Eighth Avenue (Manhattan)
Eighth Avenue is a major north-south avenue on the west side of Manhattan in New York City, carrying northbound traffic below 59th Street. While the avenue has different names at different points in Manhattan, it is one continuous stretch of road. Eighth Avenue begins in the West Village neighborhood at Abingdon Square and runs north for 44 blocks through Chelsea, the Garment District, Hell's Kitchen's east end and the Broadway theatre district in the eponymous neighborhood, before it enters Columbus Circle at 59th Street and becomes Central Park West. North of Frederick Douglass Circle, it resumes its Eighth Avenue designation, but is known as Frederick Douglass Boulevard; the avenue ends north of 155th Street, merges into the Harlem River Drive. The New York City Subway's IND Eighth Avenue Line, serving the A, C, E trains in Lower Manhattan and the A, B, C, D trains in the Upper West Side, runs under Eighth Avenue. MTA Regional Bus Operations operates two bus routes on the avenue; the northbound M20 serves Eighth Avenue between Abingdon Square and Columbus Circle, while the M10 serves the length of Eighth Avenue north of 59th Street in its entirety.
The southernmost section is known as Eighth Avenue between Abingdon Square and Columbus Circle. This portion of Eighth Avenue has carried traffic one-way northbound since June 6, 1954. Since the 1990s, the stretch of Eighth Avenue that runs through Greenwich Village and its adjacent Chelsea neighborhood has been a center of the city's gay community, with bars and restaurants catering to gay men. In fact, New York City's annual gay pride parade takes place along the Greenwich Village section of Eighth Avenue. Along with Times Square, the portion of Eighth Avenue from 42nd Street to 50th Street was an informal red-light district in the late 1960s, 1970s, 1980s before it was controversially renovated into a more family friendly environment under the first mayoral administration of Rudolph Giuliani. North of Columbus Circle, the roadway becomes Central Park West; as its name indicates, CPW forms the western edge of Central Park. It forms the eastern boundary of the Upper West Side, it runs 51 blocks from Columbus Circle to Frederick Douglass Circle.
The gates into Central Park along its western edge are: Merchants Gate at 59th Street, Women's Gate at 72nd, Naturalists Gate at 77th, Hunters Gate at 81st, Mariners Gate at 85th, Gate of All Saints at 96th, Boys Gate at 100th, Strangers Gate at 106th. Central Park West's expensive housing rivals that of Fifth Avenue on the Upper East Side. Central Park West is the address of several famous residences, including The Dakota, The San Remo, The El Dorado, The Beresford, The Langham, The Century, 15 Central Park West, 41 Central Park West, 455 Central Park West, The St. Urban, The Majestic. According to The New York Times' architecture critic Paul Goldberger, the street's buildings, both the new ones like 15 Central Park West and the old ones such as The Century, "fit together the same way the ones in that hypothetical Main Street do, for the same reason. For more than a hundred years, their architects honor the unspoken agreement to work together, to line their buildings up with each other and to work in a consistent scale with materials that are compatible."Most of these housing cooperatives were built around 1930, replacing late 19th century hotels with the same names.
Some, including The Century, The San Remo, The Majestic, are twin towers. Other landmarks and institutions along its length include the New-York Historical Society and the American Museum of Natural History; the area from 61st to 97th Streets is included in the Central Park West Historic District. The building located at 55 Central Park West is the infamous "Spook Central" from the movie Ghostbusters; the famed New York City restaurant Tavern on the Green is located off of Central Park West, at 66th Street, within the grounds of Central Park. In 1899, while exiting a streetcar, Henry Bliss was run over by a taxi at CPW and West 74th Street, becoming the first person to be run down and killed by a motor car in the Americas. North of Frederick Douglass Circle at 110th Street in Harlem, it is Frederick Douglass Boulevard, though sometimes still unofficially referred to as Eighth Avenue. Frederick Douglass Boulevard terminates near the Harlem River at the Harlem River Drive around West 159th Street.
