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New York Islanders

The New York Islanders are a professional ice hockey team based in the New York metropolitan area. They compete in the National Hockey League as a member of the Metropolitan Division of the Eastern Conference; the team splits its home games between Nassau Coliseum in Uniondale, New York, Barclays Center in the borough of Brooklyn. The Islanders are one of three NHL franchises in the New York metropolitan area, along with the New Jersey Devils and New York Rangers, their fan base resides on Long Island; the team was founded in 1972 as part of the NHL's maneuvers to keep a team from rival league World Hockey Association out of the newly built Nassau Veterans Memorial Coliseum in suburban Uniondale, New York. After two years of building up the team's roster, they found instant success by securing fourteen straight playoff berths starting with their third season; the Islanders won four consecutive Stanley Cup championships between 1980 and 1983, the seventh of eight dynasties recognized by the NHL in its history.

Their 19 consecutive playoff series wins between 1980 and 1984 is a feat that remains unparalleled in the history of professional sports. They are the last team in any major professional North American sport to win four consecutive championships. Following the team's dynasty era, the franchise ran into problems with money and management, an aging arena, low attendance, their woes were reflected on the ice, as the team has not won a division title since 1987–88, went 22 seasons without winning a playoff series prior to the 2016 playoffs. After years of failed attempts to rebuild or replace Nassau Coliseum in suburban Long Island, the Islanders relocated to Barclays Center following the 2014–15 season. In the 2018–19 season the Islanders started splitting their home games between the Barclays Center and Nassau Coliseum until their new arena near Belmont Park is opened in 2021. Eight former members of the Islanders have been inducted into the Hockey Hall of Fame, seven of whom—Al Arbour, Mike Bossy, Clark Gillies, Denis Potvin, Billy Smith, Bill Torrey, Bryan Trottier—were members of all four Cup-winning teams.

Pat LaFontaine is the most recent inductee, having been honored in 2003. In the fall of 1972, the emerging World Hockey Association planned to place its New York team, the New York Raiders, in Nassau County's brand-new Nassau Veterans Memorial Coliseum. County officials wanted to keep the Raiders out. William Shea, who had helped bring Major League Baseball's New York Mets to the area a decade earlier, was enlisted to bring an NHL team to Long Island. Although Shea had worked with upstart rival leagues including the aborted Continental League, the American Football League and the American Basketball Association, his ultimate goal in these efforts had always been to try and persuade the established leagues to grant second franchises to New York as had been the case with the Mets. In contrast, Shea decided there was no need to work with the WHA since in unlike the initial results of his previous approaches to established leagues in the other major sports, Shea found NHL president Clarence Campbell to be receptive to adding a second team in New York.

The Islanders bid faced opposition from the New York Rangers, who did not want additional competition in the New York area. Campbell and Shea persuaded the Rangers' owners, Madison Square Garden, to reconsider. Rangers' president Bill Jennings weighed cons. Another local NHL team would be compelled to pay the Rangers compensation for sharing their NHL territory, while a WHA rival would not be obligated to pay the Rangers anything. Furthermore, consenting to the establishment of an NHL franchise in suburban Nassau County would help to ensure the vast majority of the Rangers' fanbase within New York City proper would continue to support the older franchise, reduced the prospect of a rival league establishing a team and fanbase there. Remembering the crucial role the Jets had played in ensuring the success of the AFL just a few years earlier as a challenger of the National Football League, Jennings ended up helping to bring a new NHL team into town. Despite expanding to 14 teams just two years prior, the NHL hastily awarded a Long Island-based franchise to clothing manufacturer Roy Boe, owner of the American Basketball Association's New York Nets, on November 8, 1971.

The terms included $6 million franchise fee plus a $5 million territorial fee to the Rangers. An expansion franchise was given to Atlanta to keep the schedule balanced and to prevent the WHA from entering the growing market at the newly-built Omni Coliseum; the franchise chose New York Islanders as its name, although many expected it to use the "Long Island Ducks", after the Eastern Hockey League team that played from 1959 to 1973. The team was soon nicknamed the "Isles" by the local newspapers; the Islanders' arrival doomed the Raiders, who played in Madison Square Garden under difficult lease terms and were forced to move to Cherry Hill, New Jersey in the middle of their second season. On February 14, 1972, Bill Torrey, executive vice president of the NHL's California Golden Seals, was named as the team's general manager; the Islanders secured veteran forward Ed Westfall, defenseman Gerry Hart, goaltender Billy Smith in the 1972 Expansion Draft, along with junior hockey stars Billy Harris, Lorne Henning, Bobby Nystrom in the 1972 Amateur Draft.

