New York State Route 304 is a north–south state highway located in central Rockland County, New York, in the United States. The 10.38-mile route begins at the New Jersey–New York border in Pearl River and ends at an intersection with U. S. Route 9W in the town of Haverstraw; the route is a main route through Rockland County, intersecting NY 59 and indirectly connecting to the New York State Thruway and the Palisades Interstate Parkway in Nanuet. NY 304 has three distinct sections: a freeway that extends from Pearl River to Nanuet, an at-grade section between Nanuet and New City, a surface bypass linking New City to Haverstraw. NY 304 was assigned in 1930 following a series of at-grade roads that loosely parallel its modern alignment between Pearl River and Haverstraw. Concerns over the route's ability to handle a projected 40,000 vehicles per day in 1980 led to the construction of new highways south of Nanuet and north of New City in the mid-1960s. Most of NY 304's old alignment through these areas is now maintained by Rockland County as part of several county routes.
NY 304 begins at the New Jersey–New York border in Pearl River. South of the border is Montvale in Bergen County, in which NY 304 continues as County Route 503. NY 304 becomes a four-lane road intersecting CR 33 and CR 30 in Pearl River. CR 33 provides a link to the downtown business district of Pearl River via Central Avenue. After its intersection with CR 30, NY 304 becomes a limited-access highway; this highway runs for about 1.5 miles, with interchanges with Crooked Hill Road and CR 33 in Pearl River and NY 59 in Nanuet. The latter exit indirectly connects NY 304 with the New York State Thruway. At its intersection with former NY 59A, NY 304 reverts to being a full access road. Just north of West Nyack Road, NY 304 passes over the Thruway and the PIP, here less than 0.25 miles apart. NY 304 does not connect to either of the highways; the route continues north, entering the hamlet of New City as the highway intersects CR 27. NY 304 provides a link to the downtown business district of New City at its intersection with Main Street one block to the north.
North of this location, NY 304 gains a 55-mile-per-hour speed limit as it passes through several at-grade intersections. The road stays a 55-mile-per-hour road. After crossing CR 23 in north New City, NY 304 makes its final push toward its northern terminus at an intersection with US 9W just inside the Haverstraw town line; the intersection between NY 304 and US 9W is less than one mile north of the intersection of NY 303 and US 9W, which serves as NY 303's northern terminus. NY 304 was assigned as part of the 1930 renumbering of state highways in New York; the route was an at-grade highway for its entire length, following what is now East Washington Avenue, Middletown Road from Pearl River, Main Street to West Nyack Road in Nanuet. Here, NY 304 turned east. Farther north, NY 304 utilized North Main Street in New City and Haverstraw and South Mountain roads from New City to US 9W in Haverstraw. NY 304 was realigned in the early 1940s to follow East Central Avenue in Pearl River and the overlap with NY 59 was eliminated in the mid-1950s when NY 59 was moved onto a new highway paralleling West Nyack Road to the south.
Street traffic forecasters for the Rockland County Planning Department predicted in 1960 that the section of the road between Pearl River and Nanuet would serve 30–40,000 vehicles per day in 1980. Since the road would not be able to sustain that amount, a new bypass between the two locations was opened in the mid-1960s as a realignment of NY 304; the bypass, which extended from Central Avenue in Pearl River to West Nyack Road in Nanuet, handles about 23,000 cars per day as of 2008. The Pearl River–Nanuet bypass was part of a larger plan to build a freeway extending from Pearl River to Haverstraw at Hook Mountain State Park. Although the plans for a Nanuet–Haverstraw freeway were scrapped, NY 304 was moved onto a new at-grade highway between the two locations in the mid-1960s; the new alignment utilized the pre-existing Long Clove Road near the northern tip of DeForest Lake and a newly built road bypassing New City to the east and running northeasterly to the junction of Ridge and Long Clove roads.
The northernmost part of NY 304 was realigned in the 1980s to follow a new highway paralleling Long Clove Road to the south. The entire route is in Rockland County. All exits are unnumbered. U. S. roads portal New York State Route 304 at New York Routes
HMAS Ipswich, named for the city of Ipswich, was one of 60 Bathurst-class corvettes built during World War II and one of 20 built on Admiralty order but manned by personnel of and commissioned into the Royal Australian Navy. Ipswich was operated by the Royal Netherlands Navy as HNLMS Morotai, by the Indonesian Navy as KRI Hang Tuah. In Indonesian service in 1958 the ship was attacked by a CIA aircraft and sunk with considerable loss of life. In 1938, the Australian Commonwealth Naval Board identified the need for a general purpose'local defence vessel' capable of both anti-submarine and mine-warfare duties, while easy to construct and operate; the vessel was envisaged as having a displacement of 500 tons, a speed of at least 10 knots, a range of 2,000 nautical miles The opportunity to build a prototype in the place of a cancelled Bar-class boom defence vessel saw the proposed design increased to a 680-ton vessel, with a 15.5 knots top speed, a range of 2,850 nautical miles, armed with a 4-inch gun, equipped with asdic, able to fitted with either depth charges or minesweeping equipment depending on the planned operations: although closer in size to a sloop than a local defence vessel, the resulting increased capabilities were accepted due to advantages over British-designed mine warfare and anti-submarine vessels.
