Newark–World Trade Center

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Port Authority Trans-Hudson Newark–World Trade Center
Pathtrain.JPG
PA5 # 5648 boarding passengers at Newark Penn Station.
Overview
Type Rapid transit
System Port Authority Trans-Hudson
Status Operational
Locale Newark / Hudson County, New Jersey and Manhattan, New York
Termini Newark (west)
World Trade Center (east)
Stations 6
Daily ridership 2,000 (2018)
Operation
Opened September 6, 1910
Owner Port Authority of New York and New Jersey
Operator(s) Port Authority Trans-Hudson
Character Elevated, surface and underground
Rolling stock PA5
Technical
Line length 8.9 miles (14.3 km)
Number of tracks 1,4-5
Track gauge 1,435 mm (4 ft 8 12 in)
Electrification Third rail
Operating speed 55mph(89km/h)
Route map

Newark
Harrison
Journal Square
Grove Street
Exchange Place
World Trade Center

The Newark–World Trade Center is a rapid transit service operated by the Port Authority Trans-Hudson (PATH). It is colored red on the PATH service map and trains on this service display red marker lights.[1] This service operates from Pennsylvania Station in Newark, New Jersey, by way of the Downtown Hudson Tubes to the World Trade Center in Lower Manhattan, New York.[1] Operating 24 hours a day, the 8.9-mile (14.3 km) trip takes 22.5 minutes to complete.[2][3]

History[edit]

H&M operation[edit]

The Newark-World Trade Center service originated as the Park Place–Hudson Terminal service operated by the Hudson and Manhattan Railroad (H&M). It started operating between Grove Street in Jersey City, New Jersey and Hudson Terminal in Manhattan, beginning September 6, 1910.[4]:3 The line was extended to Manhattan Transfer on October 1, 1911,[5] and then to Park Place in Newark on November 26 of that year.[6] A stop at Summit Avenue (now Journal Square), located between Grove Street and Manhattan Transfer, opened on April 14, 1912, as an infill station on the Newark-Hudson Terminal line.[7][4]:7 Another infill station at Harrison opened on March 6, 1913.[7]

In June 1937, the branch to Park Place Station was closed, and the Newark–Hudson Terminal line was rerouted to Newark Penn Station. The Manhattan Transfer station was also closed, and the Harrison station was relocated.[8]

PATH operation[edit]

The H&M was succeeded by Port Authority Trans-Hudson (PATH) in 1962.[9] The Hudson Terminal station was replaced by the World Trade Center station in 1971 during construction of the World Trade Center.[10]

On April 29, 1996, three trains began running express on the Newark–World Trade Center service, cutting running time by 3.5 minutes.[11] On October 27, 1996, express Newark–World Trade Center service was made permanent.[12]

When the World Trade Center station was destroyed in the September 11 attacks, which also required the closing of Exchange Place, service on the Newark–World Trade Center line had to be changed. On weekdays, trains ran between either Newark Penn Station and 33rd Street or Hoboken Terminal. On weekends, trains ran between Newark Penn Station and 33rd Street with Hoboken Terminal as an interim stop. Express service was suspended indefinitely.[13] During overnight hours daily, trains ran between Newark and 33rd Street via Hoboken and was the only branch operating on PATH during those times. When Exchange Place reopened on June 29, 2003, service ran between Newark and that station daily around the clock.[14] Service to World Trade Center was restored on November 23 when the temporary station opened.[15] However, the express service was never restored.

After Hurricane Sandy flooded the PATH system in October 2012, service on the line was suspended. For most of November, trains ran between Newark Penn Station and 33rd Street. The Journal Square–33rd Street line was temporarily extended to cover service on the Newark–World Trade Center line.[16] Limited weekday-only service on the line was resumed on November 26, 2012, but full service would not be restored until early 2013.[17]

Newark Airport extension[edit]

On February 4, 2014, the Port Authority proposed a 10-year capital plan that included an extension of PATH three miles (4.8 km) southwest from Newark Penn Station to Newark Liberty International Airport, after a nearly two-year study.[18][19][20] The Board of Commissioners approved the Capital Plan, including the airport extension, on February 19, 2014.[21][22][23][24] Plans call for the extension to follow the existing Northeast Corridor Line used by Amtrak and NJ Transit to the Newark Liberty International Airport station, where passengers can connect to the AirTrain Newark airport monorail system.[25]

Station listing[edit]

PATH Services

Route map: Google

KML is from Wikidata
Handicapped/disabled access Station Connections
New Jersey
Handicapped/disabled access Newark Amtrak, NJ Transit, Newark Light Rail
NJT Bus, ONE Bus
Harrison NJT Bus
Handicapped/disabled access Journal Square  JSQ-33  /  JSQ-33 (via HOB) 
NJT Bus, R&T Bus, A&C Bus
Handicapped/disabled access Grove Street  JSQ-33  /  JSQ-33 (via HOB) 
NJT Bus, R&T Bus, A&C Bus
Handicapped/disabled access Exchange Place  HOB-WTC , Hudson-Bergen Light Rail
NJT Bus, A&C Bus
Manhattan
Handicapped/disabled access World Trade Center  HOB-WTC , "2" train"3" train"4" train"5" train"A" train"C" train"J" train"N" train"R" train"W" train "Z" train "E" train
NYCT Bus, MTA Bus

