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Newsround is a BBC children's news programme, which has run continuously since 4 April 1972. It was one of the world's first television news magazines aimed at children. Commissioned as a short series by BBC Children's Department, who held editorial control, its facilities were provided by BBC News; the programme is aimed at 6 to 10 year olds. Known as John Craven's Newsround, it was presented by John Craven between 4 April 1972 and 22 June 1989. Stand-in presenters, such as Richard Whitmore, came from the main BBC News bulletins and Huw Edwards presented in 2005; the programme developed its own presentation team, including Helen Rollason, with Craven in the dual role of chief presenter and programme editor. For most of its first two decades, Newsround drew upon the BBC's network of national and international correspondents such as John Humphrys, Michael Buerk and Martin Bell; the programme developed its own small reporting team, including Lucy Mathen, long-serving space editor Reg Turnill. Shortly before Craven's departure, the show was renamed Newsround, was presented by a rotating team including Juliet Morris, Krishnan Guru-Murthy, Julie Etchingham, Chris Rogers, Kate Sanderson, Matthew Price and Becky Jago.

Regular reporters on the programme, who have presented it, included Paul Welsh, Lizo Mzimba and Terry Baddoo. The distinctive opening theme used for the first fifteen years of the programme was not composed for it, but is instead the opening eight bars of a 1968 cover of "Johnny One Note" by Ted Heath and his Music; the closing sting used the last couple of bars of "New Worlds" by John Baker, recorded by the BBC Radiophonic Workshop. Newsround updated its opening in May 1987, with computer graphics, although this look was planned for January 1987. In September 1990, a space look was introduced; the multi-coloured look appeared in January 1994, with further updates taking place on 1 September 1997, 11 February 2002, 30 May 2006, 13 October 2008. Newsround was the first British television programme to break the news of the loss of the Space Shuttle Challenger on 28 January 1986; this edition was presented by Roger Finn, who had only joined the programme. The programme was first in Britain to report an assassination attempt on Pope John Paul II in Vatican City in 1981 and provided the first reports from the Windsor Castle fire of November 1992.

In February 2002, Newsround expanded from a sole ten-minute programme on weeknights to through-the-day bulletins seven days a week to tie-in with the launch of the CBBC Channel. With this included a new theme and presenting team. In 2009, a small bureau for the programme was opened at the BBC's former Manchester studios; as part of the relocation of the BBC Children's Department, Newsround began broadcasting from new studios at Dock10, MediaCityUK in Salford Quays on Monday 21 November 2011. On weekdays, Newsround is broadcast on the CBBC Channel with a five-minute bulletin at 7.40am and ten-minute bulletins airing at 8.15am and 4.00pm. Weekend bulletins are broadcast on the CBBC Channel; the Saturday edition includes five-minute bulletins at 12.00 pm and 1.35 pm. The Sunday edition includes five-minute bulletins at 10.00am and 12.10pm and a ten-minute bulletin at 1.45pm. The programme was traditionally broadcast as a fifteen-minute programme on BBC One at 5:00pm; the final BBC One edition was broadcast on 20 December 2012.

Edward Barnes Jill Roach John Craven Eric Rowan Nick Heathcote Susie Staples Roy Milani Sinead Rocks Owenna Griffiths Daniel Clark Lewis James Paul Plunkett Ricky Boleto Leah Boleto Hayley Hassall Martin Dougan Jenny Lawrence De'Graft Mensah Alex Humphreys A variation on the regular format of Newsround is a series of short documentary films broadcast under the title Newsround Extra but now called "specials", which have been a regular feature since the late 1970s. Two or three series of these documentaries air during the year, which replace the regular bulletins on one day of the week. Newsround Specials in recent years have included: The Wrong Trainers: a series of six animated films dealing with child poverty; the programme won the 2006 Royalaward for best children's programme and the 2007 BAFTA children's award for best factual programme. The Worst Thing Ever: a dramatised documentary revolving around a child's experience of their parents' divorce. Newsround on Knives: an animated look at knife crime from a child's point of view.