Construction of the prototype HMAS Kangaroo did not go ahead. The need for locally built'all-rounder' vessels at the start of World War II saw the "Australian Minesweepers" approved in September 1939, with 60 constructed during the course of the war: 36 ordered by the RAN, 20 ordered by the British Admiralty but manned and commissioned as RAN vessels, 4 for the Royal Indian Navy. Ipswich was laid down by Evans Deakin & Co at Brisbane in Queensland on 6 March 1941, she was launched on 11 August 1941 by Evelyn Foll, wife of the Minister for the Interior Harry Foll, commissioned on 13 June 1942. Ipswich was employed from commissioning until 3 November 1942 as a convoy escort in Australian waters. From 3 November 1942 until 21 January 1945, Ipswich was assigned to the British Eastern Fleet serving in the Indian Ocean and Persian Gulf, but spending May to October 1943 in the Mediterranean. During this time, Ipswich was credited with shooting down a twin-engined bomber near Syracuse on 25 July 1943, on 11 February 1944 worked with HMAS Launceston and HMIS Jumna to sink Japanese submarine Ro-110.
Upon leaving the British Eastern Fleet, Ipswich returned to Australia, where she was assigned to the British Pacific Fleet. Ipswich was present in Tokyo Bay on Victory over Japan Day, when the Japanese Instrument of Surrender was signed. Ipswich earned five battle honours for her wartime service: "Pacific 1942", "Indian Ocean 1942–45", "Sicily 1943", "East Indies 1944", "Okinawa 1945". Ipswich paid off from RAN service on 5 July 1946 and was transferred to the Royal Netherlands Navy and renamed HNLMS Morotai. Morotai was renamed KRI Hang Tuah. On 28 April 1958 a Douglas B-26 Invader aircraft, painted black and showing no markings and sank her off Balikpapan in southern Borneo. 18 crew were killed and another 28 were wounded. The B-26's co-pilot was Colonel Muharto of the Permesta rebel movement's AUREV insurgent air force but the aircraft, its ammunition and pilot were supplied by the CIA as part of an insurgency to destabilise President Sukarno's government; the pilot was William H. Beale, a former United States Army Air Forces lieutenant colonel employed by a Taiwan-based CIA front organisation, Civil Air Transport.
BooksConboy, Kenneth. Feet to the Fire CIA Covert Operations in Indonesia, 1957–1958. Annapolis: Naval Institute Press. ISBN 1-55750-193-9. Donohue, Hector. From Empire Defence to the Long Haul: post-war defence policy and its impact on naval force structure planning 1945–1955. Papers in Australian Maritime Affairs. No. 1. Canberra: Sea Power Centre. ISBN 0-642-25907-0. ISSN 1327-5658. OCLC 36817771. Stevens, David. A Critical Vulnerability: the impact of the submarine threat on Australia's maritime defense 1915–1954. Papers in Australian Maritime Affairs. No. 15. Canberra: Sea Power Centre Australia. ISBN 0-642-29625-1. ISSN 1327-5658. OCLC 62548623. Stevens, David. Stevens, David; the Royal Australian Navy. The Australian Centenary History of Defence. South Melbourne, VIC: Oxford University Press. ISBN 0-19-554116-2. OCLC 50418095. Journal and news articlesStevens, David. "The Australian Corvettes". Hindsight. Sea Power Centre – Australia. 2010. Archived from the original on 20 March 2011. Retrieved 13 August 2010
The Buffy the Vampire Slayer Roleplaying Game is a role-playing game published by Eden Studios, Inc. in 2002. Joss Whedon was approached by Eden Studios to create a surname for Faith to use in the Buffy the Vampire Slayer role-playing game, Whedon chose "Lehane" for Faith, because he wanted something "southie". There are six commercially available titles in the Buffy the Vampire Slayer Role-playing Game product line. In order of release, these are: The first book in the series and arguably the most essential, the Core Rulebook provides an introduction to the setting and rules; the book is broken down into discrete sections which describe the mechanics and style of the game in a clear and concise manner, so as to appeal to both new gamers and experienced gamers, as well as fans of the show. The text is informal and tongue-in-cheek, in keeping with the general feel of the series itself; the book includes a series appendices, which describe the unique dialogue and slang used on the show, lay out the differences between the Classic and Cinematic Unisystem rules, provide charts and summaries of the more important concepts, offer a full glossary and index.
