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New York City Marathon

The New York City Marathon is an annual marathon that courses through the five boroughs of New York City. It is the largest marathon in the world, with 52,812 finishers in 2018 and 98,247 applicants for the 2017 race. Along with the Boston Marathon, it is among the pre-eminent long-distance annual running events in the United States and is one of the World Marathon Majors; the race is organized by New York Road Runners and has been run every year since 1970, with the exception of 2012, when it was cancelled due to the landfall of Hurricane Sandy. The race is held on the first Sunday of November and attracts professional competitors and amateurs from all over the world; because of the popularity of the race, participation is chosen by a lottery system. Guaranteed entry to the marathon can be gained by satisfying the requirements of the 9+1 program or the 9+$1K program, having completed 15 or more previous NYC Marathons, or meeting time qualification standards. In addition, runners can gain an entry by joining a team to raise funds for one of a number of charities.

The race was founded by Fred Lebow. Ted Corbitt helped plan the course of the New York City Marathon; the initial course of 1970 consisted of repeated racing around Central Park. From 1976, the course covers all five boroughs of New York City, it begins on Staten Island, in Fort Wadsworth, near the approach to the Verrazzano-Narrows Bridge. The bridge, which carries only vehicular traffic, is closed for the event. Runners use both sides of the westbound side of the lower level. In the opening minutes of the race, the bridge is filled with runners, creating a dramatic spectacle, associated with the event. After descending the bridge, the course winds through Brooklyn along Fourth Avenue and Bedford Avenue, for the next 11 miles. Runners pass through a variety of neighborhoods, including: Bay Ridge, Sunset Park, Park Slope, Bedford-Stuyvesant and Greenpoint. At 13.1 miles, runners cross the Pulaski Bridge, marking the halfway point of the race and the entrance into Long Island City, Queens. After about 2.5 miles in Queens, runners cross the East River via the Queensboro Bridge into Manhattan.

It is at this point in the race when many runners begin to tire, as the climb up the bridge is considered one of the most difficult points in the marathon. Reaching Manhattan after about 16 miles, the race proceeds north on First Avenue crosses into The Bronx via the Willis Avenue Bridge; the race is only in The Bronx for one mile before returning to Manhattan as the course follows East 138th St. before crossing the Madison Avenue Bridge. It proceeds south through Harlem down Fifth Avenue and into Central Park at East 90th St. At the southern end of the park, the race proceeds west along 59th Street/Central Park South, where thousands of spectators cheer runners on during the last mile. At Columbus Circle, the race finishes beside Tavern on the Green; the time limit for this course is 8½ hours from the 10:10 a.m. start. In 2008, the race initiated a corral system. Professional women runners were given a separate, earlier start and the balance of the runners began in three staggered starts; the official times are those recorded by a computer chip attached to the back of the runner's bib number, which calculates when a runner crosses the start and when she crosses the finish, known as "net time".

Runners pass timing mats at 5 km intervals along the course, e-mail notifications can be received by people following runners during the race to track their progress. Whereas the distance is the same, there are different courses taken through Bay Ridge and up Fourth Avenue in Brooklyn until the course reaches Lafayette Avenue in Brooklyn at Mile 8. Although the marathon publicity material uses miles, the timing mats are at 5 km intervals to accommodate the publishing of splits and enabling potential world records for 20 km, 30 km and other sub-marathon distances to be recorded; the first New York City Marathon was held 49 years ago on September 13, 1970, organized by New York Road Runners presidents. Only about 100 spectators watched Gary Muhrcke win the race in 2:31:38. In fact, a total of only 55 runners crossed the finish line. Over the years, the marathon grew larger. To celebrate the U. S. bicentennial in 1976, city auditor George Spitz proposed that the race traverse all five boroughs. With the support of Manhattan Borough President Percy Sutton, the men convinced Mayor Beame and race director Fred Lebow.

The race was a huge success, what was intended as a one-time celebration, became the annual course. Dick Traum became the first person to complete a marathon with a prosthetic leg when he finished the 1976 New York City Marathon; the marathon grew in popularity two years when Norwegian Grete Waitz broke the women's world record, finishing in 2:32:30. She went on to win the race an unprecedented nine times. An official wheelchair and handcycle division was introduced in 2000, starting in 2002, the elite women are given a 35-minute head start before the elite men and rest of the field. Beginning in 1976, the race was run in late October and continued to be held in late October until 1986, when the race day was moved to November; the earliest race day was the marathon's first.

