click links in text for more info

New York Philharmonic

The New York Philharmonic the Philharmonic-Symphony Society of New York, Inc. globally known as New York Philharmonic Orchestra or New York Philharmonic-Symphony Orchestra, is a symphony orchestra based in New York City. It is one of the leading American orchestras popularly referred to as the "Big Five"; the Philharmonic's home is David Geffen Hall, located in New York's Lincoln Center for the Performing Arts. Founded in 1842, the orchestra is one of the oldest musical institutions in the United States and the oldest of the "Big Five" orchestras, its record-setting 14,000th concert was given in December 2004. The New York Philharmonic was founded in 1842 by the American conductor Ureli Corelli Hill, with the aid of the Irish composer William Vincent Wallace; the orchestra was called the Philharmonic Society of New York. It was the third Philharmonic on American soil since 1799, had as its intended purpose, "the advancement of instrumental music." The first concert of the Philharmonic Society took place on December 7, 1842 in the Apollo Rooms on lower Broadway before an audience of 600.

The concert opened with Beethoven's Symphony No. 5, led by Hill himself. Two other conductors, German-born Henry Christian Timm and French-born Denis Etienne, led parts of the eclectic, three-hour program, which included chamber music and several operatic selections with a leading singer of the day, as was the custom; the musicians operated as a cooperative society, deciding by a majority vote such issues as who would become a member, which music would be performed and who among them would conduct. At the end of the season, the players would divide any proceeds among themselves. After only a dozen public performances and four years old, the Philharmonic organized a concert to raise funds to build a new music hall; the centerpiece was the American premiere of Beethoven's Symphony No. 9, to take place at Castle Garden on the southern tip of Manhattan. About 400 instrumental and vocal performers gathered for this premiere, conducted by George Loder; the chorals were translated into. However, with the expensive US$2.00 ticket price and a war rally uptown, the hoped-for audience was kept away and the new hall would have to wait.

Although judged by some as an odd work with all those singers kept at bay until the end, the Ninth soon became the work performed most when a grand gesture was required. During the Philharmonic's first seven seasons, seven musicians alternated the conducting duties. In addition to Hill, Timm and Étienne, these were William Alpers, George Loder, Louis Wiegers and Alfred Boucher; this changed in 1849. Eisfeld along with Carl Bergmann, would be the conductor until 1865; that year, Eisfeld conducted the Orchestra's memorial concert for the assassinated Abraham Lincoln, but in a peculiar turn of events which were criticized in the New York press, the Philharmonic omitted the last movement, "Ode to Joy", as being inappropriate for the occasion. That year Eisfeld returned to Europe, Bergmann continued to conduct the Society until his death in 1876. Leopold Damrosch, Franz Liszt's former concertmaster at Weimar, served as conductor of the Philharmonic for the 1876/77 season, but failing to win support from the Philharmonic's public, he left to create the rival Symphony Society of New York in 1878.

Upon his death in 1885, his 23-year-old son Walter took over and continued the competition with the old Philharmonic. It was Walter who would convince Andrew Carnegie that New York needed a first-class concert hall and on May 5, 1891, both Walter and Russian composer Piotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky conducted at the inaugural concert of the city's new Music Hall, which in a few years would be renamed for its primary benefactor, Andrew Carnegie. Carnegie Hall would remain the orchestra's home until 1962; the Philharmonic in 1877 was in desperate financial condition, caused by the paltry income from five concerts in the 1876/77 season that brought in an average of only $168 per concert. Representatives of the Philharmonic wished to attract the German-born, American-trained conductor Theodore Thomas, whose own Theodore Thomas Orchestra had competed directly with the Philharmonic for over a decade and which had brought him fame and great success. At first the Philharmonic's suggestion offended Thomas because he was unwilling to disband his own orchestra.

Because of the desperate financial circumstances, the Philharmonic offered Theodore Thomas the conductorship without conditions, he began conducting the orchestra in the autumn of 1877. With the exception of the 1878/79 season – when he was in Cincinnati and Adolph Neuendorff led the group – Thomas conducted every season for fourteen years, vastly improving the orchestra's financial health while creating a polished and virtuosic ensemble, he left in 1891 to found taking thirteen Philharmonic musicians with him. Another celebrated conductor, Anton Seidl, followed Thomas on the Philharmonic podium, serving until 1898. Seidl, who had served as Wagner's assistant, was a renowned conductor of the composer's works. During his tenure, the Philharmonic enjoyed a period of unprecedented success and prosperity and performed its first world premiere written by a world-renowned composer in the United States – Antonín Dvořák's Ninth Symphony "From the New World". Seidl's sudden death in 1898 from food poisoning at the age of 47 was mourned.