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "PATH Maps". The Port Authority of New York and New Jersey. Retrieved March 31, 2011. 
  2. ^ "PATH Full Schedules". The Port Authority of New York and New Jersey. Retrieved March 31, 2011. 
  3. ^ "PATH Facts & Info". The Port Authority of New York and New Jersey. Retrieved March 31, 2011. 
  4. ^ a b Chiasson, George (July 2015). "Rails Under the Hudson Revisited - The Hudson and Manhattan". Electric Railroaders' Association Bulletin. 58 (7): 2–3, 5. Retrieved April 10, 2018 – via Issuu. 
  5. ^ "Improved Transit Facilities by Newark High Speed Line". The New York Times. October 1, 1911. p. XX2. Retrieved July 19, 2011. 
  6. ^ "Tube Service to Newark". The New York Times. November 26, 1911. p. 9. Retrieved July 19, 2011. 
  7. ^ a b Chiasson, George (September 2015). "Rails Under the Hudson Revisited - The Hudson and Manhattan". Electric Railroaders' Association Bulletin. 58 (9): 2–3, 6–7. Retrieved April 10, 2018 – via Issuu. 
  8. ^ "New Station Open for Hudson Tubes". The New York Times. June 20, 1937. p. 35. Retrieved July 19, 2011. 
  9. ^ Wright, George Cable (January 23, 1962). "2 STATES AGREE ON HUDSON TUBES AND TRADE CENTER; New York and Jersey Settle on Bill to Permit Port Authority Operation NEW TERMINAL PLANNED Downtown H. & M. Depot to Be Erected in Conjunction With Commerce Unit Rehabilitation Due ACCORD REACHED ON HUDSON TUBES Savings Expected Boundaries Defined". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved May 1, 2017. 
  10. ^ "Air-Cooled PATH Terminal in World Trade Center Opens Tuesday" (PDF). New York Times. July 1, 1971. p. 94. Retrieved May 30, 2010. 
  11. ^ Pristin, Terry (April 30, 1996). "NEW JERSEY DAILY BRIEFING;Express PATH Service Begins". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved January 4, 2018. 
  12. ^ Pristin, Terry (October 25, 1996). "PATH Trains Streamlined". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved January 4, 2018. 
  13. ^ "PATH - A Subsidiary of The Port Authority of NY & NJ". panynj.gov. 2001-12-14. Archived from the original on 2001-12-14. Retrieved 2018-06-11. 
  14. ^ Weiser, Benjamin (June 29, 2003). "Closed Since 9/11, a PATH Station Is Set to Reopen Today". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved January 4, 2018. 
  15. ^ Dunlap, David W. (November 24, 2003). "Again, Trains Put the World In Trade Center". The New York Times. Retrieved January 25, 2018. 
  16. ^ "Press Releases: STATEMENT OF PATH ENGINEERS AND TRANSIT EXPERT ON THE RESUMPTION OF PATH SERVICE FROM NEWARK TO 33rd STREET BEGINNING MONDAY, NOVEMBER 12, 2012". Port Authority of New York & New Jersey. 2012-11-11. Retrieved 2018-04-30. 
  17. ^ "Maps & Schedule: PATH Partial Service Restoration". PATH website. The Port Authority of New York & New Jersey. Archived from the original on 2012-12-03. Retrieved November 18, 2012. 
  18. ^ "FY 2004–06 Transportation Improvement Program" (PDF). Retrieved October 2, 2013. 
  19. ^ "Port authority to undertake study on extending path rail service to newark liberty international airport" (Press release). PANYNJ. September 20, 2012. Retrieved October 1, 2012. 
  20. ^ "Sources: Christie to back $1B PATH extension in Newark". Crain's. September 11, 2013. Retrieved September 15, 2013. 
  21. ^ "Port Authority Board Approves Historic $27.6 Billion 10-year Capital Plan That Focuses the Agency on Its Core Transportation Mission". Port Authority of New York and New Jersey. February 19, 2014. 
  22. ^ Boburg, Shawn (February 4, 2014). "Port Authority plans to extend PATH to Newark airport". The Record. Retrieved February 4, 2014. 
  23. ^ "Port Authority Unveils Comprehensive, Proposed $27.6 Billion Capital Plan to Revitalize Region's Transportation Assets" (Press release). PANYNJ. February 4, 2014. Retrieved February 4, 2014. 
  24. ^ "Press Release Article - Port Authority of NY & NJ". panynj.gov. Retrieved June 23, 2014. 
  25. ^ "PATH Extension Project". panynj.gov. Port Authority of New York and New Jersey. Retrieved January 21, 2018.