Cornwall-on-Hudson, New York
Cornwall-on-Hudson is a riverfront village in the town of Cornwall, Orange County, New York. It lies on the west bank of the Hudson River about 50 miles north of New York City; the population as of the 2010 census was 3,018. It is part of the Poughkeepsie–Newburgh–Middletown metropolitan area as well as the larger New York metropolitan area; the village was part of the Governor Dongan tract of 1685. Willisville was an early name for Cornwall-on-Hudson. Settlement in the area occurred at a hamlet on the Hudson River below Butter Hill, it was the only river landing in the town. In the early 1800s, Daniel Tobias sailed a sloop from Cornwall Landing; as there was no direct communication between the river and the table-land above, in 1807, his brother, Isaac S. Tobias, built a road, at his own expense, as far as the first bridge on the road to Willisville; the Mead and Taft Company lumberyard once employed 500 people at the Landing. Cornwall Landing became a commercial hub with its own post office; the Landing began to decline after World War II when passenger train service ended, Conrail demolished the buildings.
Cornwall-on-Hudson incorporated within the Town of Cornwall. The Amelia Barr House known as "Cherry Croft", is located on Mountain Road in Cornwall-on-Hudson, on the slopes of Storm King Mountain. Barr, an American writer born in the 19th century, lived here during the most prolific and successful period of her career. In 1982 it was added to the National Register of Historic Places. Camp Olmsted is a summer camping facility in Cornwall-on-Hudson, New York, operated by the Five Points Mission, a Methodist organization, it is located along Bayview NY-218, near Storm King Mountain. It was founded in 1901. Siblings Sarah and John Olmsted donated the 21-acre parcel. Campers would take the Hudson River Day Line ferry from the city to Cornwall and proceed to the camp. In 1966 the New York City Society took a role in operating the camp; the camp was added to the National Register of Historic Places in 1982. Cornwall-on-Hudson is located at 41°26′33″N 74°00′50″W. According to the United States Census Bureau, the village has a total area of 2.1 square miles, of which 2.0 square miles is land and 0.1 square miles is water.
The zip code is 12520. Located just 50 miles north of New York City, the village borders the west shore of the Hudson River, it is one of the most affluent communities in the Orange County area. While the village is residential, it has a small commercial center and many riverfront homes adjacent to Donahue Memorial Park known as Cornwall Landing. NY-218 passes through the village and US Route 9W passes through the Town of Cornwall west of the village. Storm King State Park lies south of the village, below that, the United States Military Academy; as of the census of 2000, there were 3,058 people, 1,181 households, 824 families residing in the village. The population density was 1,560.9 people per square mile. There were 1,233 housing units at an average density of 629.4 per square mile. The racial makeup of the village was 96.63% White, 0.39% African American, 0.29% Native American, 0.65% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 0.85% from other races, 1.14% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 3.79% of the population.
There were 1,181 households out of which 34.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 58.0% were married couples living together, 8.9% had a female householder with no husband present, 30.2% were non-families. 25.8% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.5% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.58 and the average family size was 3.14. In the village, the population was distributed with 27.0% under the age of 18, 5.6% from 18 to 24, 27.9% from 25 to 44, 26.3% from 45 to 64, 13.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females, there were 91.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 90.5 males. The median income for a household in the village was $75,300, the median income for a family was $88,000. Males had a median income of $55,000 versus $37,857 for females; the per capita income for the village was $31,272. About 2.6% of families and 3.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 2.8% of those under age 18 and 3.5% of those age 65 or over.
Cornwall-on-Hudson Elementary School Cornwall Central Middle School is the former Cornwall High School, located in the Town of Cornwall. Cornwall Central High School is located in the Town of Cornwall. Cornwall Elementary School at Lee Road is located in the Town of Cornwall. Willow Avenue Elementary School is located in the Town of Cornwall. New York Military Academy is located in the Town of Cornwall, uses the mailing address of Cornwall-on-Hudson despite being just outside its official boundary. Storm King School Djuna Barnes, writer in Greenwich Village and Paris Amelia Edith Huddleston Barr, British novelist Lawrence DeSmedt, known as Indian Larry, custom motorcycle builder and stuntman Malcolm Fraser, founder of Genuine Parts Company and Stuttering Foundation of America Abram P. Haring, American Civil War recipient of the Medal of Honor William Frederick Hoppe, known as Willie Hoppe, professional carom billiards champion Albrecht Pagenstecher, a German-American pioneer of the modern paper industry David Petraeus, U.