While Central Park West has its own address system, address numbers on Frederick Douglass Boulevard continue from where they would be if Central Park West used the Eighth Avenue numbering system. The corridor along Frederick Douglass Boulevard was reallocated in 2003, allowing for larger residential buildings of greater density, resulting in the construction of condominiums, rental buildings and cafes. Described as being "like Detroit" in its urban blight, it is now gentrified in the restaurants along its route, giving it the nickname "Restaurant Row"; this gentrif
Jacqueline Laura Hoffman is an American actress and stand-up comedian known for her one-woman shows of Jewish-themed original songs and monologues. She is a veteran of Chicago's famed The Second City comedy improv group. For her performance in the FX anthology television series Feud, she was nominated for a Primetime Emmy Award and a Critics' Choice Television Award. Hoffman won the Joseph Jefferson Award, Chicago's venerable theatre award, during her eight-year tenure with the Second City troupe, she starred in the following solo comedy performances: "If You Call This Living," "The Kvetching Continues," "Jackie Hoffman's Hanukkah", "A Chanukah Charol", "Jackie's Kosher Khristmas", "Jackie's Valentine's Day Massacre", among others. Hoffman joined the three-woman comic team behind "The J. A. P. Show, Jewish American Princesses of Comedy," at the Actors' Temple in April 2007, she performed numerous roles in David and Amy Sedaris's 2001 comic play, The Book of Liz, winning an Obie Award. Her other theatrical credits include The Sisters Rosensweig, Incident at Cobbler's Knob, One Woman Shoe, for which she won a Jeff Award.
In addition, she performs at Joe's Pub in one-woman concerts. In 2002, Hoffman was cast in the musical Hairspray on Broadway, playing the roles of Prudy Pingleton, Gym Teacher and Denizen of Baltimore, she won the 2003 Theatre World Award for her performance. She co-starred as Calliope, muse of epic poetry, in the rock musical Xanadu on Broadway, from July 2007 to September 2008. Hoffman starred as Grandmama in the Broadway musical The Addams Family, which opened at the Lunt-Fontanne Theatre on April 8, 2010 and closed on December 31, 2011. In 2010, she parodied Lady Gaga's hit-single, Alejandro, she played Madame Dilly and other roles in the 2014 Broadway revival of On the Town until the show closed in September 2015. She played Mrs. Teavee in the Broadway production of Charlie and the Chocolate Factory, which opened on April 23, 2017 and closed January 14, 2018. In the summer of 2018, she joined the cast of the National Yiddish Theatre's production of "Fiddler on the Roof" as Yente the matchmaker.
She has acted in the movies, Kissing Jessica Stein, Mo' Money, Garden State, Queer Duck: The Movie, Legally Blonde 2: Red and Blonde, A Dirty Shame and was the voice of the Water Cooler in Robots. In addition to cameoing on the television show Curb Your Enthusiasm, she has appeared in many series, including Difficult People, Strangers with Candy and Faith, Ed, Cosby, 30 Rock, One Life to Live and was the voice of Dilmom on Dilbert. Hoffman provided the voice of "Mary Phillips, the Talk Radio host", in the video game Grand Theft Auto: San Andreas. Despite her frequent stage banter on her dislike of children, Hoffman did a surprising turn as the voices of the Gate to Fairy-tale Land and the Witch's Magic Wand in the Dora the Explorer movie, Dora's Fairytale Adventure, she has been a frequent guest on Late Night with Conan O'Brien. In 2007 she was featured in the film Making Trouble, a tribute to female Jewish comedians, produced by the Jewish Women’s Archive. In 2011, Hoffman appeared as a cameo in The Sitter as Mrs. Sapperstein.
In 2012, she has had a recurring role in The New Normal. She appeared in a cameo role in the Oscar-winning movie Birdman in 2014. In 2017, she starred in the first season of the FX series entitled Feud: Bette and Joan in the role of Joan Crawford's housekeeper, for which she was nominated for the Primetime Emmy Award for Outstanding Supporting Actress in a Limited Series or Movie. Jackie Hoffman can be heard on the original Broadway cast recordings of Hairspray, The Addams Family and the Chocolate Factory, the revival Broadway cast recording of On the Town, the PS Classics' recording of Jackie Hoffman: Live at Joe's Pub released Fall 2008, she appears on Scott Alan's CD, Dreaming Wide Awake, in a duet with Carly Jibson. Hoffman was born in New York. At age 46, during the run of her show Regrets Only, she was hospitalized for a hysterectomy to remove a benign tumor, she was back with a cot backstage for whenever she was not singing or talking. Jackie Hoffman on IMDb Jackie Hoffman at the Internet Broadway Database
Altar Boyz is a musical comedy with music and lyrics by Gary Adler and Michael Patrick Walker and book by Kevin Del Aguila. Centering on a fictitious Christian boy band from Ohio, the show satirizes, among other things, the phenomenon of boy bands and the popularity of Christian-themed music in contemporary American culture, it began an Off Broadway run on March 1, 2005 and closed on January 10, 2010, having played 16 previews and 2,032 regular performances making it the 9th longest-running Off-Broadway musical of all time. The musical is presented in real time as the final concert of the national "Raise the Praise" tour staged by the five-member group the Altar Boyz. Four of the group's members, Mark and Juan are named after the authors of the four canonical Christian Gospels; the fifth member is Abraham, the group explains in the show's opening number, is Jewish. The members of the group address the audience directly and refer to the venue and location in which the performance is taking place.
