Church of the Assumption of the Blessed Virgin Mary, Frauenau

The Church of the Assumption of the Virgin Mary is the Roman Catholic parish church of the town of Frauenau in the county of Regen in the Bavarian Forest in Germany. Saint Hermann lived from 1324 until his death in 1326 as a hermit in a monastic cell in the ancient forest, his successor, Hartwig of Degenberg, built a chapel for a miraculous figure, "Our Dear Lady", the Blessed Virgin Mary. The region of "Our Dear Lady of Au" belonged to Niederaltaich Abbey on the River Danube. From the 14th century to the late 18th century, the miraculous image of the "Dolorous Mother of God" was the destination of a pilgrimage; as early as 1352, Frauenau was therefore elevated to a parish and, in 1396, a Gothic church was built. Its architect was Hans Krumenauer, involved in the cathedral in Passau. From 1759 to 1767 a new church was built in the rococo style; the church was consecrated on 15 August 1767 and placed under the protection of Mary, the Mother of God. Until secularisation in 1803, the parish of Frauenau was managed by Niederaltaich Abbey and Priory of Rinchnach.

In 1927 the church was extended to the west. Roman Eder: Frauenau, Chronik eines Bayerwalddorfes. Vol. II. 1999. Kirchenführer Frauenau. Kath. Pfarramt Frauenau, 1993. 650 Jahre Pfarrei Frauenau. Kath. Pfarrkirchenstiftung Frauenau, 2003. Herbert Schindler: Große bayerische Kunstgeschichte. 1997. Der Landkreis Regen. Lkr. Regen, 1982. Raimund Kreutzer: Zu unserer lieben Frauen Aue. BBZ No. 186 p. 24, 2017

Fran├žois Jules Pictet de la Rive

François Jules Pictet-De la Rive was a Swiss zoologist and palaeontologist. He was born in Geneva, he graduated B. Sc. at Geneva in 1829, pursued his studies for a short time at Paris, where under the influence of Georges Cuvier, de Blainville and others, he worked at natural history and comparative anatomy. On his return to Geneva in 1830 he assisted A. P. de Candolle by giving demonstrations in comparative anatomy. Five years when de Candolle retired, Pictet was appointed professor of zoology and comparative anatomy. In 1846 his duties were restricted to certain branches of zoology, including geology and palaeontology, these he continued to teach until 1859, when he retired to devote his energies to the museum of natural history and to special palaeontological work, he was rector of the Academy from 1847 to 1850, again from 1866 to 1868. He was for many years a member of the "Grand Conseil", the parliament of the Canton of Geneva, serving as its president in 1863 and 1864, his earlier published work related chiefly to entomology, included Recherches pour servir à l'histoire et à l'anatomie des Phryganides and two parts of Histoire naturelle, générale et particulière, des insectes névroptères.

He directed his attention to the fossils of his native country, more to those of the Cretaceous and Jurassic strata, in 1854 he commenced the publication of his great work, Matériaux pour la paléontologie suisse, ou Recueil de monographies sur les fossiles du Jura et des Alpes... a series of quarto memoirs, of which six were published. In this work Pictet was aided by Eugène Renevier, Gustave Campiche, Alois Humbert, Charles Louis Perceval de Loriol, Auguste Jaccard and Philippe de La Harpe. Pictet brought out Mélanges paléontologiques, he died at Geneva in 1872. A species of Malagasy snake, Elapotinus picteti, is named in his honor, he was the author of Traité élémentaire de paléontologie. In the first edition Pictet, while adopting the hypothesis of successive creations of species, admitted that some may have originated through the modification of pre-existing forms. In his second edition he enters further into the probable transformation of some species, discusses the independence of certain faunas, which did not appear to have originated from the types which locally preceded them.

Pictet was an advocate of progressive creationism, the belief that species were created in successive stages. He acknowledged from the fossil record that some species had evolved from earlier ancestors but denied that entire groups of species had evolved through gradual transformation, he reviewed Charles Darwin's On the Origin of Species in a lengthy review. Darwin noted that "Of all the opposed reviews I think this the only quite fair one, & I never expected to see one." Darwin predicted that Pictet would support his theory but this was not the case. He never abandoned his view of successive species creation. David L. Hull.. Darwin and His Critics: The Reception of Darwin's Theory of Evolution by the Scientific Community. Harvard University Press. Pictet Family Archives Pictures and texts of Nouvel itinéraire des vallées autour du Mont-Blanc by François Jules Pictet de La Rive can be found in the database VIATIMAGES