Twelve thousand people applied for tickets to his funeral at the Metropolitan Opera House at 39th Street and Broadway and the streets were jammed for blocks with a "surging mass" of his admirers. According to Joseph Horowitz, Seidl

Beautiful (David Tao album)

Beautiful is Taiwanese Mandopop singer-songwriter David Tao's fifth Mandarin studio album. It was released on 4 August 2006 by EMI Music Taiwan; the album features "今天妳要嫁給我", with Jolin Tsai. It was awarded Best Song of the Year at the 18th Golden Melody Awards in 2007, Best Loved by Audience and one of the Top 10 Songs of the Year at the 2007 HITO Radio Music Awards, presented by Taiwanese radio station Hit FM; the track, "似曾相識" won Best Composer award for Tao at the 2007 HITO Radio Music Awards. The tracks "忘不了" and "太美麗" were nominated for Top 10 Gold Songs at the Hong Kong TVB8 Awards, presented by television station TVB8, in 2006; the album was awarded one of the Top 10 Selling Mandarin Albums of the Year at the 2006 IFPI Hong Kong Album Sales Awards, presented by the Hong Kong branch of IFPI. "太美麗廣播電台" "忘不了" "太美麗" "追" "那一瞬間" "Walk On" "自導自演的悲劇" "祝妳幸福" "似曾相識" "今天妳要嫁給我" - feat. Jolin Tsai "每一面都美" "不愛" "Olia" David Tao@Gold Typhoon EMI Music Taiwan

Trapped in the Closet (South Park)

"Trapped in the Closet" is the twelfth episode in the ninth season of the American animated television series South Park. The 137th episode of the series overall, it aired on Comedy Central in the United States on November 16, 2005. In the episode, Stan joins Scientology in an attempt to find something "fun and free". After the discovery of his high "thetan levels", he is recognized as the reincarnation of L. Ron Hubbard, the founder of the church; the episode was directed by series co-creator Trey Parker. The title is a reference to the R. Kelly serialized song of the same name and a satirized version of R. Kelly appears in the episode. "Trapped in the Closet" generated significant controversy. Tom Cruise, portrayed in the episode threatened to back out of his promotional obligations for the Paramount Pictures film Mission: Impossible III if Viacom, the owner of both Comedy Central and Paramount, allowed a repeat airing of the episode. A publicist of Cruise denied this. He's been promoting Mission: Impossible III for the last six months.

We have no clue where this came from." Though the episode was scheduled for rebroadcast on March 15, 2006, the episode "Chef's Chocolate Salty Balls" was shown instead. Comedy Central representatives stated this change was made as a tribute to Isaac Hayes, but South Park creators Trey Parker and Matt Stone thought otherwise. Hayes, the voice of staple character Chef, asked to be released from his contract shortly before the start of the tenth season; the reason for his departure, as reported by Stone, was due to his membership in Scientology and this episode, which Hayes—despite supporting the show's satirical take on several talk shows—claimed was offensive. The episode has since been rebroadcast on Comedy Central multiple times. "Trapped in the Closet" was nominated for an Emmy Award in July 2006, in the Primetime Emmy Award for Outstanding Animated Program category. The episode was featured among Comedy Central's list of "10 South Parks That Changed The World", spoofed by Conan O'Brien in the opening segment of the 58th Primetime Emmy Awards, mentioned in the Scientology critique film The Bridge.

TV Guide ranked the episode #17 on its list of "TV's Top 100 Episodes of All Time". Stan takes a free "personality test" offered by Scientologists on the street. After answering a long questionnaire, Stan is informed that he is depressed and therefore a perfect candidate for Scientology, they offer to help him out for $240. Back home, Stan asks his parents for the money, his father suggests. Stan pays the Scientologists and is taken into an auditing room where an attendant reads his "thetan levels" using an "E-meter". Stan has such a high reading. There, the president of Scientology determines that Stan's high reading makes him a reincarnation of L. Ron Hubbard, Scientology's founder and prophet; that night, a group of Scientologists, including John Travolta, gather outside the Marsh house to celebrate Hubbard's "second coming". The president of Scientology arrives in talks with Stan's parents, they are opposed to Stan's participation, but the president informs them that "we're not asking him to join us.