Soon after the draft, Phil Goyette was named as the team's first head coach, however he was fired halfway through the s

Battle of Zhangjiawan

Battle of Zhangjiawan or Chang-kia-wan was fought by British and French forces against China at the town of Zhangjiawan during the Second Opium War on the morning of 18 September 1860. The combined Anglo-French force which had occupied Tianjin engaged a Chinese army numbering some 30,000-strong at Zhangjiawan. British cavalry won a battle against Mongolian cavalry, French infantry crushed the defence of Chinese troops, British-French artillery inflicting massive losses on the Chinese Qing army. Since infantry was the worst part of Qing army, the Qing commander-in-chief Sengge Rinchen decided to use his cavalry against the Anglo-French forces; the Battle of Palikao took place three days later. Walrond, Theodore, ed.. Letters and Journals of James, Eighth Earl of Elgin. London: John Murray. Pp. 355–358

Coteau-du-Lac, Quebec

Coteau-du-Lac is a small city in southwestern Quebec, Canada. It is on the north shore of the St. Lawrence River in the Vaudreuil-Soulanges Regional County Municipality; the name of the town comes from the French word Coteau which meant "slope" and from its location on the north shore of Lake Saint Francis. The National Historic Site of Canada of the Coteau-du-Lac canal is the location of the first canal lock system in North America; the city has an industrial park. The population was 7,044 as of the 2016 Canadian Census. Commission Scolaire des Trois-Lacs operates Francophone schools. École de Coteau-du-Lac Lester B. Pearson School Board operates Anglophone schools. Evergreen Elementary and Forest Hill Elementary in Saint-Lazare or Soulanges Elementary School in Saint-Télesphore Jules Fournier was a Canadian writer and newspaper owner List of cities in Quebec Media related to Coteau-du-Lac, Quebec at Wikimedia Commons Official website

Um Himmels Willen

Um Himmels Willen is a German television sitcom created by Jana Brandt and Sven Döbler, which aired on Das Erste since 8 January 2002 The 13th season was aired from 4 March 2014 to 3 June 2014 and is syndicated in many European countries. The series follows the daily life of a group of nuns in a small monastery in the fictional town of Kaltenthal in lower Bavaria, the careers of the town's troubled citizens the mayor and police officers; the sitcom was produced by ARD. It starred Jutta Speidel as the main character of the head nun, however she was replaced by Janina Hartwig in 2007. Fritz Wepper appears as the cunning and jovial town mayor; the show aired at 20:15 on Tuesday nights on ARD in Germany. By June 2013, 156 episodes had been broadcast over eleven seasons. Besides being immensely popular in Germany, the show is broadcast daily in Austria, Italy and Denmark. Wolfgang Wöller, the popular politician and mayor of the fictitious Lower Bavarian town of Kaltenthal, is afraid of losing support and possible elections due an increase in unemployment.

Along with the city council, he falls in love with the idea of bioenergy. His eyes fall upon the local cloisters, a large, old castle which houses only six nuns, but swallows up a huge areal portion of the city; as the nuns Sister Hanna, refuse to discuss the idea of selling the property, Mr. Wöller takes his ideas to the order's Mother Superior; the Mother Superior is opposed to the idea, but agrees that six nuns are not enough for such a huge property. She reluctantly agrees to sell. Sister Hanna does everything in her power to prevent this, not only going against the mayor, but the Mother Superior. Janina Hartwig as Sister Hanna Jacobi. Nun and leader of cloister Kaltenthal. Fritz Wepper as Wolfgang Wöller. Mayor of the fictitious town of Kaltentahl and car dealer. Chairman of the Kaltenthal Football Club. Karin Gregorek as Sister Felicitas Meier. Nun, one of sister Hanna's predecessors; until her retirement nurse at Kaltenthal hospital leader of a medical consulting center for weak people. Preference for alcohol, computer games and chocolate.

Emmanuela von Frankenberg as Sister Agnes Schwandt. Nun and cook of the cloister. Herb woman. Denise M'Baye as Sister Lela. Novation at cloister Kaltenthal. Sent by sister Lotte from Nigeria. Andrea Sihler as Sister Hildegard Hähnlein. Nun at the mother house in Munich and secretary of the mother superior. Secondarily novelist. Horst Sachtleben as Bishop Gottlieb Rossbauer. Friend and confessor of the mother superior. Likes cookies. Renounces creation as cardinal. Andrea Wildner as Marianne Laban. Secretary of mayor Wöller. In season 12 temporary opposition leader at local council Lars Weström as Anton Meier. Indulgent Polizeihauptmeister of Kaltenthal. Wolfgang Müller as Hermann Huber. Master builder and best friend of Wolfgang Wöller. Rosel Zech as Dr. Dr. Elisabeth Reuter. Ex mother superior. Gaby Dohm as Baroness Louise von Beilheim. Mother superior and successor of mother superior Elisabeth Reuter. Jutta Speidel as Sister Lotte Albers. Nun and direct predecessor of sister Hanna. Now leader of a mission station in Nigeria.