The Altar Boyz perform their songs, with choreographed dancing in the style of boy bands, present several scenes concerning the group and its origins, as well as each member's strengths and demons, as part of the concert. During the show, the Altar Boyz turn to a machine on stage, the "Soul Sensor DX-12," which has a display that they explain shows the number of burdened souls in the theatre, their goal is to reduce the number on the machine to zero by the end of the concert. Directed by Stafford Arima and choreographed by Christopher Gattelli, Altar Boyz debuted at the 47th Street Theatre in New York City as part of the New York Musical Theatre Festival in September 2004; the NYMF cast included Cheyenne Jackson as Matthew, Tyler Maynard as Mark, Andy Karl as Luke, Ryan Duncan as Juan, David Josefsberg as Abraham. Marc Kudisch performed the pre-recorded role of "G. O. D." Due to the nature of the festival, the NYMF run was limited to eight performances on an irregular schedule over the course of a few weeks.
After 16 preview performances, the show opened Off Broadway at Stage 4 of Dodger Stages on March 1, 2005. The cast was the same as in the NYMF production, except Scott Porter played the part of Matthew and Shadoe Stevens played the pre-recorded role of "G. O. D." The production closed on January 10, 2010 after 2,032 regular performances, making it the ninth longest-running Off-Broadway musical of all time. The closing cast starred Michael Kadin Craig as Matthew, Travis Nesbitt as Mark, Lee Markham as Luke, Mauricio Pérez as Juan, Ravi Roth as Abraham. There have been touring productions of Altar Boyz in the United States and resident productions in Chicago, Korea, Finland, the Philippines and Japan as well as numerous regional and amateur productions. In 2013 it was performed as part of the Adelaide Fringe. Outer Critics Circle Award Best Off Broadway Musical Drama Desk Award Outstanding Musical Drama Desk Award Outstanding Featured Actor in a Musical Drama Desk Award Outstanding Choreography Drama Desk Award Outstanding Music Drama Desk Award Outstanding Lyrics Drama Desk Award Outstanding Book of a Musical Drama Desk Award Outstanding Orchestrations Lucille Lortel Award Outstanding Musical Lucille Lortel Award Outstanding Choreography Lucille Lortel Award Outstanding Featured Actor Lucille Lortel Award Outstanding Sound Design Drama League Award Distinguished Production of a Musical Drama League Award Distinguished Performance Award Theatre World Award Altar Boyz was recorded in March 2005 and was released on May 17, 2005 by Ghostlight Records.
Altarboyz.com Official Site MichaelPatrickWalker.com Official site for Composer/Lyricist Michael Patrick Walker DelAguila.info Official site for Book Writer Kevin Del Aguila StaffordArima.com Official site for Off Broadway Director Stafford Arima Robyn Goodman - Downstage Center interview at American Theatre Wing.org, August 2005 AltarHolics.com Official Fan Site TheProducersPerspective.com Blog for one of the producers of the Off Broadway production
The Shubert Organization
The Shubert Organization is a theatrical producing organization and a major owner of theatres based in Manhattan, New York City. It was founded by the three Shubert brothers in the late 19th century, they expanded, owning many theaters in New York and across the country. Since it has gone through changes of ownership, but is still a major theater chain; the Shubert Organization was founded by the Shubert brothers, Sam S. Shubert, Lee Shubert, Jacob J. Shubert of Syracuse, New York – colloquially and collectively known as "The Shuberts" – in the late 19th century in upstate New York, entering into New York City productions in 1900; the organization began acquiring theaters. Sam Shubert died in 1905. In 1907, the Shuberts tried to enter vaudeville with the United States Amusement Co. In the spring of 1920 they made another attempt, establishing the Shubert Advanced Vaudeville with Lee Shubert as President and playing two shows per day in Boston, Detroit, Chicago, Philadelphia and in September 1921 opening in New York.
