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Newcastle Emlyn

Newcastle Emlyn is a town on the River Teifi, straddling the counties of Ceredigion and Carmarthenshire in West Wales. It is a community within Carmarthenshire, bordered by those of Llangeler and Cenarth in Carmarthenshire, by Llandyfriog in Ceredigion. Adpar is the part of town on the Ceredigion side of the River Teifi, it was called Trefhedyn and was an ancient Welsh borough in its own right. The area including Adpar had a population of 1,883 according to the 2011 census; the town takes its name from the cantref of Emlyn, an administrative district in Medieval Dyfed. The cantref became part of the Norman March in the 12th century. Notable buildings in the town include a ruined 13th-century castle, first mentioned in Brut y Tywysogion in 1215, when it was seized by Llewelyn the Great; the castle was captured by the Welsh during the revolt of 1287–1288 and by Owain Glyndŵr in 1403. The population in 1841 was under 1,000. Newcastle Emlyn has secondary school, Ysgol Gyfun Emlyn. Attractions around the area include an art gallery, the Attic Theatre company, the National Woollen Museum.

The Teifi Valley Railway is nearby, although the town has not had a passenger train service since 1952. In 1932, the former Co-operative Group creamery was reopened by Dried Milk Products to make cheese. After new parent Unigate decided to sell-off its non-milk related dairies, it was bought by the Milk Marketing Board in 1979, closed again in 1983. Reopened by Saputo, it today manufactures mozzarella cheese using locally sourced dairy produce, is the town's largest employer. In 1895, the Teifi Valley Railway of the Great Western Railway reached Newcastle Emlyn railway station. Conceived as a 7 ft 1⁄4 in broad-gauge line between Carmarthen and Cardigan by the Carmarthen and Cardigan Railway, it was absorbed into the GWR, which developed the line only as far as Newcastle Emlyn. Passenger services ceased in 1952, but goods services continued until 1973, due in part to milk train services to the Co-op Dried Milk Products creamery located at the station, which produced cheese. After the goods service ceased, the lines were removed and the station demolished.

According to the United Kingdom census 2011 there is a population of 1,883 in Newcastle Emlyn which includes Adpar on Ceredigion side of the river Teifi. 2017 population estimates the population is static population, now at 1,888. The 2017 estimate is 52% female and 48% male with 379 aged 0–17 years, 979 aged 18–64 and 530 aged 65+; the United Kingdom Census 2001, 69 per cent of the 950 people who lived within Newcastle Emlyn spoke fluent Welsh, although the percentage fell in the following decade to 54 per cent, as the town's population increased to 1,138 residents aged 3 or over by 2011. The drop that occurred in Newcastle Emlyn between 2001 and 2011 was among the biggest in Wales, although not uncommon across Ceredigion and Carmarthenshire; the latest Estyn inspection report on the town's English-medium secondary school, done in 2012 notes that only 12 per cent of pupils came from homes where Welsh is spoken, with 31 per cent considered fluent in the language. Parents have the option of sending their children to a designated Welsh-medium secondary school, Ysgol Dyffryn Teifi in Llandysul, Ceredigion.

Only 64.8 per cent of the town's residents were born in Wales. Newcastle Emlyn has rugby teams. Newcastle Emlyn Football Club are members of the Football Association of Wales and Newcastle Emlyn RFC are members of the Welsh Rugby Union; the legend of the Wyvern of Newcastle Emlyn is a local tale. It tells how, on one of the fair days when the town was full of people, a fierce winged viper called a wyvern breathing fire and smoke alighted on the castle walls and, having cast threatening glances around, settled down to sleep, its appearance on the castle at first brought terror to all but, after the fear had died down, a few brave townsfolk sought to destroy the fearsome monster. A soldier devised the plan of wading the river Teifi to a point of vantage on the castle side and letting a red cloak float in the river and shooting the wyvern in a vulnerable under-part of the body; the creature, so violently startled from its slumber, caught sight of the cloak and fell upon it with horrible shrieks and tore it to shreds.

