The New Zealand national rugby union team known as the All Blacks, represents New Zealand in men's international rugby union, considered to be the country's national sport. The team won the Rugby World Cup in 2011 and 2015, as well as the inaugural tournament in 1987. New Zealand has a 77 per cent winning record in test match rugby, is the only international men's side to have secured more wins than losses against every opponent. Since their international debut in 1903, they have played test matches against 19 nations, of which 12 have never won a game against the All Blacks; the team has played against three multinational all-star teams, losing only eight of 45 matches. Since the introduction of the World Rugby Rankings in 2003, New Zealand has held the number one ranking longer than all other teams combined, they jointly hold the record for the most consecutive test match wins for a tier one ranked nation, along with England. The All Blacks compete with Argentina and South Africa in The Rugby Championship, have won the trophy sixteen times in the competition's 23-year history.
The team has completed a Grand Slam tour, against the four nations of the United Kingdom, four times. New Zealand has been named the World Rugby Team of the Year ten times since the award was created in 2001, an All Black has won the World Rugby Player of the Year award ten times over the same period. Fifteen former All Blacks have been inducted into the International Rugby Hall of Fame; the team's first match was in 1884 in New South Wales, their first international test match was in 1903 against Australia in Sydney. The following year, they hosted their first-ever home test, a match against a British Isles side in Wellington; this was followed by a 34-game tour of Europe and North America in 1905, where New Zealand suffered only one defeat: their first test loss, against Wales. New Zealand's early uniforms consisted of a black jersey with a silver fern and white knickerbockers. By the 1905 tour, they were wearing all black, except for the silver fern, the name "All Blacks" dates from this time.
The team performs a haka before every match. Rugby union, known universally in New Zealand as just "rugby", was introduced to the nation by Charles Monro in 1870; the first recorded game in New Zealand took place in May 1870 in the city of Nelson, between the Nelson rugby club and Nelson College. The first provincial union, the Canterbury Rugby Football Union, was formed in 1879, New Zealand's first internationals were played in 1882 when the "Waratahs" from New South Wales toured the country; the Australian team played seven provincial sides. Two years the first New Zealand team to travel overseas toured New South Wales, winning all eight of their games. A organised British team, which became the British and Irish Lions, toured New Zealand in 1888; the visitors only played no test matches were played. Wales and Scotland were represented in the British team, but the players were drawn from Northern England. In 1892, following the canvassing of provincial administrators by Ernest Hoben, the New Zealand Rugby Football Union was formed by the majority of New Zealand's provincial unions, but did not include Canterbury, Otago or Southland.
The first sanctioned New Zealand side toured New South Wales in 1893, where the Thomas Ellison captained team won nine of their ten matches. The following year New Zealand played its first home "international" game, losing 6–8 to New South Wales; the team's first true test match occurred against Australia on 15 August 1903 at the Sydney Cricket Ground in front of over 30,000 spectators, resulted in a 22–3 victory. A representative New Zealand team first toured the British Isles in 1905; the side is now known as the "Originals", as the "All Blacks" name emerged during this tour when, according to team member Billy Wallace, a London newspaper reported that the New Zealanders played as if they were "all backs". Wallace claimed that because of a typographical error, subsequent references were to "All Blacks"; this account is most a myth – because of their black playing strip, the side was referred to as the Blacks before they left New Zealand. Though the name All Blacks most existed before the trip, the tour did popularise it.