Gone: interviews with four bereaved children. Whose Side Are You On?: a drama on the role of bystanders in tackling, bullying featuring Joe Calzaghe, Aston Merrygold, Patsy Palmer, George Sampson and Gemma Hunt Caught in the Web: a dramatised documentary on Internet safety featuring case studies from real children, narrated by David Tennant and nominated for a BAFTA in October 2010. Living with Alcohol: a special about children's experiences with alcohol, presented by Barney Harwood. "Ricky Investigates": a six-part investigative series which began on 28 September 2010 A one-off Newsround Investigates documentary on arson in schools was broadcast in May 2006. Football and Race: a special about if racism still exists in football, presented by Ore Oduba Behind Close


Elephunk is the third studio album by American group The Black Eyed Peas. It was released on June 2003, by the Music Group and A&M Records. The album charted at number 14 on the American Billboard 200 albums chart and was certified double platinum by the Recording Industry Association of America, has gone on to sell more than 9 million copies worldwide, with 3.2 million in the United States alone. This is the group's first album with Fergie, as well as their first album where the band is credited as The Black Eyed Peas. Album cover art by Markus and Indrani Pal-Chaudhuri). At Metacritic, which assigns a normalized rating out of 100 to reviews from mainstream critics, the album has received an average score of 66, based on 15 reviews indicating positive reviews. John Bush from AllMusic said that Elephunk "possesses some of the most boundary-pushing productions in contemporary, uncommercial hip-hop". Chris Nettleton from Drowned in Sound complimented the album, saying: "This record is full of first rate rapping, first rate tunes, first rate instrumentation.

Look on the surface, you've got an album full of memorable songs, hooks that lodge in your mind... but look in depth, it's quality from the top down." In his consumer guide for The Village Voice, Robert Christgau commented that the group "remain unbelievable, but in pop that's just one more aesthetic nuance", stated, "In which the unbelievably dull El Lay alt-rappers fabricate the brightest actual rap album of 2003."Entertainment Weekly had more of a negative view on the record: "They try dancehall, salsa nu-metal, but the biggest offense for a once smart-sounding rap collective is'Where Is the Love?', the horrifyingly trite single. It's enough to make longtime fans wonder,'Where are the Peas?'". In the United States, Elephunk reached number 14 on the Billboard Top 200 and was their first album to chart in the top 15. On the UK Album Charts it reached number 3, it has sold over 8.5 million copies worldwide. The band was approached by EA games to feature some of their music on the 2004 game The Urbz.

They remixed some of the tracks on Elephunk and translated it into Simlish and created new tracks for the game. They appear in the game as playable characters. Black Eyed - vocals on all tracks except 11.

Poesten Kill

The Poesten Kill is a 26.2-mile-long creek in upstate New York located in Rensselaer County, which flows westerly from its source at Dyken Pond in the town of Berlin to its mouth at the Hudson River in the city of Troy. It has been used as a source of water for local inhabitants and farmers and became more important as a source of water power during the Industrial Revolution, during which many mills and factories sprung up along its banks, its name is derived from the name of a local farmer and miller, Jan Barensten Wemple known by the nickname "Wemp" or "Poest", that lived near the creek in the 1660s, the Dutch word kill, meaning creek. The Poesten Kill begins at Dyken Pond, a man-made body of water located in the Petersburg Mountains, about 20 miles east of the Hudson River, it was created by the Manning Paper Company in 1902 in an effort to control stream flow and prevent flooding. Dyken Pond is fed by local streams and springs and is located near the corners of the towns of Grafton and Poestenkill at an elevation of 1,624 feet.

While many small streams discharge into the Poesten Kill, there are only four notable tributaries of the creek. Bonesteel Creek runs southerly from Bonesteel and Hosjord Ponds and connects with the Poesten Kill in the town of Poestenkill between the hamlets of Barberville and Ives Corner. Bonesteel Creek is about 5.4 miles long. Newfoundland Creek is the next tributary and joins the Poesten Kill just west of the hamlet of Poestenkill, it is about 3.6 miles long. The Quacken Kill is the next tributary and connects in the town of Poestenkill near the Brunswick border; the Quacken Kill begins at Long Pond at Grafton Lakes State Park and continues through Second Pond and Mill Pond in the park, before continuing through Dunham Reservoir near central Grafton. It is about 15.9 miles long. The next major tributary is Sweet Milk Creek, which begins as a stream in north central Brunswick and travels about 4.7 miles before combining in the southwestern portion of the town. The Poesten Kill travels about 26.2 miles through Rensselaer County before flowing into the Hudson River.

Between 1924 and 1968, at a location between Eagle Mills and Troy, the Poesten Kill saw an average of 130 cu ft/s in flow. It saw an average of 2,897 cu ft/s for peak flow in the same time period. There are a number of notable waterfalls along the course of its tributaries. Prior to the arrival of Europeans, the Mohicans occupied the land through which the Poesten Kill flows; the first permanent European settlement in the area was Fort Orange, a trading post built by the Dutch West India Company in 1624, about 10 miles south of the mouth of the creek. However, the mouth of the Poesten Kill at the Hudson is said to be first genuine European frontier settlement outside the barricades of Fort Orange; the land making up much of current-day Albany and Rensselaer counties was sold by the Mohicans in 1630 to Kiliaen van Rensselaer, a Dutch merchant and businessman. With the land, Van Rensselaer began the only successful patroonship – a feudal manor – in the history of the Dutch colonies: Rensselaerswyck.

