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New South Wales Police Force

The New South Wales Police Force is the primary law enforcement agency of the state of New South Wales, Australia. It is a servant of the Crown, independent of Government, although a minister of the Crown has administration. Divided into Police Area Commands, for metropolitan areas of NSW and Police Districts, for regional and country areas of NSW, the NSW Police Force consists of more than 500 local police stations and covers an area of 801,600 square kilometres in a state of some eight million people. Under the Police Regulation Act, 1862, the organisation of the NSW Police Force was formally established in 1862 with the unification of all existing independent police units in the state; the authority and responsibility of the entire police force was given to the inspector general of police. The 1990s were a turbulent period in NSW police history; the Royal Commission into the New South Wales Police Service was held between 1995 and 1997. The Royal Commission uncovered hundreds of instances of corruption including: bribery, money laundering, drug trafficking, falsifying of evidence by police.

The police commissioner, Tony Lauer, resigned as the level of corruption in the service became clear and his own position untenable. Peter James Ryan was recruited from the UK. Wide-ranging reforms occurred as a result of the recommendations of the Royal Commission, including the establishment of a permanent Police Integrity Commission; the current commissioner of the NSW Police Force is Mick Fuller. As of 30 June 2016, the police force consists of some 16,649 officers; the motto of the NSW Police Force is the Latin Culpam poena premit. The NSW Police insignia includes the motto, its coat of arms features the state badge, a soaring Australian wedge-tailed eagle carrying a scroll with the word Nemesis, a wreath and the St Edwards Crown, the crown of the Queen as the NSW head of state. The overall mission of the police is to detect and prevent crime. Services provided by the New South Wales Police Force include: Preventing and investigating crime. Like all other states of Australia and shires in NSW have only limited law enforcement responsibilities.

The police perform the primary law enforcement role in all areas of the state. The New South Wales Police Force has existed in various forms since the foundation of the colony of New South Wales at Sydney in 1788. In order to protect the infant town against thieves and petty criminals after dark, Governor Arthur Phillip authorised the formation of a nightwatch in August 1789, consisting of eight of the best-behaved convicts. After his appointment as the new governor of New South Wales, Governor Lachlan Macquarie restructured the police force in January 1811, setting up a basic system of ranks and control and recruiting free men into the force instead of convicts. Police units were under the rule of the district magistrates. After the conflict in 1824 with the Wiradjuri people around Bathurst and Mudgee, British authorities recognised the need for a mounted force to maintain control in frontier areas; as a result, the NSW Mounted Police was formed in the following year. Up until 1850, this force operated as de facto cavalry unit as the troopers were soldiers requisitioned from the British Army.

Their main task in this period was to subjugate resisting groups of Aboriginals and capture bushrangers. From 1850 the Mounted Police took on a more civilian role. In 2009, it was claimed to be the oldest mounted police unit in the world. Another specialist group formed during this time were the Water Police. By this stage, the NSW government could not afford the cost of maintaining the Mounted Police along the expanding frontiers of the colony. A new frontier police consisting of mounted convict troopers, called the Border Police, was therefore established; the convicts assigned were soldiers who had run foul of the law. The Border Police was funded by a levy placed on the squatters who had brought livestock into the areas beyond the borders of settlement. In addition to controlling the Aboriginal and bushranger threats, the Border Police were tasked with resolving land disputes with the squatters. With the end of convict transportation approaching, the Border Police was dissolved and replaced with another low cost frontier force called the Native Police.

This force consisted of Aboriginal troopers under the command of British officers. Exploiting intertribal hostility, the duty of this force was to crush any Aboriginal resistance to the spread of British settlement. From 1859, the responsibility of the Native Police passed from the NSW government to the newly formed Queensland government; as the colony expanded, a more sophisticated form of crime management was called for. After a failed attempt made by Act No. 38 of 1850, unified control of the police eventuated in 1862 when the Police Regulation Act was passed, establishing the New South Wales Police Force. The first inspector general of police, John McLerie, was appointed to assume overall authority and responsibility; the Police Regulation Act, passed in 1935, changed the official title to commissioner of police, with its role defined. The position of deputy commissioner was created. By 1872, there were seventy police stations t