S. Army general and raised in Cornwall-on-Hudson Edward Payson Roe, novelist Robert Sauer, raised on Mountain Road, student at Cornwall Central High Schoo
Exhibition drill is a variant of drill that involves complex marching sequences which deviate from drill used in the course of ordinary parades. Teams performing exhibition drill are affiliated with military units, but the scope of exhibition drill is not limited to military drill teams. Exhibition drill is performed by Armed Forces Precision Drill Teams, the drill teams at service academies and ROTC and JROTC units, civilian drill teams that perform at parades, drill meets, half-time shows and other public venues; the first documented performance of exhibition drill was performed by Hadji Cheriff and filmed at what is believed to be the Midway Plaisance of the 1893 World's Columbian Exposition in Chicago, Illinois. The film was copyrighted by Thomas Edison in 1899, entitled The Arabian Gun Twirler; the performance demonstrates aerial and over-the-shoulder techniques, over-the-head drill, under-the-leg inverted spin. It is believed that the weapon was a.577 caliber, triple band 1853 Enfield Musket, 56" long and weighs about 9.5 pounds and thus is 13" longer and heavier than most drill weapons used today.
Exhibition drill is one of many different drill phases. Other phases include Color Guard and Regulation Drill. Exhibition military drill has grown drastically in popularity in recent decades; this growth can be attributed to several primary factors. These include: The expansion of Junior ROTC programs through the four primary service branches that occurred in the early and mid 1980s took the total number of units from 1,600 to well over 2,500 in the U. S; this provided more cadets the opportunity to be a part of these exhibition drill teams. The work of Sports Network International produced military drill and ceremony competitions on a scale that had never been seen. From these numerous competitions, SNI produced websites to feature this activity. SNI produced training and entertainment videos devoted to featuring many of the military exhibition drill teams in the country; these videos allowed the talent and creativity involved in exhibition drill at the highest levels to travel and expand at a greater rate, helping to promote the sport.
General rules and guidelines Rules of exhibition drill during competitions vary, but most of them apply the following guidelines: Time – There is a minimum and maximum time a routine may take. Points are deducted if a team is over time. Boundaries – Teams should be aware of their boundary lines, if necessary, alter their routines as to not cross the boundary lines. Points are deducted; some high-school level competitions prevent cadets who are participating in armed drill events from performing more dangerous'over the head' spins, or raising cadets off the floor, in the interest of safety. Some high school drill teams compete at the National High School Drill Team Championships in Daytona Beach and use demilitarized Springfield M1903s, M1 Garands, M-14 rifles and Daisy Drill Rifles. Certain teams at the NHSDTC who receive high placings end up being well known on a national level. There are national levels for JROTC divisions nationwide. There is the Navy JROTC, Army JROTC, Marine Corps JROTC, Air Force JROTC, much more that all have their own prospective drill nationals.
For the past two years, 2017 and 2018, at Navy Nationals, the first place armed exhibition team was Green Run High School, the runner up being Troy High School in Fullerton, California. Other countries have their own drill team competitions for teenagers. In an unarmed division, exhibition drill may consist of intricate precision marching, along with various hand movements. Modified step team routines are used in some competitions. Colleges with Reserve Officers' Training Corps units, as well as military academies, have drill teams train and compete in two types of drill events: Regulation/Close Order and Exhibition Drill. Regulation Drill is conducted in accordance with Ceremonies. Exhibition Drill is more free form and more elaborate Regulation Drill. Exhibition Drill teams are more colorful in uniform and weaponry. In both types of event, participants are armed with weapons made safe or inert by removal of firing pins. Armament is devoid of all firing mechanisms for the safety of participants and audience alike.
Pershing Rifles, founded in 1894, is the oldest continuously operating college organization dedicated to military drill. The original drill team created by John J. Pershing had a simple goal: to serve as an example for the cadets at the University of Nebraska, who were sorely lacking in esprit de corps and basic military skills. For its first few years, the group did just that: its members became experts at unarmed and exhibition drill, were soon the pride of the university. By 1894, cadets and alumni formed Varsity Rifles. By June 1895, when Pershing announced his departure from the university, the group had morphed from a simple drill team into a fraternal organization; as the unit grew, their reputation followed: by the early 1900s, membership was considered a high military honor. Other schools soon applied for affiliation with the Pershing Rifles. By the middle of the 20th century, this now national organization comprised nearly 200 units representing all of the services stationed at ROTC detachments around the country.