Van Rensselaer named the land surrounding the mouth of the Poesten Kill Pafraets Dael after his mother, Maria Pafraet. This can be seen on the first map of Rensselaerswyck; the Dutch can be credited for the source of the creek's name. In 1661, Jan Barentse Wemp, an independent farmer-trader, began a lease for a farm with Jan Baptist van Rensselaer, Kiliaen's oldest son and the patroon at the time; the land extended south from the Poesten Kill to the north bank of the Wynants Kill, which empties into the Hudson in South Troy. At the time, residents would go by a recognizable nickname, to distinguish themselves in local records. Wemp went by "Poest". Add the Dutch word kill, meaning "creek", the source of the name Poesten Kill becomes clear. While most of the settlements along or near the Poesten Kill during the Dutch era revolved around farming, some were based on easy access to the Mohicans for trade in fur; the Indians were more than happy to cut their trip by miles, since they would no longer have to go to Fort Orange.

At the time, the fur trade was monopolized by the Dutch West India Company, so this practice was illegal, but profitable. Rensselaerswyck was taken over by the English in 1664, though the legal existence of the patroonship was not challenged. In the 1600's, a sawmill was built at the base of Poestenkill falls by Jan Barensten Wemple and was passed on to his wife, Marytie Mynderse after his passing. In the 1800's, many mills and factories were built along this river to use water power or have easy access to the Hudson on a riverside road beginning just after Poestenkill Falls; this included a bridge that spanned the creek just after the falls, this bridge is no longer around but remains of the old factories still can be seen along the north side of the river. Small dirt paths are all, left of the roads on the north side of the creek between the falls and prospect park; the Poestenkill falls have been always been a sight to see for hikers and the public, but there are dangers associated with climbing and being around the fast waters that flow through the creek after floods and winter thaws.

Most in February 2017, a young man fell went missing and was found dead in the Hudson days later. List of rivers of New York Van Laer, A. J. F.. Van Rensselaer Bowier Manuscripts. Albany: University of the State of New York. OCLC 9261526; the Van Rensselaers in America. Weise, Arthur James; the city of Troy and its vicinity. Troy, New York: Edward Green. OCLC 8989214. W

Fédérale 1

Le championnat de France de première division fédérale, a.k.a. Fédérale 1, is a French rugby union club competition, the highest level of amateur rugby; the competition has been organised by the Fédération Française de Rugby since 2000, when it replaced the B2 Group. The championship is contested between 40 teams and named in honor of the famous former FC Lourdes and French International player, Jean Prat; the format includes many steps. Before the 2015–16 season, the structure was more complex. Preliminary phase A total of 10 teams compete on a double round-robin basis in each of the 4 groups. At the end of this phase, the teams are divided as follows: At the midpoint of the season, the French Rugby Federation announces a list of teams that will be eligible for promotion to the country's second level, Rugby Pro D2, in the following season. Six of these clubs will advance to a set of promotion playoffs, provided that they finish in the top four in their group. Should more than six eligible teams finish in the top four of their respective groups, the top six will be selected based on table points earned.

The next-best 4 teams from each group that did not advance to the promotion playoffs move into the championship playoffs. The bottom 2 teams from each group are provisionally relegated to Fédérale 2. However, it is not uncommon for a team that would be otherwise relegated to be reprieved due to the financial troubles or complete demise of a higher-placed club. Second phase Promotion playoffsThe top six teams of those eligible for promotion advance to a playoff somewhat similar to that used by France's top level, the Top 14; the top two teams receive a bye into the promotion semifinals. The 4–5 winner is paired with the top seed, the 3–6 winner with the second seed. There is no final match; the 2015–16 season was the first in which the Pro D2 promotion playoffs and the Trophée Jean-Prat playoffs were separated. Championship playoffsA total of 16 teams, four from each group, advance to the championship playoffs, with the ultimate winner receiving the Trophée Jean-Prat. All matches prior to the championship.