Montclair Plaza

Montclair Place is a 1.2 million-square-foot indoor shopping mall located in Montclair, California. The mall is anchored by Barnes & Noble, JCPenney, Macy's, Nordstrom; the mall opened on November 5, 1968, with 69 stores on a single level. Montclair Plaza was developed by contractor Ernest W. Hahn and was anchored by JCPenney, The Broadway, May Company; the mall was upgraded with a second level that opened on October 30, 1985. Sears was added to the mall the same year; the first Nordstrom store in San Bernardino County opened at the Montclair Plaza on May 2, 1986. May Company was converted to Robinson's-May in 1993; the Broadway became Macy's in 1996. Macy's relocated to the Robinson's - May space in 2006. In addition, CIM Group, Inc. leases the mall. In November 2015, the management group renamed the mall "Montclair Place", they announced renovations that would take place by the end of 2020. On March 1, 2018, AMC Theatres announced that they will replace the old Broadway building with a new 55,000-square-foot dine-in movie theatre coming in the summer of 2020.

This will be the city's first indoor theatre in nearly twenty years. In addition, multiple new stores are being added, including Forever 21 and Spectrum, which are now open; the Canyon, a 17,500-square-foot music and entertainment venue, Kids Empire, an 11,000-square-foot indoor playground, have both opened as well. A new Lazy Dog restaurant opened in December 2019 in the former Good Year Auto Repair Shop. A WinWings restaurant will open next to the Panda Express restaurant in February 2020. On July 3, 2019, bowling & arcade amusement chain ROUND 1 announced it will open a new location within Montclair Place. In 2015, Sears Holdings spun off 235 of its properties, including the Sears at Montclair Place, into Seritage Growth Properties. On November 7, 2019, it was announced that Sears would be closing this location as part of a plan to close 96 stores nationwide; the store closed in February 2020

List of Croatia international footballers born outside Croatia

This is a list of the Croatian soccer players who played for the Croatia senior national football team, born outside Croatia. Most of them are born in the former Yugoslavia countries Bosnia and Herzegovina, or outside Yugoslavia they're born in Germany. In this list are born abroad. Players in bold are playing for the Croatia national football team or active, in brackets there are their caps; the list is updated as 19 November 2019. Joey Didulica 2004–2006 Anthony Šerić 1998–2006 Josip Šimunić 2001–2013 Mateo Kovačić 2013– Miroslav Brozović 1940–1944 Mirko Kokotović 1941–1944 Antun Pogačnik 1941 Sulejman Rebac 1956 Aleksandar Živković 1940 Florijan Matekalo 1940 Mladen Bartulović 2006–2009 Mario Bazina 2002 Stanko Bubalo 1999–2000 Nino Bule 1999–2004 Vedran Ćorluka 2006–2018 Darko Dražić 1990–1991 Sejad Halilović 1994 Mato Jajalo 2014–2015 Nikica Jelavić 2009–2014 Vedran Ješe 2006–2008 Krunoslav Jurčić 1997–2000 Goran Jurić 1997–1999 Marin Leovac 2014– Dejan Lovren 2009– Mato Neretljak 2001–2006 Željko Pavlović 1996–2001 Mladen Petrić 2001–2013 Mladen Romić 1992 Mario Stanić 1995–2003 Mario Tokić 1998–2006 Stjepan Tomas 1998–2006 Boris Živković 1999–2007 Jakov Filipović 2017– Nikola Katić 2017– Mirko Marić 2017– Ivan Šunjić 2017– Eduardo Da Silva 2004–2014 Sammir 2012–2014 Ivo Iličević 2010–2013 Niko Kovač 1996–2008 Robert Kovač 1999–2009 Ivan Klasnić 2004–2011 Marijo Marić 2002–2004 Tomislav Marić 2002–2003 Robert Prosinečki 1994–2002 Filip Tapalović 2002 Vladimir Vasilj 1998–2002 Mario Pašalić 2014– Ardian Kozniku 1994–1998 Kujtim Shala 1990 Dževad Turković 1994–1995 Svetozar Džanić 1941 Antun Lokošek 1944 Srebrenko Posavec 2006 Gregor Židan 1990 Ivan Rakitić 2007– Zvonko Jazbec 1940 This section is only about players born outside Croatia.