Through their phenomenal growth, the Pershing Rifles were careful to stay true to their basic purpose: to develop the traits of leadership and disc
Private schools known to many as independent schools, non-governmental funded, or non-state schools, are not administered by local, state or national governments. Children who attend private schools may be there because they are dissatisfied with public schools in their area, they may be selected for their academic prowess, or prowess in other fields, or sometimes their religious background. Private schools retain the right to select their students and are funded in whole or in part by charging their students for tuition, rather than relying on mandatory taxation through public funding; some private schools are associated with a particular religion, such as Judaism, Roman Catholicism, or Lutheranism. For the past century one in 10 U. S families has chosen to enroll their children in private school. In the United Kingdom and several other Commonwealth countries including Australia and Canada, the use of the term is restricted to primary and secondary educational levels. Private education in North America covers the whole gamut of educational activity, ranging from pre-school to tertiary level institutions.
Annual tuition fees at K-12 schools range from nothing at so called'tuition-free' schools to more than $45,000 at several New England preparatory schools. The secondary level includes schools offering years 7 through 12 and year 13; this category includes university-preparatory schools or "prep schools", boarding schools and day schools. Tuition at private secondary schools varies from school to school and depends on many factors, including the location of the school, the willingness of parents to pay, peer tuitions and the school's financial endowment. High tuition, schools claim, is used to pay higher salaries for the best teachers and used to provide enriched learning environments, including a low student-to-teacher ratio, small class sizes and services, such as libraries, science laboratories and computers; some private schools are boarding schools and many military academies are owned or operated as well. Religiously affiliated and denominational schools form a subcategory of private schools.
Some such schools teach religious education, together with the usual academic subjects to impress their particular faith's beliefs and traditions in the students who attend. Others use the denomination as more of a general label to describe on what the founders based their belief, while still maintaining a fine distinction between academics and religion, they include parochial schools, a term, used to denote Roman Catholic schools. Other religious groups represented in the K–12 private education sector include Protestants, Jews and the Orthodox Christians. Many educational alternatives, such as independent schools, are privately financed. Private schools avoid some state regulations, although in the name of educational quality, most comply with regulations relating to the educational content of classes. Religious private schools simply add religious instruction to the courses provided by local public schools. Special assistance schools aim to improve the lives of their students by providing services tailored to specific needs of individual students.
Such schools include tutoring schools to assist the learning of handicapped children. Private schools are one of three types of school in Australia, the other two being government schools and religious. Whilst private schools are sometimes considered "public" schools, the term "public school" is synonymous with a government school. Private schools in Australia may be favored for many reasons: prestige and the social status of the "old school tie"; some schools offer the removal of the purported distractions of co-education. Student uniforms for Australian private schools are stricter and more formal than in government schools – for example, a compulsory blazer. Private schools in Australia are always more expensive than their public counterpartsThere are two main categories of private schools in Australia: Catholic schools and Independent schools. Catholic schools form the second largest sector after government schools, with around 21% of secondary enrollments. Most Australian Catholic schools belong to a system, like government schools, are co-educational and attempt to provide Catholic education evenly across the states.
These schools are known as "systemic". Systemic Catholic schools are funded by state and federal government and have low fees. Catholic schools, both systemic and independent have a strong religious focus, most of their staff and students will be Catholic. Independent schools make up the last sector and are the most popular form of schooling for boarding students. Independent schools are non-government institutions that are not part of a system. Although most are non-aligned, some of the best known independent schools belong to the large, long-established religious foundations, such as the Anglican Church, Uniting Church and Pres
Albany International Airport
Albany International Airport is seven miles northwest of Albany, in Albany County, New York, United States. It is owned by the Albany County Airport Authority. ALB covers 1,000 acres of land, it is an airport of entry in the town of Colonie. It was built on the site of the Shaker settlement about 6 miles north of Albany and stretching north to the hamlet of Verdoy; the airport is below class C airspace. UPS Airlines and FedEx Airlines operate the Boeing 757-200 to the airport five days a week for cargo; as of April 2017, about half of the flights at ALB are smaller regional aircraft. Airlines that operate mainline aircraft are Allegiant Air, American Airlines, Delta Air Lines, Frontier Airlines, JetBlue Airway, Southwest Airlines, United Airlines; the largest passenger aircraft to fly into ALB on a daily basis is the Boeing 737-800 operated by Southwest Airlines, the Airbus A320 by JetBlue Airways. United Airlines flies in peak travel seasons, either a 737-800 or 737-900ER from its hub at Chicago O'Hare International Airport.