In April 1922, the Shuberts teamed with Isidore Herk and E. Thomas Beatty to form the Affiliated Theatres Corporation, which would book shows for the chain. Faced with fierce competition from the B. F. Keith Circuit, the Shuberts closed their vaudeville operation in February 1923. By 1929, the Shubert Theatre chain included Broadway's most important venues, the Winter Garden, the Sam S. Shubert, the Imperial Theaters, owned, operated, or booked nearly a thousand theaters nationwide; the company continued to produce stage productions in New York until the 1940s, returning to producing Broadway productions in the 1970s after a hiatus. The company was reorganized in 1973, as of 2016 owned or operated seventeen Broadway theaters in New York City, two off-Broadway theaters — Stage 42 and New World Stages — and the Forrest Theatre in Philadelphia, it leases Boston's Shubert Theatre to the Citi Performing Arts Center. Shubert Ticketing, which includes Telecharge, handles tickets for 70 theaters. Several former Shubert-owned theaters across the United States are still referred to by the Shubert name.
One of the most famous is the New Haven Shubert, the second theater built by the Shubert Organization. Until the 1970s, major Broadway producers premiered shows there before opening in New York, it was immortalized in many mid-20th century films, such as All About Eve. Another important regional theater was the Shubert in Chicago, located within the Majestic Building at 22 West Monroe Street. Known as the Majestic Theatre, the Shubert Organization purchased it in 1945 and rechristened it the "Sam Shubert Theatre"; the Shuberts sold the theatre to the Nederlander Organization in 1991 and is now known as the CIBC Theatre. In 2016, it sold longtime headquarters to Ruben Cos for $280 million. Stage 42 New World Stages Forrest Theatre Shubert Theatre Avon Theatre Adelphi Theatre Bijou Theatre Casino Theatre Central Theatre Century TheatreCentury Theatre Roof Comedy Theatre Cosmopolitan Theatre Maxine Elliott Theatre Forrest Theatre 44th Street Theatre Nora Bayes Theatre 49th Street Theatre 46th Street Theatre Sam H. Harris Theatre Herald Square Theatre Hippodrome Theatre Jolson's 59th Street Theatre Lyric Theatre Madison Square Theatre Majestic Theatre Manhattan Center Morosco Theatre National Theatre New Century Theatre Princess Theatre Ritz Theatre St. James Theatre Waldorf Theatre Bronx Opera House, Bronx Riviera Theatre, Manhattan Shubert Majestic Theatre, Brooklyn Teller's Shubert Theatre, Brooklyn Harmanus Bleecker Hall Capitol Theatre Auditorium Theatre Boston Opera House Colonial Theatre Columbia Theatre Majestic Theatre Plymouth Theatre Wilbur Theatre Teck Theatre Blackstone Theatre Erlanger Theatre Garrick Theater Great Northern Theatre Olympic Theatre Princess Theatre Shubert Grand Opera House Shubert Theatre Cox Theatre Shubert Theatre Colonial Theatre Hanna Theatre Cass Theatre Garrick Theatre Shubert-Lafayette Theatre Parsons Theatre Murat Theatre Shubert Theatre Shubert's Missouri Theatre Shubert Theatre Shubert Theatre Shubert Theatre Adelphi Theatre Chestnut Street Opera House Locust Theatre Lyric Theatre Shubert Theatre Walnut Street Theatre Providence Opera House Shubert Theater Alvin Theatre Duquense Theatre Pitt Theatre Baker Theatre Cook Opera House Curran Theatre Garrick Theatre Shubert Theatre Bastable Theatre Grand Opera House Wieting Opera House Town Hall Theatre Royal Alexandra Theatre Rand Opera House Majestic Theatre Belasco Theatre Poli's Theatre Shubert Theatre Shubert-Garrick Theater (Washington, D.
