Newport-class tank landing ship

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USS Newport (LST-1179)
USS Newport (LST-1179)
Class overview
Builders:
Operators:
Preceded by: De Soto County-class tank landing ship
Succeeded by: None
Built: 1966–1972
In commission: 1969–2002 (USN)
Completed: 20
Active: 0 (US)
Lost: 1
Retired: 12
General characteristics
Type: Tank Landing Ship
Displacement:
  • approx. 4,793 tons light loaded,
  • 8,500 tons fully loaded
Length: 522 ft (159 m)
Beam: 70 ft (21 m)
Draft: 17.4 ft (5.3 m)
Propulsion:
  • 6 ALCO diesels (3 per shaft)
  • 16,000 shaft horsepower;
  • 800 hp GE bow thruster.
  • 2 Hydraulically Controlled Variable Pitch Reversible Props and 1 Variable Pitch Bow Thruster
  • 3 ALCO/GE Generators (750 kW, 1201 A each)
Speed: Over 20 knots (37 km/h; 23 mph)
Troops: Approximately 400 Marines, when embarked
Complement: 14 officers, 210 enlisted

Newport-class tank-landing ships are an improved class of tank-landing ship (LST) designed for the United States Navy. The ships were intended to provide substantial advantages over their World War II-era predecessors. Twenty were completed, of which twelve were eventually sold to foreign navies, while the remaining eight have since been decommissioned.[citation needed]

Class description[edit]

Twenty ships of the Newport tank landing ship class were built to replace the traditional bow door design LST.[citation needed]

The Newport class has higher speeds and trimmer lines than the LSTs of World War II; the vessels have a huge inverted-U 35-ton capacity derrick used to extend and retract a bow ramp. The 110-foot (34 m) ramp has a 75-ton capacity.

The Newport class is the first amphibious ship to be fitted with an internal side propulsion unit located below the waterline near the bow; the bow thruster allows the bow to be pushed from side to side while the stern remains nearly stationary.

This class of LST also has a stern gate, it allows them to load and launch tracked Assault Amphibious Vehicles (AAV), and permits sterngate matings with Landing Craft Utility (LCU) units.[citation needed]

Units[edit]

Ship Name Hull No. Builder USN Commission–
Decommission
Fate Link
Newport LST-1179 Philadelphia Naval Shipyard 1969–1992 Sold to Mexican Navy as Papaloapan (ARM A-411) [1]
Manitowoc LST-1180 Philadelphia Naval Shipyard 1970–1993 Sold to Republic of China Navy as Chong ho (LST-232) [2]
Sumter LST-1181 Philadelphia Naval Shipyard 1970–1993 Sold to Republic of China Navy as ChongPing (LST-233) [3]
Fresno LST-1182 National Steel & SB 1969–1993 Disposed of in support of Fleet training exercise, 2014-09-15 [4]
Peoria LST-1183 National Steel & SB 1970–1994 Disposed of in support of Fleet training exercise, 2004-12-07 [5]
Frederick LST-1184 National Steel & SB 1970–2002 Sold to Mexican Navy as Usumacinta (ARM A-412), 2002-11-22 [6]
Schenectady LST-1185 National Steel & SB 1970–1993 Disposed of in support of Fleet training exercise, 2004-11-23 [7]
Cayuga LST-1186 National Steel & SB 1970–1994 Sold to Brazilian Navy as NDCC Mattoso Maia (G-28) [8]
Tuscaloosa LST-1187 National Steel & SB 1970–1993 Sunk as target, 2014-07. [9][10]
Saginaw LST-1188 National Steel & SB 1971–1994 Sold to Royal Australian Navy as HMAS Kanimbla, 1994-2011 [11]
San Bernardino LST-1189 National Steel & SB 1971–1995 Sold to Chilean Navy to as Valdivia (LST 93), decommissioned in 2010. [12]
Boulder LST-1190 National Steel & SB 1971–1994 Awaiting disposal at Philadelphia. [13][14]
Racine LST-1191 National Steel & SB 1971–1993 Sunk as target 12 July 2018. [15]
Spartanburg County LST-1192 National Steel & SB 1971–1994 Sold to Royal Malaysian Navy as KD Sri Indera Pura (A-1505), decommissioned in 2010 following a 2009 fire [16]
Fairfax County LST-1193 National Steel & SB 1971–1994 Sold to Royal Australian Navy as HMAS Manoora, 1994-2011 [17]
La Moure County LST-1194 National Steel & SB 1971–2000 Disposed of in support of Fleet training exercise, 2001-07-10 [18]
Barbour County LST-1195 National Steel & SB 1972–1992 Disposed of in support of Fleet training exercise, 2004-04-06 [19]
Harlan County LST-1196 National Steel & SB 1972–1995 Sold to Spanish Navy as Pizarro (L-42), decommissioned in 2012 [20]
Barnstable County LST-1197 National Steel & SB 1972–1994 Sold to Spanish Navy as Hernán Cortés (L-41), decommissioned in 2009 [21]
Bristol County LST-1198 National Steel & SB 1972–1994 Sold to Moroccan Navy as Sidi Mohammed Ben Abdallah (407) [22]

Image gallery[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]