American Airlines flies during peak travel seasons, Airbus A321s from their hub at Charlotte Douglas International Airport. The airport does, have the capability to accommodate larger aircraft. In 2009 a pair of Boeing VC-25s landed at ALB, when President Barack Obama made a visit to Hudson Valley Community College in nearby Troy. In January 2018, Albany accommodated an fully loaded Norwegian Air Shuttle 787 bound for New York's John F. Kennedy from London after it landed due to a snow storm in New York City. All 316 people aboard were processed through customs at Albany, sent by bus to New York City. Albany International was the first, remains the oldest, municipal airport in the United States. In 1908 the airstrip was on a former polo field on Loudonville Road, three miles north of the city in the town of Colonie. In 1909 the airport moved to Westerlo Island, in the city of Albany, but at that time was in the town of Bethlehem; the airport was named after Teddy Roosevelt's son, Quentin, a fighter pilot during World War I.
A$10,000 prize was established for sustained flight between New York City. Other early pioneers of aviation that stopped at this early field were Charles Lindbergh, Amelia Earhart, James Doolittle. Mayor John Boyd Thacher II once said "a city without the foresight to build an airport for the new traffic may soon be left behind in the race for competition", he therefore decided to build in 1928 a new modern airport on the Shaker site near Albany-Shaker Road in Colonie, not far from the original polo fields used as the first site of the municipal airport. The Shakers not only sold the land used but loaned the use of tractors and tools; the early Albany Airport was closed and threatened with closure which prompted repeated improvements in the late 1930s and 1940s. The airport was closed from January 1939 until December 1940, when it reopened to traffic during daylight hours only, with no restrictions since January 1942; the airport has not been closed since. The February 1947 C&GS chart shows three 3500-foot runways aimed 98 and 133 degrees magnetic.
ALB was jointly owned and managed by the city and county of Albany until 1960 when Mayor Erastus Corning 2nd ended the city's stake. In 1962 a new terminal building opened. A landside building had ticket counters, a coffee shop, baggage claim on the first floor and a restaurant and viewing area on the second floor. A single-story boarding concourse extended outwards from this building. In 1968 this concourse was widened to allow boarding space; the terminal was expanded again in 1979, with the addition of a new two-story building attached diagonally to the northwest. It had boarding gates for Allegheny Airlines on the second floor, baggage carousels on the first floor; the Albany County Airport Authority was created by the county in 1993 with a 40-year lease to operate the airport in 1996. Construction of a new terminal began on May 16, 1996, it was designed by Reynolds, Smith & Hills and Stracher-Roth-Gilmore, it was built around the existing terminal, most of, demolished upon its completion. Only the 1979 extension remains from the old terminal building.
In 1999 the Airport Authority began building a 16,000-square-foot addition to the new terminal for Southwest Airlines' use. The project was completed in 2000 and included the addition of two new dual jet bridges allowing passengers to board and deplane from front and rear doors of the aircraft. In 1946-61 American Airlines, TWA and Colonial/Eastern flew to Albany, but nonstops didn't reach beyond New York City and Buffalo until 1967. Eastern left in 1961 and TWA left in 1965, leaving Mohawk and a few American flights; the first jets were American and Mohawk BAC 1-11s in late 1966. Before airline deregulation in 1978, most flights at Albany were on "trunk carriers" and "local service carrier". After deregulation, many new airlines expanded to Albany. Most did not survive the 1980s. Airlines at Albany after deregulation include: Braniff International Airways, which added Albany as part of an unsuccessful expansion in 1979. Albany was the only Upstate New York city served by the colorful Dallas-based airline that shut down in 1982.