The assailant meanwhile, escaped to a place of safety. The wyvern, in its death throes, floated down the river. From its wound gushed forth a most loathsome venom which polluted the water and killed all the fish; the legend tells of the great joy of the townsfolk. Plonévez-Porzay, France People associated with Newcastle Emlyn in birth order: Evan Herber Evans, Congregational minister Allen Raine, novelist Peter Rees Jones, founder of Peter Jones department store Dr Martyn Lloyd-Jones, prominent Evangelical leader, buried in the town Dill Jones, jazz stride pianist Helen Thomas, peace campaigner at Greenham Common Josh Turnbull Welsh rugby union international, product of Newcastle Emlyn RFC Scott Williams, Welsh rugby union international, product of Newcastle Emlyn RFC Local history of Newcastle Emlyn

United States cent mintage figures

Below are the mintage figures for the United States cent. The following mint marks indicate which mint the coin was made at: P = Philadelphia Mint D = Denver Mint S = San Francisco Mint Cent Wheat cent 1943 steel cent 1955 doubled die cent 1974 aluminum cent United States quarter mintage figures Washington quarter mintage figures 50 State quarter mintage figures America the Beautiful quarter mintage figures United States nickel mintage quantities Kennedy half dollar mintage figures US Lincoln Cent by year and type - histories and more Lincoln Cent Pictures

Susan MacTavish Best

Susan MacTavish Best is the founder and CEO of Living MacTavish, a lifestyle business. She was the founder of Best Public Relations, she has become known for hosting salon-style dinner parties in New York. MacTavish Best's mother is Laurie MacTavish Best and her father is the Canadian scientist and politician Charles Alexander Best, she is the granddaughter of Charles Best, the co-discoverer of insulin. She attended St Leonards boarding school in Fife, she graduated from Hamilton College with a bachelor's degree in History. She spent one year at Oxford University. MacTavish Best created and edited POSTHOC, an online guide to San Francisco, after studying at night school at San Francisco State University’s Multimedia Center. MacTavish Best founded Best Public Relations in 1998; the company has focused on working with startups, has worked with clients such as Craigslist,], Esurance and Playfish. She was an Executive Producer of craigslistTV, a documentary TV series spawned by craigslist. While representing Best Public Relations MacTavish Best featured as a boss on the show "Beat the Boss USA" in an episode entitled "Dog Outfit", which aired in 2009.

In November 2013, MacTavish Best opened up a pop-up shop called "Living MacTavish" SoHo, New York City, with all of the contents of her California home. In the evening, she hosted informal salons and discussions while serving dinner for the attendees. MacTavish Best has held poetry evenings in association with the Poetry Society of America. Former interviewees and speakers at MacTavish Best's events include Oren Yakobovich, Robert Lustig, Ken Goldberg. In 2018 she was named one of America's Top 100 Party Hosts by The Salonniere website. MacTavish Best spends time in New York and Point Lobos, Carmel. In 2009, she was badly burned in a fire accident at her San Francisco apartment

Columbia Avenue Historic District

Columbia Avenue Historic District is located in the central part of the city of Davenport, United States. It was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1984; the district lies west of Vander Veer Park. The area is residential and it contains brick apartment buildings that were built between 1930 and 1939, it is one of the city's smallest districts and it is unique among the other historic districts in that it contains apartment buildings. The historic district is quite the earliest apartment complex in the city of Davenport; the city has a long history of multiple-family housing. There is at least one row house from the 1860s still in existence; the double-house, or duplex, was popular in the city throughout the 19th century and were designed in the same styles as single-family dwellings. Larger apartment blocks of three to five floors were built in and around the city center for middle and upper-middle class households around the turn of the 20th century. During the 1910s and 1920s, most residential construction in the city was devoted to single-family homes.

Harrison Manor was built from 1925 to 1926. It is a 46-unit building on Harrison Street, across from Vander Veer Park. At the time it was the largest apartment building constructed in Davenport and was similar to the apartment blocks that were being built in Chicago during the same time period; the apartment complex centered on Columbia Avenue was begun in 1930 by Mclnnes Brothers, a local contractor and developer. It is located a block northwest of Vander Veer Park, they had several buildings of the complex under construction when they went bankrupt in 1931. Otto Behrens and John F. Steffen completed the buildings begun by Mclnnes Brothers. Archie Mclnnes reorganized the construction firm and completed the five remaining buildings in the complex; the apartment buildings in the Columbia Avenue Historic District are made up of 19 four to six-unit apartment buildings that were built between 1930 and 1939 and two similar structures built in the 1950s. The buildings form a complex along city streets.

Eight of the buildings face both sides of West Columbia Avenue, which runs through the middle of the district between Harrison and Ripley Streets. Three of the buildings flank Columbia facing Harrison. Four more building face West Hayes Street to the north, six buildings face Ripley Street on the west. There are several characteristics, they are all two stories with a raised basement-level unit. All of the buildings follow a rectangular plan with a symmetrical five-bay main facade, they are all frame construction and the exteriors are covered with polychrome tapestry brick. For the most part, the decorative detail of each building is restrained with the main entrance as the primary decorative element; each unit has a matching brick multi-car garage. While all of the buildings contain the above characteristics they are each distinct in appearance from each other; the differences in each building are found in their decorative detail. Some of the buildings have flat roofs with a recessed main entrance bay.

