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New Malden

New Malden is a suburb of south-west London, England. It is located within the Royal Borough of Kingston upon Thames, with a small part in the London Borough of Merton, is 9.4 miles from Charing Cross. New Malden forms part of the historic county of Surrey. Neighbouring localities include Kingston upon Thames, Raynes Park, Tolworth and Worcester Park. New Malden was established as a result of the arrival of the railway, when what is now called New Malden railway station was opened on 1 December 1846 on the main line from London Waterloo. Building started in the area just to the north of the station, gathering pace in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries with two- and three-bedroom terraced houses. Further out towards Coombe Hill are larger detached and semi-detached houses from the 1930s; the name of the road which leads up the hill to Coombe, Traps Lane, is thought to derive from a farm owned by a Mrs Trap. Following the opening of the Kingston bypass in 1927, the farms to its south progressively gave way to suburban development.

Two miles to the south is the former village of Old Malden whose origins go back to Anglo-Saxon times, the name being Old English for Mæl + duna = "the cross on the hill". Under the District Councils Act 1895, The Maldens & Coombe Urban District Council was created. In 1936 Malden and Coombe was granted full Borough status, with its own Mayor, had the rare distinction of a civic mace bearing the royal insignia of King Edward VIII. New Malden suffered damage from German bombing during the Second World War; the first attack took place on 16th August 1940, killing about 50 people and damaging about 1,300 homes. After dropping 150 bombs, German pilots flew over the railway station at low altitude and machine-gunned passengers as they got off a train that had just arrived at the railway station. Unexploded munitions from this period are still found on occasion. In 1965, the London Government Act 1963 came into force merging the boroughs of Malden & Coombe and Surbiton with Kingston upon Thames to form the Royal Borough of Kingston upon Thames.

New Malden is home to the offices of several large organisations, including Nestle Purina and Northrop Grumman. New Malden is bounded to the north by the affluent Coombe Hill and to the south and east by Raynes Park, Worcester Park and Tolworth. New Malden includes Motspur Park, home to the training ground of Fulham FC, the King's College London sports ground, home to the training ground of AFC Wimbledon. To the west: Kingston upon Thames, Norbiton To the south: Old Malden, Tolworth, Worcester Park To the east: Motspur Park, Raynes Park, West Barnes To the north: Coombe, Richmond Park, WimbledonThe busy A3 trunk road runs through part of New Malden. A minor tributary of the River Thames, Beverley Brook, flows through the east of the town, while its western boundary is along the Hogsmill, another Thames tributary; the first parking meters were made in New Malden at Venners Ltd. The Royal Borough of Kingston upon Thames has one of the largest expatriate communities of South Koreans in Europe, is said to be one of the most densely populated areas of Koreans outside South Korea.

According to different sources, as of 2014 there were about 10,000 ethnic Koreans in New Malden proper, as of the same year the Korean population in the area around New Malden is around 20,000, including about 600 originating from North Korea, giving it the largest group of North Koreans in Europe. In the 2001 census, some small areas of New Malden had "Other Asian" populations of "over 25%", though no whole ward reached over 20%. Many of the Koreans living in New Malden work for Korean companies, they are either permanently settled and expatriate, or they are still expatriates; the New Malden area has Korean language churches and nursery schools as well as restaurants and shops with Korean clientele. New Malden functions as the shopping and cultural centre for a Korean population spread more across South-West London and the neighbouring counties; the area has Korean supermarkets, about 20 Korean restaurants and cafes, including those serving bulgogi. It has a noraebang, many other shops; the Korean language is visible on several shop signs.

The original Embassy of South Korea was in New Malden, before moving to 60 Buckingham Gate in Westminster. Some factors cited in The Daily Telegraph as reasons why the Korean community formed in New Malden included a 1950s joint venture partnership between a chaebol and Racal Avionics, Lord Chancellor's Walk in Coombe Lane West serving as the residence of the Ambassador of South Korea to the United Kingdom, Samsung Electronics having its UK offices in New Malden until they moved to their current location in Chertsey, Surrey in 2005. Many Koreans settled in New Malden in the 1970s due to the ambassador's location. There is a Hindu Temple in the eastern part of Burlington Road. New Malden has its own sports centre, the Malden Centre, which includes a swimming pool and community facilities, it runs several adult learning courses. Beverley Park provides a football pitch, tennis courts, children's playground and open space. Tudor Williams Ltd, established in 1913 but closed in 2019, was a family run department store in the High Street.

The company has shops in Cobham and Dorking and expanded by acquiring department stores Elphicks of Farnham in October 2004, Knights of Reigate in September 2006. A branch of Waitrose is one of a number of other well known sto

Terry de la Mesa Allen Sr.

Major General Terry de la Mesa Allen Sr. was a senior United States Army officer who fought in both World War I and World War II. Allen was a decorated World War I veteran who commanded the 1st Infantry Division in North Africa and Sicily from May 1942 until August 1943, he was selected to lead the 104th Infantry Division as divisional commander, a post he held until the end of the war. Allen was born in Fort Douglas, Utah, to Colonel Samuel Allen and Consuelo "Conchita" Alvarez de la Mesa. Allen's family had a long line of military tradition. Besides his father, Allen's maternal grandfather was Colonel Carlos Alvarez de la Mesa, a Spanish national who fought at Gettysburg for the Union Army in the Spanish Company of the "Garibaldi Guard" known as the 39th New York Volunteer Infantry Regiment, during the American Civil War. Allen grew up in various military bases because of his father's military career and in 1907, received an appointment to the United States Military Academy in New York. Unlike most American World War II generals, Allen was a Catholic.