Empire Airlines, a regional carrier based in Utica, opened a hub at Syracuse Hancock International Airport after deregulation and operated fligh
The Metro-North Commuter Railroad, trading as MTA Metro-North Railroad or Metro-North, is a suburban commuter rail service run by the Metropolitan Transportation Authority, a public authority of the U. S. state of New York. Metro-North runs service between New York City and its northern suburbs in New York and Connecticut, including Port Jervis, Spring Valley, White Plains, Wassaic in New York and Stamford, New Canaan, Danbury and New Haven in Connecticut. Metro-North provides local rail service within the New York City boroughs of Manhattan and the Bronx. Metro-North is the descendant of commuter rail services dating back as early as 1832. By the 1960s, they had all been acquired by the New York Central Railroad, which became part of Penn Central in 1968. MTA acquired all three lines by 1972. Penn Central spun off its commuter operations to Conrail in 1976; the system took its current form in 1983, when MTA took over Conrail's commuter operations in the northern portion of the New York metropolitan area and merged them into Metro-North.
There are 124 stations on Metro-North Railroad's five active lines, which operate on more than 787 miles of track, with the passenger railroad system totaling 385 miles of route. With an average weekday ridership of 298,300 in 2017, it is the third busiest commuter railroad in North America in terms of annual ridership, behind Long Island Rail Road and NJ Transit; as of 2018, Metro-North's budgetary burden for expenditures was $1.3 billion, which it supports through the collection of taxes and fees. The MTA has jurisdiction, through Metro-North, over railroad lines on the western and eastern portions of the Hudson River in New York. Service on the western side of the Hudson is operated by New Jersey Transit under contract with the MTA. Three lines provide passenger service on the east side of the Hudson River to Grand Central Terminal in Manhattan: the Hudson and New Haven Lines; the Beacon Line is not in service. The Hudson and Harlem Lines terminate in New York, respectively; the New Haven Line is operated through a partnership between Metro-North and the State of Connecticut.
The Connecticut Department of Transportation owns the tracks and stations within Connecticut, finances and performs capital improvements. MTA handles capital improvements within New York State. MTA performs routine maintenance and provides police services for the entire line, its branches and stations. New cars and locomotives are purchased in a joint agreement between MTA and ConnDOT, with the agencies paying for 33.3% and 66.7% of costs respectively. ConnDOT pays more; the New Haven Line has three branches in Connecticut: the New Canaan Branch, Danbury Branch and Waterbury Branch. At New Haven, ConnDOT runs two connecting services, the Shore Line East connecting service continues east to New London, the Hartford Line service continues north to Hartford, Springfield, Massachusetts. Amtrak operates inter-city rail service along the New Hudson Lines; the New Haven Line is part of Amtrak's Northeast Corridor, high-speed Acela Express trains run from New Rochelle to New Haven Union Station. At New Haven, the New Haven Line connects to the Amtrak New Haven–Springfield Line.
The Hudson Line is part of the Empire Corridor, Yonkers, Croton-on-Hudson, Poughkeepsie stations are all served by Amtrak as well as Metro-North. Freight trains run on Metro-North; the Hudson Line connects with the Oak Point Link and is the main route for freight to and from the Bronx and Long Island. Freight railroads CSX, CP Rail, P&W, Housatonic Railroad have trackage rights on sections of the system. See Rail freight transportation in New York City and Long Island Metro-North provides service west of the Hudson River on trains from Hoboken Terminal, New Jersey, jointly run with New Jersey Transit under contract. There are two branches: the Pascack Valley Line; the Port Jervis Line is accessed from two New Jersey Transit lines, the Main Line and the Bergen County Line. The Port Jervis Line terminates in Port Jervis, New York, the Pascack Valley line in Spring Valley, New York, in Orange and Rockland Counties, respectively. Trackage on the Port Jervis Line north of the Suffern Yard is leased from the Norfolk Southern Railway by the MTA, but New Jersey Transit owns all of the Pascack Valley Line, including the portion in Rockland County, New York.