Ruth Mountain

Ruth Mountain is a Skagit Range summit located two miles south of Hannegan Pass in the North Cascades of Washington state. The name honors daughter of President Grover Cleveland. Ruth Mountain is situated on the shared border of North Cascades National Park and the Mount Baker Wilderness; the summit offers views of Mount Shuksan, East Nooksack Glacier, Seahpo Peak, Nooksack Tower, Icy Peak, Mount Sefrit, Mineral Mountain, the Picket Range. The melting and receding Ruth Glacier on the north slope of Ruth creates the headwaters for the Chilliwack River. Precipitation runoff finds its way into the Nooksack River. Ruth Mountain is located in the marine west coast climate zone of western North America. Most weather fronts originate in the Pacific Ocean, travel northeast toward the Cascade Mountains; as fronts approach the North Cascades, they are forced upward by the peaks of the Cascade Range, causing them to drop their moisture in the form of rain or snowfall onto the Cascades. As a result, the west side of the North Cascades experiences high precipitation during the winter months in the form of snowfall.

During winter months, weather is cloudy, due to high pressure systems over the Pacific Ocean that intensify during summer months, there is little or no cloud cover during the summer. Because of maritime influence, snow tends resulting in high avalanche danger; the North Cascades features some of the most rugged topography in the Cascade Range with craggy peaks and deep glacial valleys. Geological events occurring many years ago created the diverse topography and drastic elevation changes over the Cascade Range leading to the various climate differences; these climate differences lead to vegetation variety defining the ecoregions in this area. The history of the formation of the Cascade Mountains dates back millions of years ago to the late Eocene Epoch. With the North American Plate overriding the Pacific Plate, episodes of volcanic igneous activity persisted. In addition, small fragments of the oceanic and continental lithosphere called terranes created the North Cascades about 50 million years ago.

During the Pleistocene period dating back over two million years ago, glaciation advancing and retreating scoured the landscape leaving deposits of rock debris. The “U”-shaped cross section of the river valleys are a result of recent glaciation. Uplift and faulting in combination with glaciation have been the dominant processes which have created the tall peaks and deep valleys of the North Cascades area. Geography of the North Cascades Geology of the Pacific Northwest Weather forecast: Ruth Mountain Mt. Baker Wilderness U. S. Forest Service


Porthania is a university building located in the center of Helsinki, Finland. It is part of the city centre campus of the University of Helsinki. Designed by Aarne Ervi and completed in 1957, it is one of the notable modernist buildings from the 1950s in the center of Helsinki; the building is named after Henrik Gabriel Porthan and is mainly used by the Faculty of Law. The heart of Porthania is the two-storeys high central hall, decorated by two large murals by Arvid Broms and Olli Miettinen. Four auditoriums line the central hall, the largest of which seats 650 people and is still the largest auditorium in the whole university. Above the hall on the second floor is a student canteen; the upper five floors of Porthania house smaller auditoriums and offices. Kumpula Campus Meilahti Campus Viikki Campus University of Helsinki

Metropolitan Courthouse

The Metropolitan Courthouse is a courthouse in downtown Albuquerque, New Mexico, housing the Bernalillo County Metropolitan Court. The building is located on the northwest corner of 4th Street and Lomas Boulevard in an area known as the Courthouse District; the courthouse has nine stories. Designed by DCSW Architects in a contemporary Art Deco style, it features a three-story rotunda finished with granite and travertine and a 36-foot sculpture of the scales of justice. Ground was broken on the project in May 2001 and the building was topped out the following June; the courthouse opened for business on January 20, 2004, replacing the old Metro Courthouse at 4th and Roma. From 2005 to 2009, the Metro Courthouse was at the center of a high-profile fraud investigation, during which allegations emerged that a group of conspirators had siphoned off $4.2 million from the courthouse construction project in a scheme described by the Albuquerque Journal as "breathtaking in scope and star power." Eight people were named as defendants in the case, including the former president pro tempore of the New Mexico State Senate and a former mayor of Albuquerque.

The investigation ended with six of the accused pleading guilty to conspiracy and mail fraud, while the other two pleaded guilty to misprision of felony. List of tallest buildings in Albuquerque Metropolitan Courthouse

Minden, Nevada

Minden is a census-designated place in Douglas County, United States. The population was 3,001 at the 2010 census, it is adjacent to the town of Gardnerville. It was founded in 1906 by Heinrich Friedrich Dangberg Jr. who named it after the town of Minden, in the German state of North Rhine-Westphalia, near his father's birthplace. A large share of the first settlers were Germans. Minden was founded on company land of the Dangberg Home Ranch and Dangberg commissioned most of the town's early buildings. Minden has had a post office since 1906. U. S. Highway 395 runs through Minden, it is the terminus of State Route 88, which becomes California State Route 88 on the west side of the state line. The Douglas campus of the Western Nevada College is located in Minden. According to the United States Census Bureau, the census-designated place of Minden has a total area of 4.3 square miles, of which 4.3 square miles is land and 0.04 square miles is water. The Carson Valley and Minden are considered one of the top gliding spots in the world.