There were three certain factors which affected Allen's performance at West Point and which would lead up to his dismissal. One of them was that he soon fell behind in his classes. Another was, he failed an ordnance and gunnery course. Allen enrolled and attended the Catholic University of America in Washington, D. C. and earned a Bachelor of Arts degree in 1912. He joined the United States Army once more and after passing the competitive army officers exam, was commissioned a second lieutenant of Cavalry Branch and assigned to Fort Myer, Virginia. In 1913, he was reassigned to the 14th Cavalry Regiment at Eagle Pass and served there until 1917. During this time, he served on border duty, he was promoted twice: on July 1, 1916, to first lieutenant and on May 15, 1917, to captain six weeks after the American entry into World War I. On June 7, 1918, fourteen months after the United States declared war against Germany and entered World War I, Allen was sent to France and assigned to the 315th Ammunition Train.

Allen showed up at a school for infantry officers the day before a class graduation. When the commandant of the school began to hand out certificates to the graduates, Allen lined up with them; when confronted with him, the commandant said, "I don't remember you in this class." "I'm Allen. Why don't you?" was his reply. Without further ado, Allen became a temporary major. Allen was assigned to the 3rd Battalion of the 358th Infantry Regiment, part of the 90th Division of the American Expeditionary Force which he led into battle on the Western Front at St. Mihiel and Aincreville. During one battle Allen received a bullet through his jaw and mouth and, as a result of the wound, never stuttered again, he was awarded a Purple Heart for his actions. Allen remained with the AEF in France until the Armistice of November 11, 1918, he served with the Army of Occupation in Germany until 1920 when he returned to the United States. After Allen returned to the United States, his temporary rank of major was reverted to captain until July 1, 1920, when he was promoted to the permanent rank of major.

He served in Camp Travis and in Fort McIntosh, both located in Texas. In 1922, Allen was assigned in New York City, he continued to take military related courses, among them: an advanced course at the U. S. Army Cavalry School, Fort Riley, Kansas. S. Army Command and General Staff School at Fort Leavenworth, Kansas. S. Army Infantry School at Fort Benning, Georgia and an interim course in infantry command with other divisions. In 1928, he married Mary Frances Robinson of El Paso, Texas with whom in 1929 he had a son, Terry Allen Jr. On August 1, 1935, Allen was promoted to lieutenant colonel and became an instructor at the U. S. Army Cavalry School at Fort Riley, Kansas, he wrote and published "Reconnaissance by horse cavalry regiments and smaller units" in 1939. On October 1, 1940, during World War II General George C. Marshall Jr. the U. S. Army Chief of Staff, promoted him to the rank of brigadier general and commanded the 3rd Cavalry Brigade. From April–May 1941 he commanded the 2nd Cavalry Division.

He became the assistant division commander of the 36th Infantry Division, an Army National Guard formation from Texas. The 36th Division was commanded by Brigadier General Fred L. Walker. From all reports, Allen was not only respected but was warmly regarded by his troops of his 1st Infantry Division the enlisted men. Like General George Patton, Allen's superior for much of the war, Allen placed his headquarters far forward, as close to the front line as possible. Unlike Patton, Allen did not bother with his military appearance going without clean uniforms and haircuts, he was reportedly the only American general officer in the European and North African theaters who preferred to sleep on the ground, rather than on a cot or in a bed. However, despite a casual attitude toward his own personal appearance, Allen did not tolerate slovenliness or incompetence in the troops under his command, he expected his soldiers to keep their weapons and equipment in perfect working order and trained the men to keep them combat ready.

As war correspondent Ernie Pyle, killed in action, would write, "Major General Terry Allen was one of my favorite people. Because he didn't give a damn for hell or high water

Arado L II

The Arado L II was a 1920s German two-seat, high-wing touring monoplane. In 1930, a Revised version, the L IIa first flew, four examples took part in the Challenge International de Tourisme 1930, starting from Berlin-Tempelhof airport, but none placed, one crashed early in the race. Two examples competed in the Deutschlandflug in 1931. Data from German Aviation 1919 – 1945General characteristics Crew: one pilot Capacity: one passenger Length: 6.72 m Wingspan: 11.00 m Height: 2.30 m Wing area: 17.0 m2 Empty weight: 415 kg Gross weight: 700 kg Powerplant: 1 × Argus As 8R, 60 kW Performance Maximum speed: 160 km/h Range: 700 km Service ceiling: 2,000 m Rate of climb: 2.1 m/s Armament Grey, C. G. ed.. Jane's all the World's Aircraft 1931. London: Sampson Low, Marston & company, ltd. p. 152c. Taylor, Michael J. H.. Jane's Encyclopedia of Aviation. London: Studio Editions. P. 73. World Aircraft Information Files. Brightstar Publishing, London. File 889 Sheet 73