The Originals played 35 matches on tour, their only loss was a 0–3 defeat to Wales in Cardiff. The match has entered into the folklore of both countries because of a controversy over whether All Black Bob Deans had scored a try that would have earned his team a 3–3 draw. In contrast to the success of the Originals on the field, the team did antagonise some in the Home Nations' rugby establishment; this complaint continued to dog New Zealand teams until the 1930s. The success of the Originals had uncomfortable consequences for the amateur NZRFU. In 1907, a party of professional players was assembled to tour the British Isles and play rugby league – a professional offshoot of rugby union, played by clubs that split from England's Rugby Football Union due to disagreements over financial compensation for players; when the "All Golds", as the team came to be known, returned they established rugby league in New Zealan
Fréderike Geerdink is a Dutch freelance journalist and author who specializes in reporting on Kurdish women and political issues in Turkey from Diyarbakir, where she was the lone foreign journalist based there between 2012–2015. She was twice arrested in Turkey and was deported on 9 September 2015. Fréderike Geerdink was born in 1970 in the town of Netherlands. Geerdink studied journalism from 1988 to 1992 at the Christelijke Hogeschool Windesheim. Geerdink has been a journalist for over 25 years and writes in Dutch and English, as well as Turkish. In the Netherlands, her work has appeared in De Pers, Algemeen Nederlands Persbureau, BNR Newsradio, Marie Claire, Viva, Volkskrant Magazine, De Groene Amsterdammer, Wordt Vervolgd; as a freelance journalist she submits articles to print newspapers and magazines and radio reports for Dutch, British, American media groups, such as Het Parool, The Independent, Al-Monitor, Global Post, the BBC News. A weekly article of Geerdink appears online at a Turkish independent news portal.
Geerdink is the author of the blog Kurdish Matters. Her work appears in the crowd-funding journalism website BeaconReader.com. Fréderike Geerdink started reporting from Istanbul, Turkey in 2006, but since 2012, she has been located in Diyarbakir, located in the southeast and predominantly Kurdish region of Turkey, where Geerdink covered Kurdish issues, she was the only foreign journalist reporting from and based inside Diyarbakir between 2012 and 2015. From Diyarbakir, she has focused on Kurdish issues, as well as the PKK, or Partiya Karkerên Kurdistan, classified as terrorist organization in Turkey and by several other states and organizations, including the North Atlantic Treaty Organization, the United States and the European Union; the group is an advocate for a separate autonomous territory for the Kurdish people. She is the author of "The Boys are Dead,", first released in the Netherlands in 2014, was translated into English and released in October 2015. Fréderike Geerdink was arrested twice in Turkey.
She was arrested the first time in January 2015 and charged with distributing terrorist propaganda on behalf of the PKK. The second arrest was in September 2015; this time, she was arrested for taking part in a protest. She was detained along with 19 other individuals, she was detained and released. A few weeks she was deported from Turkey. Geerdink located herself in Netherlands. Geerdink is focused on the migration of Syrian and Iraqi Kurdish refugees in Europe. On 6 January 2015, Fréderike Geerdink's residence in Diyarbakir was searched by the Anti Terrorism Police, she was detained and questioned. Following that she was charged with distributing terrorist propaganda and supporting the PKK through comments on social media and in her reporting. One of the reasons she had been arrested was because of her interview with PKK leader Cemil Bayik, she stated on Twitter that the investigation went well and that she had nothing to hide from the interview as it was just her doing her job as a journalist.
Political leaders and press freedom organizations around the world reacted to her arrest, including Dutch Minister of Foreign Affairs Bert Koenders. Koenders said. After a lengthy court battle, she was acquitted on 13 April 2015. On 6 September 2015, Fréderike Geerdink was arrested again and this time she was charged with crossing into a restricted zone and taking part in a protest while being there. During her incarceration, she was still able to post on Twitter, report everything, happening to her. On 9 September, Fréderike Geerdink was sent back to the Netherlands. According to Geerdink, she was transported by military convoy from Yüksekova to Hakkari, she continued her journey from Hakkari to Van; as the soldiers played loud music, she realized that her time in Turkey was done for the moment, that she was being deported. She was the third journalist in a month to be exiled from Turkey; the other two journalists were British and they were arrested on charges of terrorism for reporting about the Turkish government's conflict with the PKK youth wing and deported from Turkey as a result.