Flights of over 990 miles have been made on sailplanes from this location. Its location, east of the Sierra Nevada range, favors lee wave formation. East of the Pine Nuts mountains is the Nevada desert, one of the best thermal generators in the world. Minden has a cool semi-arid climate with huge diurnal temperature variations during all seasons. Summers are hot to hot during the day, with 45.3 afternoons topping 90 °F or 32.2 °C and 2.4 afternoons getting over 100 °F or 37.8 °C. Rainfall is rare during the summer as the monsoon never reaches this far west: in July more than four years in ten record no measurable precipitation and only one in twenty expects 1 inch or 25.4 millimetres. Winter afternoons are cool and sunny, but mornings are freezing to frigid. Temperatures of 0 °F or below can be expected on four mornings each winter, although all but seven afternoons each year can be expected to top freezing, whilst during the three winter months 41 afternoons will top 50 °F or 10 °C; the hottest temperature on record is 109 °F on July 6, 2007 and the coldest is −24 °F or −31.1 °C, which occurred on January 21, 1916, January 26, 1949 and February 7, 1989.

The coldest afternoon was on January 9, 1937 when the temperature did not top 4 °F and the hottest minimum 67 °F or 19.4 °C on August 28 and 29, 1906, June 25, 1927 and August 20, 1931. The majority of precipitation occurs from winter Pacific storm systems, although the Sierra Nevada rain shadow limits the precipitation they produce in Nevada; the wettest “rain year” has been from July 1937 to June 1938 with 17.18 inches and the driest from July 1959 to June 1960 with 3.31 inches. The wettest day on record has been December 30, 2002 with 3.90 inches or 99.1 millimetres, whilst with at least 8.30 inches or 210.8 millimetres, December 2002 was the wettest single month on record. Winter afternoons are warm enough in Minden that most precipitation occurs as rain, although the mean snowfall is 20.9 inches or 0.53 metres and the median 8.4 inches or 0.21 metres. The cold, wet month of January 1916, saw as much as 52.0 inches of snow and the season from July 1908 to June 1909, 70 inches. As of the census of 2000, there were 2,836 people, 1,166 households, 839 families residing in the CDP.

The population density was 664.2 people per square mile. There were 1,231 housing units at an average density of 288.3 per square mile. The racial makeup of the CDP was 94.0% White, 0.1% African American, 0.7% Native American, 1.1% Asian, 0.1% Pacific Islander, 2.1% from other races, 1.9% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 6.6% of the population. There were 1,166 households out of which 28.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 62.4% were married couples living together, 7.7% had a female householder with no husband present, 28.0% were non-families. 23.0% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.5% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.38 and the average family size was 2.78. In the CDP the population was spread out with 21.9% under the age of 18, 4.4% from 18 to 24, 22.7% from 25 to 44, 27.5% from 45 to 64, 23.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 46 years. For every 100 females, there were 95.5 males.

For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 92.4 males. The median income for a household in the CDP was $56,795, the median income for a family was $64,375. Males had a median income of $40,833 versus $34,700 for females; the per capita income for the CDP was $30,405. About 3.7% of families and 5.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 10.2% of those under age 18 and 1.5% of those age 65 or over. Minden has a branch of the Douglas County Public Library. Carson Valley Times The Record-Courier Scenes from the films Chicken Every Sunday, The Wizard and Charley Varrick, were shot in Minden. Scenes for The Wizard were filmed in the historic Minden Inn, disguised as a bus depot during the filming, on Esmeralda Avenue, which can be seen when Beau Bridges throws a shovel into the street while chasing a car. Donald E. Bently – businessman.

North Country (film)

North Country is a 2005 American drama film directed by Niki Caro, starring Charlize Theron, Frances McDormand, Sean Bean, Richard Jenkins, Michelle Monaghan, Jeremy Renner, Woody Harrelson, Sissy Spacek. The screenplay by Michael Seitzman was inspired by the 2002 book Class Action: The Story of Lois Jenson and the Landmark Case That Changed Sexual Harassment Law by Clara Bingham and Laura Leedy Gansler, which chronicled the case of Jenson v. Eveleth Taconite Company. In 1989, Josey Aimes flees from her abusive husband back to her hometown in northern Minnesota with her children and Karen, moves in with her parents and Hank. Hank is ashamed of Josey, who had Sammy as a teenager by an unknown father, believes Josey is promiscuous. While working a job washing hair, Josey reconnects with an old acquaintance, Glory Dodge, who works at the local iron mine and suggests Josey do the same, as a job there pays six times more than what Josey's making now. Josey's pursuit of the job further strains her relationship with Hank, who works at the mine and believes women shouldn't be working there, so she and her children move in with Glory and her husband, Kyle.

