The New York Giants are a professional American football team based in the New York metropolitan area. They compete in the National Football League as a member club of the league's National Football Conference East division; the team plays its home games at MetLife Stadium in East Rutherford, New Jersey, which it shares with the New York Jets. The Giants hold their summer training camp at the Quest Diagnostics Training Center at the Meadowlands Sports Complex; the Giants were one of five teams that joined the NFL in 1925, are the only one of that group still existing, as well as the league's longest-established team in the Northeastern United States. The team ranks third among all NFL franchises with eight NFL championship titles: four in the pre–Super Bowl era and four since the advent of the Super Bowl, along with more championship appearances than any other team, with 19 overall appearances, their championship tally is surpassed only by the Chicago Bears. Throughout their history, the Giants have featured 29 Hall of Fame players, including NFL Most Valuable Player award winners Mel Hein, Frank Gifford, Y. A. Tittle, Lawrence Taylor.
To distinguish themselves from the professional baseball team of the same name, the football team was incorporated as the "New York National League Football Company, Inc." in 1929 and changed to "New York Football Giants, Inc." in 1937. While the baseball team moved to San Francisco after the 1957 season, the football team continues to use "New York Football Giants, Inc." as its legal corporate name, is referred to by fans and sportscasters as the "New York Football Giants". The team has acquired several nicknames, including "Big Blue", the "G-Men", the "Jints", an intentionally mangled contraction seen in the New York Post and New York Daily News, originating from the baseball team when they were based in New York. In addition, the team as a whole is referred to as the "Big Blue Wrecking Crew" though this moniker and refers to the Giants defensive unit during the 1980s and early-1990s; the team's heated rivalry with the Philadelphia Eagles is the oldest of the NFC East rivalries, dating all the way back to 1933, has been called the best rivalry in the NFL in the 21st century.
The Giants played their first game as an away game against All New Britain in New Britain, Connecticut, on October 4, 1925. They defeated New Britain 26–0 in front of a crowd of 10,000; the Giants were successful in their first season, finishing with an 8–4 record. In its third season, the team finished with the best record in the league at 11–1–1 and was awarded the NFL title. After a disappointing fourth season owner Mara bought the entire squad of the Detroit Wolverines, principally to acquire star quarterback Benny Friedman, merged the two teams under the Giants name. In 1930, there were still many who questioned the quality of the professional game, claiming the college "amateurs" played with more intensity than professionals. In December 1930, the Giants played a team of Notre Dame All Stars at the Polo Grounds to raise money for the unemployed of New York City, it was an opportunity to establish the skill and prestige of the pro game. Knute Rockne reassembled his Four Horsemen along with the stars of his 1924 Championship squad and told them to score early defend.
Rockne, like much of the public, expected an easy win. But from the beginning it was a one-way contest, with Friedman running for two Giant touchdowns and Hap Moran passing for another. Notre Dame failed to score; when it was all over, Coach Rockne told his team, "That was the greatest football machine I saw. I am glad none of you got hurt." The game raised $100,000 for the homeless, is credited with establishing the legitimacy of the professional game for those who were critical. It was the last game the legendary Rockne coached. In a 14-year span from 1933 to 1947, the Giants qualified to play in the NFL championship game 8 times, winning twice. During this period the Giants were led by Hall of Fame coach Steve Owen, Hall of Fame players Mel Hein, Red Badgro and Tuffy Leemans; the period featured the 1944 Giants, which are ranked as the #1 defensive team in NFL history, "...a awesome unit". They gave up only 7.5 points per game and shut out five of their 10 opponents, though they lost 14-7 to the Green Bay Packers in the 1944 NFL Championship Game.