Desperate Measures (musical)
Desperate Measures is a musical comedy with music by David Friedman and book and lyrics by Peter Kellogg, playing at New World Stages for an open-ended engagement, directed by Bill Castellino. The show won acclaim with Drama Desk Awards for Best Music and Best Lyrics, Outer Critics Circle and Off-Broadway Alliance Awards for Best Musical from its run at the York Theatre in 2017; the show is based on William Shakespeare's comedy Measure for Measure. The plot and casting is streamlined with equivalents only for Angelo, Claudio, Duke Vincentio, a composite of Juliet and Mariana, a drunken priest, is set in Arizona Territory at the turn of the 19th and 20th centuries. "Desperate Measures" marks the fifth collaboration between David Friedman. Kellogg penned the rhyming couplets in order that they may be more accessible to the audience as well as humorous. Kellogg stated. Act I Johnny Blood, a hotheaded young cowboy, killed a man in a bar fight for a saloon girl Bella Rose, is sentenced to death. Knowing that Johnny killed in self-defense, the sheriff decides to ask Johnny's sister Susanna, a novice nun – Sister Mary Jo, to plead with the governor for Johnny's life.
The governor, who sees strict law and order as his political legacy, ignores her plead, but suggests exchanging Susanna's chastity for Johnny's freedom. Seeing the dilemma Susanna faces, Johnny argues “It’s Good to Be Alive”; the sheriff suggests a plan to switch Susanna with a saloon girl after the dark. They find Bella Rose; the sheriff and Susanna coach Bella to walk and smile like a nun, while Bella teaches Susanna to lighten up. Alone, Sheriff wonders about the feeling. At night, Susanna goes to the governor's house, only to switch with Bella. Everyone wonders how their lives are changed “In the Dark”. Act II The next morning, Susanna visits the governor for Johnny's pardon, but he confesses that he has fallen in love with her, threatens to still have Johnny hanged if Susanna does not agree to marry him the next day. Bella Rose visits Johnny in the jail, who becomes jealous of her sleeping with another guy though it is for saving his life; the sheriff comes up with a new idea. He has the governor sign a new agreement: if Sister Mary Jo agrees to marry him, Johnny will go free.
At the same time, he has Susanna telegram the abbey to allow Bella to become a nun named Sister Mary Jo, to marry the governor. As plan B, he leaves Johnny a key and a horse to escape. Susanna realizes her feeling for this man. Everyone wonders; the governor barges into the dressing room exposing the plan, only saved by the identical wedding dresses and some quick wit. Susanna and Bella decide. Instead of escaping to Mexico, Johnny stops the ceremony; the sheriff gets the upper hand, the wedding becomes the happy ending for both couples. The musical premiered at Lyric Stage in Irving, Texas on April 30 and closed May 15, 2004, it was staged and directed by Cheryl Denson, with musical direction by James McQuillen, scenic design by Wade Giampa, lighting design by Susan A. White, costume design by Billie Boston; this was the third David Friedman premiere at the Lyric which had produced the United States mainland premiere of King Island Christmas in 1999 and Listen to My Heart: The Songs of David Friedman in 2001.
The Irving, Texas production featured. The musical opened at the New York Music Theater Festival on September 12, 2006, ran through September 24 at the 45th Street Theatre in New York City; the New York cast included Merwin Foard, Patrick Garner, Ginifer King, Jenny Powers, Max von Essen, Nick Wyman. In 2012, a rhyming verse version of Desperate Measures was performed at The Spirit of Broadway Theater in Norwich, Ct; the show ran from June 27 to July 29. It was directed by Brett Bernardini, with choreography by Christine Snitken-Bouley, lighting design by Greg Solomon, scenic design by Mike Billings, sound design by Steven Hinchey, musical direction by Dan Brandl; the production featured Michael Sullivan, Aline O'Connor, Corrado Alicata, Johnny Marion, Keith Johnson and Shauna Goodgold. The Original Off-Broadway production premiered at the York Theatre in New York City on September 19, 2017, running until December 31, 2017. Due to popular demand, the show season was extended three times; the cast featured Emma Degerstedt as Susanna/Sister Mary Jo, Gary Marachek as Father Morse, Lauren Molina as Bella Rose, Conor Ryan as Johnny Blood, Peter Saide as Sheriff Green and Nick Wyman as Governor von Richterhenkenpflichtgetruber with Anthony Festa, Celia Hottenstein and Tom Souhrada as Standbys.