Others have hipped roofs with dormers and a flat facade, or a projecting central bay that terminates in shallow gables with partial returns. The main entrances into the buildings differ in style and shape; some of the entrances are rectangular, while others have a depressed Tudor arch. The door surrounds are composed of rock-faced stone, or glazed terracotta. A number of the newer buildings feature end-bay windows; the stairwell windows differ from building to building. Some contain leaded glass and stained glass, while others have bits of mirror glass that are used in abstract designs. Media related to Columbia Avenue Historic District at Wikimedia Commons

Rhine Falls

The Rhine Falls is a waterfall located in Switzerland and the most powerful waterfall in Europe. The falls are located on the High Rhine on the border between the cantons of Schaffhausen and Zürich, between the municipalities of Neuhausen am Rheinfall and Laufen-Uhwiesen/Dachsen, next to the town of Schaffhausen in northern Switzerland, they are 150 metres wide and 23 metres high. In the winter months, the average water flow is 250 m3/s, while in the summer, the average water flow is 600 m3/s; the highest flow measured was 1,250 cubic metres per second in 1965. The falls can not be climbed by fish, except by eels that are able to worm their way up over the rocks; the Rhine Falls were formed in the last ice age 14,000 to 17,000 years ago, by erosion-resistant rocks narrowing the riverbed. The first glacial advances created today's landforms 500,000 years ago. Up to the end of the Wolstonian Stage 132,000 years ago, the Rhine flowed westwards from Schaffhausen past Klettgau; this earlier riverbed filled up with gravel.

About 132,000 years ago the course of the river changed southwards at Schaffhausen and formed a new channel, which filled up with gravel. Part of the Rhine today includes this ancient riverbed. During the Würm glaciation, the Rhine was pushed far to the south to its present course, over a hard Late Jurassic limestone bed; as the river flowed over both the hard limestone and the eroded gravel from previous glaciations, the current waterfall formed about 14,000 to 17,000 years ago. The Rheinfallfelsen, a large rock, is the remnant of the original limestone cliff flanking the former channel; the rock has eroded little over the years because little sediment comes down the Rhine from Lake Constance. The north side of the falls is a millsite. In the 17th century, a blast furnace for smelting iron ore found in the limestone was built, it was in operation until the first half of the 19th century. In 1887 the ironworks applied for permission to divert between one fifth to one half of the river's flow for electricity generation.

The Swiss Alpine Club, the Schweizerische Naturforschende Gesellschaft and several scientific societies opposed the plan. In 1913 an international competition was held for the best plan for a shipping route between Basel and Lake Constance. In 1919, a company wanting to build power stations in northern Switzerland were told that any such station at the Rhine Falls "must serve the economic interest of the public". In 1944, the Swiss Council of States granted permission to build the proposed power station; the permission was to become effective on 1 February 1948, with construction to begin in 1952. But in 1951, the Neuen Helvetischen Gesellschaft, under the leadership of Emil Egli, got 150,000 Swiss citizens to sign a petition protesting the project; the petition not only scuttled the power station project, but prevented all future hydropower and navigation engineering projects on the upper Rhine to the present day. Today, the falls are still under consideration for hydropower projects. If the full water flow were used, the power generated would average 50 MW.

The economic value of the falls as a tourist attraction may be greater. The nearest community is Neuhausen am Rheinfall, where tourists can view the Wörth Castle. Boat trips can be taken up the Rhine to the falls and the Rheinfallfelsen. There are viewing platforms with views of the falls built on both sides of the Rhine; these are reached via steep and narrow stairs. Guided tours of various lengths start from Schloss Laufen on the Zürich side of the falls – a youth hostel is located in Schloss Laufen. Various restaurants are located in Schloss Laufen, Schloss Wörth and the Rheinfall park; the Rhine Falls are accessible by car and public transport. Large pay-parking lots are located on both sides of the falls. Tourists have been awed by the Rhine Falls for centuries. In the 19th century, the painter J. M. W. Turner made several studies and larger paintings of the falls, the lyrical poet Eduard Mörike wrote of the falls: Halte dein Herz, o Wanderer, fest in gewaltigen Händen! Mir entstürzte vor Lust zitternd das meinige fast.