The Core Rulebook was released alongside a Limited Edition which featured a cream-colored leatherette color, red foil Buffy logo, red cloth bookmark. Only 1000 copies of this edition were produced. In 2005, Eden Studios released the Revised Core Rulebook which incorporates existing errata into the book, updates some rules to bring the Buffy RPG more in line with the Angel game, expands upon the material provided in the original Core Rulebook, providing updated characters and adversaries for the sixth and seventh seasons of the series; the first supplement for the BtVSRPG, the Slayer's Handbook features - as the title would imply - an expanded look at the possible backgrounds and major life events unique to Slayers, includes such additions as the Slayer-in-Training Quality, which represents Slayers such as Kendra Young who were able to receive training before their calling. However, it goes on to provide a number of new Qualities, weapons and more. Aside from the new perspective on Slayers, the book may be most famous among fans for its expansion into alternate settings, offering a number of suggestions on setting a game in different time periods and parallel realities.
Three complete settings exploring these themes are provided within the book. The Slayer's Handbook includes "The Chosen Two," an adventure which can be used to continue the Djinn Season; the Slayer's Handbook was published alongside a Limited Edition, which featured a blue leatherette cover, red foil "Slayer" graphic, red cloth bookmark. The name Slayer's Handbook is a double reference. In the Buffyverse, the watchers have a book for slayers referred to as the Slayer's Handbook, it is an homage to Player's Handbook, the core book of Dungeons & Dragons, one of the first role playing games. The BtVS equivalent of a Monster Manual, this supplement explores vampires and other adversaries in greater depth, providing an expanded and updated collection of villains and elaborating upon a number of supernatural abilities, it introduces a few more supernatural creatures as possible player characters - notably the Troll, as defined within the Buffyverse. Like the previous books in this line, Monster Smackdown includes a Djinn Season episode, "The Once and Future HST," which plays with events from the series as well as mythological elements.
Like the Core Rulebook and Slayer's Handbook, Monster Smackdown was published alongside a Limited Edition which featured a black leatherette cover, red foil "Evil" graphic, red cloth bookmark. While the main component of this accessory is a four-panel cardstock screen, designed to shield notes and other sensitive information from the eyes of players while providing quick reference charts to the Director, the Director's Screen comes shrinkwrapped with a 56-page booklet offering a number of Directing tips as well as three pregenerated adventures for the Djinn Season; as implied by the title, this supplement offers an expanded ruleset for magic spells and spellcasters. This supplement includes an adventure, "Orphan Trouble," which does not connect to the Djinn Season, but can be modified to fit within that story arc. Released as a softcover, The Magic Box did not receive the Limited Edition treatment. Designed as an expanded version of the character sheet provided for the game, the Character Journal is a 16-page booklet providing a great deal of space for a single character's statistics, experience gains and expenditures, notable achievements.
It is the only BtVSRPG product. Solicited for 2003, this supplement was never released. Eden Studios lost the Buffy franchise in October 2006, with the franchise went this supplement. Welcome to Sunnydale was supposed to include historical and geographical information regarding the setting of the series, expanded descriptions of recurring characters, suggestions on setting series in Sunnydale at various points in the town's history
John of Salisbury, who described himself as Johannes Parvus, was an English author, educationalist and bishop of Chartres, was born at Salisbury, England. He was of Anglo-Saxon, not of Norman extraction, therefore a clerk from a modest background, whose career depended upon his education. Beyond that, that he applied to himself the cognomen of Parvus, "short", or "small", few details are known regarding his early life. From his own statements it is gathered that he crossed to France about 1136, began regular studies in Paris under Peter Abelard, who had for a brief period re-opened his famous school there on Montagne Sainte-Geneviève, his vivid accounts of teachers and students provide some of the most valuable insights into the early days of the University of Paris. When Abelard withdrew from Paris John studied under Master Alberic and Robert of Melun. In 1137 John went to Chartres, where he studied grammar under William of Conches, rhetoric and the classics under Richard l'Evêque, a disciple of Bernard of Chartres.