An original cast album of this production was recorded in December 2017 and released by Sony Masterworks Broadway. The production transferred to Stage 4 at New World Stages on June 13
The Great American Trailer Park Musical
The Great American Trailer Park Musical is a two-act musical, written by David Nehls and Betsy Kelso. It explores the relationships between the tenants at the Armadillo Acres Trailer Park in Florida between Pippi, "the stripper on the run," the Dr. Phil-loving agoraphobic Jeannie, Jeannie's tollbooth-collector husband Norbert, it was performed in the first annual New York Music Theater Festival in 2004 and Off-Broadway in 2005. The musical opened Off-Broadway at Bows at Dodger Stages on September 22, 2005, starred Marya Grandy, Linda Hart, Shuler Hensley, Kaitlin Hopkins, Leslie Kritzer and Wayne Wilcox; the show closed on December 2005 after 121 performances. The U. S. regional premiere of Trailer Park opened on June 2, 2006 at Hippodrome State Theatre in Gainesville, Florida. The First National Tour of The Great American Trailer Park Musical began January 2008 in Spokane, Washington. Directed and choreographed by Steven Smeltzer; the role of Jeannie was replaced by Amanda Earls and the role of Pickles was replaced by Caitlin Maloney in the second U.
S. portion. The Great American Trailer Park Musical made its UK premiere with the same cast from the 1st National Tour at the Edinburgh Fringe Festival in 2008, it made its English premiere that year in Birmingham, England. In January 2010, Arizona based theatre company Arizona Onstage Productions presented what is believed to be the world's first scratch and sniff musical, with scent cards distributed to the audience to be scratched at specific points in the show. In April 2010, the show had its New England premiere with the SpeakEasy Stage Company, with Leigh Barrett, Mary Callanan, Kerry A. Dowling, David Benoit; the Great American Trailer Park Musical made its Australasian premier at the New Theatre in Sydney, NSW, Australia on 18 November 2010. A French-Canadian production of «The Great American Trailor Park Musical» called «Ma femme, ma blonde, ma roulotte» was presented alternately with the original show at the 2011 edition of Montreal's Next Wave Festival, with Monik Vincent, Lisa Forget, Pierre Lenoir, Cecile Cristobald, Stéphanie Lessard, Tina Mancini and Jérôme Roy.
Stephen Pietrantoni was directing while Maxime Bégin did the musical direction and Lorna Wayne was choreographer. The book was translated by David Laurin and Patrick Olafson. In October 2011, the French production was invited to perform in New York city during the NYMF; the Finger Lakes Musical Theatre Festival put on a production of the show from June 6 to July 14, 2013 with LilyAnn Carlson, Kristen Gehling, Andy Lindberg, Chelsey Whitelock, Brooke Wilson. The production was part of the Festival's MGR Downtown series; the Great American Trailer Park Musical was recorded on October 26, 2005 at Right Track Studio A in NYC and was released on January 17, 2006 by Sh-K-Boom Records. The Music and Book of The Great American Trailer Park Musical are published in paperback by Dramatists Play Service, Inc.. In 2009, a Nashville production of The Great American Trailer Park Musical released a series of webisodes with the characters from the musical; the storyline followed the introduction of the Internet to the trailer park and the mayhem it caused.
This Side of the Tracks One Step Closer The Buck Stops Here It Doesn't Take A Genius Owner of My Heart The Great American TV Show Flushed Down the Pipes Storm's A-Brewin' Road Kill But He's Mine / It's Never Easy That's Why I Love My Man Panic Finale This Side of the Tracks Official site Sh-K-Boom Records NYT Review Street Theatre Company's Webisodes Facebook page Betsy Kelso The Great American Trailer Park Musical Licensing Information at Dramatists Play Service
Rent is a rock musical with music and book by Jonathan Larson, loosely based on Giacomo Puccini's opera La Bohème. It tells the story of a group of impoverished young artists struggling to survive and create a life in Lower Manhattan's East Village in the thriving days of Bohemian Alphabet City, under the shadow of HIV/AIDS; the musical was first seen in a workshop production at New York Theatre Workshop in 1993. This same Off-Broadway theatre was the musical's initial home following its official 1996 opening; the show's creator, Jonathan Larson, died of an aortic dissection, believed to have been caused by undiagnosed Marfan syndrome, the night before the Off-Broadway premiere. The musical moved to Broadway's larger Nederlander Theatre on April 29, 1996. On Broadway, Rent won several awards; the Broadway production closed on September 2008, after a 12-year run of 5,123 performances. On February 14, 2016, the musical Wicked surpassed Rent's number of performances with a 2pm matinee, pushing Rent from the tenth- to eleventh-longest-running Broadway show.