Players in bold are active

110 West 7th Building

The 110 West 7th Building is a commercial high-rise building in Tulsa, Oklahoma. The building rises 388 feet, making it the 7th-tallest building in the city, the 12th-tallest building in the U. S. state of Oklahoma. It stands as the 3rd-tallest International Style skyscraper in the city, behind the BOK Tower and the Bank of America Center; the building, with its black and white grid exterior floodlighted at night, is a Tulsa landmark. The building was completed in 1971, it was constructed to serve as the world headquarters of Cities Service Oil and Gas Corp. when it moved its headquarters from the famous Cities Service Building in New York City. At one point, the building had 2,300 employees, with transferees from New York and Philadelphia. During that time, the company was Tulsa's largest private employer. In 1980, Cities Service commenced a new 52-story headquarters in downtown Tulsa, intended to become Oklahoma's tallest building. However, as Cities Service and the Citgo brand underwent a series of corporate transformations—first being sold to Occidental Petroleum Corporation to Southland Corporation, to Petróleos de Venezuela—the company's needs changed.

Cities Service moved its headquarters out of downtown Tulsa, first to a tower in south Tulsa ultimately leaving Tulsa and moving the headquarters to Houston in 2004. The planned replacement tower was topped off at 17 stories and now serves as headquarters for ONEOK, Inc. Over time, Occidental reduced its occupancy at 110 West 7th, leaving it underutilized. Subsequent ownership performed upgrades and the building now serves as a general-purpose office tower; the building was constructed in the International Style that matured after World War II. The style is characterized by a square or rectangular footprint, a cubic "extruded rectangle" form, windows running in broken horizontal rows to form a grid, façade angles set at 90 degrees; the building comprises 28 floors. It is served by 11 elevators. Occidental Petroleum Corporation, a California-based oil and gas exploration and production company, has Oklahoma offices in the building; the company is the largest natural gas producer in California. List of tallest buildings in Tulsa Buildings of Tulsa

Okehampton Castle

Okehampton Castle is a medieval motte and bailey castle in Devon, England. It was built between 1068 and 1086 by Baldwin FitzGilbert following a revolt in Devon against Norman rule, formed the centre of the Honour of Okehampton, guarding a crossing point across the West Okement River, it continued in use as a fortification until the late 13th century, when its owners, the de Courtenays, became the Earls of Devon. With their new wealth, they redeveloped the castle as a luxurious hunting lodge, building a new deer park that stretched out south from the castle, constructing fashionable lodgings that exploited the views across the landscape; the de Courtenays prospered and the castle was further expanded to accommodate their growing household. The de Courtenays were involved in the 15th century Wars of the Roses and Okehampton Castle was confiscated. By the early 16th century the castle was still in good condition, but after Henry Courtenay was executed by Henry VIII the property was abandoned and left to decay, while the park was rented out by the Crown.

Parts of the castle were reused as a bakery in the 17th century, but by the 19th century it was ruined and became popular with Picturesque painters, including J. M. W. Turner. Renovation work began properly in the 20th century, first under private ownership and more extensively, after the castle was acquired by the state. In the 21st century it is operated as a tourist attraction. Okehampton Castle was built between 1068 and 1086 following the Norman conquest of England by Baldwin FitzGilbert. William the Conqueror defeated the Anglo-Saxon forces at the battle of Hastings in 1066, but violence continued to flare up periodically for several years after the invasion. Baldwin FitzGilbert, a Norman lord, was responsible for putting down a rebellion in Devon in 1068, he was given extensive lands in the county at this time, by the time of Domesday Book in 1086 he was noted as the owner of the Honour of Okehampton and well as the Sheriff of Devon and Constable of Exeter Castle. The Honour of Okehampton was a grouping of around 200 estates across Devon, guarded by several castles, including Baldwin's main castle - or caput - at Okehampton, those owned by his tenants, including Neroche and Montacute.

