebanon from Windham County in 1824, the transfer of the town of Voluntown from Windham County in 1881. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 772 square miles, of which 665 square miles is land and 107 square miles is water; the terrain of the county is level, becoming more elevated only in its northern extreme. The highest point in the county is Gates Hill in the Town of Lebanon at 660 feet above sea level, the lowest point is sea level. Windham County Kent County, Rhode Island Washington County, Rhode Island Middlesex County Tolland County Hartford County Suffolk County, New York As of 1960, counties in Connecticut do not have any associated county government structure. All municipal services are provided by the towns. Regional councils of governments were established throughout the state in 1989 in order to address regional issues concerning infrastructure, land use, economic development.
Most of the towns of New London County are part of the Southeastern Connecticut Council of Governments, the exceptions being the towns of Lyme, Old Lyme, Lebanon. Lyme and Old Lyme are part of the Connecticut River Estuary Regional Planning Agency, while Lebanon is part of the Windham Regional Council of Governments; the geographic area of the county is coterminous with the New London judicial district, with the superior courts located in the cities of New London and Norwich. Law enforcement within the geographic area of the county is provided by the respective town police departments. Prior to 2000, a County Sheriff's Department existed for the purpose of executing judicial warrants, prisoner transport, court security; these responsibilities have now been taken over by the Connecticut State Marshal System. Fire protection in the county is provided by the towns. Several towns have fire districts that provide services to a section of the town. Water service to 12 of the 21 towns of New London County is provided by a regional non-profit public corporation known as the Southeastern Water Authority.
The Southeastern Water Authority supplies water to participating towns within New London County and is one of only two such county-wide public water service providers in the state. Seven towns receive water service from one or more private corporations; the city of Norwich and most of the town of Groton provide for their own water service. Several towns in New London County have organized the Southeastern Connecticut Regional Resources Recovery Authority; the participating towns are East Lyme, Groton, Montville, New London, North Stonington, Preston, Sprague and Waterford. Education in the county area is provided by the individual town governments; the less populated towns of Lyme and Old Lyme have joined together to form a single, regional school district. As of the census of 2000, there were 259,088 people, 99,835 households, 67,188 families residing in the county; the popul
Maria Dąbrowska was a Polish writer, essayist and playwright, author of the popular Polish historical novel Noce i dnie written between 1932 and 1934 in four separate volumes. The novel was made into a film by the same title in 1975 by Jerzy Antczak. Dąbrowska was awarded the prestigious Golden Laurel of the Polish Academy of Literature in 1935, she was nominated for the Nobel Prize in Literature five times. She translated Samuel Pepys' Diary into Polish. Dąbrowska née Szumska was born in Russów near Kalisz in central Poland under Tsarist military control, her parents belonged to the impoverished landed gentry. Maria suffered from Esotropia giving her a "cross-eyed" appearance, she studied sociology and natural sciences in Lausanne and Brussels, settled in Warsaw in 1917. Interested in both literature and politics, she devoted herself to help those born into poverty. In the interwar period, Dąbrowska worked temporarily in the Polish Ministry of Agriculture while venturing more and more into newspaper reporting and public life.
In 1927 she became more involved in writing about human rights. In her novels and newspaper articles she analyzed the psychological consequences of hardship and life's traumas in the world of ordinary people. Maria married Marian Dąbrowski who died when she was 36, her second long-term partner was the 19-years-older Stanisław Stempowski with whom she lived in a common-law marriage until the outbreak of World War II. During the occupation of Poland she stayed in Warsaw and supported the cultural life of the Polish underground. At about that time, she met Jerzy Kowalski, a literary couple, they formed a ménage à trois and Maria had a child by Jerzy in 1946, but he died in 1948. The two women stayed together in a relationship for the next 20 years, although Maria tried to get Anna married off again. Dąbrowska was awarded the Order of Polonia Restituta during the Stalinist period, she died in 1965 at the age of 75 in Warsaw. Dzieci ojczyzny, 1918 Gałąź czereśni, 1922 Uśmiech dzieciństwa, 1923 Ludzie stamtąd, 1926 Marcin Kozera, 1927 Dzikie ziele, 1925-1929 Noce i dnie, 1932 - 1934 English translation fragment Znaki życia, 1938 Gwiazda zaranna, 1955 Dzienniki, Polish literature
Jac Venza is a public television producer, directly responsible for most of the theatre and music programs that have been seen on PBS since its creation in 1970. From the early 1960s until his retirement in 2005, Venza brought such programs as NET Playhouse, Live from Lincoln Center, American Playhouse, American Masters, Great Performances to millions of viewers, he won a Personal Peabody Award in 1998. He began his career on CBS in the 1950s, where he began to notice the scarcity of programming devoted to the fine arts on television, it was his dream to bring more of it to the home screen on a regular basis, but he did not receive a full opportunity to do so until the creation of National Educational Television, where it soon became possible, thanks to Venza, to see great dramatic literature performed by some of the world's most renowned actors. A then-unknown Dustin Hoffman made his first major television appearance in a play - Ronald Ribman's The Journey of the Fifth Horse - on NET in 1966.