Michael Wenninger as Doctor Martin Richter. Physician and fiancé of Barbara Silenius. Died after a car crash. Anna Luise Kiss as Barbara Silenius. Former novation at cloister Kaltenthal. Leaves the cloister and become engaged with Doctor Martin Richter, who dies after a car crash. Barbara marries an architect but the marriage fails. Barbara Silenius dies after a car accident. Hellen Zellweger as Julia Seewald. Former novation at cloister Kaltenthal. Leaves the cloister. Anne Weinknecht as Sister Sophe Tiezte. Former novation at cloister Kaltenthal nun. Now missionary in South America. Donia Ben-Jemia as Sister Gina Gallo. Former novation at cloister Kaltenthal nun. Goes to Naples to nurse her ill father. Nathalie Schott as Sister Ingrid Knoop. Former novation at cloister Kaltenthal, now nun at a cloister in Cologne. Antje Mönning as Sister Jenny Marquard. Former novation at cloister Kaltenthal, now nurse of the ill Cardinal. Julia Heinze as Maria Gasser. Former undercover journalist novation at cloister Kaltenthal.

Leaves the cloister and marries. Bruni Löbel as Grandma Meier. Grandmother of police man Anton Meier; until 2012 three feature-length Christmas specials of Um Himmels Willen were produced. Just before Christmas mayor Wöller receives an invitation from the Vatican, he asks sister Hanna to accompany him. In Rome it turns out that the invitation wasn't for a private audience with the pope, but for an event at St. Peter's Basilica. Wöller and Hanna are disappointed and want to travel back to Germany straightaway, but a general strike bars them from this. Meanwhile, the other nuns of Kaltenthal are preparing the yearly children Christmas party, mother superior Elisabeth Reuter gets a surprising visit of her predecessor. Mayor Wöller wants to escape from the Christmas confusion by booking a Mediterranean cruise. Hardly on board he gets shocked, because sisters Hanna and Felicitas from cloister Kaltenthal are on the same ship, they received the crusade as a gift, have in mind to collect donations for a Kaltenthal family in need underway.

The nuns meet Felix, son of the ship's o

Shahnaz Husain

Shahnaz Husain is the founder, chairperson & managing director of The Shahnaz Husain Group in India. She has received international acclaim for pioneering the Herbal beauty care movement and taking the Indian herbal heritage of Ayurveda worldwide. In 2006, she was awarded the prestigious Padma Shri, the fourth highest civilian award, by the Government of India for her contribution to the fields of trade and industry, she was invited by Harvard Business School to speak on her success story of establishing an international brand without commercial advertising and has become a Harvard Case Study, included in its curriculum. She has lectured to students at Massachusetts Institute of Technology, University of Oxford and London School of Economics. Shahnaz has represented India at President Barack Obama’s World Summit for Entrepreneurs. In 1996, she won, she has walked the red carpet at the Cannes Film Festival and spoken at the House of Lords and House of Commons in the prestigious British Parliament.

Born Shahnaz Beg, she is the daughter of Justice Nasir Ullah Beg, a former Chief Justice of the Allahabad High Court and Sayeeda Begum, the daughter of the commander-in-chief of the Hyderabad army. Her grandfather, Justice Samiullah Beg, was a prominent politician of the United Province who served as Chief Justice of the Hyderabad High Court, her uncle, Mirza Hameedullah Beg, was a former Chief Justice of India. Shahnaz studied at [[St. Mary’s, Allahabad, she was married at an early age to Nasir Husain with. She studied Ayurveda in Iran, she completed her training in cosmetic therapy and cosmetology from leading institutions of the West, such as Helena Rubinstein, Christine Valmy and Lean of Copenhagen. She started Women's World in New Delhi at her home; the Prime Minister of India, Indira Gandhi visited her. Nasir died in 1999 of cardiac arrest, their son, Sameer Husain, a rapper committed suicide in Patna in 2008 and their daughter Nelofar Currimbhoy is taking her legacy forward. Nelofar is the author of Shahnaz Husain's biography "Flame".