Starting in 2017–18, only one team will be automatically promoted from Fédérale 1 to Pro D2, namely the league champion. This will be accomplished by playing the promotion playoffs through a final. Through the 2019–20 season, two teams will continue to be promoted each season, but the second promotion place will go to a "wildcard" club selected by Ligue Nationale de Rugby, which operates the Top 14 and Pro D2; the "wildcard" club must be located north of a line running from La Rochelle to Lyon, show itself to be capable of transitioning to professional rugby. For the 2019-20 season, there are 48 teams in Fédérale 1, divided into four pools of twelve teams; the top four teams teams in each group will take part in promotion play-offs for two promotion places to Pro D2. 2000–01: Oyonnax Rugby 2001–02: Lyon OU 2002–03: USA Limoges 2003–04: Pays d'Aix RC 2004–05: US Colomiers 2005–06: UA Gaillac 2006–07: Stade Aurillacois 2007–08: US Colomiers 2008–09: CA Lannemezan 2009–10: US Carcassonne 2010–11: AS Béziers 2011–12: US Colomiers 2012–13: US Bressane 2013–14: US Montauban 2014–15: Pays d'Aix RC 2015–16: SO Chambéry 2016-17: Rouennais 2017-18: Lavaur 2018-19: Rouen

Leccinum scabrum

Leccinum scabrum known as the rough-stemmed bolete, scaber stalk, birch bolete, is an edible mushroom in the family Boletaceae, was classified as Boletus scaber. The birch bolete is widespread in Europe, in the Himalayas in Asia, elsewhere in the Northern Hemisphere, occurring only in mycorrhizal association with birch trees, it fruits from June to October. This mushroom is becoming common in Australia and New Zealand where it is introduced; the cap is 5–15 cm wide. At first, it is hemispherical, becomes flatter; the skin of the cap is light gray-brown to reddish gray-brown often more or less brown, bald and rather slimy when damp. The pores are white at a young age gray. In older specimens, the pores on the pileus can bulge out, while around the stipe they dent in strongly; the pore covering is easy to remove from the skin of the pileus. The stipe is 5–15 cm long and 1–3.5 cm wide, with white and dark to black flakes, tapers upward. The basic mycelium is white; the flesh is whitish more gray-white and does not change color when broken.

In young specimens, the meat is firm, but it soon becomes spongy and holds water in rainy weather. When cooked, the meat of the birch bolete turns black. Leccinum scabrum has been found in association with ornamental birch trees planted outside of its native range, such as in California. Several different species of Leccinum mushrooms are found in mycorrhiza with birches, can be confused by amateurs and mycologists alike. L. variicolor has a bluish stipe. L. oxydabile has pinkish flesh and a different pileus skin structure. L. melaneum has yellowish hues under the skin of the pileus and stipe. L. holopus is whitish in all parts. Leccinum scabrum is a European species, introduced to various areas of the world. In New Zealand, it associates with Betula pendula; the birch bolete can be pickled in brine or vinegar. It is used in mixed mushroom dishes, fried or steamed, it is harvested for food in Finland and Russia. A few reports in North America after 2009 suggest that leccinums should only be consumed with much caution.

List of Leccinum species List of North American boletes Kallenbach: Die Röhrlinge, Klinkhardt, Ewald: Pilze. Band 2: Röhrlinge, Bauchpilze, Schlauchpilze und andere, Pilzgalerie: Leccinum scabrum


Lekhnath was a municipality in Kaski District in the Gandaki Zone of northern-central Nepal, about 180 km west of Kathmandu. It has now been merged into Pokhara sub-metropolitan city to form Pokhara metropolis. Pokhara Valley was politically divided between Pokhara city and Lekhnath which occupied the eastern half of the valley. There were 18 wards in total in Lekhnath municipality before the merger, with a VDC Bharat Pokhari, added at a stage. Total population of Lekhnath was 71,434 per 2011 census. Composition of the population was 86% Hindu, 8% Buddhist and 6% others. According to another statistics by the Population Census, Lekhnath has seen population changes from 30,107 as of 22 June 1991 contrasted to 41,369 and 59,498. Lekhnath, or meaning novelist in Nepali language, was named after the famous Nepali poet Lekhnath Paudyal, born at Arghaun Archale, or ward No.6 of Lekhnath Municipality. The city was entitled as the garden city of seven lakes; those seven lakes are Begnas, Khaste, Maidi and Gunde.

Except Begnas and Rupa most of the other lakes are little known to the outsiders. Lekhnath possesses mountain view sites, it is growing into a popular destination for hikers because of many beautiful routes through the hills with views of multiple lakes and majestic himalayas at the same time. Lekhanth is the place from where you can catch the view of whole Annapurna range including Machhapuchhre and Dhaulagiri. Gagangaunda, Lekhnath chok, Janatako Chautara, Sajhabazaar, Dhungepatan, Sainik, Talchok are some big and notable places of Lekhnath. To promote local culture Lekhnath has one FM radio station Radio Lekhnath 106.6 MHz Which is a Community radio Station. To update Lekhnath dwellers and diasporas websites, and are created. 7 Lakes in Lekhnath the 2nd Begnas Fish Festival at Baishakh, 17-19, 2073B. S