NET Playhouse was the first television anthology to present commercial-free, full-length productions of theatrical classics such as Arthur Miller's adaptation of Ibsen's An Enemy of the People. When NET became PBS, Venza launched Great Performances, still running today. Upon his retirement from PBS, the Corporation for Public Broadcasting awarded Venza the Ralph Lowell medal, he held the record for the most Emmy nominations for an individual - 57 - until 2010. Article in "TV Quarterly" "The Man Whose Personality Stamps'Great Performances'; the New York Times. 1982-10-03. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 2019-04-05. Mifflin, Lawrie. "30-Year Struggle for Art on TV". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 2019-04-05
The Gap Band is the second album by The Gap Band in 1977 on Tattoo Records. This is not to be confused with the 1979 Mercury Records self-titled album. Charles Wilson – keyboards, lead vocals Robert Wilson – bass, vocals Ronnie Wilson – trumpet, electric piano, vocals James Macon – guitar Tommy Lokey – trumpet Chris Clayton – alto and tenor saxophone, vocals The Gap Band – percussion, backing vocals Rick Calhoun – drums Leon Russell – piano Chaka Khan, D. J. Rogers, Mary Russell, Johnny Lee Samuels – backing vocals The Cornerstone Institutional Baptist and Southern Californian Community Choir – choir Reverend James Cleveland – choir director Les McCann – keyboards Jesse Ehrlich – cello Jerry Jumonville – alto saxophone Gino Piserchio, Robert Margouleff – synthesizer Singles The Gap Band at Discogs
The Kingdom of Naples known as the Kingdom of Sicily, comprised that part of the Italian Peninsula south of the Papal States between 1282 and 1816. It was established by the War of the Sicilian Vespers, when the island of Sicily revolted and was conquered by the Crown of Aragon, becoming a separate kingdom called the Kingdom of Sicily. For much of its existence, the realm was contested between Spanish dynasties. In 1816, it reunified with the island of Sicily to form the Kingdom of the Two Sicilies; the term "Kingdom of Naples" is in near universal use among historians, but it was not used by the government. Since the Angevins remained in power on the Italian peninsula, they kept the original name of the Kingdom of Sicily. At the end of the War of the Vespers, the Peace of Caltabellotta provided that the name of the island kingdom would be Trinacria. However, this usage did not become established, the island kingdom became known as the Kingdom of Sicily. In the late Middle Ages, it was common to distinguish the two Sicilies by noting its location relative to the rest of Italy and the Punta del Faro, i.e. the Strait of Messina.
The peninsular kingdom was known as Sicily citra Farum or al di qua del Faro, the island kingdom was known as Sicily ultra Farum or di la del Faro. When both kingdoms came under the rule of Alfonso the Magnanimous in 1442, this usage became official, although Ferdinand I preferred the simple title King of Sicily. By the late Middle Ages, the Kingdom of Sicily citra Farum had become known colloquially as the Kingdom of Naples, it was sometimes called the regno di Puglia, kingdom of Apulia. In the 18th century, the Neapolitan intellectual Giuseppe Maria Galanti argued that Apulia was the true "national" name of the kingdom. By the time of Alfonso the Magnanimous, the two kingdoms were sufficiently distinct that they were no longer seen as divisions of a single kingdom. Despite being in personal union, they remained administratively separate. In 1816, the two kingdoms merged to form the Kingdom of the Two Sicilies. Following the rebellion in 1282, King Charles I of Sicily was forced to leave the island of Sicily by Peter III of Aragon's troops.