Josey befriends several other female workers at the mine and soon realizes the women are constant targets for sexual harassment and humiliation by most of their male co-workers, like Hank, believe the women are taking jobs more appropriate for men. Josey in particular is targeted by Bobby Sharp, her ex-boyfriend from high school. Josey tries to talk to her supervisor, Arlen Pavich, about the problem, but he refuses to take her concerns seriously; the women experience additional harassment and abuse in retaliation, Bobby spreads rumors that Josey attempted to seduce him, leading his wife to publicly berate and humiliate Josey at Sammy's hockey game. Sammy begins to resent the way the townspeople treat them and comes to believe the gossip about his mother's alleged promiscuity. Josey takes her concerns to the mine's owner, Don Pearson, but despite his previous assurances that he is there to help, she arrives to find that he has invited Pavich to the meeting, along with several other executives and offers to accept her resignation immediately.

She refuses, after Pearson implies he believes the rumors about her promiscuity, leaves devastated. After being sexually assaulted by Bobby at work, she quits and asks Bill White, a lawyer friend of Kyle and Glory, to help her file a lawsuit against the company. Bill advises her to recruit other women to form a class action lawsuit, which would be the first of its kind; the female miners, fear losing their jobs and facing additional harassment, so Josey attempts to go ahead with the case alone. She discovers that Glory has Lou Gehrig's Disease, her health is declining rapidly. Alice and Hank argue over Josey's lawsuit, when Hank still refuses to forgive his daughter, Alice leaves him. At a union meeting, Josey attempts to address the miners and explain her reasons for suing the mine, but they interrupt and insult her, leading Hank to stand up for his daughter and reprimand his co-workers for their treatment of Josey and all the women at the mine, he and Alice reconcile. In court, the mining company's attorney attempts to hold Josey's sexual history against her, based on Bobby's testimony that Sammy is the result of a consensual sexual relationship between Josey and her high school teacher, Paul Lattavansky.

Josey reveals that after school one day, where she and Bobby had been serving detention together after being caught kissing, she was raped by Lattavansky, which led to her becoming pregnant with Sammy. Hank attacks the teacher in question and Bill gets a recess after Josey storms out of the courtroom. Sammy still refuses to believe his mother and runs away, until Kyle urges him to reconsider, he and Josey embrace after having a talk. Bill cross-examines Bobby and gets him to admit he witnessed Paul rape Josey, but was too scared to do anything about it. Glory, who has come to the court in her wheelchair and is unable to speak, has Kyle read a letter saying she stands with Josey, though still not enough to qualify for a class action suit. After a pause, many other women stand, followed by family members and several male miners who didn't harass the female ones; the mining company is forced to pay the women for their suffering and establish a landmark sexual harassment policy at the workplace.

Lois Jenson, on whom the character of Josey is based began working at the EVTAC mine in Eveleth, Minnesota, in 1975 and initiated her lawsuit in 1984, four years before the year in which the film begins. Its timeline was condensed. Jenson declined to act as the film's consultant; the character Glory Dodge, played by Frances McDormand, was based on Pat Kosmach, one of the plaintiffs in the class action suit. Kosmach died partway through the case, on November 7, 1994. Eveleth Mines settled four years in December 1998, paying fifteen women a total of $3.5 million. The film was shot in the northern Minnesota towns of Eveleth, Virginia and Hibbing. "North Country" by Gustavo Santaolalla – 2:08 "Girl of the North Country" by Leo Kottke – 3:33 "Tell Ol' Bill" by Bob Dylan – 5:08 "Werewolves of London" by Warren Zevon – 3:28 "Bette Davis Eyes" by Kim Carnes – 3:49 "If I Said You Had a Beautiful Body" by The Bellamy Brothers – 3:17 "Lay Lady Lay" by Bob Dylan – 3:19 "A Saturday in My Classroom" by Gustavo Santaolalla – 3:46 "Sweetheart Like You" by Bob Dylan – 4:37 "Baby Don't Get Hooked on Me" by Mac Davis – 3:05 "Do Right to Me Baby" by Bob Dylan – 3:52