Most stops for the Port Jervis and Pascack Valley Lines are in New Jersey, so New Jersey Transit provides most of the rolling stock and all the staff. Metro-North equipment has been used on other New Jersey Transit lines on the Hoboken division. All stations west of the Hudson River in New York are owned and operated by Metro-North, except Suffern, owned and operated by New Jersey Transit. Most of the trackage east of the Hudson River and in New York State was under the control of the New York Central Railroad; the NYC operated three commuter lines, two of which ran into Grand Central Depot. Metro-North's Harlem Line was a combination of trackage from the New York and Harlem Railroad and the Boston and Albany Railroad, running from Manhattan to Chatham, New York in Columbia County. At Chatham, passengers could transfer to long distance trains on the Boston and Albany to Albany, Boston and Canada. On April 1, 1873, the New York and Harlem Railroad was leased by Cornelius Vanderbilt, who added the railroad to his complex empire of railroads, which we
Newark Liberty International Airport
Newark Liberty International Airport Newark Metropolitan Airport and Newark International Airport, is one of the major airports of the Port Authority of New York and New Jersey and is located in the U. S. state of New Jersey. The airport straddles the boundary between the cities of Newark and Elizabeth, the former of, the most populous city in the state; the airport is owned jointly by the cities of Elizabeth and Newark and leased to and operated by the Port Authority of New York and New Jersey. Newark Airport is located 3 miles south of Downtown Newark, 9 miles west-southwest of the borough of Manhattan, it is one of four major airports serving the New York City - Philadelphia Urban Area, the others being Philadelphia International Airport, John F. Kennedy International Airport and LaGuardia Airport. In 2017, EWR was the sixth busiest airport in the United States by international passenger traffic and fifteenth busiest airport in the country, it served 43,393,499 passengers in 2017, which made EWR the forty-third busiest airport in the world by passenger traffic.
In 2018, the airport saw the most in its history. Newark serves 50 carriers and is the third-largest hub for United Airlines, the airport's largest tenant. Newark's second-largest tenant is FedEx Express, whose third-largest cargo hub uses three buildings on two million square feet of airport property. During the 12-month period ending in July 2014, over 68% of all passengers at the airport were carried by United Airlines. Newark Metropolitan Airport opened October 1, 1928 on 68 acres of reclaimed land along the Passaic River, the first major airport serving passengers in the New York metro area; the Art Deco Newark Metropolitan Airport Administration Building, adorned with murals by Arshile Gorky, was built in 1934 and dedicated by Amelia Earhart in 1935. It served as the terminal until the opening of the North Terminal in 1953, it was added to the National Register of Historic Places in 1979 and is now a museum and Port Authority Police headquarters. Newark was the busiest commercial airport in the world until LaGuardia Airport opened in December 1939.
During World War II the field was closed to commercial aviation while it was taken over by the United States Army for logistics operations. In 1945 captured German aircraft brought from Europe on HMS Reaper for evaluation under Operation Lusty were off-loaded at Newark AAF and flown or shipped to Freeman Field, Indiana or Naval Air Station Patuxent River, Maryland; the airlines returned to Newark in February 1946. In 1948, the city of Newark leased the airport to the Port of New York Authority; as part of the deal, the Port Authority took operational control of the airport and began investing in capital improvements, including new hangars, a new terminal and runway 4/22. The February 1947 C&GS diagram shows 5,940-foot runway 1, 7,900-foot runway 6 and 7,100-foot runway 10. On December 16, 1951 a Miami Airlines C-46 bound for Tampa lost a cylinder on takeoff from runway 28 and crashed in Elizabeth killing 56. On January 22, 1952 an American Airlines CV-240 crashed in Elizabeth, while on approach to runway 6 killing all 23 aboard and seven on the ground.
On February 11, 1952 a National DC-6 crashed in Elizabeth after takeoff from runway 24, killing 29 of 63 on board and four on the ground. The airport was closed for some months. A proposal to build a new airport at what is now the Great Swamp National Wildlife Refuge was defeated by local opposition; the April 1957 Official Airline Guide showed 144 weekday passenger fixed-wing departures from Newark: 40 Eastern, 19 Capital, 16 American, 14 United, 14 Mohawk, 13 Allegheny, 11 TWA, 8 National, 5 Delta and 4 Braniff. National had a nonstop to Miami, Eastern had nonstops to Miami, New Orleans and Houston, Braniff had a nonstop DC-7C to Dallas and TWA flew nonstop to St Louis. Jet airliners arrived in 1961. In 1964, American and TWA started flying nonstop to California, although Newark's longest runway was 7,000 ft until 1970. TWA's 707 nonstop to Heathrow in 1978 was Newark's first trans-Atlantic nonstop. Through the early 1970s, Newark had a single terminal building located on the north side of the field, by what is now Interstate 78.