Adopting the concept of Herbal Care and Cure, Shahnaz opened her first herbal clinic in 1971 and over the next few years formed The Shahnaz Husain Group. She formulated therapeutic products for specific skin and hair problems, as well as premium ranges for skin care, such as 24 Carat Gold, Diamond, Plant Stem Cells and Platinum Range; the company sells its products online at http://shahnaz.in. The Shahnaz Husain Group has over 400 franchise ventures across the world covering over 138'without animal testing' countries; the first franchise clinic opened in Calcutta in 1979. Within a year, there were 80 Shahnaz Herbal franchise clinics in India; the first foreign Shahnaz Herbal franchise clinic was opened in London in 1982. The group operates its premium Ayurveda Salon and Spa treatment center in New Delhi to offer a line of proprietary treatments for Skin and Body. In a recent interview for Harvard Business School's Creating Emerging Markets project, Husain described the origins and development of her business, explaining how her innovative approach to beauty made her products a global success.

Shahnaz Husain has empowered the physically challenged through her free beauty training courses. She has written a beauty book, put into Braille. Shahnaz has tied up with Government skill development projects in beauty and wellness, her beauty academy has trained and certified over 40,000 under-privileged women, distributing tool kits for home-based businesses. Shahnaz Husain has received several prestigious international and national awards for her contribution in the beauty industry: 1. Shahnaz Husain Beauty Book 2. Flame Book Shahnaz Husain Official Online Store Shahnaz Husain’s Beauty Blog

Hairy ball theorem

The hairy ball theorem of algebraic topology states that there is no nonvanishing continuous tangent vector field on even-dimensional n-spheres. For the ordinary sphere, or 2‑sphere, if f is a continuous function that assigns a vector in R3 to every point p on a sphere such that f is always tangent to the sphere at p there is at least one p such that f = 0; the theorem was first stated by Henri Poincaré in the late 19th century, first proven in 1912 by Luitzen Egbertus Jan Brouwer. The theorem has been expressed colloquially as "you can't comb a hairy ball flat without creating a cowlick" or "you can't comb the hair on a coconut"; every zero of a vector field has a "index", it can be shown that the sum of all of the indices at all of the zeros must be two, because the Euler characteristic of the 2-sphere is two. Therefore, there must be at least one zero; this is a consequence of the Poincaré–Hopf theorem. In the case of the torus, the Euler characteristic is 0. In this regard, it follows that for any compact regular 2-dimensional manifold with non-zero Euler characteristic, any continuous tangent vector field has at least one zero.

A common problem in computer graphics is to generate a non-zero vector in R3, orthogonal to a given non-zero one. There is no single continuous function; this is a corollary of the hairy ball theorem. To see this, consider the given vector as the radius of a sphere and note that finding a non-zero vector orthogonal to the given one is equivalent to finding a non-zero vector, tangent to the surface of that sphere where it touches the radius. However, the hairy ball theorem says there exists no continuous function that can do this for every point on the sphere. There is a related argument from algebraic topology, using the Lefschetz fixed-point theorem. Since the Betti numbers of a 2-sphere are 1, 0, 1, 0, 0... the Lefschetz number of the identity mapping is 2. By integrating a vector field we get a one-parameter group of diffeomorphisms on the sphere. Therefore, they all have Lefschetz number 2, also. Hence they have fixed points; some more work would be needed to show that this implies there must be a zero of the vector field.

It does suggest the correct statement of the more general Poincaré-Hopf index theorem. A consequence of the hairy ball theorem is that any continuous function that maps an even-dimensional sphere into itself has either a fixed point or a point that maps onto its own antipodal point; this can be seen by transforming the function into a tangential vector field. Let s be the function mapping the sphere to itself, let v be the tangential vector function to be constructed. For each point p, construct the stereographic projection of s with p as the point of tangency. V is the displacement vector of this projected point relative to p. According to the hairy ball theorem, there is a p such that v = 0, so that s = p; this argument breaks down only if there exists a point p for which s is the antipodal point of p, since such a point is the only one that cannot be stereographically projected onto the tangent plane of p. The connection with the Euler characteristic χ suggests the correct generalisation: the 2n-sphere has no non-vanishing vector field for n ≥ 1.

The difference between and odd dimensions is that, because the only nonzero Betti numbers of the m-sphere are b0 and bm, their alternating sum χ is 2 for m and 0 for m odd. Fixed-point theorem Intermediate value theorem Vector fields on spheres Eisenberg, Murray. MathWorld