Baldwin's castle was positioned to protect an important route from Devon into Cornwall, including two fords that formed a crossing point over the West Okement River, to control the existing town of Ocmundtune. The castle was protected by a castle-guard system, in which lands were given out to Baldwin's tenants in exchange for their contributing to the castle's garrison. Baldwin established a new town near the castle about 1 kilometre away, complete with a market and a mill to grind grain; this town dominated the older Anglo-Saxon settlement and became known as Okehampton. On Baldwin's death the castle was inherited by his daughter, but the family appear to have taken little interest in the property. Okehampton Castle does not seem to have played a part in the civil war from 1139 and 1153 known as the Anarchy. In 1173 Okehampton Castle passed to Renaud de Courtenay in marriage; the castle continued to have military utility and was requisitioned by Richard I between 1193 and 1194 to assist in the royal defence of Devon.

The de Courteneys carried out some building work at the castle, installing new structures in the castle bailey. Robert was followed by his son John de Courtenay and by 1274, when John's son Hugh de Courtenay had inherited the property, the castle was reported to comprise only "an old motte, worth nothing, outside the motte a hall and kitchen poorly built", although this may underestimate the extent and condition of the castle; the Redvers family line ran out in 1297, as a result Hugh's son, another Hugh de Courtenay, inherited the Redvers family lands being confirmed as the Earl of Devon. Hugh's main seat was at Tiverton Castle, but Hugh and his father redeveloped Okehampton Castle, expanding its facilities and accommodation to enable it be used as a hunting lodge and retreat. Extensive building work turned the property into a luxurious residence; as part of this development, the family created a large, new deer park around the castle, replacing the older, unenclosed hunting grounds. Deer parks were an important status symbol in this period, many nobles who acquired power and wealth for the first time chose to undertake similar projects.

Creating the park, which spread out from the south of the castle to cover 690 hectares, required clearing away the older settlements around the castle and abandoning various fields and pastures. These settlements, comprising long houses built in warmer climate of the 12th and early 13th century, may have become less sustainable due to the onset of the cooler climate that began to emerge at the end of the 13th. Land near the castle called Kennel Field, was used to hold required the packs of dogs for hunting. Once the castle's deer park was established, intensively farmed fallow deer became common on the lands, although wild boar and hare were hunted. Like other rural castles, the occupants of Okehampton Castle consumed a large amount of venison, a prestige meat during the period; some of this would have come from the surrounding deer park, but prime cuts of venison, such as the haunches, were brought in specially from other locations. Excavations have shown that in addition to fish from large ponds in the park, Okehampton Castle imported fish from the coast, over 40 kilometres away, with hake, herring and whiting being most eaten.

The Courtenays continued to own Okeham

D C Jackson

Danielle Craig Jackson was a Scottish playwright, born in 1980. His first full-length play The Wall premiered at the Tron Theatre in Glasgow in 2008, it was produced by Borderline Theatre Company and was nominated for several awards including the Best New Play at the Critics' Awards for Theatre in Scotland and the Saltire Society Scottish First Book of the year. The sequel The Ducky was produced by Borderline Theatre Company and toured in 2009. In 2010 he finished his Stewarton Trilogy with The Cooking lamb Brae, his play My Romantic History' won a Scotsman Fringe First at the 2010 Edinburgh Festival and sold out its run at the Bush Theatre London. He took part in the Bush Theatre's 2011 project Sixty Six Books where he contributed a piece based upon a book of the King James Bible. In 2012 Jackson's play The Marriage of Figaro, an adaptation of the stage comedy by Beaumarchais and opera by Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart was premiered at the Royal Lyceum Theatre, Edinburgh. In 2013 Jackson's play Threeway premiered at the Edinburgh Festival Fringe, Edinburgh.

In 2014, another of Jackson's work Kill Johnny Glendenning received its premiere at the Lyceum before transferring to Glasgow's Citizens Theatre. 2008 The Wall, Borderline Theatre Company / Tron Theatre 2009 The Ducky, Borderline Theatre Company 2010 My Romantic History, Bush Theatre 2010 The Chooky Brae, Borderline Theatre Company 2012 The Marriage of Figaro, Royal Lyceum Theatre, Edinburgh 2013 Threeway, Pleasance Theatre, Edinburgh 2014 Kill Johnny Glendenning, Royal Lyceum Theatre, Edinburgh