Rastlos donnernde Massen auf donnernde Massen geworfen, Ohr und Auge, wohin retten sie sich im Tumult? In 1840, author Mary Shelley visited the Falls while on a tour of Europe with her son, she described her visit in a travel narrative that she published in 1844, Rambles in Germany and Italy. She says: "A portion of the cataract arches over the lowest platform, the spray fell thickly on us, as standing on it and looking up, we saw wave, rock, cloud, the clear heavens through its glittering ever-moving veil; this was a new sight, exceeding anything I had before seen. List of waterfalls by flow rate Official website old pictures of the Rheinfall

Dave U. Hall

Dave U. Hall is an American musician whose musical voice is articulated by the tones of his Electric Bass guitar, he was a member of the band Birdland with The Rattlers. He has played with other bands including, but not limited too, The Makers, Luigi & the Wiseguys, Danny Russo Blues Band, Jeff Salen, Tiger Beats, Tina Peel, Alan Merrill author of the song "I Love Rock'n' Roll", Joey Ramone, Saturday Night and Sunday Morning. By the end of the punk era, Hall had a reputation for being a session and performance player for many bands. Dave U. Hall's formal music training began during his Forest Hills High School years. While attending school and playing concerts, Hall studied Upright Bass, Electric Bass and Flute with famous studio musicians in the New York City area, he studied flute with Seymour "Red" Press. His bass teachers include Clyde Lombardi, Richard Davis and Jay Leonhart. After graduating from High School, Hall was accepted into Boston's prestigious Berklee College of Music; because of his ability to read music so well, he was placed in advanced sight-reading ensemble labs.

Hall studied bass at Berklee with Richard Appleman and Steve Swallow. Because of Swallow's intense performing schedule with the Gary Burton Group, Hall was given Swallow's bass classes to teach when Steve had band/teaching conflicts. Hall went on from Berklee to play with the jazz/rock group Zymosis; the band played the New York City club circuit. Because of their gig affiliation with Max's, the band was included in the Max's Kansas City Book entitled, "Art, Glamour and Roll", they were written up in the British magazine publication "Melody Maker" by reviewer Steve Lake. Lake proudly dubbed the group the "punk jazz" band of that time. After leaving the band, Hall studied music education at Queens College. During this time, Hall was so intrigued by the punk rock scene, that he somehow wanted to infuse his classical/jazz background into punk music. Hall started playing with many Punk Rock bands which led him joining Birdland with Lester Bangs. However, after leaving Birdland to focus on his studies, Hall forged on and continued playing the circuit with other well known punk bands in the New York City area.

Hall used this opportunity as a learning tool to incorporate his talent into a multitude of different styles and genres. Soon thereafter, Hall joined The Rattlers. Hall played on their "Rattled" album. Hall co-wrote the song entitled "I Won't Be Your Victim", picked as a single, for which a video was shot. "Rattled" was well received and acclaimed by the industry including writers such as Robert Christgau. His solo CD has been played on radio stations like Sirius Radio's Little Steven's Underground Garages' Goldie's Garage show featuring Genya Ravan, WPKN's "Chris Frantz The Talking Head" show featuring Chris Frantz and Vorterix Radio to name a few. Seeing the limitations of individual artistic development in The Rattlers, Hall decided to leave the group to concentrate on his songwriting, thus began the project known as the Walter MIDI Group. The idea led to a conceptual band. Since its inception over the years however, it has culminated into Hall's first solo CD entitled Walter MIDI Group "AND THEN YOU WOKE UP!"

The CD is an autobiographical account of his life's experience. In 2014, Hall played on the Jiro Okabe Kamikazi CD. Players on that CD included, Clem Burke of Blondie band, Elliot Easton formally of The Cars, C. J. Ramone formally of the Ramones and many others. Hall spends his time teaching music in the New York City public schools, he is an Apple Computer consultant. Hall is the father of two children. 2011 Walter MIDI Group "AND THEN YOU WOKE UP!" 2014 Jiro Okabe "Return of the Kamikazi" 2011 Walter MIDI Group "AND THEN YOU WOKE UP!" 1985: The Rattlers "Rattled" Jem Records 1977 "Victoria Spivey and her Danny Boy" 1970 "Spivey's Blues Cavalcade" "I Slept with Joey Ramone: A Family Memoir" by Micky Leigh with Legs McNeil. Simon and Schuster Inc, 2009. Page 191, 256, 273 and 400 "I Know Better Now: My Life Before and After the Ramones" by Richie Ramone with Peter Aaron Backbeat Books, 2018. Page 209 "Raisin' a Ruckus" by Rudi Protrudi Fanpro Books 2016