The famous "Sneakers Game" was played in this era where the Giants defeated the Chicago Bears on an icy field in the 1934 NFL Championship Game, while wearing sneakers for better traction. The Giants played the Detroit Lions to a scoreless tie on November 7, 1943. To this day, no NFL game played since has ended in a scoreless tie; the Giants were successful from the latter half of the 1930s until the United States entry into World War II. They added their third NFL championship in 1938 with a 23–17 win over the Green Bay Packers, they did not win another league title until 1956, the first year the team began playing at Yankee Stadium in the Bronx borough of New York City. Aided by a number of future Pro Football Hall of Fame players such as running back Frank Gifford, linebacker Sam Huff, offensive tackle Roosevelt Brown, as well as all-pro running back Alex Webster; the Giants' 1956 championship team not only included players who would find their way to the Pro Football Hall of Fame, but a Hall of Fame coaching staff, as well.
Head coach Jim Lee Howell's staff
The Pilgrim's Route known as St. Olav's Way or the Old Kings' Road, was a pilgrimage route to the Nidaros Cathedral in Trondheim, the site of the medieval tomb of St. Olav; the main route is 640 kilometres long. It starts in the ancient part of Oslo and heads north along the lake Mjøsa, up the Gudbrandsdal valley, over the Dovrefjell mountains, down the Oppdal and Gauldalen valleys to end at the Nidaros Cathedral. Although the Pilgrim's Route over the Dovrefjell mountains is only one of several pilgrimage routes in Norway, it is arguably the most famous, it connected the important Norwegian cities of Oslo and Nidaros. The oldest known route over the Dovrefjell mountains, leaving the valley of the Lågen at the Kongsgården ar Tofte just past Dovre Church in the municipality of Dovre, it followed a lower and more easterly route which followed the drainage to the east of Tofte, proceeded over Dovrefjell to join the route in Oppdal municipality. The "King's Way" traveled up through the Gudbrandsdal valley and left the valley of the Lågen at Tofte Kongsgården shortly past the Dovre Church in the municipality of Dovre.
This route went more directly over the Dovrefjell mountains into the municipality of Oppdal. The heavy stream of pilgrims which visited the shrine of St. Olaf in Trondheim annually prior to the Reformation resulted in the erection of mountain stations where the pilgrims could find food and shelter. Stations were erected at Kongsvoll, Fogstuen, at Hjerkinn. In speaking of the route, Knut Gjerset quotes Peder Claussøn Friis as writing in the late 16th century, "But in the winter people of high estate, as well as members of the court, travel this way, because however high and deep the snow may fall, it blows together on the high mountains and becomes so hard men and horses can walk on it; the bonder run over it on snow-shoes. There are three stations: Drivstuen and Fogstuen built on this same mountain in order that travelers may find lodging there...at the stations there are implements and dry wood, so that the traveler may build themselves fire, not suffer from cold, when they have to remain over night, cannot find the way across the mountain."
There is clear evidence. Oppdal on the route was located at a crossroads for traffic from Trondheim, traffic over the Dovrefjell mountain range and the east coast. At Oppdal there are over 700 Viking era grave mounds indicating that Viking trade routes passed through these valleys, it is appropriately termed "The King's Road". Every king of Norway traveled this road; those for whom we find records of their passage range from the first King of Norway through the last King able to pass that way before the road was replaced with modern rail and tarmac. Harald Fairhair or Harold I was the first king of all Norway who crossed the Dovrefjell on The King's Road. Harald Hårfagres saga describes an expedition he led up the Gudbrandsdal, north over Dovrefjeld on his way to success at the battle of Orkadal; the Saga of St. Olaf says that in the year 1021 and again in 1024 King Olaf travelled north through the Gudbrandsdal valley to Dovrefjell, where he crossed to Nidaros and remained there all winter. Magnus Berrføtts saga describes King Haakon Magnusson’s death in the Dovrefjell mountains in 1094.
While crossing them he chased a rock ptarmigan until he got sick and died, leaving Magnus King of Norway. Christian V crossed the Dovrefjell mountains on horseback in 1685. Frederik IV crossed the Dovrefjell mountains in 1704 by cariole; the Norwegian cariole at that time only held one passenger, the driver or attendant stood or sat behind on a narrow board above the axle. Christian VI crossed the Dovrefjell mountains in a 4-horse carriage in 1733. An illustrated manuscript of King Christian and Queen Sophie Magdalene's five-month-long journey through Norway is preserved in the Amalienborg Palace in Copenhagen, of which a facsimile edition was published in 1992. King Frederik V’s initials remained carved at Tofte from his passage through. Christian Frederick passed this way; the Norwegian railway line Rørosbanen was opened on 13 October 1877, connecting Hamar and Trondheim via the towns of Elverum and Røros. At this point, the difficult route up through the Dovrefjell mountains lost most of its appeal, compared with the relative ease of taking a train to Trondheim.