The production grossed over $280 million. The success of the show led to numerous foreign productions. In 2005, it was adapted into a motion picture featuring most of the original cast members. In 1988, playwright Billy Aronson wanted to create "a musical based on Puccini's La Bohème, in which the luscious splendor of Puccini's world would be replaced with the coarseness and noise of modern New York." In 1989, Jonathan Larson, a 29-year-old composer, began collaborating with Aronson on this project, the two composed together "Santa Fe", "Splatter", "I Should Tell You". Larson suggested setting the play "amid poverty, spunky gay life, drag queens and punk" in the East Village neighborhood of Manhattan, which happened to be down the street from his Greenwich Village apartment, he came up with the show's ultimate title. In 1991, he asked Aronson if he could make Rent his own. Larson had ambitious expectations for Rent. Aronson and Larson made an agreement that if the show went to Broadway, Aronson would share in the proceeds and be given credit for "original concept & additional lyrics".
Jonathan Larson focused on composing Rent in the early 1990s, waiting tables at the Moondance Diner to support himself. Over the course of years, Larson wrote hundreds of songs and made many drastic changes to the show, which in its final incarnation contained 42 songs. In the fall of 1992, Larson approached James Nicola, artistic director of New York Theatre Workshop, with a tape and copy of Rent's script; when Rent had its first staged reading at New York Theatre Workshop in March 1993, it became evident that, despite its promising material and moving musical numbers, many structural problems needed to be addressed, including its cumbersome length and overly complex plot. As of 1994, the New York Theatre Workshop version of Rent featured songs that never made it into the final version, such as: "You're a Fool" "Do a Little Business", the predecessor of "You'll See", featuring Benny, Roger and Angel "Female to Female A & B", featuring Maureen and Joanne "He's a Fool" "He Says" "Right Brain" rewritten as "One Song Glory", featuring Roger "You'll Get Over It", the predecessor of "Tango: Maureen", featuring Mark and Maureen "Real Estate", a number wherein Benny tries to convince Mark to become a real estate agent and drop his filmmaking "Open Road", the predecessor of "What You Own", with a backing track similar to this in "Your Eyes"This workshop version of Rent starred Anthony Rapp as Mark and Daphne Rubin-Vega as Mimi.
Larson continued to work on Rent reworking its flaws and staging more workshop productions. On January 24, 1996, after the musical's final dress rehearsal before its off-Broadway opening, Larson had his first newspaper interview with music critic Anthony Tommasini of The New York Times, attracted by the coincidence that the show was debuting 100 years after Puccini's opera. Larson would not live to see Rent's success. Friends and family gathered at the New York Theatre Workshop, the first preview of Rent became a sing-through of the musical in Larson's memory; the show premiered as planned and gained popularity fueled by enthusiastic reviews and the recent death of its composer. It proved successful during its Off-Broadway run, selling out all its shows at the 150-seat New York Theater Workshop. Due to such overwhelming popularity and a need for a larger theater, Rent moved to Broadway's remodeled Nederlander Theatre on 41st Street on April 29, 1996. Larson's inspiration for Rent's content came from several different sources.
Many of the characters and plot elements are drawn directly from Giacomo Puccini's opera La Bohème, the world premiere of, in 1896, a century before Rent's premiere. La Bohème was about the lives of poor young artists. Tuberculosis, the plague of Puccini's opera, is replaced by HIV/AIDS in Rent; the names and identities of Rent's characters heavily reflect Puccini's original characters, though they are not all direct adaptations. For example, Joanne in Rent represents the character of Alcindoro in Bohème, but is partially based on Marcello. Joanne is the only Rent character whose predecessor in La Bohème is a dif