Bernard's teaching was distinguished by its pronounced Platonic tendency, by the stress laid upon literary study of the greater Latin writers. The influence of the latter feature is noticeable in all John of Salisbury's works. Around 1140 John returned to Paris to study theology under Gilbert de la Porrée under Robert Pullus and Simon of Poissy, supporting himself as a tutor to young noblemen. In 1148 he resided at the Abbey of Moutiers-la-Celle in the diocese of Troyes, with his friend Peter of Celle, he was present at the Council of Reims in 1148, presided over by Pope Eugene III. It is conjectured that while there, he was introduced by St. Bernard of Clairvaux to Theobald, whose secretary he became. John of Salisbury was secretary to Archbishop Theobald for seven years. While at Canterbury he became acquainted with Thomas Becket, one of the significant potent influences in John's life. During this period he went on many missions to the Papal See; the following year John visited him. He was at the court of Rome at least twice afterward.
During this time he composed his greatest works, published certainly in 1159, the Policraticus, sive de nugis curialium et de vestigiis philosophorum and the Metalogicon, writings invaluable as storehouses of information regarding the matter and form of scholastic education, remarkable for their cultivated style and humanist tendency. The Policraticus sheds light on the decadence of the 12th-century court manners and the lax ethics of royalty; the idea of contemporaries standing on the shoulders of giants of Antiquity first appears in written form in the Metalogicon. After the death of Theobald in 1161, John continued as secretary to his successor, Thomas Becket, took an active part in the long disputes between that primate and his sovereign, Henry II, who looked upon John as a papal agent, his letters throw light on the constitutional struggle agitating England. In 1163, John fell into disfavor with the king for reasons that remain obscure, withdrew to France; the next six years he spent with his friend Peter of La Celle, now Abbot of St. Remigius at Reims.
Here he wrote "Historia Pontificalis". In 1170 he led the delegation charged with preparing for Becket's return to England, was in Canterbury at the time of Becket's assassination. In 1174 John became treasurer of Exeter cathedral. In 1176 he was made bishop of Chartres. In 1179 he took an active part in the Third Council of the Lateran, he died at or near Chartres on October 25, 1180. John's writings are excellent at clarifying the literary and scientific position of 12th century Western Europe. Though he was well versed in the new logic and dialectical rhetoric of the university, John's views imply a cultivated intelligence well versed in practical affairs, opposing to the extremes of both nominalism and realism a practical common sense, his doctrine is a kind of utilitarianism, with a strong leaning on the speculative side to the modified literary scepticism of Cicero, for whom he had unbounded admiration and on whose style he based his own. His view that the end of education was moral, rather than intellectual, became one of the prime educational doctrines of western civilization, but his influence is to be found, not in his immediate contemporaries but in the world-view of Renaissance humanism.
Of Greek writers he appears to have known nothing at first hand, little in translations. He was one of the best Latinists of his age; the Timaeus of Plato in the Latin version of Chalcidius was known to him as to his contemporaries and predecessors, he had access to translations of the Phaedo and Meno. Of Aristotle he possessed the whole of the Organon in Latin, he first coined the term theatrum mundi, a notion that influences the theater several centuries later. In several chapters of the third book of his Policraticus, he meditates on the fact that "the life of man on earth is a comedy, where each forgetting his own plays another's role". John was portrayed by actor Alex G. Hunter in the 1923 silent film Becket, based on a play by Alfred Lord Tennyson. Bollermann, Karen. "John of Salisbury". In Zalta, Edward N.. Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy
Vitaly Aleksandrovich Petrov is a Russian racing driver who drove in Formula One for Renault F1 Team in 2010, Lotus Renault GP in 2011 and Caterham F1 Team in 2012. Born in Vyborg, he is known as the "Vyborg Rocket" in Russia, he was the first Russian to compete in the Formula One World Championship. Unlike most top drivers, Petrov did not begin his career in karting, as there was little motorsport where he lived, he began competing in motorsport in 1998. Afterwards he began competing in the Russian Lada Cup in 2001, he remained in the series for 2002 dominating the championship, winning each round to amass the maximum points total of 500. In 2003, Petrov began racing in the Formula Renault championships, his main campaign was in the Italian Formula Renault Championship for Euronova Racing, finishing 19th overall. During the year he competed in several rounds of the Eurocup Formula Renault 2.0, the Formula Renault 2.0 UK series, finished fourth in the British Formula Renault Winter Series at the end of the year, taking one win.