The final end came on 17 September 1921. Starting at Dombås in Dovre municipality, it passes over the mountainous stretches of the Dovrefjell, before merging with the Rørosbanen again at Støren, it passes close to the Old King's Road's historic route, but is to the west along a route which, although longer, has a lesser grade, as is required for rail. Although the Pilgrim's Route fell into disuse with the arrival of the railroad, but has been revived. Today it is used by modern travelers as a long-distance hiking trail. There is a Pilgrim's Office in Oslo which gives advice to travelers and a Pilgrim Centre in Trondheim, under the aegis of the Nidaros Cathedral, which awards certificates to successful travelers upon the completion of their journey. St. Olavsleden Raju, Alison The Pilgrim Road to Trondheim: Oslo to Nidaros Cathedral ISBN 978-82-83-05004-2 Luthen, Eivind I pilegrimenes fotspor til Nidaros IS
Lurk is a 2009 Chinese television series based on Long Yi's spy novel of the same name. The story takes place after 1946, after the WWII Japanese surrender and a Chinese civil war breaks out. An underground worker for the Communist Party, Yu Zecheng, is an undetected spy within the Kuomintang secret service, he has to keep his distance from his true love, Zuo Lan, in order to conceal his real identity and agrees to marry Wang Cuiping, a quick-tempered but straightforward guerrilla fighter from the countryside. The two collaborate to help their organization obtain important information from the KMT that's valuable to the Communist Party. Despite their marriage's false beginning, they grow to love each other. With Liberation Day impending, threatened by exposure of his secret identity, is asked to be transported somewhere else for security reasons, leaving Yu; when Yu is about to leave, after obtaining a crucial name list, he is taken away by the KMT secret police on a secret service assignment to Taiwan, where he has to spend the rest of his life, lurking.
Sun Honglei as Yu Zecheng Yao Chen as Wang Cuiping Shen Aojun 沈傲君 as Zuo Lan Zu Feng as Li Ya Feng Enhe 冯恩鹤 as Wu Jingzhong Wu Gang 吴刚 as Lu Qiaoshan Fan Yulin 范雨林 as Ma Kui Wang Xiaoyi 王小毅 as Liao Sanmin Zhu Jie 朱杰 as Mu Wanqiu Cao Bingkun 曹炳琨 as Xie Ruolin Ma Junqin 马军勤 as Mrs. Wu Liu Changwei 刘昌伟 as Manager Qiu Lu Yu 陆羽 as Manager Luo Shi Wenzhong 石文忠 as Li Haifeng Sun Lan 孙岚 as Xu Baofeng Xu Jingling 徐婧灵 as Mrs. Ma Bian Tao 卞涛 as Lv Zongfang Zhang Guoqing 张国庆 as Mu Liancheng Zhou Bowen 周博文 as Long Er Liu Yanyu 刘言语 as Secretary Hong Cui Song 崔嵩 as Wang Zhanjing Yao Gang 姚刚 as Dai Li He Bo 何波 as Zhou Yafu Ji Shi Guang 吉世光 as Sheng Xiang Ren Xue Hai 任雪海 as Mr. Ye Xu Tao 徐涛 as narrator Lurk was a critical and commercial hit. Viewers praised its storyline and character development, consider the show a departure from other spy stories seen on Chinese television and movies; the series was rated and was called "a milestone in Chinese television productions". A museum has been established in Tianjin.
In Da Li Dao 57, guests are welcome to come and see Wang Tian Mu's old residence, now a private owned museum as well as a restaurant. Many of the objects used in the TV series can be seen there, it is possible to have Tianjins local historian to come and talk about the house, the area and the city; some of the scenes in the TV series were taken in this place. Lurk Official Website