New York Harbor, part of the Port of New York and New Jersey, is at the mouth of the North River where it empties into New York Bay and into the Atlantic Ocean at the East Coast of the United States. It is one of the largest natural harbors in the world. Although the United States Board on Geographic Names does not use the term, New York Harbor has important historical, governmental and ecological usages; the original population of the 16th century New York Harbor, the Lenape, used the waterways for fishing and travel. In 1524 Giovanni da Verrazzano anchored in what is now called The Narrows, the strait between Staten Island and Long Island that connects the Upper and Lower New York Bay, where he received a canoe party of Lenape. A party of his sailors may have taken on fresh water at a spring called "the watering place" on Staten Island—a monument stands in a tiny park on the corner of Bay Street and Victory Boulevard at the approximate spot—but Verrazzano's descriptions of the geography of the area are a bit ambiguous.
It is firmly held by historians that his ship anchored at the approximate location of the modern Verrazzano-Narrows Bridge's approach viaduct in Brooklyn. He observed what he believed to be a large freshwater lake to the north, he did not travel north to observe the existence of the Hudson River. In 1609 Henry Hudson explored a stretch of the river that now bears his name, his journey prompted others to engage in trade with the local population. The first permanent European settlement was started on Governors Island in 1624, in Brooklyn eight years after that; the colonial Dutch Director-General of New Netherland, Peter Stuyvesant, ordered construction of the first wharf on the Manhattan bank of the lower East River sheltered from winds and ice, completed late in 1648 and called Schreyers Hook Dock. This prepared New York as a leading port for the British colonies and within the newly independent United States. In 1686, the British colonial officials gave the municipality control over the waterfront.
In 1808, Lieutenant Thomas Gedney of the United States Coast Survey discovered a new, deeper channel through The Narrows into New York Harbor. The passage was complex and shallow enough that loaded ships would wait outside the harbor until high tide, to avoid running into the huge sandbar, interrupted in a number of places by channels of shallow depth: 21 feet at low tide and 33 feet at high tide; because of the difficulty of the navigation required, since 1694, New York had required all ships to be guided into the harbor by an experienced pilot. The new channel Gedney discovered was 2 feet deeper, enough of an added margin that laden ships could come into the harbor at slack tide. Gedney's Channel, as it came to be called, was shorter than the previous channel, another benefit appreciated by the ship owners and the merchants they sold to. Gedney received the praise of the city, as well as an expensive silver service. In 1824 the first American drydock was completed on the East River; because of its location and depth, the Port grew with the introduction of steamships.
By about 1840, more passengers and a greater tonnage of cargo came through the port of New York than all other major harbors in the country combined and by 1900 it was one of the great international ports. The Morris Canal carried anthracite and freight from Pennsylvania through New Jersey to its terminus at the mouth of the Hudson in Jersey City. Portions in the harbor are now part of Liberty State Park. In 1870, the city established the Department of Docks to systematize waterfront development, with George B. McClellan as the first engineer in chief. By the turn of the 20th century numerous railroad terminals lined the western banks of the North River in Hudson County, New Jersey, transporting passengers and freight from all over the United States; the freight was ferried across by the competing railroads with small fleets of towboats, 323 car floats, specially designed barges with rails so cars could be rolled on. New York subsidized this service. Major road improvements allowing for trucking and containerization diminished the need.
The Statue of Liberty stands on Liberty Island in the harbor, the Statue of Liberty National Monument recalls the period of massive immigration to the United States at the turn of the 20th century. The main port of entry at Ellis Island processed 12 million arrivals from 1892 to 1954. While many stayed in the region, others spread across America, with more than 10 million leaving from the nearby Central Railroad of New Jersey Terminal. After the United States entered World War II, the German navy's Operation Drumbeat set the top U-boat aces loose against the merchant fleet in U. S. territorial waters in January 1942. The U-boat captains were able to silhouette target ships against the glow of city lights, attacked with relative impunity, in spite of U. S. naval concentrations within the Harbor. Casualties included the tankers Coimbria off Sandy Norness off Long Island. New York Harbor, as the major convoy embarkation point for the U. S. was a staging area in the Battle of the Atlantic, with the U.
S. Merchant Marine losses of 1 of 26 mariners, a rate exceeding those of the other U. S. forces. Bright city lights made it easier for G
Road Trips Volume 4 Number 4 is a live album by the rock band the Grateful Dead. Subtitled Spectrum 4–6–82, it includes the complete concert recorded on April 6, 1982, at the Spectrum in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, it includes seven songs recorded the previous night at the same venue. The 16th of the Road Trips series of archival albums, it was released as a three-disc CD on August 1, 2011. At the time, this was only the second live Dead album release, recorded in 1982; the year 2016 saw the release of the show from July 31, 1982 as part of the Thirty Trips Around the Sun boxed set. In Relix, Glenn BurnSilver wrote, "At the core of this latest Road Trips offering comes a well-known and revered concert: Philadelphia Spectrum, April 6, 1982. From the opening notes of a bustling "Cold Rain and Snow," it's clear that the band is in synch with a dynamic energy and flow that only escalates as the night lengthens and the set list intensifies. It's as if Bob Weir and Jerry Garcia attempt to progressively one up each other with every number....