Randy sends Stan to his room. Cruise asks him; when "Hubbard" replies that his acting is okay but not as good as others' such as Leonardo DiCaprio or the Napoleon Dynamite guy, Tom hears that he is "a failure in the eyes of the prophet" and locks himself in Stan's closet. He refuses to come out, despite the protests of Randy, Nicole Kidman, the police, Travolta and R. Kelly to "come out of the closet". Travolta and Kelly join Cruise in the closet. Downstairs, the church president tries to convince Stan's parents to allow their son to participate, he tells to Stan the great secret behind the church—a condensed version of the story of Xenu, according to the Scientology Operating Thetan III document. During this, an onscreen caption reads "This is what Scientologists believe", he begs Stan to continue writing where "L. Ron" left off. Stan is impressed by the story and shows his writings to the president who approves of the work. Stan suggests that "to be a church, you can't charge money to help", to which the president admits to Stan that the church is in reality a global money-making scam.

He asks. Stan keeps writing. Outside the house, the president introduces Stan to his followers, where he will read parts of his new doctrine. However, instead of presenting it to them, Stan states that he is not the reincarnation of L. Ron Hubbard, that "Scientology is just a big fat global scam"; the Scientologists and celebrities in the closet threaten to sue Stan. Stan dares them to sue, the episode ends; the closing credits name only "John Smith" and "Jane Smith", a reference to Tom Cruise and the Church of Scientology's reputation for litigiousness. South Park had parodied Scientology in a spoof at the 2000 MTV Movie Awards; the MTV short was titled "The Gauntlet" and included "John Travolta and the Church of Scientology" arriving in a spaceship to defeat Russell Crowe and attempt to recruit the boys into Scientology. Travolta, along with his fellow Scientologists, was depicted as a Psychlo, as he appeared in the film Battlefield Earth, they had made fun of Scientology in an earlier episode, titled "Super

William Bullock (collector)

William Bullock was an English traveller and antiquarian. Bullock began as a jeweller in Birmingham. By 1795 Bullock was in Liverpool, where he founded a Museum of Natural Curiosities at 24 Lord Street. While still trading as a jeweller and goldsmith, in 1801 he published a descriptive catalogue of the works of art, objects of natural history, other curiosities in the collection, some of, brought back by members of James Cook's expeditions. In 1809, Bullock moved to London and the collection, housed first at 22 Piccadilly and in 1812 in the newly built Piccadilly Egyptian Hall, proved popular; the collection, which included over 32,000 items, was disposed of by auction in 1819. In 1810, Bullock figured in a law case concerning Sarah Baartman, a Khoikhoi woman brought to England for purposes of exhibition as the "Hottentot Venus". Bullock had been approached by Alexander Dunlop, the army surgeon responsible for Baartman's arrival in England, but had declined to be involved in the proposed show.

In 1822 Bullock went to Mexico. He brought back many specimens which formed a new exhibition in the Egyptian Hall. A second visit to Mexico, to the United States, took place in 1827. Bullock bought land on the bank of the Ohio River from Thomas D. Carneal where he proposed to build a utopian community named Hygeia laid out by John Buonarotti Papworth; the speculation was not a success. Bullock died there at 14 Harley Terrace, Chelsea, he was buried at St Mary's Church, Chelsea, on 16 March 1849. Bullock was a fellow of the Linnean, Geological and other learned societies, published several pamphlets on natural history. A Companion to the Liverpool Museum, containing a brief description of... natural & foreign curiosities, antiquities & productions of the fine arts, open for public inspection... at the house of William Bullock, Church Street. Liverpool: T. Schofield, printer, ca. 1801. Numerous editions. A concise and easy method of preserving objects of natural history: intended for the use of sportsmen and others.

London: printed for the proprietor, 1818. 2. Ed. Six months' residence and travels in Mexico. London: John Murray, 1824. Sechs Monate in Mexiko oder Bemerkungen über den gegenwärtigen Zustand Neu-Spaniens von W. Bullock. Aus dem Engl. übers. von Friedrich Schott. Dresden: Hilscher, 1825. Le Mexique en 1823, ou Relation d'un voyage dans la Nouvelle-Espagne, contenant des notions exactes et peu connues sur la situation physique, morale et politique de ce pays. Paris: Alexis-Eymery, 1824. A description of the unique exhibition, called Ancient Mexico: collected on the spot in 1823... for public inspection at the Egyptian Hall, Piccadilly. London: Printed for the proprietors, 1824. Catalogue of the exhibition, called Modern Mexico: containing a panoramic view of the city, with specimens of the natural history of New Spain... at the Egyptian Hall, Piccadilly. London: Printed for the proprietor, 1824 A descriptive catalogue of the exhibition, entitled Ancient and Modern Mexico: containing a panoramic view of the present city, specimens of the natural history of New Spain... at the Egyptian Hall, Piccadilly.

