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New York Yankees

The New York Yankees are an American professional baseball team based in the New York City borough of the Bronx. They compete in Major League Baseball as a member club of the American League East division, they are one of two major league clubs based in New York City, the other being the National League's New York Mets. The Yankees began play in the 1901 season as the Baltimore Orioles. In 1903, Frank Farrell and Bill Devery purchased the franchise after it ceased operations and moved it to New York City, renaming the club the New York Highlanders; the Highlanders were renamed the New York Yankees in 1913. The team is owned by Yankee Global Enterprises, an LLC, controlled by the family of the late George Steinbrenner, who purchased the team in 1973. Brian Cashman is the team's general manager, Aaron Boone is the team's field manager; the team's home games were played at the original Yankee Stadium from 1923 to 1973 and from 1976 to 2008. In 1974 and 1975, the Yankees shared Shea Stadium with the Mets, in addition to the New York Jets and the New York Giants.

In 2009, they moved into a new ballpark of the same name, constructed adjacent to the previous facility, closed and demolished. The team is perennially among the leaders in MLB attendance; the Yankees are arguably the most successful professional sports team in the United States. The team has won more titles than any other franchise in the four major North American sports leagues. Forty-four Yankees players and 11 Yankees managers have been inducted into the National Baseball Hall of Fame, including Babe Ruth, Lou Gehrig, Joe DiMaggio, Mickey Mantle, Yogi Berra, Whitey Ford. In pursuit of winning championships, the franchise has used a large payroll to attract talent during the Steinbrenner era. According to Forbes, the Yankees are the second-highest valued sports franchise in the United States and the second in the world, with an estimated value of $4.6 billion. The team has garnered enormous popularity and a dedicated fanbase, as well as widespread enmity from fans of other MLB teams; the team's rivalry with the Boston Red Sox is one of the most well-known rivalries in North American sports.

From 1903 to 2019, the Yankees' overall win-loss record is 10,378–7,840. In 1900, Ban Johnson, the president of a minor league known as the Western League, changed the Western League name to the American League and asked the National League to classify it as a major league. Johnson held that his league would operate in friendly terms with the National League, but the National league ridiculed the plan. Johnson declared official major league status for his league in 1901. Plans to add a team in New York City were blocked by the NL's New York Giants. A team was instead placed in Maryland, in 1901 named the Orioles. Between 1901 and 1903, many players and coaches on the Orioles roster jumped to the Giants. In January 1903, a "peace conference" was held between the two leagues to settle disputes and try to coexist. At the conference, Johnson requested that an AL team be put in New York, to play alongside the NL's Giants, it was put to a vote, 15 of the 16 major league owners agreed on it. The Orioles' new owners, Frank J. Farrell and William S. Devery moved the team to New York in 1903.

The team's new ballpark, Hilltop Park, was constructed in one of Upper Manhattan's highest points—between 165th and 168th Streets. The team was named the New York Highlanders. Fans believed the name was chosen because of the team's elevated location in Upper Manhattan, or as a nod to team president Joseph Gordon's Scottish-Irish heritage; the team was referred to as the New York Americans. The team was referred to as the "Invaders" in the Evening Journal. New York Press Sports Editor Jim Price coined the unofficial nickname Yankees for the club as early as 1904, because it was easier to fit in headlines; the Highlanders finished second in the AL in 1904, 1906, 1910. In 1904, they lost the deciding game to the Boston Americans, who became the Boston Red Sox; that year, Highlander pitcher Jack Chesbro set the single-season wins record at 41. At this time there was no formal World Series agreement wherein the AL and NL winners would play each other; the original Polo Grounds burned down in 1911 and the Highlanders shared Hilltop Park with the Giants during a two-month renovation period.

From 1913 to 1922, the Highlanders shared the Polo Grounds with the Giants. While playing at the Polo Grounds, the name "Highlanders" fell into disuse among the press. In 1913 the team became known as the New York Yankees. By the middle of the decade, Yankees owners Farrell and Devery had become estranged and in need of money. At the start of 1915, they sold the team to Colonel Jacob Ruppert, a brewer, Captain Tillinghast L'Hommedieu Huston, a contractor-engineer. In the years around 1920, the Yankees, the Red Sox, the Chicago White Sox had a détente; the trades between the three ball clubs antagonized Ban Johnson and garnered the teams the nickname "The Insurrectos". This détente paid off well for the Yankees. Most new players who contributed to the team's success came from the Red Sox, whose owner, Harry Frazee, was trading them for large sums of money to finance his theatrical productions. Pitcher-turned-outfielder Babe Ruth was the most talented of all the acquisitions from Boston, the outcome of that trade would haunt the Red S

Median aperture

The median aperture drains cerebrospinal fluid from the fourth ventricle into the cisterna magna. The two other openings of the fourth ventricle are the lateral apertures, one on the left and one on the right, which drain cerebrospinal fluid into the cerebellopontine angle cistern; the median foramen on axial images is posterior to the anterior to the caudal cerebellum. It is surrounded by the obex and gracile tubercles of the medulla, tela choroidea of the fourth ventricle and its choroid plexus, attached to the cerebellar vermis; the foramen of Magendie is named for François Magendie, who first described it