He made his debut in Euro Formula 3000 at Cagliari. In 2004, Petrov turned his attention to the inaugural season of the Russian Lada Revolution championship, he finished as runner-up. He made selected appearances in Formula Renault and Euro F3000. Petrov remained in Russia for 2005, winning the Lada Revolution Championship with ten wins and the Russian Formula 1600 series with five wins. In 2006, Petrov raced in Euroseries 3000 with Euronova Racing, he finished third in the standings, scoring nine podiums in eighteen races including four wins at Hungaroring, Mugello Circuit, Silverstone Circuit and Circuit de Catalunya. He participated in the Brno round of the 2006 F3000 International Masters season, where he took a pole position. During the 2006 season Petrov made his debut in the GP2 Series for David Price Racing, he replaced French driver Olivier Pla, who lost his sponsorship from Direxiv in the team from the German round onwards. In 2007 he moved to Campos Grand Prix, he scored five point-scoring positions from 21 races and took his first victory at Valencia on his way to finishing 13th in the standings.
He competed in several Le Mans Series races throughout the year, including the 24 Hours of Le Mans in a Courage Compétition LMP-2 car. The car completed 198 laps before being classified in 38th. Petrov finished in third position with one win at Sepang International Circuit in the 2008 GP2 Asia Series season for Campos, behind champion Romain Grosjean and Sébastien Buemi. In the main series Petrov remained with the Campos team, he finished seventh in final standings. He finished fifth, with a win in the Sepang sprint race, in the 2008–09 GP2 Asia Series season for Campos, he stayed with the team for 2009, now rebranded as Barwa Addax, finished as runner-up to the dominant Nico Hülkenberg in the championship, winning twice at Istanbul Park and Valencia Street Circuit. Petrov was linked to joining Renault F1 and Campos for the 2010 season, he was announced as a Renault driver on 31 January and thus he has become the first Russian driver in the Formula One World Championship. He was signed with an option for a further two.
He was close to signing for Campos but he felt Renault was the best option for him. He mentioned that he had no major sponsors from Russia backing him just his dad and some of his friends. Petrov stated, his teammate for his debut season was Robert Kubica, who like Petrov – who stands at 185 cm tall – is one of the tallest drivers on the grid. After qualifying seventeenth, Petrov's first race ended prematurely when the team found his right-front suspension strut to be damaged, which the Russian suspected to have been caused by hitting a kerb too hard, he had been chasing Rubens Barrichello for tenth place and a World Championship point at the time of the incident. He finished his first race at the Chinese Grand Prix, in doing so, scored his first F1 points, as he finished in seventh position; this race was noted for his overtakes of Michael Schumacher and Mark Webber under heavy rain. After qualifying for the Turkish Grand Prix he started ninth, but after a collision with Fernando Alonso in the closing laps, he suffered a puncture and was forced to make a pitstop.
On returning to the track he set the fastest lap of the race. In Hungary, Petrov qualified seventh, ahead of much respected teammate Robert Kubica, he finished in 5th place, his highest finish to date, while in Belgium, Petrov started in 23rd place, after failing to set a time in qualifying because of a first-session crash. He made up 14 places in changeable conditions to finish 9th, resulting in his third consecutive points finish. Petrov retired on the first lap of the Japanese Grand Prix after colliding with Nico Hülkenberg, crashed out of seventh place in the Korean Grand Prix, he qualified tenth for the final round of the season in Abu Dhabi, ahead of Kubica who qualified eleventh. In the race, Petrov pitted under an early safety car period which moved him up the order when drivers ahead of him pitted. Fernando Alonso and Mark Webber both came out behind him and Petrov remained ahead of them until the end of the race, which stopped the title contenders' progress and enabled Sebastian Vettel to win the title.
Let's Get Gold is a British sports entertainment television series. It aired on ITV, it was announced on 11 June 2012, that Rio Ferdinand, Freddie Flintoff, Una Healy and Martine McCutcheon were to judge the show. Over three shows, Let's Get Gold puts fifteen sporting teams against each other as they attempt to transform their sport into the most spectacular and entertaining routine. With a prize fund of £100,000 and judged by Rio, Una and Freddie. On 21 June 2012, host Vernon Kay spoke to Holly on This Morning about the show. On 5 July 2012, judge Martine McCutcheon spoke to Lorraine Kelly on her breakfast show Lorraine; the judging panel is split and vote at the end of each performance, awarding either a bronze, silver or gold. At the end of all the performances, the audience vote to send one team through to the final. No public vote takes place. Let's Get Gold on IMDb. Let's Get Gold at UKGameshows.com. Let's Get Gold on Twitter