Upon Geerdink's return to the Netherlands, her arrest and deportation were protested by a joint statement from the European Federation of Journalists, the International Federation of Journalists, the Dutch Association of Journalists. "We find the arrest and deportation of the Dutch journalist Mrs. Frederike Geerdink alarming and contrary to international law and international treaties, ratified by the Turkish State." The Committee to Protect Journalists issued the following statement: ""This deportation sends a chilling signal that authorities don't want independent reporting on sensitive Kurdish issues in southeast Turkey," said CPJ Deputy Director Robert Mahoney. "We call on the government in Ankara to allow journalists to report from the region and to lift the deportation order against Frederike Geerdink." While her lawyers are challenging her deportation, Turkish rules say once a person is deported, the person cannot return for 5 years. Geerdink is trying to return to her professional journalism duties in Turkey.
De jongens zijn dood / The Boys are Dead: The Roboski Massacre and the Kurdish Question in Turkey Her book was first published in Dutch in 2014 and was a nominee for the Brusse Prize. The nomination for her work said, "Fréderike Geerdink is one of those courageous Dutch journal
The Newborn Monument is a typographic sculpture and tourist attraction in Pristina, Kosovo. It is located in front of the Palace of Youth and Sports, It was unveiled on 17 February 2008, the day that Kosovo formally declared its independence from Serbia; the monument consists of the English-language word "Newborn" in capital block letters, which were painted bright yellow when the sculpture was first revealed. The monument was re-painted with the flags of the states that have recognized Kosovo. At the unveiling of the monument it was announced that it will be painted differently on the anniversary of Kosovo's independence movement day every year; the monument attracted the attention of international media reporting Kosovo's movement declaration of independence, it was featured prominently on the front page of The New York Times. Newborn was designed and created in a collaboration between Kosovar designer Fisnik Ismaili and creative agency Ogilvy Kosova. Upon completion and approval of the design, the monument was installed in only 10 days.
Fisnik Ismaili graduated from high school in Kosovo. He went on to study at the University of Westminster and from Robert Gordon University, earning degrees in Computer Science, Corporate Communications and Public Relations. Ismaili returned to Kosovo after completing his studies and fought in a guerrilla unit of the KLA or Liberation Army of Kosovo. At the unveiling the monument was signed by the President and Prime Minister of Kosovo, followed by 150,000 citizens celebrating their independence Weighing in at 9 tons, Newborn's dimensions are 3.0 metres by 24 metres by 0.9 metres, set in DIN Black typeface. Newborn was the first large public monument, it was built in ten days of round-the-clock work."Newborn" was chosen as a single English word for the power to describe the birth of a new country, its positive connotations, ease of understanding by non-native English-speakers, potential to present Kosovo as a new, trendy country. The yellow color was chosen in combination with blue banners and the supporting slogans to represent both Kosovo's new flag colors as well as EU colors.
The design was chosen for several reasons. It is a simple understood and translated word with a variety of meanings, it represents the national pride that the people of Kosovo felt for earning their freedom and establishing themselves at the world’s newest state. The slogans that media outlets in Kosovo ran following the unveiling represent the plurality of meanings citizens found in the monument; these included: "NEW life is BORN", "NEW hope is BORN", "NEW future is BORN" and "NEW country is BORN" The monument with the flags has won prizes in six major international competitions in design category. Silver Clio Award was awarded at the 49th Clio Awards Festival for motivating human behavior in significant ways, the prestigious Cannes Gold Lion was awarded at the 55th Annual Cannes Lions International Advertising Festival, Eurobest European Advertising Festival Silver Award, Golden Drum Grand Prix and LIA finalist, all awarded in 2008, The One Club Merit Award awarded in 2009; the re-painting of the monument was a selected finalist at the 54th Clio Awards Festival in 2013.
The design work has been used in books to illustrate the design process and project concept development, as well as the use of FF DIN Typeface, although author of the typeface, Dutch designer Albert-Jan Pool, has stated multiple times that he condemns usage of his work in such circumstances. Independence of Kosovo History of Kosovo