In the 1970s the airport became Newark International Airport. Present Terminals A and B opened in 1973, although some charter and international flights requiring customs clearance remained at the North Terminal; the main building of Terminal C was completed at the same time, but only metal framing work was completed for the terminal's satellites. It lay dormant until the mid-1980s, when for a brief time the west third of the terminal was equipped for international arrivals and used for some People Express transcontinental flights. Terminal C was completed and opened in June 1988. Underutilized in the 1970s, Newark expanded in the 1980s. People Express struck a deal with the Port Authority to use the North Terminal as its air terminal and corporate office in 1981 and began operations at Newark that Apr
Storm King Mountain (New York)
Storm King Mountain is a mountain on the west bank of the Hudson River just south of Cornwall-on-Hudson, New York. Together with Breakneck Ridge on the opposite bank of the river it forms "Wey-Gat" or Wind Gate, the picturesque northern narrows of the Hudson Highlands, its distinctive curved ridge is the most prominent aspect of the view south down Newburgh Bay, from Newburgh and the Newburgh-Beacon Bridge. It can be seen by southbound travelers on nearby sections of the New York State Thruway; this view was a popular subject for early artists of the Hudson River School. While thought of as the highest point in the area, its summit reaching 1,340 feet above sea level, the eastern summit known as Butter Hill is higher, with an elevation of 1,380 feet. During his initial voyage up the river, Henry Hudson and his crew named the mountain Klinkesberg, due to its wrinkled rock cliffs near the river; the early Dutch colonists of the region referred to the mountain as "Boterberg". During the middle of the 19th century, writer Nathaniel Parker Willis, who had become a resident in the region, proposed the name Storm King:The tallest mountain is... looked upon as the most sure foreteller of a storm.
When the white cloud-beard descends upon his breast in the morning... There is sure to be a rain-storm before night. Standing aloft before other mountains in the chain, this sign is peculiar to him, he seems the monarch, this seems his stately ordering of a change in the weather. Should not STORM-KING be his proper title? The section of New York State Route 218 that winds around the eastern slope of the mountain overlooking the River Hudson was named the Storm King Highway; that name is used presently for the four-lane section of U. S. Route 9W to the west, with Route 218 referred to as the Old Storm King Highway. During 1962 the mountain became the topic of an environmental controversy when local activists formed the Scenic Hudson Preservation Coalition to fight plans by utility Consolidated Edison to cut away part of the mountain near the river and build a pumped storage hydro-electric plant complete with transmission lines across the Hudson River for an ambitious power generating scheme which would have entailed creating a reservoir in much of what is now Black Rock Forest.
In a lawsuit brought by the coalition, Scenic Hudson Preservation Conference v. Federal Power Commission, a judge ruled for the first time that environmentalists had standing to challenge executive branch decisions in federal court. During 1979 Con Edison abandoned a reduced version of the project, settled another lawsuit against their Indian Point facility by agreeing to regulate the operation of their Hudson River power plants so as to minimize the number of fish they killed and endow the Hudson River Foundation with $12 million. After forest fires on the mountain during the dry summer of 1999, unexploded ordnance remaining from 19th century artillery tests and training at the nearby United States Military Academy was discovered in some areas close to the trails; as a result, hiking on the mountain was prohibited until October 2002, when authorities could be sure it had been removed safely. On February 20, 2011, a NYPD helicopter rescued two Fourth Class "plebes" from the United States Military Academy nearby, who had stranded themselves 500 feet up on the southern cliff face while rappelling, when a New York State Police chopper proved unable to complete the task.
The mountain is a major part of Storm King State Park. With wide views of the river and areas surrounding, both Storm King and Butter Hill summits are popular with hikers; the orange-blazed unnamed connector trail, leading to the yellow-blazed Stillman Trail, most accessed at a parking area on U. S. Route 9W, offers an immediate and steep climb up Butter Hill followed by a longer and more relaxing hike to the summit of Storm King. Although attempted infrequently and not permitted by the park authorities, there are documented technical rock climbing routes above the river, as well as ice climbing, when conditions are favorable. Bull Hill David Sive New York-New Jersey Trail Conference: Storm King State Park