London: Printed for the proprietors, 1825. Sketch of a journey through the Western States of North America: from New Orleans, by the Mississippi, city of Cincinnati and falls of Niagara, to New York, in 1827. London: Miller, 1827 Macdonell, Alice. "Bullock, William". In Stephen, Leslie. Dictionary of National Biography. 7. London: Smith, Elder & Co. Baigent, Elizabeth. "Bullock, William". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography. Oxford University Press. Robert D. Aguirre: Informal Empire: Mexico and Central America in Victorian Culture. Minneapolis and London: University of Minnesota Press, 2005. William Bullock: Sketch of a Journey through the Western States of North America, 1827. Michael P. Costeloe: William Bullock and the Mexican Connection. In: Mexican Studies/Estudios Mexicanos, Summer 2006, Vol. 22, No. 2, Pages 275–309. Online-Version Papavero, N. & Ibanez-Bernal, S. 2001 Contributions to a history of Mexican Dipterology. Part I. Entomologists and their works before the Biologia Centrali-Americana.

Acta Zoologica Mexicana Nueva Serie 84: 65–173. F. D. Steinheimer The whereabouts of pre-nineteenth century bird specimens Zool. Med. Leiden 79-3, 30-ix-2005, 45-67.— ISSN 0024-0672.pdf BHL A companion to Mr. Bullock's London Museum and Pantherion: containing a brief description of upwards of fifteen thousand natural and foreign curiosities and productions of the fine arts, collected during seventeen years of arduous research.....(Bullock, Howitt and Wells, John West First Printed for the proprietor,1812. 12th Edition pdf BHL Catalogue of the exhibition, called modern Mexico: containing a panoramic view of the city, with specimens of the natural history of New Spain, models of the vegetable produce, costume, &c. &c.: now open for public inspection at the Egyptian Hall, Piccadilly London:Printed for the proprietor,1824

Kinsey (TV series)

Kinsey was a television programme lasting two series, made in 1990/91 and broadcast on BBC 1 in 1991 and 1992. It starred Serena Gordon as Tricia Mabbott, Marian McLoughlin as Judy Kinsey and Leigh Lawson as Neil Kinsey; the programme was produced at the BBC Pebble Mill Studios. A Midlands lawyer Neil Kinsey, known for being a maverick, takes on a new partner, Tricia Mabbott, who has left a larger firm. Kinsey brings an unconventional approach to dealing with his clients' cases, but has to contend with his estranged wife Judy, his rivals, the potential of romance with Tricia. All twelve episodes were written by Peter Gibbs. Neil Kinsey - Leigh Lawson Tricia Mabbott - Serena Gordon Max Barker - David Savile Gerry Hollis - Eamon Boland Val - Meera Syal Keith Schofield - Gavin Richards Judy Kinsey - Marian McLoughlin Danny - Mark Williams Kinsey on IMDb Kinsey at

The Complete John Peel Sessions (Gary Numan album)

The Complete John Peel Sessions is a CD collection of the radio sessions recorded by English musician Gary Numan for the Radio One DJ John Peel. It was released in 2007 on the newly formed Maida Vale Records and received favourable reviews, it marked the first time the Pure session had been made commercially available. The eight page booklet contains an extensive July 2006 essay by Joel McIver "Me! I Disconnect From You" – 3:10 "Down in the Park" – 4:20 "I Nearly Married a Human" – 6:39 "Cars" – 3:17 "Airlane" – 3:26 "Films" – 2:52 "Conversation" – 6:52 "Rip" – 5:04 "Metal" – 4:02 "Pure" – 5:09 "My Jesus" – 5:44 "Cars" – 4:11 "Listen to My Voice" – 5:18 "I Can't Breathe" – 5:45 "Down in the Park" – 5:15 "A Prayer for the Unborn" – 6:00 Tracks 1–3 recorded 10 January 1979 and transmitted 16 January 1979. Tracks 4–7 recorded 29 May 1979 and transmitted 25 June 1979. Tracks 8–16 recorded and transmitted 7 February 2001. Gary Numan – Vocals, Guitar Paul GardinerBass Jess LidyardDrums Gary Numan – Vocals Chris PayneKeyboards Billy Currie – Keyboards Paul Gardiner – Bass Cedric Sharpley – Drums Gary Numan – Vocals Steve Harris – Guitar Richard Beasley – Drums David Brooks – Bass and Keyboards Ade Orange – Keyboards