Ugo, Akita

Ugo is a town located in Akita Prefecture, Japan. As of 31 January 2020, the town had an estimated population of 14,639 in 5311 households, a population density of 65 persons per km².. The total area of the town is 230.75 square kilometres. Ugo is located in southern Akita Prefecture, on the Ogachi Plain, bordered by the Dewa Mountains to the west, the Ōu Mountains to the east. Akita Prefecture Yuzawa Yokote Yurihonjō Ugo is divided into seven distinct areas: Nishimonai is the cultural and economic hub of the town and is home to most of the residents. Nishimonai is home to the majority of restaurants, drinking establishments, some small parks; every August the town's most famous festival the Bon Odori is held on the streets of Nishimonai. Miwa is home to one or two small soba shops, it houses Miwa Suga Jinjya, the oldest and most important shrine in town. Motonishi Mostly a residential area, although there are some shops, some sights to see. Niinari is, much like all of Ugo, heavy with farms. However, it is the home of Arcadia park as well as the only onsen in Ugo.

Meiji, Sendō, Tashiro are all pretty much residential and farming areas, however there are some sights to see like secluded shrines and temples, agricultural co-ops, lots and lots of rice fields. Per Japanese census data, the population of Ugo has been in steady decline for the past 70 years. Ugo has a Humid continental climate with large seasonal temperature differences, with warm to hot summers and cold winters. Precipitation is heaviest from August to October. Ugo is noted for its heavy snows with accumulated snows exceeding two meters in most winters; the average annual temperature in Ugo is 9.4 °C. The average annual rainfall is 1800 mm with September as the wettest month; the temperatures are highest on average in August, at around 23.5 °C, lowest in January, at around -3.1 °C. The area of present-day Ugo was part of ancient Ugo Province, dominated by the Satake clan during the Edo period, who ruled Kubota Domain under the Tokugawa shogunate; the village of Nishimonai was established within Ogachi District with the establishment of the modern municipalities system on April 1, 1889.

It was raised to town status on July 6, 1897. The town of Ugo was established on April 1, 1955 by the merger of the town of Nishimonai with the surrounding villages of Miwa, Meiji Motonishimonai and Sendo, all from Ogachi District; the economy of Ugo is based on agriculture rice cultivation. Ugo is location of the OTC, it is a factory of luxury watches. OTC owned by Orient Watch Co. Ltd. Ugo has four public elementary schools and one public middle school operated by the town government, one public high school operated by the Akita Prefectural Board of Education. Elementary Schools Nishimonai Elementary School Miwa Elementary School Ugo Meisei Elementary School Takase Elementary School Junior High Schools Ugo Junior High School High Schools Akita Prefectural Ugo High School Ugo does not have any railway services. National Route 398 Miwa Suga Shrine: Oldest and most important Shinto shrine in Ugo; the main building of this shrine was built in the Muromachi era with several others having been added over the following 400 years.

Like most shrines in Ugo this shrine is surrounded by many cedar trees. Taiheisan Shrine: A 15-minute car ride and a 25-minute hike over a well worn mountain trail with many wooden stairs will bring you to the shrine at the top of Ugo's tiny Mt. Taihei; the shrine provides a sweeping view of southern Akita from Yuzawa all the way to Daisen. Recommended in fall. Nishimonai Ontake Shrine: Located next to the Nishimonai post office, this is Nishimonai's main shrine, it is located in the center of a stand of tall cedars. Nanamagari Pass: A windy mountain path that leads over the branch of the Dewa mountains that cuts across the western third of Ugo, it leads from Motonishi into Tashiro, is a popular challenge for cyclists. There are areas to stop and take in the natural environment as well as the local spring water known for extending life – chōmeisui. Suzuki House: The oldest house in Akita prefecture; the main part of the house was built in the first half of the 17th century and the gate house being finished by 1733.

Gorinzaka: A park complex Located in Nishimonai and Niinari. There is a small golf course with driving range, picnic areas, a pond, the Toshitoland spa and restaurant building. Ugo is well known in Akita for the annual Bon Dance in Nishimonai; the Nishimonai Bon Odori is held every year from August 16–18. It is a symbolic dance to show proper respect and gratefulness to one's deceased ancestors, it is ranked as one of the top 3 bon dances in Japan. It began as a harvest dance in Nishimonai in about 1280. In 1601 the lord of Nishimonai, Onodera Shigemichi, burned his castle after a defeat and the people danced among the ruins to remember their lord; these two dances were merged in the late 18th century to form the dance's last incarnation which continues to this day. It is the biggest festival of the year, drawing people from all over Tohoku, the country at large; the week before the festival all of the shops on the Bon Odori street open up and display traditional hanui patchwork kimono, ami