The one disappointment here is filler placement on disc two... Wouldn't it have worked better to keep the main show going through disc two... and put all the filler at the end of disc three?" April 6 – First set:"Cold Rain and Snow" – 6:05 > "Promised Land" – 5:22 "Candyman" – 6:28 "C. C. Rider" – 8:49 "Brown-Eyed Women" – 5:36 "Mama Tried" – 2:24 > "Mexicali Blues" – 4:50 "Big Railroad Blues" – 4:01 "Looks Like Rain" – 8:50 "Jack-A-Roe" – 4:55 "It's All Over Now" – 6:59 "Might As Well" – 4:24 April 6 – Second set: April 5 – First set: April 6 – Second set: April 6 – Encore: April 5 – Second set: Jerry Garcia – lead guitar, vocals Mickey Hart – drums Bill Kreutzmann – drums Phil Lesh – electric bass Brent Mydland – keyboards, vocals Bob Weir – rhythm guitar, vocals Produced for release by David Lemieux and Blair Jackson CD mastering by David Glasser at Airshow Mastering, Boulder, CO Recorded by Dan Healy Cover art by Scott McDougall Photos by Michael Mendelson and Bob Minkin Package design by Steve Vance Liner notes essay "Don't Tell Me This Town Ain't Got No Heart!" by Blair Jackson Following are the full set lists from the April 5 and 6, 1982 concerts at the Spectrum.
Monday, April 5 First set: "Jack Straw", "Friend of the Devil" > "El Paso", "Deep Elem Blues"*, "Cassidy", "Tennessee Jed" > "Little Red Rooster", "Althea"*, "Man Smart, Woman Smarter"* Second set: "Bertha"* > "Playing in the Band"* > "Ship of Fools"* > "Playing in the Band"* > "Drums" > "Space" > "The Wheel" > "Playing in the Band" > "Wharf Rat" > "Good Lovin'" Encore: "Don't Ease Me In"Tuesday, April 6 First set: "Cold Rain and Snow"* > "Promised Land"*, "Candyman"*, "C. C. Rider"*, "Brown-Eyed Women"*, "Mama Tried"* > "Mexicali Blues"*, "Big Railroad Blues"*, "Looks Like Rain"*, "Jack-A-Roe"*, "It's All Over Now"*, "Might As Well"* Second set: "Shakedown Street"* > "Lost Sailor"* > "Saint of Circumstance"* > "Terrapin Station"* > "Rhythm Devils"* > "Space"* > "Truckin'"* > "The Other One"* > "Morning Dew"* > "Sugar Magnolia"* Encore: "It's All Over Now, Baby Blue"** Included in Road Trips Volume 4 Number 4
Myq Kaplan is an American stand-up comedian. Born Michael Kaplan in Livingston, New Jersey, he is based in New York City. Kaplan received his bachelor's degree from Brandeis University in 2000 and a master's degree in linguistics from Boston University. While a student at Boston University in 2005, he won its "funniest student" contest. Kaplan tours North America and has performed over 1,000 shows at comedy clubs, he was a semifinalist in the 2006 Seattle Comedy Competition. He was one of nine finalists in Comedy Central's 2007 Open Mic Fight competition. In 2008, a reader poll by Boston's The Phoenix named him Local Comedian of the Year, he took part in Montreal's Just for Laughs comedy festival in 2009. Myq Kaplan has appeared in promotional work for the network, he has been featured on ABC News Now. On December 16, 2009, he performed for the first time on The Tonight Show. Kaplan appeared as a contestant on the competition TV series Last Comic Standing during the summer 2010, he placed fifth in the competition.
He is a frequent guest on long running comedy podcast Keith and the Girl. Myq Kaplan has been a guest on the podcast "You Made It Weird With Pete Holmes" 2 times, one released on April 4, 2012 and as a returning guest released December 20, 2017 Kaplan hosts his own podcast Hang Out with Me. On April 30, 2010, his Comedy Central Presents special aired on Comedy Central. Myq Kaplan's comedy album Vegan Mind Meld was released April 27, 2010, his second album, Please Be Seated was released in 2012. In August 2014, Myq Kaplan's one-hour standup special entitled Small and Handsome appeared on Netflix for streaming. On February 14, 2014 Kaplan was the first guest on Ken Reid's TV Guidance Counselor Podcast. On January 31, he was the first guest on Bombing with Mike Dorval, where he talked about his joke writing and a joke that bombed for the New York Times. Kaplan was a contestant on the tenth season of America's Got Talent, he was eliminated in the Quarterfinals. Kaplan is a musician as a guitarist and vocalist.
He is a vegan and once described himself as "atheistic". Official website Myq Kaplan's blog Myq Kaplan on IMDb Myq Kaplan at MySpace Myq Kaplan at Facebook Myq Kaplan at Twitter Myq Kaplan podcast interview on The Gentlemen's Club with Caleb Bacon Myq Kaplan album review