Charles, maintained his possessions on the mainland, customarily known as the "Kingdom of Naples", after its capital city. Charles and his Angevin successors maintained a claim to Sicily, warring against the Aragonese until 1373, when Queen Joan I of Naples formally renounced the claim by the Treaty of Villeneuve. Joan's reign was contested by Louis the Great, the Angevin King of Hungary, who captured the kingdom several times. Queen Joan I played a part in the ultimate demise of the first Kingdom of Naples; as she was childless, she adopted Louis I, Duke of Anjou, as her heir, in spite of the claims of her cousin, the Prince of Durazzo setting up a junior Angevin line in competition with the senior line. This led to Joan I's murder at the hands of the Prince of Durazzo in 1382, his seizing the throne as Charles III of Naples; the two competing Angevin lines contested each other for the possession of the Kingdom of Naples over the following decades. In 1389 Louis II of Anjou son of Louis I managed to seize the throne from Ladislas of Naples son of Charles III, but was expelled by Ladislas in 1399.
Charles III's daughter Joan II adopted Alfonso V of Aragon and Louis III of Anjou as heirs alternately settling succession on Louis' brother René of Anjou of the junior Angevin line, he succeeded her in 1435. René of Anjou temporarily united the claims of senior Angevin lines. In 1442, Alfonso V conquered the Kingdom of Naples and unified Sicily and Naples once again as dependencies of Aragon. At his death in 1458, the War of the Neapolitan Succession erupted, after which the kingdom was again separated and Naples was inherited by Ferrante, Alfonso's illegitimate son; when Ferrante died in 1494, Charles VIII of France invaded Italy, using as a pretext the Angevin claim to the throne of Naples, which his father had inherited on the death of King René's nephew in 1481. This began the Italian Wars. Charles VIII expelled Alfonso II of Naples from Naples in 1495, but was soon forced to withdraw due to the support of Ferdinand II of Aragon for his cousin, Alfonso II's son Ferrantino. Ferrantino was restored to the throne, but died in 1496, was succeeded by his uncle, Frederick IV.
Charles VIII's successor, Louis XII reiterated the French claim. In 1501, he occupied Naples and partitioned the kingdom with Ferdinand of Aragon, who abandoned his cousin King Frederick; the deal soon fell through and Aragon and France resumed their war over the kingdom resulting in an Aragonese victory leaving Ferdinand in control of the kingdom by 1504. The Spanish troops occupying Calabria and Apulia, led by Gonzalo Fernandez de Cordova did not respect the new agreement, expelled all Frenchmen from the area; the peace treaties that continued were never definitive, but they established at least that the title of King of Naples was reserved for Ferdinand's grandson, the future Charles V, Holy Roman Emperor. Ferdinand continued in possession of the kingdom, being considered as the legitimate heir of his uncle Alfonso I of Naples and to the former Kingdom of Sicily; the kingdom continued as a focus of dispute between France and Spain for th
Original Concept were an American 1980s hip-hop group from Long Island, New York, United States, best known for their single “Can You Feel It.” They only made one album and it was notable for the absence of lyrics on many of the tracks. The group are better known for their production prowess and instrumentals. In the early 1980s, a group of young men at WBAU FM formed a group called the "Concept Crew." Their show “The Operating Room” was broadcast on Monday nights from Adelphi University on the same station which featured the Spectrum City DJs who went on to form Public Enemy. The members were Doctor Dré, T Money, Rapper G, Easy G. By 1986, the group began calling themselves Original Concept and had released their first record, "Knowledge Me" in February of that year; the B-side of "Knowledge Me" went on to become their first single, "Can You Feel It." The single has since gone on to become one of the most sampled source records in hip-hop music. In 1988, the group was signed to Def Jam Records and late in that year they released their first and only album, Straight From the Basement of Kooley High! on Def Jam.
The album featured a cameo by Beastie Boys member, Mike D. on the track "She's Got a Moustache." The album featured samples from The Jackson 5, The Fat Boys, Run DMC, P-Funk. The members of the group were more successful in their subsequent solo careers as television personalities and radio DJs, than they were as a hip-hop group. Doctor Dré - went on to become a DJ for the Beastie Boys, a host for Yo! MTV Raps and a hip-hop radio host with Ed Lover. T Money - was a host for Yo! MTV Raps. T Money has developed his own promotion and marketing company -- T450 Style & Launch -- and continues to pursue musical and press opportunities under his stage moniker. Doctor Dre, T Money and Rapper G wrote the song Proud to be Black on the 1986 Multi Platinum album Raising Hell for RUN DMC. Rapper Gee known as Gerald Gray - Later on went into producing photography "GD GRAY ARTWORKS" Easy G Rockwell - unknown Songwriting credits included Andre Brown / Gerald Gray / Tyrone Kelsie